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of which the author himself is unconscious. day, and which hold the mirror up to an artificiMr. Cox is quite above the petty arts of the ality of life which it would be pleasant to perpartisan historian, and never attempts to slur suade ourselves had no actual existence, But over or evade difficulties, or to snatch a ver- we have in compensation the good old crime of dict by means of a rhetorical flourish. On the murder committed with such frank impetuosity contrary, opposing difficulties are resolutely that the author evidently expects that no one met, and argued in the plain language of logic will think much the worse of her hero, Rourke and critical enquiry.

Trenham, for it. We had not the highest The work is very readable, and is in all res- opinion of him before he made this little faux pects suited to the requirements of the general pas. Being engaged to Una Gaveston, a painstudent ; and its numerous independent opin- fully gentle, limp young lady, who comes fairly ions will supply ample food for thought, even under the description, too good to live," he to the advanced scholar. The maps and chro- falls in love with her younger sister, Lorraine, nological table are valuable, and the index is passionately avows to her his affection, and yet carefully compiled and sufficiently full. Alto- | marries poor Una with becoming resignation. gether, the work is unquestionably the best She has so little life about her that the early history of Greece for students now in existence, transition into even less, is easy and natural. and must in time supersede all others.

When it has taken place, Rourke loses no time in endeavouring to persuade Lorraine that it is “bigotry” which has rejected the bill to legal

ize marriage with a deceased wife's sister, and HIDDEN PERILS: A Novel. By Mary Cecil that love is stronger than all law. We have no Hay. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1876. wish to wrong the author by giving an abstract

of her story, but as much of it as we have thus Whether the title of this novel is intended to told, en passant, will serve to indicate that the imply that the perils to which it refers are hid- present work may be justly classed among den from the readers of it, or its characters, we sensational ” novels; and that epithet always do not know ; but we are inclined to adopt the implies the relation of very dubious conduct, latter interpretation ; as the perusal of a very reconciled by some unaccountable process with

high-wrought rocks ahead" upon which its personages are "The early portion is the most pleasing. Tobound to split. We do not by any means urge wards the end there is a general change of disthat this is a fault. On the contrary, to allow position among the characters which is not for the circumstances of a story to be to a great the better, and which is very insufficiently exextent the given quantity, and their effect upon plained by their situations. Lorraine, as we certain characters the unknown, presents to the are first introduced to her, is charming. She novelist a problem to work out which brings is an impulsive, warm-hearted child, held in into play much higher faculties than are re- check by a father who loves her little, and by quired for the mere construction of an interest- an eccentric old aunt who represses every sally ing plot. For the latter little more than inge- of her natural joyousness. Her attempt, in the nuity is necessary ; but the former is in every strict loneliness and monotony of her aunt's sense a high art. We do not think that the house, to make a companion of a simple, awkauthor would fall under the category of novel-ward, countrified housemaid, is described with ists who devote more attention to character- considerable feeling and humour. When we study than to plot, nor can she be ranked meet her again, after a supposed interval of among those who combine the two. She would seven years, she is the same girl only in name, seem to be a story-teller, purely and simply, and has certainly not improved. Similarly and, as such, decidedly successful. In the with Athol Vere, perhaps the best drawn, and present instance, as we have said, the leading certainly the most lovable character in the features of her plot are very transparently book. He is a young doctor, struggling to imveiled from the first ; and her characters are prove the res angusta domi, and kept under different from those of a hundred other novels by the extravagance of a selfish and thoughtless only as the familiar face of “stock” actors are sister. His self-denial, uprightness, and persedifferent under each new“ make up." Yet there verance enlist our sympathy, and it is to be reis no doubt that she contrives to sustain our gretted that he is finally metamorphosed into interest throughout the story. As “ Hidden an ingenious plotter to defeat the ends of jusPerils” is essentially a modern novel, it is re- tice in sheltering his friend Rourke. There is freshing to have its scene laid in rural England, at least something original in his plan to save instead of in the capital, or backwards and for- | Trenham from hanging ; for a prominent feawards over thousands of miles with the restless- ture of it is knocking him on the head so that ness so much in vogue now-a-days. We are at he subsequently dies, as far as we can glean, least spared, in a country story, the “fastness from the effects of the blow ! and the cynicism which seem inevitably to find “ Hidden Perils” does not in any respect their way into novels of town life of the present rise above the average of the novels pouring

