Imatges de pÓgina

the true oracles may be sought, and trate his design. Under pretence that which contains the genuine relics of he was not secure under their roof, the saints." The festival was ap- on account of his suspected heresy, proaching at which these relics were they easily prevailed upon him to reto be carried in procession. Curio, move to another town at some diswell knowing the consequences he had tance, there to remain till they should to apprehend froin the discovery of inform him that he might return in his imprudent fraud, withdrew pri- safety. An occurrence which took vately to Milan.

place here, however, prevented his During his residence in this city he troubling them again, and ultimately employed himself with great reputa- drove him from the province. tion in the education of youth. Shortly A Dominican friar from Turin had after his settlement here, the devas- come to preach in the neighbourhood, tations of the Spanish troops, which whom Curio and several of his friends occupied the district, produced a se. were drawn by curiosity to hear. The vere famine, accompanied by the monk took occasion in his discourse to plague, which committed dreadful ra- rail against Luther and his writings, vages. In the midst of the general charging him with maintaining that panic, when most who had the means Christian liberty allowed the unreof escaping were endeavouring to pro- strained pursuit of every pleasure, and vide for their personal safety by flight, that Christ was neither God, nor borr Curio, with exemplary fortitude and of the Virgin Mary. Curio, being humanity, remained among the suf- anxious to repel these calumnies, obferers, and assiduously exerted himself tained permission to speak in reply. to administer food to the destitute, He demanded of the preacher in what and to mitigate, as far as his kind at- parts of Luther's works such tenets tentions could avail, the sufferings of Svere inculcated? The monk answered the sick and the dying. In numerous that he could not then inform him, instances he performed the last oflices but promised to satisfy him if he of humanity for those who had fallen would accompany him to Turin. Cuvictims to the pestilence, and who, in rio then said that he would immedithe general consternation, had been ately point out where Luther maindeserted by their friends and relations. tained tenets which were directly the His benevolent and important services reverse of those he dad specified; and on this occasion recommended him to accordingly read some passages in the notice and esteem of the noble confirmation of his statement from family of Isacii, in the Milanese, of the Commentary on the Galatians. which he obtained in marriage the When the populace perceived how eldest daughter, Margaretta Blanca, grossly the monk had endeavoured to an elegant and accomplished female. deceive them, they attacked him with

When the plague kad subsided, great violence, and forced him to quit Curio, being weary of the inconveni- the town. On his return to Turin he ences and privations occasioned by related the affair to the Inquisitor, the presence of the emperor's sol- who immediately dispatched his emisdiers, removed to Casale, where he saries to take Curio into custody. remained for a few years. At this When Curio was brought before the period, the death of the last of his Inquisition, he was instantly recogbrothers induced him to remove to nized as an object of their former sushis native place, with the view of re- picions, and as the sacrilegious procovering the family property, to which faner of the relics at St. Benigno. he had now become the lawful heir. It was now determined to visit all lis He had still one married sister living heretical delinquencies with condign in Piedmont, by whoin, and her hus punishment. After his examination band, he was on his first arrival re. he was committed to close custody; ceived with great kindness and hospi- but to prevent all risk of his being tality. When, however, he disclosed forcibly rescued by his friends, he was the object of his journey, avarice secretly, conveyed by night from the prevailed over their affection ; their prison to a private house. Here he Conduct towards him changed, and was strongly fenced in ; the doors they took effectual uneasures to frus. were sccuted by thick bars of wood;

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his feet were made fast in heavy wooden locked, and the keys taken away, he stocks, and guards were placed in the proceeded to a window at the back of other apartments to watch himn. the house, and having opened it, de

From the nature of the precautions scended from it into the garden in which had been thus taken, le now safety.* considered his case hopeless, and be. Having thus providentially effected gan to resign himself to his fate. But his escape, le hastened to convey his an accidental circumstance, arising family to Milan, irhere he resided for from the extreme rigour of bis con- a short time. He then removed to finement, enabled him in a short time Pavia to undertake the office of proto escape the vengeance of his ene- fessor of Belles Lettres in the Univermies. After a few days' imprisonment, sily of that city. The agents of the his feet, from the weight and pressure Inquisition soon tracked bim to this of the stocks, began to swell, and to asylum. But he was so beloved by give him much pain. As a matter of the students that, of their own accord, indulgence he begged of his keepers they formed themselves into a kind of to be permitted to have one foot al. body guard for liis defence, and for ways at liberty, and to exchange it three years defeated every attempt to with the other whenever that became obtain possession of his person. At swollen and painful. This request length the Pope interfered, and threatwas readily granted, the guards being ened to lay the Senate under an intersatisfied that with one foot so secured dict if they afforded him further shelhis person was perfectly safe. Mat- ter. Upon this he went to Venice, and ters had gone on in this manner for afterwards to Ferrara, where he was some days, when it occurred to Curio hospitably

