Imatges de pÓgina

destruction of the temple, then most of the Jews would have left their religion, but they confirmed them in their faith by making them believe the Messiah was soon to come: but in reality no one knows the time."

August 11.-Myself, together with Mrs. Ewald, visited several Jewish families, by whom we were most kindly received.

August 12.-Our Bishop who, on account of ill health, had been for some weeks at the Convent of the Cross, came to town. I introduced the two inquirers

to him. Mr. Tartakover arrived to day from London, and brought letters from our dear friends in England to each of us. May this addition to the Mission prove a blessing!


August 13.-I called upon Rabbi Israel, whom I had previously seen several times. He belongs to the Chasidim, and has in his house a small synagogue, where some of that sect meet for prayers. This Rabbi Israel is a very ingenious man. He has lately established a printing-office here, where he has two presses, and employs eighteen men; but the most remarkable thing is, that almost everything belonging to it has been made here under Rabbi Israel's direction; the types were cast by himself; and although his establishment is yet in its infancy, he has printed several Jewish books.


August 16.-I visited several Jewish families to-day. In one most miserable hovel, where several Jews live together, I found two men, and a boy of about nine years old. During the conversation, I said to the father of the child, "You ought to send him to school." He said he would do so with pleasure, if there were a school here where he could learn any

thing. I told him we were going to establish one, and asked him to send his child, which he promised to do.

I went into another house, where I found two rabbies reading the Talmud, with whom I had a long conversation, they tried to maintain that without the Talmud, the Bible was a sealed book; that we are to understand all the passages in the Bible, where God commands us to read, study, and meditate on his Word, as referring to the Talmud; for, as the Bible can be learned by heart in a very short time, God could not have meant that little book, but the Talmud, which, if a man studies during the whole of his life, he cannot fully comprehend. I said, then in truth has come upon you what the Prophet Isaiah threatens in the sixth chapter, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed." I had a long argument with them. When, O Lord! wilt thou take away the veil with which the Talmud has covered the heart of the remnant of thy people! When will they turn to Jesus!


August 17.-I had a visit from an interesting rabbi to-day; he has been with me several times before: may the Lord open his eyes to the truth!

August 19.-Mr. A., the remaining one of the three Jews whom I mentioned as having come from Constantinople for the purpose of receiving Christian instruction here, arrived from Beyrout. The Chief Rabbi of the Ashkenazim, had, however, been informed of their design; and as soon as Mr. A. arrived, he invited him to stay at his house, and implored him not to come in contact with us. He accordingly accepted the invitation. Mr. I., one of the inquirers, called ; he wishes to be instructed in Christianity, and to learn a trade, in which I trust we shall be able to assist him.


August 20.-This being the Jewish Sabbath, I went to several of the synagogues, and then called upon Rabbi Abraham Halevi, the Chief of the Karaites. I had not seen him for some time. We had a long discourse respecting the sect of which he is chief, and the difference between them and the Rabbinical Jews. The Karaites use circumcision, because they are commanded to do so in the law. They do not wear the fringes, as the Rabbinists do, except at morning prayer, when they put on the talith which is made of cotton with four fringes. The fringes of the Karaites also differ widely in the number of the threads from those used by the Rabbinical Jews; the latter make theirs of eight, the former of thirty-two, because it is written, "Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make their fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue: and it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the Lord, and do them." (Numbers xv. 38, 39.) Now, the Karaites say, that all the commandments of God are contained in the five books of Moses, which begin with (Beth), and end with (Lamed), hence which is thirty-two. When we look upon these thirty-two fringes we remember the whole law, sixteen of the threads of the fringes are of white silk, and sixteen of blue silk, for they say ban (Techelith), means blue. The Rabbinists make their fringes of white wool; they say nban (Techelith), was a colour, which was made of the blood of a fish which appeared only once in seventy years, but since the destruction of the temple the fish, which is called chilazon, has entirely disappeared, and they have therefore now no ban (Techelith). The Karaites have no (Mezuzah), on the doors of their houses, like the Rabbinists, but on the doors of their synagogues.