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forth daily from the press ; but it can hold its impetuously from some fissure in the wall of own among many of them. It is very far from mountain cliff, or the roar of the torrent as it being a dull book, and even further from being rushes over black boulders in the gorge below, one of remarkable merit.

churning its deep water into creamy foam tinged with tenderest green. The very snow

wreaths, dying without a murmur on the warm Ersilia. By the author of “My Little Lady.” breast of the mountain slopes, wake to a new New York: Henry Holt & Co.

and musical life in the little, low-voiced rills

that wind amongst the long grass. There is For a pure, high-toned, gracefully written story rich store of flowers to be found in these upfor summer holiday reading, full of true and land pastures, long after their brethren of the noble thought, tender and winning pathos, plain have passed away, and in yonder charming freshness and vividness of descrip- woods there is the dim blossom of the rasption, and refined and delicate fancy, and in- berry, and the fragrance of the small, wildstinct with the life of a generous, idealized, self- flavoured strawberry. The mountain girls well forgetting, though passionate love, we know where to seek for the earliest of these heartily recommend “ Ersilia,” by the author amongst last year's fallen leaves; one may of “ My Little Lady.” This “Ersilia,” however, see them coming down the road with flying is by no means to be confounded with an

garments and square-folded capulets, bearing unnatural melodramatic story of the on their heads baskets of these scarlet spoils, name--a “story with a moral,” published some or great bundles of firm, white, new-pressed years ago as an antidote to High Church ten curds, the mountain cheese. dencies. This simple story-a painter's love- gorges, where the ear is filled with the rush of the story-is but a story of life, a vivid presentation pent-in torrent, and the sunshine itself seems of the silent pathos and unobtrusive tragedy to borrow a shade of gloom from the earlywhich is so constantly interwoven with the web falling shadows, all day long may be heard of ordinary human life The characters stand the tinkling of bells, as the long-haired shepbefore us in the reality of living and suffering herds lead their flocks and herds to those human nature—though three of them at least flowery, rill-watered plateaux far up the belong to its higher ranks; and Ersilia herself mountain side. But in the lower valleys there is as pure and sweet and nobly conceived a

is a sunny peaceful stillness, for there the semale character as almost any that is to be road has space to turn aside from the torrent's found in the whole range of modern fiction. edge, and winds downwards amongst trees The more ordinary dramatis persona, if less and hedges, between fields bright with the idealized, are well-drawn, vivid and true to life, vivid green of the broad-leaved maize, beneath especially the French and the English fine steep, overhanging meadows, where women ladies- Mrs. Grey, with her fashionable veneer are tossing and turning the early hay, filling and underlying vulgarity; and the lively Made the air with the delicious freshness of the newmoiselle Mathilde, devoted to society, dress, and mown grass." bric-a-brac. If the story is a little too sad in its “Sometimes, accompanied by a guide, they course and its dénouement, this is to a great went far up the mountain side. Sometimes they extent relieved by the noble patience, born of went no further than to a ravine lying directly suffering, and the purification from selfishness above the village, where they passed at once which is the result of the sharp discipline of life from noise and gaiety into a world of wildness, -by the atmosphere of peace which broods solitude, and grandeur, forests rising on either over the close. It is perhaps a defect in side, a torrent roaring and foaming below ; the book that it does not rise a little higher into | above, one snow-flecked peak that for ever the unseen life with which the seen one is so caught the latest sunset gleam, or shone faintly closely connected.

radiant in the lingering after-glow.”. The scenery amidst which the events of the The same vivid freshness of description, story are laid is mainly that of the Pyrenees, testifying to a poet's mind and a painter's eye, southern France, and Paris—though in the too characterizes the brief glimpses of English short glimpses given us of the early life of scenery, of which we give one as a closing Ersilia and Humphrey, and in the closing extract :scenes of the tale, we are among English mea- " It was a pleasant, open, fertile country in dows and orchards. How vividly the romantic which he lived, where the sky dipped on every scenery of the Pyrenees-misty mountain and side to meet the level horizon, and there was foaming waterfall, sunny valley and dark so- little save trees and hay-stacks to break the lemn ravine--is brought before our inner eye, view of earth and heaven. Red sunsets burned the following passages will show:

low behind the low black hedges, flat meadows “ There is the sound of water everywhere, stretched down to the stream which, bordered from the trickle of the tiny fall that drips from here and there by trees and bushes, flowed rock to rock into basins fringed with purple clear and shallow among them ; meadows flowers, to the dash of the cascade that leaps golden with buttercups in spring, sweet with