entertained by the Duchess that he might possibly avail himself Renata. Through the interest of this of this plan of exchanging the feet to lady he obtained a professorship in effect his liberation, by preparing an the University of Lucca, whither he artificial leg and foot to be placed in next removed his residence. Before he the stocks instead of the real. The had held this office a year, the Pope, thought no sooner suggested itself having discovered his retreat, comthan he set himself to work to try the manded the Senate to take him into experiment. He took the stocking custody, and send him prisoner to from the leg which was at liberty, Rome. The Senate having, however, stuffed it with some linen, placed a no disposition to comply with this piece of reed in the inside to stiffen it, mandate, gave himn private intimation and put on the shoe. Having suc- of his danger, and allowed him to deceeded thus far to his wishes, he laid part. himself on the floor, and put on his Perceiving himself to be thus exlong Spanish cloak to conceal the fraud. posed to constant and imminent danEvery thing being ready, he called to ger in Italy, he resolved to retire into his attendant, complained of pain in the confined foot, and requested to have it exchanged. The attendant, sus

* Curio's guards, on finding in the pecting no trick, readily complied; morving that their prisoner had escaped, placed the artificial foot in the stocks, and that the stocks and fetters continued and left the other at liberty. When locked, ascribed his deliverance to a mithe night was far advanced, Curio pre- racle, or to the power of magic. When pared to attempt his escape. It hap- this was reported to Curio, he thought it pened that the house wherein he was necessary to clear himself from the imimprisoned was one with wbich he had putation of resorting to magic, as it might been intimately acquainted in his bring scandal upon the religion he had youth. This fortunate circumstance

embraced ; and, therefore, published an enabled him at once to decide upon little piece is in the form of a dialogue,

account of the whole transaction. This liis plan. He cautiously opened the and is intituled Probus. It is among the door of his chamber, and having as- most amusing of Curio's works, and is certained that his guards, who occu• printed with the other dialogues in his pied an adjoining apartment, were Pasquillus Ecstaticus. Schelhorn has asleep, he descended the stairs and inserted this dialogue in his Amenitates tried the doors. Finding these to be Hist. Ecclesiasticæ, 1, 759.

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Switzerland. He accordingly crossed talents to the cause of the Roman See.
the Alps, and proceeded to Zurich; The Duke of Savoy, on hearing of this
soon afterwards he removed to Lau- proposal, endeavoured, by the most
sanne, having accepted the office of liberal offers, to prevail upon him to
rector of the school or college of that accept a professorship in the Univer-
city. As soon as he had thus settled sity of Turin. The Emperor Maxi-
himself, he returned to Tuscany for milian also tried to engage his services
the purpose of conveying his family in Germany; and Vaivoide, Prince of
from Lucca, Not deeming it safe, Transylvania, wished him to under-
however, to approach the town, he take some principal office in the Col-
stopped at Pisa, intending that they lege which he had just established at
should there join him. Shortly after Alba Julia. Curio, however, pre-
his arrival, and whilst taking his din- ferred remaining at Basle, and declined
ner, wholly unsuspicious of danger, all these flattering proposals: and the
the Præfect of the Inquisition, who Senate, as a testimony of their esteem
had placed his guards at the door and and gratitude, conferred upon him the
on the stairs, entered the room, and freedom of their city. Here he con-
summoned him to surrender in the tinued to execute the duties of his
name of the Pope. Curio, considering office, and to enjoy the friendship of
all opposition useless, arose to deliver the most illustrious men of the time,
himself up. In the agitation of the until the year 1569, when his life was
moment he had retained in his hand terminated after a short illness, in the
the large knife with which he had sixty-seventh year of his age.*
been cutting his meat. The Præfect Curio was the author of several
observing him advancing thus armed, works on the subjects of religion,
and mistaking his intentions, became philology, &c. &c. None of them are
motionless with fear. Curio, with of great extent, but they display his
great presence of mind, availed himself critical knowledge of the classical
of bis panic, and quietly descended languages, his refined literary taste,
through the guards, who, not knowing and the liberality of his religious sen-
him, saluted him as he passed. He timents. His principal pieces are,
hastened to the stable, mounted his Christianæ Religionis Institutio; Ara-
horse, and drove off. As soon as it neus de Providentia Dei; De Ani-
was discovered that he had escaped, marum Immortalitate; Paraphrasis in
the officers of the Inquisition com- principium Evangelii Johannis ; Pas-
menced their pursuit, but a violent quillas Ecstaticus; De Amplitudine
storm arising at the moment, they beati Regni Dei. He translated also,
were obliged to abandon the chase and out of the Italian into Latin, some of
return without their prisoner. Curio, Bernard Ochin's sermons, and Guic-
having made good his retreat, was ciardini's great historical work on
soon joined by his family, and pro- Italy.t
ceeded with them to Switzerland.

