Imatges de pàgina

ly placed on Dr. Priestley's represen- ing, or speaking too loud ; to bę tations, even in cases of the plain. avoided. Mumbling, or speaking eft fall."

too much to yourself; to be corTo determine whether this fe. rected. The voice to be made vere conclusion be well founded, soft, and agreeable to the ear.' let the candid inquirer carefully Never spit or hem wbile speaking. attend not only to these letters, Of varying the voice. How to but to all which has lately been cure yourself of a monotonoustone. written on the subject ; particu- Rules for varying the voice. Too Jarly, to Priestley's history of early great a volubility to be avoided. opinions, and his letters to Dr. Speaking too now. To vary the Horseley, together with Dr. Horse. voice according to the subject-acley's tracts and difquifitions, and cording to the pallions. Efteem the 2d volume of Jamieson's ex- or admiration, how to express them. cellent vindication,

Contempt, how to express it by the Th:author concludes his letters voice. A grievance complained by taying, “If I have advanced of, how to be expressed. Exordiwhat is untrue, my ignorance or um, Narration, Confutation, and may wickedness can easily be detect- Peroration, what tone to be used. ed;" and by the following val. FIGURES OF RHETORICK. uable quotation from Dr. Prielt

What tone to be used in speakley's letters to Dr. Horseley ;

ing some of them, Exclamation, “ Above all, let TRUTH be our great Swearing, Prosopopeia, Apoftrowhether it be fo or not: we hali duon- phe, Epimone, Parrheliæ, Climax, er deceive ourselves, than them. And Antithesis. Breath, how to manleast of all can we impose upon that age it ; long breath necessary; how great Being, who is the God of truth, to acquire it. Clauses of a period ; who secretly guides all our purluits, and how to manage them. Short pee whole excellent purposes will be anfwered by them, with whatever views riods ; pauses after them different we may engage in them."

from those after long ones. SubKq1st QHOS TO Leerder. Eurip. fequent period lower, than the

clofe of the preceding one. Period The Principles of Eloquence, contain that requires great force of voice.

ing Hints to Public Speakers, hy How to manage the sentences im. T. Knox. Also, Jerringham's mediately preceding. PronunciaEtry on the Eloquence of the Pul- tion. 'l'o keep your yoice up to

gland, printed for B. the end of a fentence. and 7. Homans, No. 50, Marl

ACTION. borough Itreet, Boston, 1805, Hints respecting action to those, David Carlile, printer, Cam- who wish to speak gracefully in bridge street.

publick. How to use the hands in In the first part, or principles of action. Use no action at the beelopence, are the following par. ginning of your speech. Never ticulars worthy the attention of clap your hands. Action mostly public speakers.

with the right hand : instances OF SPEAKING.

where the left alone may be used. Llow to make yourself heard To place the right hand on the Trithout any difficulty ; how to breast : if left handed how to frogthen the voice. Faultering ; manage. Adion from the left to how to get rid of it. Of bellow- the right. When action advisaq

pit in

ble, to begin it when you begin to If terror and pity are the throbbing speak. Motion of your hands to pulses of chrift:an oratory, as well as of fuit the thing spoken of. Action

the drama, the powers of the former mult suit the figures used. The

are certainly in this country feeble, and

unimprellive. The form of lacred elohands seldom or never higher than quence appears fickly and inactive; the the eyes. Your arms not to be pulle at her heart beats languidly, no kretched out lideways from your expression flashes from her eye, and body; but a certain distance. lier pale lip attests, chat no Seraph

has touched it with the live coal froin Raise your hand in swearing, ex

the altar. clamation, &c. Not to use too

Sentences as just as they are el. much action. Some actions not


The author's idea of to be attempted by the hands. When you talk for another person, collected from the following quo

molt modern fermons, may be what action to use. Person ; how

tations. it ought to be managed. The head; the face ; the eyes, how to

Many fplendid exceptions may be

adduced, but I should advise (the youngregulate their motion. How to draw tears from your own, as well mode of preaching.

er clergy) not to adhere to the present as your auditor's eyes. Of lift- It is said that when Shakespeare was ing up your eyes, or calting them born nature destroyed the mould in down. How to manage


which his great mind was formed brows, mouth, lips, shoulders.