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flowering grasses in summer, where Hum- labourers passing to and fro, talking with gruff phrey's guilty, flying feet left a long shining echoing voices in the morning air, till the track, as he sped across to reach his favourite boy could lie and listen no longer, but, slipping haunts by the river. He remembered the wide on his clothes, would run out to take his part spreading cherry-tree that seemed to fill the in that fresh stir, whilst the grass was still grey window with white blossoms, and red and with dew, and the old farm buildings golden in white fruit, all the year round, and the bed with the sun's level rays." the blue-checked counterpane, where Hum- The book is an English one, of course, but phrey, in the early dawn, would lie listening has been reproduced by Messrs. Holt & Co. with a happy heart to the sounds of awaken in their cheap and portable linen-covered ing life, cocks crowing, birds twittering, farm 'series of books for holiday reading.

CURRENT LITERATURE.

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R. SPEDDING returns to his special ding proves that Bacon never retracted a word He makes no formal reply to Dr. Abbott, but fence committed in debate. attacks the latter's great authority in a paper Mr. Arthur Arnold's account of “Turkey" entitled, “ Lord Macaulay's Essay on Bacon is referred to elsewhere. Like the paper on examined.” It is not completed in the current Persia, published in the previous number, it number and, at any rate, defies analysis in a is exceedingly useful at the present time. A brief space. Macaulay's Essay, as our readers point or two only need be noticed here. The are aware, was a review of Basil Montague's writer falls foul of Mr. Bosworth Smith for his Life of Bacon, which, like Mr. Spedding's apologetic lectures on Mohammedanism, and he greater work, was a defence of the great phil- points out one cause for the cruel and oppresosopher. In the present paper, two passages sive treatment of the rayahs which may not be from the Essay are selected, containing fifteen generally known. The Porte can collect no separate charges which Mr. Spedding proceeds money by indirect taxation, because England to examine seriatim. We may briefly indicate and the Powers will not permit the impositwo of these. The first is, that Bacon's “de- tion of a tariff ; so that compulsory Free sires were set on things below. Wealth, pre- Trade is one cause of the sufferings of the cedence, titles, patronage," and a great many Bosnians. Revenue is raised on the crops, other things enumerated, had great attractions and “ by a monstrous euphemism the exclusion for him. “For these objects he had stooped of the non-Mussulman population from the for everything, and had sued in the humblest army is charged to them as exemption, and manner," &c. The author asks,“ What did he they are made to payabout five shillings per man stoop to? What did he endure?” With re- to establish their own degradation.” Of course, gard to the suing, it resolves itself, on Macau- the tax-gatherer plunders and abuses the people lay's own showing, into a request from Bacon, constantly, returning to the Treasury only a youth of twenty, to his uncle, Lord Burghley, as much as pleases him. We may add that for “a provision to enable him to devote hin- Mr. Arnold's account of the Christian populaself to literature and politics”—no extraor- tions is not over favourable. Mr. Richard dinary petition coming from a poor nephew and Hutton's essay on “Christian Evidences, Popuaddressed to a rich and influential uncle. Re- lar and Critical,” contains much that is fresh ferring to Macaulay's highly-coloured picture of and suggestive. He contends that the popular what followed, Mr. Spedding says, “ The testi- impression of the facts of the Gospels, so far as ness of the refusal, the sharpness of the lecture, relates to Christ's death and resurrection, and and the imputation of 'want of respect for his his previous announcement of them are conbetters,' are all out of his own head. Bacon's cerned,“ is, to say the least, as fully justified letter is expressly referred to as his only autho- by reason, as any inference, however judicial, rity, and it is certain that these cannot by any from the careful survey of minute historic eviingenuity be extracted out of it.” Then again, dences could possibly be.” The writer takes the with regard to his “abasing himself in the resurrection as the crucial test of the truth of dust before Elizabeth,” “ as he found that the Christianity, and lays special stress upon the smallest show of an independence in Parlia- fact that St. Paul, in an epistle written before ment was offensive to the Queen,” Mr. Sped- any of the Gospels were penned, and no long

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time after the event, bears the fullest testimony being made “ from the Religion of Christ to to the universal belief of the Church, naming the Religion of Humanity.” Finally, we come the witnesses. He then examines the subject to “ The Old Faith and the New,” in which the in a variety of forms, adducing evidences, inter- question “Are we still Christians ?” is put and nal, external, and collateral.