After residing four years at Lausanne, Curio, in the year 1547, re

Some account of Curio may be met moved to Basle, having received the compilations. The preceding sketch is

with in most of the common biographical appointment of Professor of Elo- principally drawn up from an interesting quence and the Belles Lettres in the menoir delivered before the University University of that city. He discharged of Basle, by the Professor who immedithe duties of this office, for which he ately succeeded him in the Chair of Polite was eminently qualified, with very Literature. It is intituled, Oratio Panedistinguished reputation, which drew gyrica de Calii Secundi Curiouis Vita to the University pupils of the highest atque Obitu, habita Basileæ Anno 1570 rank from the remotest districts of in magna Procerum et Juventutis AcaEurope.

demie Basiliensis Panegyri, à Johanne The celebrity which Curio had now

Nicolao Stupano, Med. Doctore et Profesacquired induced the Pope to make in the Amenitates Literariæ, Vol. XIV.

sore. The oration is inserted by Schelhorn overtures to him to return to Italy, pp. 325 et seq., where the reader will promising him a liberal remuneration, find many additional particulars relating and complete indemnity for his here- to Curio, his family and literary labours. tical pravity, if he would devote his t Sereral of his letters were printed

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Visit to the Settlement of the American Sect of the Shakers, 133 His religious sentiments were in such men as Lælius Socinus and Bersome respects more liberal than those nard Ochin, without imbibing their of his associates, and exposed him, sentiments.* among his Protestant brethren, to thé

R. S. suspicion of heresy. This imputation was cast upon him in consequence of

Islington, the publication of his treatise De Sır,

March 6, 1823. Amplitudine beati Regni Dei, the extent of God's happy Kingdom ;"!

SEND for insertion in your MisI

cellany the following account of wherein he maintained that the king- the Shakers, just communicated by dom of God was more extensive than my good friend Dr. William Rogers, that of the Devil, or that the number of Philadelphia. I have furnished a of the elect and the finally blessed, copious description of them in the last exceeded that of the reprobate and edition (14th) of the Sketch of the finally miserable of mankind. This Denominations of the Christian World, work on its first appearance passed from an original document, being prowithout particular notice; but Verge- bably the first and only copy at that rius afterwards detected and exposed tiine transmitted to this country. The its departure from the orthodox Swiss subsequent detail, however, is curious, doctrine of election, and raised the both as to their faith and their praccry of heresy against the author. Cu- tice; the latter being so truly ridieurio made his peace by the publication lous, whilst the former, indicating the of an apology in the Latin and Ger- free and fearless exercise of the reaman languages. He has, besides, soning faculty, rejects the leading been charged with holding heterodox dogmas of modern orthodoxy. opinions on the doctrine of the Tri

From the Pittsburg Recorder. nity, and been occasionally numbered

“ THE SHAKERS. anjong the followers of Servetus. Unitarians, however, though they might “ The following account of the have been proud of such a convert, Shakers, in Warren county, Ohio, has have never placed him in their ranks. been furnished by the Rev. Jonathan The accusation appears to be wholly Leslie. It probably contains as corwithout foundation, and it originated rect and particular information of their probably in the surmises of some peculiar tenets and practices as any orer-zealous bigot, who thought it heretofore published. impossible to associate, as Curio did, The Shakers live in a village callen terms of friendly intiinacy with ed Union, 30 miles from Cincinnati,

and four from Lebanon, the seat of

justice for Warren county, Ohio. prith the works of Olympia Fulvia Mo- in eleven families. The number of

“Their number is 600, and they live rata, which he edited. See Mon. Repos. individuals in each family varies from XVII. 725. The writer, in the memoir forty to sixty, one half men, the other of that lady, (Ibid. p.: 725, note,) pro half women, who attend to their apmised to furnish the Editor of the Monthly Repository with a copy of her beautiful propriate business. Greek version of the forty-sixth Psalm.

