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judgment and discretion of such per- presented themselves at the comsons as may be desirous of making mencement of the institution ? One similar attempts, and who must be of the resolutions of the original comguided by local and undefinable cir- mittee, in the year 1787, was, that the cumstances. Whoever, then, of your number of children should be limited correspondents or readers may be to twenty! On the present and ultianxious to avail themselves of the ex. mate consequences I need not attempt perience necessarily connected with to enlarge. The advantages of public such a large establishment, and of so instruction are now almost universally long standing, and will apply through admitted, and any attempt to direct the medium of their booksellers or to the benevolent zeal of its patrons, will your publishers, I shall be glad to by the public be duly appreciated. supply the demand by sending each

JAMES LUCKCOCK. of them a copy of the work as far as fifty of them may extend, or more if

Liverpool. they can be made useful, and shall Sir, December 3, 1822. feel honoured by their acceptance. I THE

THE following is an extract from propose waiting two months to see one of the first numbers of a what applications may be made, and periodical publication, lately estathen one arrangement will do for all. blished at Charleston, South CaroThe books to be then forwarded with lina, entitled the " Unitarian Defenthe Numbers of the Repository, and dant;" a work conducted with no little whatever trouble and expense may talent, and certainly in the same exattach, I will cheerfully remunerate. cellent spirit which shines so conspicu

I cannot refrain from improving the ously in the writings of our Unitarian present opportunity, by stating the brethren in America. It may not be great encouragement held out to unknown to your readers that at others by the uniform and gratifying Charleston there is a very large and success of this establishment. There respectable society who profess to are two buildings exclusively erected worship the Father only, and who, in for the purpose, each of thein at not consequence, have been subjected, to less than £1000 expense, in which use the language of the Unitarian there is an average of 1200 children Defendant," to " a species of perseregularly instructed in the duties they cution that has sprung up within a now or hereafter may owe to them- few years against that class of Chrisselves, to society, and to their Maker. tians, who, believing in the strict unity Their teachers are upwards of fifty in of God, have ventured to conform number, all giving their attention and their worship to this great and iminstruction gratuitously, most of whom pressive doctrine.” were themselves educated by the insti. The article alluded to is headed by tution, and have now unitedly almost the Editor, “ Signs of the lines." the whole management of the concern “ One of the most grateful and sain their own hands. The discipline of tisfactory indications of the progress the schools and of their own society of correct opinions on the subject of is steady and cffective; and the orga- religion in our country, is the rapid nization of the whole seems to adinit increase of periodical publications of no doubt of its being well calculated a decidedly liberal character. By this to provide for its continuance and im- term we mean to designate, in general, provement. The fund connected with all such publications as maintain, in the provision for relief in cases of ill. its broadest sense, the right of private ness has realized nearly £600; the judgment in matters of faith. We Committee having honourably, and in hold it to be the privilege and the duty

cases generously, discharged of all men to examine the records of every claim which the rules enjoined; our faith for themselves; to form and most of the teachers are them- their own opinion of the facts and selves interested in the benefit they doctrines which they contain, and of may hereafter derive from this valua- the duties thence resulting ; and to ble part of the plan.

hold and express these opinions withCould the most sanguine enthusiasm out let or molestation-without inhave anticipated such a result from curring a liability, on account of their the appatently small resources which sentiments merely, while they are

some

Contribution to the Unitarians at Madras.

11 guilty of no conduct that violates the not to downright disbelief. Incalcuh of Christian kindness, or disturbs Jable is the injury which society has the peace of society, to censure or re- in this way sustained. The influence proab; to any injury to their feelings of many of its brightest ornaments, ou reputation; or to exclusion from in every other respect, has, with res the charity and fellowship of their gard to this, its highest interest, been Christian brethren. This is what we neutralized at least, if not rendered mean by liberality in application to positively hurtful. The progress of this subject; and we consider those liberal Christianity is, we rejoice to a liberal Christians, by whatever think, effecting a remedy of this evil. same they may be known, who agree This interesting portion of the comwith us in this fundamental principle. munity are fast returning to their na