answered in the negative—the substitute being Mr. Hewlett's “ Songs for Singing,” is a the worship of the “ Universum.” Christianity paper of which it is impracticable to give a de- is a "world-historical humbug,” and “the unitailed account. The subject, so interesting in verse, the great whole which comprehends and itself, is treated historically and critically. An unifies all forces, is the only God modern important distinction, the writer observes, thought can know or recognise.” Such was exists between musical verse and verses fitted the goal reached at last by David Friedrich for music, resting upon some other ground Strauss. than that of metre. Thus it happens that Mr. Jukes defends his work on “ The Resti“there have been poets, not skilled in music, tution of all Things,” against the Roman but universally admitted to have carried the Catholic view presented by the Rev. H. N. harmony of language and rhythm to the highest Oxenham. The paper is so discursive, going perfection, whose verse has seldom or never over the entire Scripture and patristic ground, attracted the choice of composers.” Such were that it is impossible to attempt a synopsis of it. Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley. On the Perhaps a sentence or two may suffice. other hand, Moore expresses his surprise that thing, perhaps, has made more so-called infiBurns, “ a poet wholly unskilled in music,”\ dels than the assertion that the Gospel should possess “the rare art of adapting words declares unending torments. No question, successfully to notes, in wedding verse in con- therefore, can be of greater moment, nor can a genial union with melody ; which, were it not theology which blinks the question meet the for his example, I should say none but a poet cravings which are abroad, and which I canversed in the sister art ought to attempt. not but believe are the work of God's Spirit. Then follows a series of conditions of successful For the restitution of all things,' is to the song-writing grouped in connection with the Church what the call of the Gentiles' was meaning and language of poetry. Under the to Israel ; and those who, like Paul, can rehead of meaning is included “all that concerns ceive the wider hope, like him must be conthe structure of sentences, and the varied ex

tent for a season to be rejected by the Pharisees pression of thought and feeling thereby con- and Scribes of Israel.” Mr. Grant Duff conveyed ; " under the head of language, all that tributes a rapid sketch of the present state of relates to the choice of words for music "which European affairs under the caption of The are, if possible, more important than those Pulse of Europe.” He is opposed to what which concern the meaning and composition of has been called Turkophobia, but thinks it sentences”-for example, the choice of words would make very little difference to England which is required for the purposes of the if Russia were in possession of Constantinople. singer's intonation.

Mr. Fairbairn concludes his interesting The Fortnightly Review opens with a paper monograph on Strauss. The Spectator com- on “ Harvey and Vivisection,” by Dr. Bridges. plains that it is too condensed, and should in their report, the Royal Commission on Vivihave been expanded into a volume of section remark—“Harvey appears to have been three or four hundred pages. There is almost entirely indebted to vivisection for his considerable truth in the remark, and it is ever-memorable discovery, i. e., the circulation perhaps more evident in this third part than of the blood.” Dr. Bridges denies this asserin the two previous ones. If the writer had tion in toto, and proves, in Harvey's own words, been able to confine his attention to his princi- that although he made experiments upon living pal figure this want of elbow-room would not animals, the results were extremely unsatisfachave been so apparent ; but, by the nature of tory. The writer further shows that Harvey's the case, he is compelled to give a contempo- discovery of the circulation of the blood was raneous sketch of the prevailing philosophies not due to the bringing to light of new facts, and theologies of the time. Here, for instance, but to his constructive genius in framing a we have an account of the old Lutherans, the valid hypothesis. This is shown by a history new Lutherans, the Mediation school, and a

of research touching the functions of the heart, sketch, several pages in length, of F. Christian commencing with Vesalius and passing through Bäur. So far as regards Strauss, we begin Servetus, “Calvin's victim,” Realdus Columbus, with the new or popular edition of the Leben and others, to Fabricius of Acquapendente, Jesu-a work differing almost toto cælo from Harvey's instructor. Neither did he verify his its predecessor of 1835: Mr. Fairbairn remarks hypothesis by vivisection, since no such verithat Strauss's mind had been embittered by fication by the process of direct inspection ever the invectives poured upon him, and the re- has been made, or by the nature of things can sult is that the “ tendency in the new is more be.” Dr. Bridges, unlike many of his brethren, earthward than in the old ;” the advance is is a determined foe to the unpopular practice,

