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“ And in the whole wide world that Rose shall The last that it teaches is the best of bloom,
all. The little shrivelled ball carried the Beauteous beyond compare, I know full well ; A rainbow in the darkness of earth's doom
seeds of another life in its bosom. Morality, Art thou, O lovely Rose, Emanuel."
mortality, and immortality, these three, but
the greatest of these is the power of an endBut when the days of the beauty of the less life. Sharonic rose were over, and the lessons of morality taught, then, as it took up the sub
In the desert tomb, ject of mortality, its leaves circled round the
Because the Saviour once lay there." dry and crispy blossoms like the wrapping of a shroud around the lifeless marble Soon the seeds germinated, and as lovely mould. Little by little the supporting stalk a flower bloomed beside the lilies of the valwithered away, and the flower became ley as ever shed its fragrance over the plains changed into a faded ball. Then, loosened of Sharon. The Jews called the rose an by the summer's stormy blast, the angry emblem of the resurrection, and venerated breeze took it up and sported with it over it for the precepts it taught. What a pity the plain at its will.
But when the strength they did not believe that the Rose of Sharon of the tempest was exhausted, there, down in was the one altogether lovely, the resurrection the quiet shades of the valley, the breeze, and the life! They lost half of the lessons dying away to the faintest zephyr, sighed a it teaches to us, but let us have a care lest mournful dirge as it gently laid it at rest.
we, too, in our blindness, lose the end to be Thus endeth the second lesson of the rose of gained, and have the rose to blossom and Sharon.
die in vain.
JULES FOSSIER. researches. Donations to this section may prize to this Essay, by Mr. Thomas Davison, and the second prize to the following one, by Mr. be readily had, if the Directors will make Richard Lewis.-ED. C. M.]
MECHANICS INSTITUTES AND THE BEST MEANS OF IMPROVING
Morro.-" To make the Mechanic a better Man ; the Man, a better Mechanic."
To the President and Executive Committee of | nent paid Secretary and Librarian is too
the Mechanics Institute Association of great a tax on the resources of the Institute, Ontario.
and the office is honorary, that officer
should have a seat at the Board. The comPRESUME that the Executive Com-position of the Board should be six em
mittee of your_Association, in offering ployers and six employees, regardless of prizes for the best Essays on “Mechanics' occupation. In cities where there are an Institutes, and How to make them more unlimited number engaged in mechanical Attractive to Mechanics,” had in view the pursuits to draw upon, half the Board is interests of all working-men, whether en- sometimes restricted to that class. In coungaged in mechanical pursuits or not; there. try towns, however, no small share of the fore, the few suggestions I make will be members are to be found amongst the directed towards the general good, without agricultural class, and for that reason they distinction of class.
should have the fullest opportunity of being In order to bring the matter clearly be represented. Having formed the Board, fore us, we will imagine a town or village obtained a sufficient number of subscribers without a Mechanics' Institute or other to ensure success, and having secured a Literary Association, and proceed to dis- suitable building, we now proceed to furcuss the best method of establishing one, nish the Institute with a floating it off on the tide of public favour;
LIBRARY and, secondly, the objects it should aim to achieve.
It is an unfortunate fact that the public Whilst the interests and peculiar wants of taste inclines to “fiction” -a taste that must working-men should be jealously guarded in be met by a judicious selection, the greatest forming a constitution and by-laws, care
care being taken to exclude anything apshould be taken not to alienate the mercan- proaching to what is known as the "yellow tile or professional classes, from whom all cover" style. The works of men like Institutes in this country receive the greatest Dickens, Scott, Thackeray, Lytton, and support. Without going into details for the many others, are now admitted by the most present, it will, I think, be found best to eminent clergymen to have a tendency to have the Board of Direction composed of do good. History is perhaps the next twelve (12) members, namely, President, section of the library that will demand Vice-President, Treasurer, and nine (9) ordi- attention. Next, books of travels and nary Directors. In places where a perma- voyages.
Scientific works should form an important feature in every library. It
is to be regretted that whilst, as a rule, * [The Mechanics' Institute Association of Ontario they are costly, they are but seldom read. some time ago offered two prizes, of $40 and $20 There are, however, cheap editions of the respectively, for the best and second-best Essays on “ Mechanics’ Institutes and the best means of Im. most popular works to be had, sufficient to proving them.”. Fifteen compositions were sent in, train and stimulate the artizan to further and the majority of the judges awarded the first
their wants known. All books of great
value, whether by reason of their cost or Don't be afraid of paint and whitewash. their rarity, should be classed as works of Coal oil and gas are cheap: have the place reference, and only allowed to leave the well lighted, and, above all, have it properly library under certain restrictions. When heated and ventilated. Make the place so your library is completed and opened to nice that its comforts will excel those of the the public, it should contain the following saloons and taverns. Members ought to sections-1. History and Biography. be invited to place such papers as they Science and Art. 3. Voyages and Travels. personally receive, after using them at home, 4. Fiction.
