« AnteriorContinua »
publication shews us that they were Unitarianism, which is as rational as it begun, and we cannot doubt of the is scriptural, apd as perfectly suitable to success of the experiment.
man as it is honourable to God, and to
his Christ. If Trinitarianism exhibits ART. IV.-Antichrist Detected among
the marks of antichrist mentioned in the Reputed Orthodox Christians. in apostolic writings, and be iucluded in the a Series of Essuys. By Richard grand apostacy foretold in the New Testa
tament, and Unitarianism bears none of Wright. 8vo. pp. 24. 4d.
those inarks, and cannot be traced as Art. V.--Thoughts on Paul's Man of either that apostacy, or any part of it,
Sin; or, the Great Apostacy from which is what I have aimed to shew, ić the Christian Name, described !
cannot remain questionable which of the Thess. ii. 312. By the Same.
two systems is the true doctrine of
Christ.”—Pp. 22, 23. 8vo. pp. 20. 4d. ART. VI The Christian Ministry
The second tract is a sequel to the Defended, and Priestcraft Explod- first. The author does not follow those ed. By the Same. 8vo. pp. 86. that interpret the “ Man of Sin” of 18. 6d. All printed and sold by F. his Holiness at Rome. “The titles B. Wright, Liverpool; and sold by
man of sin,' and 'son of perdition," Eaton and C. Fox and Co., Loni (he says, p. 8) “are not designed to don. 1824.
characterize any particular man, or
church, or class or description of men, THESE tracts appeared in succes
but are forms of expression used to Reflector, a periodical publication at system of false doctrine, bad princi
personify the corrupt and destructive wider distribution, with separate title- and infatuation, religious domination, Liverpool, and are now made up for system of false doctrine, bad principages, and,
in the case of the last, a prostration of the understanding, and Preface. They are in the author's mental and moral debasement, wbichi I usual unpretending manner, and are well adapted for such readers as have of Christianity, and which the spirit
has for ages borne the venerated name not access to more bulky and elabo- of prophecy anticipated as existing rate works. The title of the first pamphlet shews of the grand apostacy predicted by
and prevailing during the continuance where Mr. Wright finds “ Antichrist.” the Apostle Paul.” He explains the He contends that the portentous name hindrance to which the Apostle refers, cannot be applied to his own denomi- in the way of the man of sin, as being nation.
Bot, according to the majority of com!“ Unitarianism is not ouly, no where mentators, Rome Pagan, but the aposin the New Testament predicted as a tolic ministry, supported by wiraeudeparture from the faith, no where men. Tous powers. tioved as included in the apostacy which The third tract is on a fruitful subit was foretold would lake place under the Christian uaie; it is also undeni. ject. The autlior treats it in the free
He is able that the apostate church, in which spirit of a Nonconformist. the most promiveut of the predictions careful to distinguish between priestreferred to have been verified, has als hood and the Christian ministry. ways been Trinitarian, and Unitariaus “ It does not appear that any precise have never been allowed within its pale. form of church order, government and -Trinitarianiste has all along been the discipline was given by Jesus Christ; for doctrine of that church which Protestants we find no precise form laid down in have denominated the mother of harlois, the New Testament; but the great print and of the apostate churches, her daugh- ciples which he taught, and the maxims ters, it is found in all their creeds, and he inculcated, are a sufficient foundation is identical with the predicted apostacy. for Christians to build upon, and rule for The marks of anticbrist, as stated by the them to proceed by, in all ages, if they be apostle, have ever been found associated careful to do everything in his spirit, and with the other great and acknowleilged never to depart from his precefits. The corruptions of Christianity. It cannot wants of mankind, and the edification of be pretended that the name mystery, the church, rendered the ordinary Chris. which stauds foremost in the titles of tian miuistry essentially necessary at first, the mother of Harlots, and which is so and its evident utility would lead to its strikingly appropriate to repined ortho- continuance. So long as the wants of doxy, cap in any way be applicable to men render religious and moral instruc
tion necessary; so long as the public with proper guards, expedient. (Pp. ministration of the gospel is calculated 25, 26.) for the good and salvatiou of the world, He inaintains that a minister may and to promote the comfort and spiritual be leamed in theology who las no long as the solemn worship of Almighty pretensions to learning, as it is comGod, conducted in an acceptable manner, monly reckoned: he allows, however, is felt by Christians to be an invaluable with good sense, the value of all learnblessing, the Christian ministry must be ing, and the necessily of establisbmentis necessary, and will be enconraged and for ministerial education. (Pp. 33supported by all serious, candid, pious 35.) and henevolent persons. On this ground, He distinguishes between a scripFiz. its suitableness to the moral and spi- tural and a political church. The ritnal wants of mankind, its tendency to former is an assembly of Christians, promote the knowledge, virtue, piety and the latter an ecclesiastical corporahappiness of those who enjoy it, and the tion. (P.57.) The plırase, Church and little probability of preserving, much less State, he says, p. 62, is an absurdity; of promoting and diffusing pure and undefiled religion in the world without it, the creature before the Creator. Re
