Imatges de pàgina
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his labours. On the right hand of the by the Rev. Benjamin Maurice, who
pulpit, on a neat marble monument, is died in the year 1814, of whom see
the following inscription to his me- some account in Mon. Repos. Vol. IX.
mory:
M: S.

The congregation, during the latter
Clariss. viri Josephi Porter, V.D.M.. part of Mr. Maurice's time, through
Qui magna virtutis et scientiæ laude deaths and other causes,

had become
Singulari pariter, animi modestia

very small. The place was shut up luclaruit.

for a few years, but about two years Auditores fidei suæ commissos

ago, Mr. John Hancock, a young man Literarum cognitione auxit,

an inhabitant of the town, engaged Integris moribus imbuit,

to conduct a religious service on the
S.S. scripturæ preceptis

Lord's Day with the few that attended,
Sedulo instituit.

which he has contiuued ever since ;
Et Ipse ita moratus, ut illa postulant and from July in the last year, Timothy
Disciplinam etenim suam

Davies, from Evesham, has regularly
Non ostentationem Ingenii sed legem vitæ supplied in the evening at Alcester,
Putapit.

after tio regular services in his own
Summæ fuit Pietatis in Deum,

place, the distance being ten · miles.
Suavitatis.in suos,

The congregation is considerably in-
Fidelitatis in amicos,

creased, and

the prospect is promising.
Humanitatis in omnes.

A Sunday School has been lately esta-
In Christo obdormuit Aug. 240.

blished. The debt incurred in inaking
A. D. 1721. Ætatis 620,
Thess. iv. 14, (in Greek).

new deeds and repairing the place,

about two years ago, is almost paid
Mr. Porter was succeeded by Mr. off through the aid of the Unitarian
Richard Rogerson, from Coventry, in and Fellowship Funds. What might
the year 1723, who continued at Alces- not be done if these funds were to
ter till be removed to Newcastle, about become general! A few donations
the year. 1733, to succeed Dr. Law- more would relieve from the debt, and
rence. :-(Mon. Repos. Vol. VI. pp. render the interests of Unitarianism at
-587, 723.)

Alcester essential service.
The next name I meet with is the

T. D.
Rev. George Broadhurst, who proba-
bly succeeded Mr. Rogerson. He Sir,

Feb. 1823,

THE resigned the ministry a year

correspondentMr. Cogan, (vide before, through ill health. He was Monthly Repository for January, p. the son of the Rev. Edward Broadhurst, 8,) on the evident inconsistency of of Birmingham, a posthumous volume the language employed by Calvinists of whose sermons was published in the and Trinitarians with the general year 1733. Mr. Broadhurst's place style of the New Testament, are was filled by the Rev. Benjamin Evans highly important, and well deserve in the year 1774, who removed to the consideration of every inquirer Stockton, in Durham, in 1785, where he after truth. It is, as he states, “ well still resides ; and though he has resign- known,” that the Received Version of ed the ministry some years, he is ena- the last verse in the fourth chapter of bled to give temporary assistance to his Paul's Epistles to the Ephesians is old congregation, who have been lately incorrect." What consistency or comrelieved, by the decision of a court of mon sense is there in this version, justice, from the apprehension of being which represents the apostles as endeprived of their meeting-house by forcing the culture of amiable affection the same illiberal spirit which was and the exercise of a forgiving spirit, exhibited in the Wolverhampton case, not by reference to the free, unpurMr. Evans was born on the beautiful chased mercy of God, but as a duty banks of the river Tivy, near Newcas, founded on the scheme of satisfaction tle Emlyn, of a very respectable Dis. It is most evident that if God forgive senting family, much esteemed in that us only for the sake of Christ, (in conneighbourhood; and was educated at sideration of his having suffered the Carmarthen under Dr. Jenkins. He punishment of human transgression,) was succeeded at Alçester, in 1785, and if we are to forgive, one another,

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Errors in the various Editions of the English Bible.