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at least as at present conducted. Mr. Walter peared to weigh with the Assembly more than Bagehot's sketch of " Adam Smith as a Per- any raised upon the intrinsic merits of the son," is an exceedingly valuable aid to the un- amendment. The writer refers to so many understanding of his great work. It shows that topics that we are compelled to make a selecalthough an absent-minded, retiring student, tion of two. He is a thorough-paced Radical, he fell upon the task which made him immor- and wants a reconstruction of the House of tal by planning an impossible work, which was Lords on the model of the Victoria Legislative an account not merely of the progress of the Council. There is very little fear of any revorace in arts, sciences, laws, politics, and lutionary proposal of the sort being entertained, morals, but the growth of the individual also. but if Canada be permitted to contribute her Some amusing stories are told of his absence experience, the result would be a verdict against of mind. He was called upon to sign an the adoption of any such model ; we have not official document on one occasion, and “he yet settled the problem of a second Chamber, produced not his own signature, but an ela- nor are we likely to do so definitively for some borate imitation of the person who signed be- time to come. The writer says that Australian fore him ; on another, a sentinel on duty Democracy is Conservative in the matter of having saluted him in military fashion, he Protection, and, after appearing to object astounded and offended the man by acknow- to this policy, remarks: “Whatever may ledging it with a copy-a very clumsy copy be their prospects of success, it must be adno doubt-of the same gestures." Lord mitted that every colony, when first established, Brougham relates that when passing through requires extraneous aid and protection, as much the Edinburgh Fishmarket, “in his accustomed as a new-born infant

The sudden attitude--that is with his hands behind his adoption of a Free-Trade policy may extinback and his head in the air-a female of the guish such interests as have not yet attained trade exclaimed, taking him for an idiot broke the self-supporting stage, and still demand a loose, “Hech sirs, to see the like o' him to be certain amount of protection.” aboot. And yet he is weel eneugh put on’ Mr. Statham's “Reflections at the Royal (dressed).” The turning point for Adam Academy," is a running criticism of the picSmith's career was his selection as travelling tures exhibited this year, which appears to be companion to the young Duke of Buccleuch, both acute and intelligent, but is of little use in by Charles Townshend, who married his detail to those at a distance. Last month, in mother. Mr. Bagehot shows the advantages giving an account of the Exhibition of the Onhe derived by his study of the commercial tario Society of Artists, we complained of the and fiscal system of France, and also woful lack of ideas” manifested in the collecthe lessons he gathered from the French tion. Singularly enough, Mr. Statham finds

, economists.

the same deficiency at Burlington House. Sir David Wedderburn's paper on “Eng. “The mere fact of a picture being what is lish Liberalism and Australasian Democracy,” called well-painted, is not sufficient to justify is a comparison between the two. He en- its existence, or render it an object of inteldeavours to disabuse the reader's mind of the lectual interest. It must have a certain intennotion that party names have the same mean-sity of execution of feeling, or of aim, to stamp it ing in the Colonies as in England—“Where the as an individual creation.” He then proceeds to feudal system has never prevailed, where there to apply most unmercifully his canon of art to are no privileged classes, no privileged sects, individual pictures. The article is well worth and no standing armies, and where land passes the attention of the members of the Ontario readily and cheaply from hand to hand, we Society. Mr. Courtney's “ Political Maneed not look either for Liberals or Conserva-chinery and Political Life” exposes the detives, as their names are here understood.” | fective state of the representative system, and The attraction of Australians for British institu- propounds a modification of Hare's plan for the tions is illustrated by a remarkable example. In representation of minorities, applied to groups order to prevent a deadlock between the two of constituencies, and not to the entire kingelective Chambers, it was proposed in the Legis- dom. He refutes objections in a very masterly lature of Victoria,“the most democratic of colo- way. “ Past and Present," by Frederic Harnies,” that the Norwegian plan should be rison, is a letter to Mr. Ruskin, in reply to that adopted, of combining the two in one Assem- pessimist view of the age which the Professor bly to decide the question. Sir David tells us has adopted. It is a most eloquent appeal the result : "No little ingenuity and eloquence against the growling and cavilling spirit, and were displayed on both sides, but the argu- there is a happy hit at Mr. Ruskin for his ments of orators hostile to the measure might aping Carlyle. Mr. Gurney's paper “On some have been summed up in the words : Nolumus | Disputed Points in Music,” is a rather severe leges Anglia mutari. The scheme was de- i dissection of Herbert Spencer's theory of its nounced as un-English, and this objection ap- origin, nature, and functions.

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