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different opinions, instead of harmony and brotherly love, discord and hatred would prevail. Wisely, therefore, was it calculated to conciliate true friendship amongst persons of all religions, by adopting the broad and natural principle of viewing all men as brethren, created by one Almighty parent, and placed in this sublunary world for the mutual aid and protection of each other. The solemnity of our rites, however, which as they embrace all that part of religion, from which morality is derived, necessarily calls our attention to the Great Architect of the Universe, the Creator of us all In contemplation of his wisdom, goodness and power, the Māhometan under one name, the Jew and Christian under another, can join in adoration, all agreeing in the grand essential and universal principle of religion, the recognition and worship of a Deity, in whose hands are the issues of life and death, though differing in some minute points peculiar to each. Shall then, this temporary and happy accommodation of sentiment to good purposes, stamp ns as Deists? Godforbid! When the lodge is closed, each departs untainted by the other, the Jew to his symagogue, the Mahometan to his mosque, and the Christian to his church, as fully impressed as ever with the divine origin and rectitude of his own faith, from the principles of which, he has never, for one moment, deviated, either in thought or deed. Our order contemplates the whole human species, divested of all religious or political distinctions. It should be free to the worthy and accepted of all nations and languages. In this institution, party spirit is unknown. The Prince Regent of England, the King of Prussia, their Excellencies Daniel D. Tompkins and De 'witt Clinton, a Roman prelate and a Protestant reformer, a Wellington and a Washington at the head of their armies, and an humble Quaker, who holds in detestation the sword and bayonet, and indeed, the lowest peasant in the universe, may, provided they are free masons, unite together as a band of brothers. Masonry, as has been before observed, excludes all distinction of religion, as well as of rank. The Episcopalian, the Presbyterian, the Methodist, the Baptist, the Catholic, the Hebrew, and the Turk, may here sit together in peace and harmony. created woman " Grace was in all her steps, heaven in her eye, in every gesture dignity and love." "O woman ! lovely woman, men would be brutes without thee.'; The heavens and the earth, and all their hosts, having thus been created in the space of six days, God, on the seventh day rested from all his work, and sanctified it asa holy sabbath to himself, thereby intimating, in the clearest manner, that man should work with industry for six days, for the maintenance of himself and family, and set-apart the seventh as a day of rest from his labour, and that he should devote the same to the praise and glory of God his creator.

Thus masonry is the centre of unity, and the happy means of conciliating the affections of many upright and intelligent men, who might otherwise have remained at a distance from each other.

CHAPTER XIII.
The Grand Architect's Six Periods.

When we contemplate that the formation of the world Was the work of that Omnipotent Being who created the beautiful system of the universe, well may we exclaim with wonder and astonishment, " 0 Lord, our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth, who hast set thy glory above the heavens. When we consider the heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained, What is man, that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man, that thou visitest him?" Psalm viii.

Before he was pleased to command this vast world into existence, the elements and the materials of the creation lay blended without form or distinction. "Darkness was upon the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters;" when the great Jehovah, as an example to man, that things of moment ought to be done with deliberation, was pleased to take six Bats in periodically bringing it from chaos to perfection.

The Supreme Architect shewed the first instance of

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Is power, by commanding light; and seeing that it was good, he gave it his sacred approbation, and distinguished it by a new name, by calling the light day, and giving the appellation of night to darkness; and in order to keep new framed matter within just limits, the Second period was employed in laying the fermament, which was to keep the water above the clouds, and those below them asunder, and God called the firmament heaveto. On the Third period, he commanded those waters to be restrained within due bounds, on the retreat of which dry land appeared, which he called " earth, and the gathering together of the waters, called he seas." The earth being yet irregular and destitute of any kind of cultivation. God spake the word, and immediately it was covered with a most beautiful carpet of flowers, plants, trees, herbs, and shrubs of all sorts, in full growth and perfection.

On the Fourth period, these two grand and bright luminaries, the sun and moon were created; the former to rule the day, and the latter to rule the night, and to be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years. Beside these two great lights, the omnipotent Architect was pleased to bespangle the setherial concave with innumerable stars, so that man, whom he intended to create, might employ himself, at suitable periods, in contemplating his supereminent wisdom, and justly praising his divine majesty and glory.

On the Fifth period, he created the birds, which fly in the air, so that man might please both his eyes and ears in being delighted with some for their beautiful plumage and uncommon instinct, and others for their melodious notes. He also commanded the waters to bring forth a variety offish for our use ; and in order to impress on our minds a reverential awe of his omnipotence, he created great whales and every living creature, that moveth. which the waters brought forth abundantly.

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May the six days' work of the creation, emulate every free-mason to industry during the week, and may they always be enabled to spend the Seventh in such a manner, as may be most conducive to their present as well as their future happiness.

CHAPTER XIV.

Of the Seven Liberal Arts and Sciences.

These are Grammar, Rhetoric, Logic. Arithmetic. Geometry, Music, and Astronomy.

The Grammar rules instruct the tongue and pen,
Rhetoric teaches eloquence to men,
By Logic, we are taught to reason well,
Music has charms beyond our powers to tell.
The use of numbers, numberless we find, -^
Geometry gave measure to mankind, 5*
The Heavenly system elevates the mind.
All these and many secrets more,
Were by free-masons taught in days of yore.

But of these liberal arts and sciences, we shall treat more at large, as they are entitled to the attention of every one, who is desirous of arriving at distinction in our fraternity.

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