שחיטה Their

(Shechitah), or the manner in which they kill their animals, is also very different from that of the Rabbinists. The Karaites will not eat meat killed by the Rabbinists, nor the latter what is slaughtered by the Karaites. The Rabbinists give the animal three blows with the knife, but the Karaites only give one and a half, besides which they have no (Bedikah), or examination of the interior of the animal. The Feasts of the New Year and of Pentecost last only one day among the Karaites, while among the Rabbinical Jews they last two. They have no win (Hosanna Rabba), and no, Feast of Dedication; the former is kept very sacred by the Rabbinical Jews; it is the seventh day of the Feast of Tabernacles, on which they offer up prayers for the forgiveness of sins, for prosperity, and for health; the word ɔYWIn Hosanna, occurs many times throughout the prayers, therefore they call it, or the great Hosanna, or the day of great help, assistance, or salvation; they sit up the whole of the night, reading portions of the Scriptures, prayers, and other books, viz., the whole of the fourth book of Moses, the whole of the Psalms, and portions of the Sohar, &c. The Feast of Dedication lasts eight days among the Rabbinical Jews. The Karaites do not keep either of these feasts. They have four fasts in the year, the 7th and 10th of Ab, 10th of Tebeth, and the Day of Atonement. They do not blow the trumpet on New Year'sday during prayer, like the Rabbinical Jews, who say that Satan is on that day particularly accusing them before God, they therefore blow a trumpet made of a ram's horn, the sound of which makes Satan so confused that he does not know what he says. Dr. Jost is misinformed when he says, in his "History of the Jews,”

and that פדיון הבן * and חלה * the Karaites keep

*,Cake. This is one of the three precepts, which, according to the oral law, every Jewish female is obliged to observe. As often as she bakes bread, she is to take a piece of the dough, which she is to throw into the fire, to be burned as an offering. tan, the redeeming of the first-born. Every first-born

their sons drink no wine or eat any meat until they are seven years old. This is not the case. They have ten articles of faith, which are as follows:

"All things which exist were created."

י שכל זה המציאות הגשמי והרוחני ר"ל הגלגלים וכל אשר בהם נבראו :

2 שיש להם בורא ולא ברא עצמו :

3 שאין לא ית" דמות והוא אחד מכל צד :


'They did not create themselves, but were created.”

"God is one, and has no form, no likeness; none is like unto him."

"God has sent Moses, our Master."

4 כי הוא שלח משה רבנו ע"ה:

5 כי הוא י"ת שלח ע"י משה רבנו ע"ה תרתו

התמימה :

"God has given unto us by Moses his perfect law."

male, who is not of the tribe of Levi, must be redeemed, which is done in the following manner:-A son of Aaron, who is considered as a priest, is invited by the father to accept the redemption of his son. When the priest appears, the child is brought before him, and he asks, is this the first-born of his mother? The father replies in the affirmative, and then takes a sum of money which he gives into the hand of the priest, and says, "Blessed art thou, O Lord God, King of the universe, that thou hast sanctified us by thy commandments, and enjoined upon us the redemption of our sons. Blessed art thou, O Lord God, King of the universe, that thou hast kept us alive, and brought us to the present time!" The priest, having the redemptionmoney in his hand, passes it over the head of the child, and says, "This is instead of this; this is in exchange for this; this excuses this. May this son enter into life, be brought up according to the law, and in the fear of God. May it please the Lord, who has caused him to be redeemed, to grant that he may enter into the ways of the law, and to grow up into manhood, and to good works." The priest then puts his hand upon him, and says, "The Lord make thee as Ephraim and Manasseh; the Lord bless thee and keep thee; the Lord lift up the light of his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace. May he add long life and peace unto thee, and preserve thee from all evil. Yea, he will preserve thy soul !"

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