"Six years since, there was but one tural allegiance. We say natural, and periodical publication in the United we speak advisedly; for it is not, States to which the above description whatever our opponents say or think; evuld apply, and this one, though it is not natural for well-informed conducted with ability by its venerable men to reject the gospel, when fairly Editor, had a very limited circulation. presented to their minds. It approves There are now tieelve, at least, of this itself at once to the judgment and the character, and most of them well sup- conscience; and they are guilty of a ported. From sonce of these we do libel on human nature, or the gospel, indeed differ, and differ widely, on cer or both, who affirm otherwise. There tain points of doctrine; neither can is in the minds of all men an inherent we altogether approve of the manner love of truth. Error is never embraced in which some of them are conducted, for its own sake ; it is only admitted on the ground either of taste or prin- under the disguise of truth. ciple. But they are all, each in his The cause of truth and righteousway and manner, the strenuous advo- ness has nothing to fear, if they can cates of religions freedom; the fear- but fairly meet their adversaries in less assailants of bigotry and spiritual open day. They are meeting them in domination, and on this ground we every quarter with triumphant success, bail them as fellow-labourers, aud cor- and they will go on from conquer dially bid them God-speed.' The ef- ing to conquer.'. On this state of forts of these publications are daily things we heartily congratulate the becoming more conspicuous and strik- friends of the good cause throughout ing. There is, unquestionably, a the world.” growing attention to religious subjects

H. T. í almost every part of our country and especially aibong that portion of SIR, the cornmunity whose influence and This faction the increase of Unita

January 6, 1823.

THOUGH I have noticed with saexample, if engaged on the side of truth, will be likely to produce the rian opinions in various parts of the Best salutary effects ; we mean per- world, yet I am inclined to believe the sons of strong sense and cultivated accounts which have been received of minds. Men of this character have late from Eastern India, hold up to been too often driven into the ranks us appearances of a more glorious of infidelity by the repulsive form victory in favour of genuine Chriswhich Chrútianity, in the hands of tianity than even those which it has bigots and sectarians, has been made already obtained. The conversion to assume. The absurdities of the from Idolatry of that wonderful man vulgar system, which they were taught Rammohun Roy, and the singular to consider as the system of the gos. conversion of Mr. Adam, the Baptist pel, their minds instinctively, as it Missionary, cannot fail to make a mere, rejected. They were too busy, strong sensation at Calcutta, and the so much engrossed with other pur- Unitarian doctrines will gradually suits, to institute a laborious investic work their way without European aid. gation for themselves, and the gospel But the efforts of our humbler friends 1 its native truth and beauty had at Madras call upon us for assistance, Deter, perhaps, been presented to their and I hope they will not call in vain : sinds. They were left

, therefore, to approving, therefore, of your proposal A cold and comfortless scepticism, if of a contribution froin those friends to

ing, entitled

man.

He had in

the cause, I request you will apply to count before the readers of the Monthit the inclosed note of five pounds, and ly Repository. He was previously acknowledge the receipt of it in the known in Germany by a work distin. next Number of your Monthly Repo- guished for piety and warmth of feel. sitory.*

Glockentöne ; or,

The C. B. Church Bells," a series of pictures of P. S. Perhaps I can the more rea

the principal calls of duty of a clergydily yield my assent to the contents His present work is entitled, of the modest letters of William Ro.

“Helon's Pilgrimage to Jerusalein berts, because I happen to know that 109 Years before the Birth of Christ," his master, Mr. William Harrington, and its object is to present a view of 9 was that excellent man he describes the political condition, the sacred PETE him.

usages and domestic manners, and the opinions of the Jews, in the century be

It is er Helon's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem," preceding the Christian era.

offered to the world as a substitute for 2 by M. Strauss. THE success of the Travels of which the author had projected early

a much more elaborate undertaking sons to adopt a similar method of in- accomplishing by the increase of offiterweaving information respecting the cial duties. The plan of it is the fol- cena history and antiquities of ancient na- lowing. Helon is a pious Jew of tions with the adventures of some fic. Alexandria, whose parents had mi. titious personage. Hardly one of grated from the Holy Land. them, however, has obtained any per- early lost his father, and by associamanent place in literature, and Bar- tion with the Greeks of Alexandria, E thelemy, we believe, owes his success especially a young man of the naine chiefly to the valuable matter con

of Myron, he had been for some time tained in those parts of his book in seduced to prefer the wisdom of the which his Scythian traveller disap. Greek philosophers to the Law and pears ; and the learned member of the Prophets ; and, without renouncthe academy presents us with the ing his Judaism, had wandered in the fruit of his own antiquarian researches. labyrinths of that system of mystical Indeed, in adopting such a form for allegory with which the Jews of Alexthe communication of this kind of andria endeavoured to improve upon knowledge, it is scarcely possible to the simplicity of the literal sense of avoid either sacrificing the grace of Scripture. He had, however, been the fiction to the didactic object, or awakened from this delusion, chiefly the didactic object to the fiction. Sis- by the influence of his uncle Élisama, mondi's Julia Severa, perhaps, combines these two points in the highest law and its literal interpretation, hop

