Imatges de pàgina


Teem, to produce.' " Vale, a ralley. Team, horses, or ozen draw- Vail, a covering for the ing a carriage.

Veil, } face. Terse, smooth, neat.

Vane, a weathercock. Tiercé, a liquid measure. Vain, meanly proud. The, the article.

Vein, a blood-vessel. Thee, thyself.

loss. There, in that place.

Waist, part of the body. Their, of them.

Wale, rising part in cloth. Threw, did throw.

Wail, to sorroro. Through, from end to end.

Wait, to tarry: Throro, to fling.

Weight, heaviness. Throe, agonij.

Ware, merchandise. Throne, seat of a king. Wear, to put on, a dam to Thrown, flung, cast.

catch fish in. Time, measure of duration. Way, a road. Thyme, a plant.

Weigh, to poise. Tier (teer), à row, a rank. Week,

seven days. Tear, water from the eyes. Weak, not strong. Too, likewise.

Weekl ly, every week. To, unto.

Weakl ly, feebly. Two, troice one.

Ween, to think. Tow, refuse of flax, to draw Wean, to withdraro from any by a rope.

habit. Toe, part of the foot. A Weth' er, a male sheep. Tole, to draw by degrees. Weath' er, state of the air. Toll, a tar.

[speech. Wood, trees.
Tongue (tung), organ of Would, was willing.

Tong, catch of a buckle. Ye, plural of thou.
Tray, a utensil.
Trey, three at cards or dice. You, plural of thou.
Tun, a large cask.

Yew, a tree.
'Ton, 20 hundred weight. Ewe, a female sheep.

Yea, yes,

CHAPTER XXV. Words often improperly confounded

in Spelling or Pronunciation. ; Ac cept', to take.

Ap praise', to set a price on. Ex cept', to leave out. Ap prize', to inform. [ley. Af fect', to act upon.'

Celle ry, a species of pars. Ef fect'; to bring to pass. Sall a ry, stated hire.

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Chron! i cal, of, long du- In gel ni ous, inventive.

In gen' u ous, open, candid.' Chron' i cle, a history. Ker nel, the seed of fruit. Coun' cil, an assembly: Colonel, a military officer. Coun' sel, adrice.'

Lay, to place,' to quiet. * Curl rant, a fruit,

Lie, to rest, or recline on a Cur' rent; a stream. Curri er, á leather dresser. Lick' er ish, delicate. Côu' ri er, a messenger! Lic' o rice, a sweet root. Cym bal, a inusical instru- Practice, use, habit. ment,

Prac' tise, to use, to do habituSymbol, a type.

ally. Erl rand, a message.

Prin' ci ple, first rule.
Er' rant, wandering:

Prin! ci pal, chief:
Ar' rant, vile, wicked. Proph' e cý, a prediction.

Ex' tant, noro in being Proph' e sy,* to predict.

Ex tent', compass of a thing. Tract, a quantity of land, a Fran! cis, a man's name,

small book.
Fran' ces, a rooman's name. Track, a mark left.

Gel ni us, mental power: Value, worth, price.'
Gel mus, a class of beings. Val' ley, à vále.


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****001 CHAPTER XXVI. Words which agree in Orthography, w but differ in Accent, Pronuncia

tion, or Meaning

Ab! stract, an abridgment. Close, compact.
Abstract', to draw from. Close, to unite.

A busel, ill treatment, Com' pact, an agreement.

A buse! to trcat rudely. Com pact', close, firm.' Accent, force of voice. 1401 Compound, a mixture. Ac cent', to place the accent. Com pound', to mingle.

At' tri bute, a quality. I Con cert, harmony

At trib' ute, to ascribe,'T Con cert', to contrive, Au' gust, the name of a month. Con duct, management, :) Au gust!, magnificent, Con duct, to manage. Cem' ent, what joins bodies Cón' jure, to practise, entogether.

chantment. to unite,

Còn jurel,to enjoin solemnly. y like i long.

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Ce ment',

abled person.


Con test, a dispute.

In' crease, augmentation, Con test', to contend.

In creasa', to make more. Contract, an agreement. In' sult, an affront,

Con tract', to bargain. In sult', tu uffront. Con' trast, opposition.

In văl' id, of no force. Con trast', to place in oppo- In va lid', (in vu leed',) a dis sition.