I cannot help withing that some superiThese rules are suit, and writ- rould in which religious discourses are

or genius would break the general ten in a perspicuous and laconick call. kyle. A lingle example may be Nothing would sooner raise the defufficient.

prelled genius of religion, than the rePeriod that requires great force of covery of our preachers from that real voice. How to manage the sentences oning maludy, which has fo generally inimmediately preceding." " When

fected them.

you hare a period to pronounce, that 're

I am perfuaded that chopping logick quires a great elevation of the tone : you in the pulpit is not the thing, but that mult moderate and manage your voice with imagination and warmth of expression Careupon those periods, that just precede it; are in their place there, as much as or belt by employing the whole force of it the stage, moderated, however, and upon tbase, you exhaust yourself, and ex

chastised by the purity and gravity of press this languidly, which requires more religion. siger and vebemence.

The effects produced by the elár Elay on the Eloquence of the oquence of Gregory, Nizianzen Pulpit in England.

and others are mentioned ; and This Effay, written in England, several

are suggestand adapted to the fate of pulpit ed to give variety, and interelt, cratory in that kingdom, may per- and effect to a golpel sermon; as haps lose some degree of its perti- an appropriate text, the introducDency and force, when read in this tion of a striking anecdote, seizcuntry; but fo fimilar are the de- ing some local circumstance, an fects of christian eloquence in the abrupt diversion of the discourte two countries ; so just are the opin- to another object, clear, concise, ions in the ellay, and so perfuative- and forcible reasoning, addresled ly are they expressed, as to render to the heart, and instances of fortiit valuable to every clergyman in tude, not stamped with the image New England. No man we trust of religion, to mark its fpurious can read the firlt sentences without features. being Irongly impressed.

The author wilhcs for one r..

m. trods

form, which we fear will by too

him into the society of the apostles ? many be thought an improper in. Shall I associate him with the army of novation. When the text is long, among the confessors ? Where, where

the martyrs ? Shall I aisign to him a seat and adapted to rouse the imagin. thall I place our tutelary saint? ation he 'would omit “ the usual As he pronounced these words a man form" of naming the chapter and suddenly cried out, “ Rev. Father, as verse. He likewise disapproves you appear to be at a loss how to diflong introductions, and quotes if you please, in my seat, for I am go.

your saint, you may place him, Mr Gilpin.

ing away." “ This indecorous repriThough a fort opening of a text mand was of more service to the demay often be necessary, there seems no clamatory panegyrist, than the perusal occasion for a long preface. Whatever of Quintilian's institutes. appertains immediately to the discourse bad, perhaps be better introduced into

The style of this essay is not the body of the subject.

without some faults ; but is An Italian monk cured of “in. Sprightly and entertaining. The flated language," is mentioned in lovers of orthodoxy with it a humorous manner.

more distinguishing ; but it arHe began his discourse in a most er dently recommends warm and alted rain. Having congratulated the pathetick preaching, which is a temple on the honour of being immedi- valuable part of the Pulpit Oraately under the patronage of fo great a tor. The volume we doubt not faint, he proceeded with saying, he knew not where to point out the reli

will be useful to all publick dence of a faint of such enlarged and speakers, whose habits are not complicated merit ! Shall I introduce unconquerably fixed.

Religious Intelligence.


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of fifty pounds, or upwards, at one time, Ar a numerous and respectable meet- Thall be a governor for life. ing, held at the London Tavern, March

“*.. Governors shall be entitled to 7, 1804, Granville Sharp, Esq. in the

attend, and vote at all the meetings of chair ; a fociety was formed for the fole

the committee. and exclusive purpose of prorrting tbe 5. An executor, paying a bequest of airculation of the Holy Scriptures in the prin- fifty pounds, shall be a member for life; dipal living binguages. The fo'lowing is or of one hundred pounds, or more, a an outline of the plan of the fociciy.