a venerable man, full of zeal for the degree of all the antiquarian novels ing for the consolation of Israel, and which have bitherto appeared ; and detesting the degeneracy of inany of his yet we doubt whether even his readers Alexandrian brethren, who had so far have not often felt that the attempt to forsaken their ordinances as to worattain two dissiinilar purposes had

ship at the Temple of Leontopolis, in prevented the author from accom- Egypt, erected for them through the plishing either in perfection. The Holy Land has not, as far as the court of the Ptolemies. Helon, in

influence which they had obtained at we know, been chosen as the scene of short, from a hellenizing becomes an such a fiction by any author before M. Aramean Jew, and is impatient to Strauss, of whose work, 7. as being keep the sacred festivals at Jerusalem connected with biblical criticism and and visit the land which had been the history, we propose to lay some ac

scene of the past glories of his nation, and was soon to witness more illus

trious displays of Divine power in the * We publish this excellent letter as appearance of the Messiah. It is on the best form of acknowledgment of the this journey that the reader is called contribution. Ed.

to attend him. We think the ground+ Helon's Wallfahrt nach Jerusalem. work of the fiction has been very hap. 4 rols. 12mo. Elberfeld. 1820. pily chosen. The motive is in strict

Helon's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem," by M. Strauss. 13 accordance with historical truth; the going to Gaza, and as they journey piety, sensibility and ardour of Helon through the dreary regions which seare well adapted to the author's pur- parate Palestine from Egypt, Elisaina, pose of giving an attractive picture of at each evening's halt of the caravan, the Jewish people ; even the circum- relates to Myron and Helon a portion stance of his having been recently re- of the previous history of the Jewish claimed froin the love of spiritualízing people, and explains the effect which and allegory, by heightening his inter- Providence designed to produce on est in every thing which related to the the character of the nation, by their history and usages of his people, (con captivity in Egypt, their wandering in sidered by the allegorists merely as the desert, their possession of the prothe covering of some deeper meaning,) mised land, and the subsequent vicisgives an air of nature to his eager cu- situdes of their fate. This occupies riosity respecting things which might rather too large a part of the book, otherwise have appeared trifling. The and the effect ascribed to particular Christian reader naturally wishes such series of events is not always accua work to be made as much subservi- rately characterized and supported : ent as possible to the illustration of there seems, for example, no good the New Testament, and may, per- reason why the period from the reign haps, regret, that the travels of Helon of Rehoboam to the Captivity should had not been placed somewhat nearer be exclusively called the period of reto the Advent of our Saviour. But tribution. Undoubtedly, the calamithis could not have been done without ties which befel the Jews, whenever injury to the fiction, and without de- they gave themselves up to idolatry, feating one of the chief objects of the taught and at length convinced them anthor. A completely different cha- of the folly of forsaking the living racter must have been given to the God; but many events in their earlier work, had it represented the Jewish history, indeed the whole tenor of it, people as degraded and oppressed un- had the same tendency. We pass on, der the Roman yoke: they must have therefore, to the beginning of the sebeen drawn with the vices of slaves, cond volume, which brings us instead of the high feeling of a nation, Gaza, where Myron takes his leave, who, under the Maccabees, had reco- engaging to meet them again at Jeruvered their independence, and, with salem, when he has finished his affairs Hyrcanus at their head, felt them- in Sidon and Damascus. Helon and selves once more free in the land of Elisama begin their pilgrimage togetheir fathers. At the same time, it ther, to reach Jerusalem at the Passomust be observed, that, except in what ver: relates to political condition and those “From Gaza, two roads conduct to moral differences which it produces, Jerusalem. One passes by Eleuthethe picture of the Jews given in this ropolis and the plain of Sephela ; the work may be applied to the time of other, through the hills by Hebron. our Saviour. The Temple, as it is Although the former was the easier bere described, is that of Herod; the and more customary, Elisama presacred usages were prescribed by an ferred the latter. He had a friend in unchangeable authority; and it is not Hebron whom he had not seen for in the nature of Oriental manners to many years, and in whose company vary from one half century to another, he wished to perform the pilgrimage, like our own.