putting the Church first is putting we may rest the weight of the question respecting the importance and value of the ferring to penal laws and statutes for Christian miuistry; without seeking for the protection of the Church, he what we are not likely to find, the proof says, of its being an immediate divine instita. “All such laws and statutes for the tion. It is enough that it naturally em- defence of religion may be regarded as the anated from Christianity in its first best offensive weapons of priestcraft. They are days, grew ap under the patronage of the
not necessary to guard true religion; thật apostles, and, notwithstanding its gross is not to be defended by any such carnal corruption, perversion aud abuse, has weapons, but to guard the absurd notions, done much towards enlightening and re- and superstitious practices, the usurpa.. generating the world. While we set our tious, honours, power and emoluments, of faces against its abuses and corruptions, what is call:d the Christian priesthood. and protest against priests and priestcraft, If things were called by their names, prolet us cherish the Christian ministry "secutions for heresy and blasphemy would wherever we find it existing in simplicity be called, prosecutions for securing to the and purity.". Pp. 13, 14.
priests the uninterrupted practice of their Mr. Wright denounces the ordina- craft, and the advantage of their subsertion of ministers to be priestcraft,” viency for political purposes.”—P.63. if it be considered as giving them an- Our readers will by this time hare thority to teach or administer ordi- perceived, that the anthor of these Dances, or as conferring upon them tracts is learned in." the law of liany character or right which they berty," his study, of which has, in had not previously acquired from the apostolic phrase, (! Tiin. jii. 13,) choice of the people; but he allows "purchased to himself a good degree, that a public service on the settlement and great boldness in the faith which of a minister may be useful, and is, is in Christ Jesus.”
E apprehend that the writings tianity,) have been reprinted in Eng
but little known among the English Unitarians; and, we are desirous to
We do not recollect that more bave contribute to their greater acquaint- been reprinted in England than the folsance with each other. Some of the lowing : Dr. CHANNING's Ordination Ser. smaller tracts published in New En
mon for the Rev. Jared Sparks, at Baltigland, (among which we must rank, C.'s Discaiarse on the Evidences of Chris
more, reprinted twice in Liverpool. Dr. as of eminent utility and merit, Dr. :tianity, reprinted twice in Bristol. Dr. Channing's Ordination Sermon for the C.'s Ordination Sermon for the Rev. E. S. Rev. Jared SPARKS, and his invaluable Gannett, lately reprinted in Liverpool. Discourse on the Evidences of Chris- Professor WARE's Ordination Sermon for
we believe that little notice has been which we have maintained. Ministers taken, on this side the Atlantic, of professing them, bare been settled in those publications which are producing Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Congradual but powerful effects in the necticut, Pennsylvania, and South Ca. United States, by weakening the strong tians have been organized in the cities of
rolina ; and societies of Unitarian Chrisholds of orthodoxy, without, at the same time, incurring the risk of New York. A more extensive and pow
Baltimore, Washington, Pittsburgh, and loosening the ties of Christian faith, erful effect upon the religious public than or lessening the influence of gospel has been kuown in any other instance in principles. There is a sobriety and this country, (unless the preaching of solidity in their general style of com- Whitfield and his associates make an ex. position, which does not quite suit the ception,) was produced by the sermon excitement of strong feeling, or that of Dr. Channing, at Baltimore, which satiety which can relish nothing but contained rather a sketch, than a defence the high-seasoned viands that have of Unitarian opinions. In many parts destroyed its taste for the simple fare of our country, besides those which we of plain truth, or that hastily-glancing have specified, there are considerable style of examination which the multi numbers, and in almost all parts, replícity of books, in the present day, from conviction and conscience. A spirit
ligious individuals, attached to this system tends to produce; but it seems likely of religious inquiry is still more generally to have peculiar efficacy in regions diffused; and besides those who have where the din of controversy is but embraced our views, there are many little heard, and where the pomp and who are subjecting them 10 a candid eximposing influence of a wealthy and amination." powerful establishment is unknown.