161

een as God forgives us," there can with the language of Jesus, recorded be no place left for the exercise of by Luke xxiv. 47, “that repentance mercy in our mutual intercourse, and and remission of sins should be preachthe recommendation of forgiveness on ed in his name through all nations ;” such grounds is a mere contradiction of Peter, Acts x. 43, “ To him give in terms.

all the prophets witness, that through There is, however, one passage of his name, whosoever believeth in him, the New Testament, to which the satis- shall receive remission of sins ;” and factionist may appeal with more plau- of Paul, 1 Cor. vi. 11, “ Ye are justi, sibility, and which, as it appears to fied in for by) the name of the Lord the writer of this, must be examined Jesus." and explained in accordance with the

G. B. W. general tenor of scripture, before we are quite warranted in asserting Errors in the various Editions of the “ There remains no passage in the Christian Scriptures in which God is

English Bible. said to bestow any blessing on mankind for the sake Christ. of refer Alarmonopolies are evils, and lite

rary monopolies are the worst to 1 John ü. 12. This is rendered in of all. This is exemplified in our the Public Version, " I write unto you, English Bibles, which are allowed to little children, because your sins are be printed only by the King's Printers forgiven you for his name's sake;" in (Eyre and Strahan) and the two Unithe Improved Version, “because your versities. The consequence of the sins are forgiven you on account of his monopoly is an utter and incredible name.” The Apostle, I presume, refers carelessness with regard to the correctto the name of Christ, and as he em- ness of the editions forced upon the ploys the preposition dia with the accu- public. And the evil appears to have sative case, (" dia to ovoua autov,") increased since the invention of stereo which most commonly indicates the type printing. There are now three finat cause, it seems to me but fair to stereotyped editions of the Bible lying allow that the common rendering and before the writer, in which by a very interpretation may be correct. I have cursory and partial collation of some no doubt, however, that Mr. Cogan of the Psalms, he has discovered the will find little difficulty in shewing to following errors: the satisfaction of the candid inquirer, that this solitary instance of apparent

In the Oxford edition of 1811, 8vo, inconsistency with the uniform tenor

Psalm lxvii. 6, the word own" of scripture language is capable of interpolated, “our own God shall being explained, without violence to bless us.” the original, in accordance with the Psalm xcii. 4,“ hands” for hand. rest of the New Testament. It appears

cxliv. 13, garments” for to me that we are justified in render- garners that our garments may be ing the words of John as expressive full, affording all manner of store !” of instrumentality, by several clear In the London edition of 1818, 8vo. instances in which dia with the accu. Psalm xviii. 16, “grew" for drew. satire must be so understood. See

xxxiv. 5, and omitted before John vi. 57: “I live by the Father, “ their faces." and he that eateth me shall live by Psalm xliv. 11, “apvointed" for me.” Matt. xv. 6: “ Thus have ye appointed. made the word of God of none effect Psalm lxxiii. 21, “ veins" for reins. by your tradition." Rev. xii. 11:

cxxxviii. 6, “boly" for lowly. "They overcame him by the blood of

In the London edition of 1819, 8vo. the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony.” These instances (even

All the errors specified in the edition if a more diligent search should dis- cxviii. 18, of “ ont” for but.

of 1818, with the addition, Psalm cover no others than these) will warrant us to translate the apostle's words If in the Psalms only these errors thus, “ Your sins are forgiven you, by are fouud, how many may be expected or through his name;" and the pas. in all the other books ? sage so rendered is in strict harmony This corrupt state of the English

VOL. XVIII.

Y

Scriptures is disgraceful to the heads religion of various denominations purof the church, who ought surely to suing the object. A committee might see that the King's Printer (though be appointed to draw up a table of called printers on the title-page, they errors in the various editions, on which are but one firm, and it is presumed to found a complaint. It cannot be that the patent runs in the singular that, with this before their eyes, the number) and the delegates of Oxford legislature would quietly, allow the and Cambridge, who enjoy with him a evil to remain. concurrent monopoly, do their duty, For obvious reasons, the question and do not palm a spurious Bible upon should not, in the first instance, at the country. The hardship is great to least, be made one of profit and loss; the public, since the patentees abso- though the booksellers would probalutely prevent any other Bible being bly be able to shew that the monopoly printed, under very heavy penalties. is injurious to trade, and a burden Even the Bible Society must take the upon the public who are the purcopies, however corrupt, provided by chasers. the monopoly-printers.

