Imatges de pàgina


1. Ua, or o, signifying a descendant, and mac, a son, are prefixed to the sirnames of men; as, Pattruic O'Neill, Patrick O'Neill; Seamus Mhac Seain, James Johnson.

2. But ni and nic are prefixed to the sirnames of women; ni, if the masculine be o; and nic, if it be mac; as, Maible Ni Neill, Mable O'Neill; Caitrin Nic Seain, Catharine Johnson. (116)

3. When a person's sirname is asked, the answer is given of the tribe, stock, or branch from which he has his name; as, car sloinnead duit? of what sirname are you? do, or de clann O'Neill, of the O'Neills.

[blocks in formation]

Concubar o Hara, is Eiblin ni Ara ba iad sin cloinn Dhomnaill ui


Connor O'Hara, and
Evilina O'Hara were
children of Daniel


1. Adjectives signifying number precede their substantives; as, aon duine, one man; gaċ uile la, every day.

2. But if the number be expressed in two or more words, then the substantive follows the first adjective; as, tri fear dèag is ceitre fitċead, ninety-three men; an seisad caibidil fitċead, the twenty-sixth chapter.

3. Every number, in which do, two, is expressed, requires the substantive in the ablative singular; as, da cloic, two stones.

4. Every number, in which seaċt, oċt, naoi, deic, or dèag is expressed, requires the substantive in the nominative plural eclipsed; as, seaċt gcloċa, seven


5. In speaking of the succession of kings, and the like, the cardinal numeral is rather used than the ordinal; as, Seoirse an tri, George the third; rather than Seoirse an treas.

6. There are several peculiar forms of expressing the numbers of different species, which may be collected from the following examples.

The construction of Numerals promiscuously exem plified.

Do be an cead duine an

cead peacać,

The first man was the first sinner.

Lùi an se dèag, a riogas Lewis the sixteenth, who

san Fhrainc,

Leis nar bail don uile bean amain, act Muire matair,

reigns in France.

To whom there was no woman agreeable, but Mary the mother.


Ta da cloic mine ann so,

Ta tri cloċa-ceitre cloċa -cuig cloċa-se cloċa -seaċt gcloċa - oċt gcloċa-naoid geloċa deić geloċa-aon cloc dèag-da cloiċ dèag, &c.

Ta an da eaċ is fearr ar bit ag teact anois on geurrać,


There are two stones meal here. There are three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve stones, &c.

The two best horses are now coming from the Curragh.

Ta na tri heic ar ti rit The three horses are about

[blocks in formation]

Ta seact neić go fior mait ag teaćt go Faite na maga, Ca lion, no ca mead daoine do śuid ag an mbord? Seact gcloigne dèag, idir fear agus bean,

Ca mead cinn eallaig ag hatair?

Ta naoi gcìnn dèag air. fitċead,

Tri gaile capall bealaig,

Triur bò bainne,
Cuingir capall seisrige,
Da boloig oig,
Da seafaig big,
Tri coiriġ dèag,

Seaċt nuan, agus aon sean
Ca mèad daoine cloinne
ag hatair?

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

1. Personal pronouns agree in mumber, gender, and person, with the nouns to which they refer; as, is mor na daoine iad, they are great men.

2. If a sentence be in place of the antecedent, the pronoun is in the third person singular, masculine; as, an grian a faiceal is aoibin è, to see the sun is pleasant.

3. If two or more persons or things be spoken of in a sentence, the pronoun will agree with the first person rather than the second, and with the second person rather than the third; as, cuaid tusa agus misi go Báileat cliat, agus bi sinn ann o bèaltine go dti an lugnosa, you and I went to Dublin, and we were there from May until August.

4. The pronouns se, si, sinn, sib, siad, are com monly used in the nominative; and é, i, inn, ib, iad, in the accusative; as, do buail sinn iad, we struck them; do buail siad inn, they struck us.

* E, i, inn, ib, iad, are used in the nominative after an, ba, as, ca, naċ, gurab, creud; as, naċ iad sin na daoine? are not these the men? as e so, or 'se so an la, this is the day. (118)

[blocks in formation]

5. The datives of the personal pronouns may be aspirated or not, as shall sound most smoothly. But after n, t, or d, they are never aspirated; as, is fearr duit, or duit, it is better for you; is miann dam, I desire.

The construction of the personal pronouns promiscuously exemplified,

Tabair dam an leine glan, Thug si acmusan geur do,

Do spreag se go geur e, Is mait an duine e, is breag an bean i,

Is trom an cloċ i, is fuar an maidin i, Chuaid se cum a dunaig tuaite,

Is gasun drocuinte è, Ta se na gasun droċ*uinte, Tame foglaim mo leigion, Sgrioban seisean a cleaċt, Ni siad moran torann, Racaid mo dearbratair agus misi cum an aonaig, Fuair se è faoi na cosaib,

Moran saotar air beagan bid,

Is mor a claoidean se an corp,

Is beag a cuiread se orm siubal air cois go Luimneać, Bàs na gcarad se buaidir sa mearaid me,

Give me the clean shirt. She gave him a sharp rebuke.

She rebuked him sharply, He is a good man, she is a fine woman. It is a heavy stone, it is a cold morning. He went to his country house.

He is a naughty boy.

I am learning my lesson, He writes his exercise. : They make much noise. My brother and I will go to the fair.

He found it under his feet.

Much labour and little meat.

Greatly it afflicts the body. I would think little of walking to Limerick.

The death of my friends is what troubles and distresses me.


« AnteriorContinua »