The writer of the Preface then proIn reference to the effect of the first
ceeds, of the above-mentioned publications, we find the following stateinent in the
“ Nor has this progress of opinion Preface to the Christian Examiner been attended with any extraordinary exfor 1824 :*
citement of uncharitable feelings. Doubt
less, in common with all who have been “ Many eminent individuals, in church in a minority in religion, we have occaand state, have adopted the sentiments sionally had cause to regret that we were
misjudged and misrepresented. But we his son, the Rer. William Ware, at New think we look in vain for any other inYork, reprinted in Liverpool. Professor stance, in which so considerable a re. NORTON'S Thoughts on Religion ; Hints formation of belief has been effected to Unitarians ; and Consolations of Uni- with so little mutual irritation. In comtarianism, particularly in the Hour of parison with those who in other times Death: all three reprinted at Liverpool and countries have engaged in similar from the Christian Disciple. And a tract labours, we consider ourselves to have by the Rev. HenrY WARE, (the son of beeu signally privileged in regard to the Dr. Ware,) entitled Three important Ques- amount of obloquy, which we have been tions answered, relative to the Christian called to endure, and the temptations to Name, Character, and Hopes, just re- unchristian feeling which we hare had to printed in Bristol. It is much to be resist. And we have ceased, in a great wished that all the American Tracts re. measure, to dread the influence of cov. published in England should be printed troversy upon an intelligent and serious in 12mo, for uniformity's sake, and with community, since we hare perceived that a regard to neatness and legibility; and in the course of these discussions they that they should have a London Book. have assumed a more moderate and eleseller's name in the Imprint.
vated character; and a better mutnal . After the periodical publication calunderstanding, and greater mutual reled the Christian Disciple, which came spect, have come to prevail between the out every two months at Boston, U. S., adherents to opposite opinions. Excephad been continued five years under that tions to this rewark undoubtedly occur ; naine, it was deemed expedient to begin but it is to small cause of satisfaction, a new series, which is evtitled the Chris. that, to such an extent, a good example tian Examiner. The first number of this is set by those wbose example will natuvaluable periodical was published at the rally be regarded." commencement of 1824. We believe Mr. Hunter has made arrangements to get a
This is as the best friends of Unisupply of it, and of some other works by tarian Christianity must desire: but the American Unitarians.
while our American brethren have so much cause for grateful complacency, representations of the Scriptures, and in the state of things among them- give the greatest influence to his exselves, they must learn to inake great ample, and to his resurrection; and, allowances (and greater perhaps than in all probability, when the Christian they sometimes feel easy to make) for world in general have advanced so far the influences of the widely different as to receive his God and Father as circumstances in which the English “the only True God,” they will learn Unitarians have been placed, and to to regard Christ Jesus, according to appreciate more highly those perse- his own simple representation, as “ a vering efforts of our older advocates, Man who declared the truths which he to which, in all probability, they heard from God;" while, at the same mainly owe their present great advan- time, they love him as their Saviour, tages. They enjoy the peaceful fruits and reverence him as their Judge : of the war of controversy in the mo- but we cannot hesitate in yielding the ther country. While they profit by honourable appellation of Unitarians, our errors, as well as by our exertions, to those who do not entertain these may they never lose sight of that firm sentiments respecting the person of attachment to truth, which, while it Christ: if they keep close to those sees, and values, and embraces all, in views of the Proper Unity, and Una the midst of opposing errors, which rivalled Supremacy, and Essential accords with the spirit and teachings Mercy, and Exclusive Worship of Jeof the gospel, will never yield from hovah, which it is our privilege to, the straight-forward course in order possess, we feel we are united by the to court the favour of men, or spare strongest bonds, and minor differences their prejudices, nor allow the specious should not be allowed to weaken them. name of candour (noble as the ge- Indeed, if we will limit the appellation, nuine virtue is) to divert it, whenever we must refuse it, not only to Dr. Providence opens the way, from the Channing and the greater part of our faithful staternent of unpopular doc, American brethren, but to Mr. Adam trine, or the earnest refutation of in Hindoostan, and even to Rammopopular errors.