and he was desirous of making Helon's The first volume opens with the de- first entrance into the Land of Proscription of Helon's departure from mise as solemn and impressive as posAlexandria, (where he leaves his mo- sible. By taking the easier road, they ther,) accompanied by Elisama, My- must have gone a long way through ron, who is going on commercial bu- the country of the Philistines, and not siness to the maritime cities of Pales- have been joined by pilgrims till they tine, and Salla, a faithful slave of the reached Morescheth, and then only in family, who, when offered his emanci- small numbers. On the other road, pation by Helon, prefers continuing they entered immediately on the Jewhis bondsman, in order to visit the ish territory, and their way conducted Holy Land in his company. They them through scenes adorned with join themselves to a caravan which is many an historical remembrance:

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They had not proceeded far inward been fulfilled, when the patriarch said,
• from the sea, in the direction of the 'God give thee of the dew of Heaven,
river Besor, when they reached the and of the fatness of the earth, and
confines of Juda; they stood at the plenty of oil and wine. He drank of
foot of its hills, and the land of the the pure, clear mountain stream,
Heathen lay behind them. Helon whose sparkling reflexion seemed to
seemed to feel for the first time what him like a smile from a parent's eyes
home and native country mean. In on a returning'wanderer, and thought
Egypt, where he had been born and the sweet water of the Nile, so praised
bred, he had been conscious of no by the Egyptians, could bear no com-
such feeling; for he had been taught parison with it. Elisama reminded
to regard himself as only a sojourner him of the words of the Psalm (lxv.):
there. Into this unknown, untrodden
native country he was about to enter, "Thou lookest down upon our land and
and before he set his foot upon it, at And makes it full of sheaves.

waterest it,
the first sight of it, the breeze seemed The river of God is full of water.
to waft him froin its hills a welcome 'Thou preparest corn and tillest the land.
to his home. *Land of my fathers,' 'Thou waterest its furrows and softenest
he exclaimed, • land of proinise, pro its clods;
mised to me also from my earliest Thou moistenest it with showers, thou
years!' and quickened his steps to blessest its springing,
reach it. He felt the truth of the Thou crownest the year with Thy bles-
saying, that Israel is Israel only in the sing,
Holy Land. 'Here,' said Elisama, And Thy footsteps drop fatness.
is the boundary of Juda.' Helon, They drop upon the pastures of the wil-

derness, unable to speak, threw himself on the sacred earth, kissed it and watered it And the hills are encompassed with re. with his tears, and Salla, letting go The pastures are clothed with flocks,

joicing : the bridle of the camels, did the same. And the fields are covered with corn ; Elisama stood beside them, and as he All shout for joy and sing.' stretched his arms over them, and in the naine of the God of Abraham, of "Helon replied to him from anoIsaac arid of Jacob, blessed their going ther Psalm (civ.): out and their coming in, his eyes too overflowed with tears, and his heart • The springs arise amoug the valleys, seemed to warm again as with the re- They run among the hills. newal of a youthful love. They pro- Here the thirsty wild beast cools itself, ceeded slowly on their way; Helon The wild ass quenches his thirst. gazed around him on every side, and The fowls of Heaven dwell beside them, thought he had never seen so lovely a He watereth the hills from his clouds

And sing among the branches. Spring. The latter rains had ceased, above ; and had given a quickening fresbriess The fruit of his works satisfieth the to the breezes from the hills, such as earth. he had never known in the Delta. He maketh grass to grow for cattle The narcissus and the hyacinth, the And herb for the service of man, blossoms of the 'apricot and the peach, Preparing bread from the earth shed their fragrance around. The And wine that maketh glad man's heart; groves of terebinth, the oliveyards The fragrance of the oil for ointment and vineyards stood before them in the cedars of Lebanon, tall as Heaven,

And bread that giveth strength.. their living green: the corn, swollen by the rain, was ripening fast for the He has planted, he watereth them!"" harvest, and the fields of barley were They reach Hebron in the cvening, already yellow. The wide meadows and are hospitably entertained by covered with grass for the cattle, the Elisama's friend. On the following alteruation of hill and valley, the rocks morning, they set forth again for Jeruhewn out in terraces, and filled with salem. earth and planted, offered a constant " At the first crowing of the cock, variety of delightful views. You might all was in motion; their host was see that this was a land, the dew of making the last arrangements for his which Jehovah had blessed, in which departure; the neighbours entered to the prayer of Isaac over Jacob. bad announce that thie" márch was about

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