Their dwelling-houses are brick On recousideration he has relinquished and frame, spacious, neat and plain, his design, being doubtful whether the well-finished and convenient. · Their pieni would interest or be intelligible to apartments are not decorated with ora suficient number of the readers of that naments, but are supplied with useful Discellany, to justify the appropriation furniture. They are neat farmers, and to it of the space it would require. The reader is requested to make the executed. Their orchards and gar

their mechanical work is completely bilo wing corrections in the article rekrted to: p. 721, first colume, note, for winda read “ obeunda :"-second co.

* The charge of Antitrinitarianism bmn, for aulam, read “ aula."

has been minutely examined and fully Schelhorn has inserted both these refuted by Schelhorn. See Amenitates djelogies, with an account of the con- Literariæ, Vol. XII. p. 619, and XIV. pp: surersy occasioned by them, in his Ame- 386 ct seq. It appears to have originated ities Literariæ, Vol. XII. pp. 592 et in his “ Ambiguous Interpretations" of dens are extensive. They have plenty the head of their column. Four of to eat and wear, and appear to be the brethren and as many sisters sung, contented with their condition. They and the rest danced. At certain turns are hospitable and social, and fre- in the inusic, they spat on their hands, quently bestow large charities to wor- turned entirely round, and still conthy objects.

the proem to John's Gospel.

tinued dancing. They sung a more They have a meeting-house, two lively tune, and danced with a more stories, 65 by 56. The outside is lively step. They sung another hymn, painted white, the roof as well as the and immediately retired to rest. walls, which gives it a singular ap- “My feelings, at what I have just pearance. In the upper story the seen, I cannot express. Their hymns ministry live. They are two men and are poor compositions, and partake two women, who are said to have ar- strongly of their peculiar sentiments. rived to an extraordinary degree of Their singing and dancing are very holiness. They superintend the whole similar to what I have frequently seen community, visit different stations, practised by the Indians. Never did and hear the confessions of those who a greater mixture of sensations crowd are initiated into their community. upon my mind. I felt contempt for The lower story is for public worship their folly, pity for their ignorance, on the Sabbath, and in it are accom- indignation at their leaders, who, to .modations for a great number of spec- think the most charitably of them, tators.

ought to know better, and I wept at " In each family are two male and the awful disappointment they must two female elders, who have the whole experience when they enter the eterspiritual direction of the members, nal world—when their sandy foundaand two male deacons, who furnish tion shall be swept away, their hopes the kitchen, and attend to all the tem- fall, and they be for ever undone! poral concerns of the family.

“ I retired to rest ; but the recol::“ , first called at a great house, lection of what I had seen drove sleep opposite the meeting-house, and had from my eyes. I concluded they only considerable conversation with three are happy whom the arms of everlastelders, who are men of intelligence ing love support. and capable of expressing their ideas “ In the morning they rose at four clearly. They directed me to Matthew o'clock, and one half hour after atHuston, (for they Mr. no one,) who is tended their morning devotions. They appointed to converse with the people took their places as described last of the world, and to entertain them. eveving, and sung a hymn of praise He had formerly been a Presbyterian to, and expressive of confidence in, minister, and left that body in the God, their mother, after which they time of the revival in Kentucky: He all fell upon their knees, and apappeared very willing to gratify my peared to be in silent devotion for curiosity, and answer the queries I some minutes. They then arose and made relative to their belief and prac- went to their respective apartments. tice.

“ They are regular and systematic “At eight o'clock, their stated hour in every thing they do. They retire for evening devotion, a folding-door at nine o'clock, rise at four, breakfast was opened, which united tiyo spacious at six, dine at twelve, and sup at six. rooms. The men and women formed They keep a school, where children each a column facing one another, of both sexes are taught. It is said with a space between, at the head of that their teachers assiduously inculwhich elder Huston stood. Their de- cate their peculiar principles upon yotion commenced by all singing a their pupils. When their children are hymn, in one part of music.—The of lawful age to act for themselves, tune was lively, and their words were they insist upon their making a choice plainly pronounced. Amongst the cither fully to unite with the commuwomen were several little girls. After nity or to leave it. They inform me singing, the elder gave a short exhor- that, in seven years past, 200, young tation, and bade them prepare for law and old, have joined their community. bour. Then the men pulled off their They have no summary of doctrine; coats, and the women some of their but, by looking over their books, and loose clothes, and all faced towards from conservation with them, I drew

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