(The reader is referred for a few From a trial in the Court of Sese other errata in various editions of the sion at Edinburgh, on the 7th of March English Bible, to a paper in our last last, (The King's Printer for Scotland volume, XVII. 692.) v. Manners and Miller, and others, Booksellers in Edinburgh and Glas- GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND gow,) it appears that an individual has

REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE a like monopoly in Scotland, and that

OF GENERAL READING. the operation of his patent commenced so lately as 1798. The appeal to the

No. CCCCII. Court of Session was to decide whether he could keep the English paten

Whig and Tory done into Latin. tees out of the Scottish market; and IN Dr. Adam Littleton's “ Latine the judgment of the Court interdicts Dictionary,” there are, in the "English the -sale and importation of Bibles or Latine" part, the words Whig and the other standards of the Church Tory, with their corresponding Latin printed in England, without the sanc- terms. The witty lexicographer, (for tion of the Scottish patentees.

he shews wit at least in his sermons,) The monopoly rests, as we learn evinces that in Charles the Second's from the argument in the Court of days, a court-chaplain had a proper Session, on the Royal Prerogative; abhorrence of a Whig, though he was and the plea for it is, that it is neces- not yet instructed to praise outright a sary that the King should have this Tory. exclusive right in order to secure to "A Whig. Homo fanaticus, fachis people the Scriptures in a correct tiosus. and pure text. But if the monopoly "Whiggism. Enthusiasmus, perinstead of securing, defeats this end, duellio (high treason!)”. as it certainly does, the argument is A Tory, bog-trotter or Irish robe void; and the king cannot be supposed ber. Prædo Hibernicus. to wish for a prerogative that is a “ A Tory, opposed to Whig. Re. hindrance to sacred literature and an giarum partium assertor.", annoyance to the people.

The edition here quoted is the 4th, Our opinion decidedly is, that this (4to.) 1703, said in the title-page to is a fit matter to come before Parlia- be improved from

a large MS. in ment by petition. The managers of three volumes of Mr. John Milton.” the Bible Society would perhaps - be Whig and Tory had come up in the the most suitable persons to take up days of the poet, but we may acquit the question, but if they hesitate, on him of turning them into the above the ground of prudence, there would Latin. be great propriety in the ministers of

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REVIEW.
“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame.”—Pope.

of it ;

Art. I.- Memoirs of the Life of the was a practical disciple of Christ, and

late Mrs. Catharine Cappe. Writ- eminently pious and devotional. In ten by Herself. 8vo. pp. 484. Long- her Memoirs, she recurs perpetually to man & Co. 1822.

the agency of the Divine Providence, THE late Mrs. Cappe was well and if we should concede to a some

kdown to our readers by her fre- what stern critic in a recently publishquent interesting communications to ed number of a respectable periodical this magazine, and the principal events work, (The Inquirer,) that her religi. of her life are familiar to them, being

ous feelings are sometimes obtruded in some measure disclosed in her lively upon trivial occasions, we must yet, description of the critical scenes of the knowing as we do her sincerity and lives of Mr. and Mrs. Lindsey, (III. guilelessness, contend that her habit and methodically related in the biogra- of her strong and lively faith in the uni637 and VII. 109,) and more fully of turning every event to a moral and

spiritual account was the natural result phical sketch of her, (XVI. 494-496,) drawn up by a valuable correspondent versal and perpetual government of the soon after her decease. It is not our Almighty. In one respect, the excess intention, therefore, to follow her (if such it must be reckoned) of her Memoirs, step by step, but merely

to religious phraseology is a great advanselect a few extracts, and to make tage, as it proves that no error can be now and then a remark suggested by greater or more unjust to the persons the subject.

to whom it refers, than the popular The qualifications for writing one's one of the incompatibility of a rational own life are self-knowledge, the result creed with warm devotional sentiof self-examination and watchfulness;

ments. Nay, in this instance, we see courage to expose one's own secret there ligion of the heart in exercise, motives and failings; and such a de- not in spite of the Unitarian faith, but gree of imagination as shall suffice to

in consequence

and we cannot connect oneself intimately with per- but reckon this volume, remote as it sons, places and passing events. These is from the spirit and style and form endowments will appear to advantage

of controversy, as directly calculated in proportion to the number and im- to subdue prejudice, to awaken inportance of what are called incidents quiry, and eventually to make prosein the life described. Elegance of lytes to the faith of the writer. style is the only thing further wanted

Mrs. Cappe was the daughter of the to make auto-biography perfect. The Rev. Jeremiah Harrison, and was born last property Mrs. Cappe's Memoirs

on the 3rd of June, 0. S. 1744, at can be scarcely said to possess, but Long Preston, in Craven, Yorkshire, they are written with a simplicity and the living of which her father held, candour which are near akin to ele together with that of Skipton, in the gapce, and which operate upon the neighbourhood; both having been premind of the reader as an indescribable sented to him by the College of Christ charm. In the earlier chapters, at educated. She thus describes the dis