hun Roy himself, who seems raised What we conceive to be the peculiar up by Divine Providence, effectually: duty, of Unitarians at the present to commence the Christianizing of our period of the controversy, is, to con- eastern possessions. nect, in their writings and discourses, The doctrine of “ One God even as much as possible, those views of the Father,” says Dr. Channing, (at Christian hopes and privileges which the close of the paragraph in which bind the gospel to the heart, and he has expressed opinions so erroneafford it its best supports and conso- ous respecting Dr. Priestley,) seems lations under the consciousness of sin to me to attract to itself, naturally and spiritual imperfection, and in the and powerfully, all those doctrines of prospect of death, -and those elevated Christianity which are most suited and refining principles of Christian to touch, move, exalt and sanctify duty (in constant union with its aw. the soul; and, however mixed at preful sanctions) which guide and invi- sent with imperfect views, it will, I gorate as they are faithfully imbibed doubt not, through the affinity which and carried into active efficacy,--with subsists between all the truths of God's those great truths respecting the cha- word, unite with itself, more and more, racter and worship of the Father of whatever of genuine Christianity is our Lord Jesus Christ, which are the scattered through the various deno. essential points of Unitarianism, and ininations of Christians.” And it the main value of which consists in should be our aim (as many of our their intimate alliance with those English Unitarians have made it) to views and principles to which we have shew the connexion between what just referred, and in their mutual de- ever is spiritualizing in the Christian pendence on each other. In our judg- doctrine, and holy in its requirements, ment, those opinions respecting the and adapted in its hopes to the wants Mediator between God and man, which of the frail, erring children of mortarepresent him as boing in all re- lity, and those points of belief which spects, as to nature, like his brethren, we maintain in opposition to the great best harmonize with the facts and body of the Christian world, because VOL, XX.
we regard them as the faith once de- brethren who heard it, has been printed livered to the saints, The skeleton in the Christian Examiner,) answers was abundantly sufficient for the phi- were received from Mr. Adam, of losophic Galen to shew to him the wis- Calcutta, and also from Rammohun dom of the Creator; and these doc-Roy, to twenty queries proposed to trines, simply stated, must, we think, them by the Rev. Dr.Ware, (Professor approve themselves to the sound, un- of Divinity in Harvard College, Cambiassed understandings of men; but bridge,) regarding the missionary exwe wish to see them connected with ertions in India, and the probability that which will give them vitality, of good to be done by sending Uniwhich will make them not only direct tarian Missionaries to that country. the understanding, but influence the These were immediately published at affections, and give scope to that the Cambridge University Press, under “sacred power” which bears the mind the title of Correspondence relative to onwards and upwards to contemplate the Prospects of Christianity, and the ways and purposes of Him who the Means of promoting its Reception dwelleth in light inaccessible.
in India. It forms an octavo painThe 'influence of Dr. Channing's phlet of 138 pages, of which Mr. writings has strengthened greatly the Adam's Answers, with the Queries, painful impressions with which we extend to page 120. This correspondperuse his strictures on Dr. Priestley's ence produced, says our American character and labours, which have friend, a very strong excitement already met with the animadversion among us, to the end of which I am of some of our ablest correspondents, looking with great interest.—Perhaps and are well examined in the excellent the foreign missionary service may Preface to the Liverpool Edition of become a principle of union among Dr. Channing's Sermon at the Ordi-' us,-strange as at first it may appear, nation of his colleague-Pastor, the -as it is anong other denominations." Rev. Ezra Stiles Gannett. We trust, Whatever may be the case on this parhowever, we shall, on neither side, ticular topic, we shall indeed rejoice let these things move us from kindly to see the bonds of union increasing feelings and useful purposes.
among all who have received that Among these we must rank co-ope- knowledge which is life eternal. (John ration in aiding the diffusion of pri- xvii. 3.) mitive Christianity among the inha- The Editor of the Correspondence, bitants of Hindoostan, whether Hin- in an advertisement prefixed, expresses doos or Mahometans. We have lying his belief that the information which before us a letter, dated June the 9th, it contains will be useful in communi. 3824, from a highly-esteemed brother, cating more distinct views than are who is very earnest in aiding to direct generally possessed, relative to the the attention of the American Unitari- prospects of Christianity in one quarans to the subject of foreign missions, ter of the world, and that it inay and would rejoice to see our attention assist in giving such a direction to the so directed. He laments, as a very efforts of Christians, to propagate great evil, that the Unitarians of Eng. their religion in Heathen countries, land, and of America, are but very as shall yield a hope of better success imperfectly informed concerning each than has been yet experienced.” It other. A constant communication would give us great satisfaction to see (he continues) is kept up between all the tract reprinted in England, especlasses of the orthodox, in both coun. cially if those could be induced to tries; and they consequently can, and peruse it, who have so long contrido, co-operate in every improtant buted to support, and have themselves measure for the accomplishment of earnestly laboured to promote, the their objects. This is as it should be: cause of missionary service in India.* but wby is it not so also ainong us?" Soon after our correspondent had
* We wish it may enter into the heart of preached a Sermon at the “ Thursday Lecture at Boston," on the causes
some of our rich and liberal-minded men, which have withheld Unitarians from done with no great risk.) to secure the
to form a little fund, (which might be engaging in the work of foreign mis- republication of valuable tracts and other sions, (which, by the desire of his works by our brethren in America.