governor for life. “ 1. A society fall be formed, with “6. Each member shall be entitled, this designation: THE BRITISH AND under the direction of the committee, FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY ; of which to purchase bibles and testaments for the the fole object shall be to encourage a

purpose of gratuitous distribution at the wider dispersion of the Holy Scriprures. Tociety's prices, which shall be as low as

“ 2. This society shall add its endeav. poffible ; but no English bibles or teftaours to those employed by o.ber focie- ments shall be given away in Great Brities for circulating the scriptures through tain by the society itself.” the British dominion ; and thall also, We have great pleasure ia introducaccording to its ability, extend its intiu- ing this fociety to the knowledge of our ence to other countries, whether chris. readers. And we think it must prove tian, mohammedan, or pagan.

highly confolatory to every reflecting “ 3. Each subscriber of one guinca mind to perceive, that while the eneannually, hall be a member.

mies of Great Britain are menacing her " 4. Each subscriber of twenty pounds, with destruction, such varied and strenat one time, shall be a member for life. A uous exertions are making by maLubscriber of five guineas per annum, ny of her inhabitants to diffuse over the shall be a governor ; and a subfcriber earth the pure light of christian truth.

la the object proposed by this society, cers ercept the treasurer; have power every fincere christian of every name, to call special general meetings; and may cordially and consistently unite. A shall be charged with procuring for the liberal subscription has already begun, focie y suitable patronage, both British which amounted in a few days to about and foreign. (Signed) one thousand pounds.

G. SHARP, Chairman." It gives us much pleasure, say the ed. President, Right Hon. John Lord itors of the Chriftian Osferver, (Jan. 1805) Teignmouth. tostate, that a gentleman well known in Treasurer, Henry Thornton Esq. the republick of letters, and who has

M. P. essentially served the cause of religion

Secretaries, Rev. John Owen, M. A. by his writings, has presented, to The Rev. Joseph Hughes, M.A. Rev. Charles Britijo and foreign Bible Society, a very val- Frederick Steinkoffpt, M.A. uable collection of the Holy Scriptures

Atlistant Secretaries, Mr. Joseph Tarn, in foreign languages, which he has been Mr. Thomas Smith. employed for inany years in forming. A committee of 36 respectable genWe trust that his exainple will stimulate tlemen were appointed to atlift in manother gentlemen who may be possessed aging the affairs of the society, among of copies of the bible in foreign lan- whom we observe the name of WM. guages to make similar dispositions ; a WILBERFORCE, M. P. circumstance, which would tend greatly to facilitate the benevolent deligns of

Extract of a letter from a Cleysyman in Ire

land. this important institution.

"I am sorry to mention that there is At a subsequent general meeting, no partofthe United Kingdom in greater held at the London Tavern, May 2d, want of bibles, than the southern part of 1804, a report of the committee was Ireland. Not more than one third of the read, purporting that they had been oc

protestant families have bibles ; and the cupied in opening communications with papist families, which are at least cight to various perfons of influence in dif

one, have scarce a bible among them, ferent parts of the United Kingdom and perhaps not one in 500 families ; and no of the Continent, for the purpose of ob. exertions making to distribute them, extaining important intelligence, of aug; cept by a few clergymen, who do not. menting the funds of the society, and go beyond their own parishes.” otherwise promoting its interelts. A plan of the society was then unanimously adopted. The chief resolutions, differing from those given above, were the following:

Tuis society was instituted in the

year 1800, by members of the establith“ The conimittee Thall conilt of thir- éd church, and is conducted in strict ty fix läymen ; of whom twenty four conformity to her doctrines and disciwho shall have most frequently attend- pline. It was instituted not with the ed, Thall be eligible for reelection for the delign of interfering with other socieensuing year. Six of the committee ties, embarked in the same cause, but of Thall be foreigners resident in London cooperating with them. While, thereor its vicinity ; half the remainder shall fore, the society for promoting chriflian be members of the church of England; knowledge has confined its missionary and the other half members of other de- exertions to a part of the eastern doDominations of christians.