[verted. Con vert, a person con

Let, to lease, to perinįi.
Con vert', to change. Let, to hinder.
Con' vict, a person convicted. Min ute, sixty seconds.
Con vict', to prove guilty. Mi nutel, small.

Cour' te sy, civility, respect. Mouth, aperture in the head.
Courtesy, act of respect

Mouth, to chero. made by a 200man.

Object, that on which we are Cruise, a small cup,

employed. Cruise, to sail.

Ob ject', to oppose. Des' ert, a wilderness. Over throw, destruction De sert', to forsake.

O ver throw, to destroy. Des' sert, the last course of Pres' ent, a gift. an entertainment.

Pre sent', to give. Dis! count, an allowance. Produce, product, amount. Dis count', to deduct.

Pro ducel, to

cause, to En' trance, admission.

effect. En trance', to put into ec- Proj' ect, a scheme. stasy.

Pro ject', to contrive. Es' cort, a condoy:

Rebel, one who rebels. Es cort', to guard.


oppose, Ex cuse', an apology. [ogy. Rec! ord, a register.

Ex cuse', to accept an apol- Re cord', to register, Ex' port, a thing exported. Ref use, the worthless part. Ex port', to send abroad. Re fusel, to reject.

Ex' tract, a quotation. Rise, the act of rising.

Ex tract', to draw out of Rise, to move upwards.
Fer' ment, inward motion. Subject, matter treated of,
Fer ment', to have inward one under the dominion

of another.'
Frel quent, often occurring. Subject', to enslave.
Fre quent', to visit often. Tor' ment, pain, anguish.
Gal' lant, brave.

Tor ment', to put in pain.
Gal lant', a beau.

Trans' port, rapture. Grease, fat.

Trans port', to put in an
Grease, to smear with fat. ecstasy."
House, a place of abode. Use, the act of employing:
House, to shelter.

Use, to employ.
Im' port, a thing imported. Wreath, a garland.
Import'; to bring from Wreath, to interweave.


Re bel',

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ikinis CHAPTER XXVII. Instipate

Letters. A letter is the first principle or least part of a word.

The letters of the English Language, called the Alphabet, are twenty-six in number.

Letters are divided into vowels and consonants. - A vowel is an articulate sound, that

can be perfectly uttered by itself; as a, ey 0; which are formed without the help of any other sound.

A consonant is an articulate sound; which cannot be perfectly uttered without the help of à vowel; as b, d, f, l, which require vowels to : express them fully.

The vowels are, a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes w, and y.

W and y are consonants when they begin a word, oř syllable; but in every other situation. they are vowels.

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O sounds hard like k before a 0, U, I, and ryy and soft like is before e, i, and y. It sounds like z in sacrifice, and like sh in ocean.

G sounds hard before a, o, u, l, and ris It is sometimes hard and sometimes soft before e, i, and y.

w 1:94 143 113

Diphthongs and Triphthongsu , “A diphthong is the union of two vowels, pronounced by a single impulse of the voice; as ea in beat, ou in sound.


A proper diphthong is that in which both the vowels are sounded; as bi in voide, ou in ounce.

An improper diphthong has but one of the vowels sounded; as, ea in eagle, oa in boat.

A triphthong is the union of three vowels, pronounced by a single impulse of the voice; as eau in beau, jew in view. IT

1'}}" 12; ; i storil

SYLLABLES, ki '3',192, 11.1 Asyllable is a sound, either simple or cornpound, pronounced by a single impulse of the voice, and constituting a word, ori a part of a word; as å, än, ant! 116

Spelling is the art of rightly dividing words into their syllables, or of expressing a word by its proper letters.

Devid loviti

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mon consenti a

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Words are articulate sounds, used by comas signs of our i

ideas. 112 113072 A word of one syllable is termed a Monosyllable; a word of two syllables, a Dissyllable; a word of three syllables, a Trisyllable; a word of four or more syllables, a Polysyllable.'t hac

All words are either primitive, derivative, or compoundiue.l.19.00 wibod tu 30 i

;" A primitive word is one which cannot be reduced to any simpler word in the language ja as man, good, content.-

A derivative word is one which may be reduced to another word in English lof greater simplicity; as manful, goodness, contentment."

A compound word is formed of two or more words; as penknife, teacup, Yorkshire ; si na as

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