Church, Oxford, in which he had been least, the history is full of variety. trict in which was the place of her The imagination of the writer is seen in combining events and working them nativity: into agreeable stories. There is no This part of Yorkshire, at the time concealment of any feeling or design. of which I am speaking, was insulated And the analysis of her sentiments on

from the rest of the kingdom; not so almost every important occurrence of much by its high mountains

by its her life, shews that she was accustomed riage could ascend its rocky steeps ; the

almost impassable roads. No wheel-carto reflect upon herself habitually, and carriers from Richmond to Kendal conto regulate even her thoughts and veyed their goods in packs upon horses ; affections by a fixed standard of morals. and I well remember that one of my Her standard was Christianity. She earliest pleasures was to listen to the

sound of the bells hung round the neck where George goes to school-how fast
of their leader, followed with solemn he takes his learning, &c. &c. Her dress
step by a long train of his compeers, as being finished, she offers each of her
they passed stately along the shady lane visiters a glass of brandy, assuring them
by my father's garden; all of them seem- that they are as welcome as if they
ing, to enjoy, equally with myself, this were at home;' and this being done, she
simple music. If this noble animal could fetches à chair and seats herself by them.
compose and write, what petitious and I do not recollect a single instance in
remonstrances should we not daily re- which any part of this ceremony was
ceive against the unfeeling speed of flying omitted, even so late as the year 1787."-
diligences, hackney post-chaises and mail Pp. 13, 14.
coaches !
“ The native inhabitants of this hilly

The mother of Mrs. Cappe was the
country were then as uncivilized as their daughter of the younger son of Sir
mountains were rude and uncultivated. Rowland Winn, Baronet of Nostel, of
When my father first went there, (about large property and of great influence.
the year 1729,) almost all the country The eldest son, the baronet in pos-
was divided among a number of small session at the time to which the Me.
freeholders, or lease-holders, holding moirs refer, was much connected with
grants of nine hundred or a thousand Sir Robert Walpole, the prime minis-
years, made over in feudal times by the ter, through whom he obtained for
great barons in exchange for military Mr. Harrison the living of Catterick,
service. The ground almost every where in the gift of the crown.
remained in its primitive state, wholly

Hither the uninclosed; and notwithstanding every family reinoved in the year 1748. Mr. man knew his own, yet their property

Harrison was a respectable clergyman being so intermingled, various subjects and of a liberal mind. His freedom for endless debate and litigation were from bigotry appears in an incident, continually arising among them; and related with others by Mrs. Cappe, to being proud from independence, and ob- shew the effect produced upon her stinate from extreme ignorance, it was mind by accidental circumstances : almost impossible to arbitrate or to compose their differences. This herculean “ When my brother was eight years labour, however, my father courageously old, he was sent to a public school at attempted; and, that he might do it Scorton, of which my father was one of with greater success, he took upon him the governors. There were many chilself the office of a justice of peace, which dren there, whose parents were members he exercised among them many years of the Kirk of Scotland, one of whom, with the happiest effects,”-Pp. 5, 6. who came from Dumfries, happened to

“ In the township of Long Preston, be my brother's bed-fellow. I charge the greater part of the inhabitants who you,' said my father to him, if you ever did not earn their living by daily labour, hear any of your companions laugh at or by some little trade, were, as we have little Wilson for not saying the same already observed, the small proprietors of prayers or repeating the same catechism land, possessing property from genera. which you have been taught, that you do tion to generation, to the amount, per- not join them; Presbyterians, if they are haps, of from ten to one hundred pounds virtuous and pious, ought to be as much per annum. These are denominated esteemed as if they were church people.' statesmen, and are divided into two I knew not what the term meant, but I classes, great and little statesmen; the set it down in my mind that Presbyte. former of whom consider themselves as rians were not to be despised for being among the first personages in the world. such ; and afterwards, when I became The usual etiquette on calling upon the able to generalize my ideas, I thence lady of a great statesman is as follows ; derived an important lesson of candour after inviting her guests to come in and respecting those who might differ from make free,' she dusts the chairs with the myself in religious opinions. This circorner of her apron, desiring them to be cumstance, together with the following seated ; she next takes a brush to sweep conversation, which I happened to hear the floor, apologizing all the time that it between my father and some other perwas not done before their arrival. She son, whom I do not recollect, when I was then adjusts her own apparel, and not about eleven or twelve years of age, unfrequently goes through the whole ce- entirely settled my creed for many years, remony of an entire change of upper gar- in respect of two material articles. “There ments, standing by her company with can be no doubt,' said my father, that great unconcern and relating the history our Saviour Christ was that great per: of her family-when Thomas was born sonage who existed with God before all

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