minions, where they now employ seve"Every clergyman and diffenting ralexcellent Lutheran ministers; and minister who is a member of the society, while the fociety for the propagation of the ihall be entitled to attend and vote at & Spel in for ign parts has extended its all meetings of the committee.

labours chiefly to the British plantations “ The treasurer and secretaries for in North America, it appeared, that the time being, fhall be considered as there was abundant room for the prefmembers of the committee.

ent institution, the precise object of “ No person deriving any emolument which is expresied in the title. or profit from the society, thall be en- No English clergymen having engagtitled to fit or vote in the committee. ed themselves to the society as anillionka

" The committee shall conduct the ries, the committee opened a correspon. business of the society; appoint all ofi- dence with the continent, where ihey

Vol. I. No. 3.




procured two young men, who, after a vine authority. This important service course of previous training, having re- has been achieved in the most satisceived ordination in the Lutheranchurch factory manner, by one of their highly were accepted as misionaries by the fo- respected members. ciety. Their pames are Melchior Ben- The treaty of peace between the two nier, a German, and Peter Hartwig, a countries having renewed the means of Prullian.

personal intercourse, it was concluded, These millionaries resided some time that a deputation to France was of great in England, with a view of perfecting importance, not only in determining on themselves in the English language; and the best mode of printing and circulatacquiring also, by means of Tome Afri- ing the New Testament and the efcan youths, educating in England, the say, but also in procuring such informarudiments of the Soosoo language, which tion on the state of religion in that counis spoken over a considerable portion try, as would enable the society to form of the continent of Africa ; and in a judgment on the best means of prowhich, by the exertions of the Rev. Mr. moting the iûterests of true religion Brunton, the society has already been there. The result of this vifit is generenabled to print some useful tracts. ally known, and has produced a hope This last mentioned circumitance, to- that the protestant cause may soon rise gether with the vicinity of the Soosoo from its ruins. The directors have country to Sierra Leone, determined now the pleasure to announce, that the the society to appoint the Station of New Testament, the eslay, the affenthese millionaries among the Sooloos : bly's catechism, and some tracts, are: in April, 1804, after a suitable address printed, and now in circulation in had been delivered to them, they em- France, and will thortly be fo in Italy barked on board a vessei for Sierra Le- The neceflity of publishing the scripone one of them, (Mr. Hartwig) having tures in those countries is proved, from. previously married with the consent of the great difficulty which the deputaihe society.

tion found in procuring a single copy of The society has likewise under its them at Paris ; and they are informed protection, four other students, who are that this is equally the case in Italy. supported and educated at the expense The deputation having fully ascerof the fociety, in the millionary femina- tained that an energetickand evangelical. ry at Berlin, where they are now attend- ministry would be likely to be well ating to the study of the English, Arabick, tended and well supported in France, and Sooivo languages, and to such other they conceived that the establishment objects as may quality them for con- of a protestant church at Paris would ducting millions.

be productive of the most beneficial effects. The Rev. Mr. Tracy, who was

then there, was requested to continue In the report of the London Million

on the spot, to superintend the publicaary Society, for, 1803, we find the iol. tions, and to make inquiries, respecting lowing interesting article of intelligence, a suitable church. Information has which wil probably be rew to some of been obtained, which proves the almost our readers, and which is worthy to be unlimited extent in which the scriprecorded in this pubicación.

tures and protestant writings may be During the two past year, the society circulated. At Besencon, in the south, has manifested the commendable delire and at Arras, in the north, where till of endeavouring to build, on the ruins lately, no protestants were to be found, of the papaey in France, the divine ed- applications for protestant ministers and ifice of pure christianity; and as the churches have been made, and ligned most powerful mean for that purpose, by 12,000 persons at the former place, within their reach, was the circulation and ncarly as many at the latter; of the Holy Scriptures, they derermined and although many churches have alto consecrate a part of their fund ready been given to the protestants, this object. Reilecting also on the aw- 900 congregations are fill deltitute, ful effets of infidelity, they judged it both of churches and pattors. Even in might be of great ule to connect with Belgium, the fame disposition appeara the scriptures a vindication of their di



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