5. Poetry. And 6. Miscella- on the table; and as nearly every one takes neous. In numbering the books, sometimes a Magazine or Journal of some sort, you can each class is designated by number and by this means make the cost of your readletter, as A 21, History; B 110, Science, ing room comparatively small. &c. The letter and number together some- The "Reading Room" and "Library" at times leads to confusion in the entries. If | present constitute the sum of the attractions you make History run from No. I to 200, in most Institutes, but I think another Science 200 to 400, and so on in proportion, should be added-namely, a you will save any possibility of error through duplication, and, at the same time, will
CONVERSATION-ROOM. more readily enable you to know what class While the reading-room and library pos a book belongs to without reference to the sess attractions for the student, there are catalogue. The duty of recording the is- a large class to whom any lengthened study sues, whilst of the simplest character, is after a hard day's manual labour is anything often neglected. The Directors, as custo- but enticing. This class resort often to dians of the members' property, should see saloons and taverns almost from sheer nethat it is properly attended to. An excellent cessity, as an asylum from the cold charities plan was published by your Association of a boarding-house. What was done origi. some time ago, well adapted to all towns and nally to while away an hour becomes a villages. Another plan is to enter the book fixed habit, with its usual attendant–intemto the member the same as one would enter perance. Whatever can be done to provide a sale of merchandize in a day-book, then rational amusement, even if not combined posting it into the member's account in the with instruction, is a benefit to the workingledger. The methods are almost as different classes ; and it is here where Mechanics' Inand as numerous as the libraries. Having stitutes have an hitherto unbroken field on fully sketched the necessities and require which to sow good seed. By all means, ments of the library, we will next proceed then, provide a "Conversation Room" sepato furnish the
rate from the “
Reading Room.” Leave it to
the vote of the members whether smoking READING-ROOM.
shall or shall not be allowed ; if it is, I think The first and most desirable newspapers it will be all the better. Introduce harmless are local, next Canadian, next English, then but interesting games, such as Chess, the United States journals. As you will | Drafts, Dominoes, &c., and if your funds not be able to furnish each reader with a will permit, a bagatelle table, or even a bilpaper, it will be found well to have the most liard table. In this room the members will prominent papers placed on a shelf run- become acquainted with each other, and be
. ning round the room, filed, and raised so sides the ordinary chit-chat of the day, dishigh that a person can comfortably stand to cussions of an ordinary character will often read. By this means two can often peruse arise, in which, started by two or three, the at the same time, and besides, having to whole company will be drawn in. If your stand, the tendency so often displayed by room is large enough, have a horizontal bar, some avaricious members to monopolize the swing, or other gymnastic apparatus for the paper for hours is checked. Papers not in enervated Dry-goods or Bank Clerk to much demand, and such magazines as you strengthen his muscle. Have the room as may take, can be placed on the table, to large as your means will afford; it need not which there ought to be comfortable chairs. necessarily be expensively ornamented. The whole room should be made as cheer- Presuming you have your library, reading ful and comfortable as a private parlour. , and conversation rooms fitted up, try and
interest your lady friends to furnish you a of a controversial character, when pre-
classes could be successfully formed. In
our country there are a large number who MANAGEMENT.
in the land they left, either from poverty, In the executive management it is imper- improvidence, or neglect, have grown up in ative that you should have men whose heart
a state of ignorance, but who, coming to is in the work. I would rather see a plod- Canada, and succeeding in their occupading, earnest, hard-working President than tions, feel sadly the need of more learning. a brilliant man of position who neglected
I think that it should be the duty of the his duties, and thought he honoured the Government and Municipalities to provide position instead of the position honouring for adult education ; but until that is donehim. Let all your Board be earnest, and if ever it is—Mechanics’ Institutes must supnot feel that because the responsibility of ply the want, The classes most desirable the management is divided amongst a num
are- ist, Writing ; 2nd, Spelling; 3rd, Gramber, they are not called upon for individual
mar and Arithmetic; 4th, Architectural, effort.
Mechanical, and Ornamental Drawing; and It will be found an advantage to form the the study of telegraphy and phonography, in following Committees :- 1st, Finance ; 2nd, this progressive age, are also well worthy of Library ; 3rd, Classes ; 4th, Lectures and
attention. Entertainments. As to their duties, it will
Should the number of pupils warrant be for the FINANCE COMMITTEE to look it, these subjects might be taken up sepaclosely after the receipts and expenditures; rately. Two lessons a week, of one and a to fix the rate of subscription, so as to make half hour's duration, will be found quite as the Institute self-supporting, when aided by much as the majority of pupils can do justhe Government Grant. The moment you
tice to. In distributing rewards for profiget behind in your payments you will begin ciency, punctuality should not be overto flag. Books cannot be bought as readily looked. It is no slight sacrifice for a youth on credit as for cash. In fact, it will be like to give up all amusements and devote him any mercantile business-credits will have to self to culturing his mind, whilst his combe paid for. The Finance Committee panions are disporting themselves. should also see to the proper repairs of the
LECTURES AND ENTERTAINMENTS.
reason why they should not succeed in pro-
ment, even if the financial result is not always The duty of this Committee will be to what may be desired. In every town you select the books, to see that they are pro- have a doctor, a clergyman, a lawyer, and perly used, not abused, and to generally an editor. Secure the services of these four supervise the library. It is hardly neces- gentlemen, and you have “a course,” even sary to say that in a thoroughly non-sectarian if you fail in getting others. Unless, howAssociation the greatest care must be taken ever, your town is very small, there is no to exclude anything of a character likely to reason why you should be restricted to those offend the prejudices or belief of any mem- gentlemen I have named for the sake of ber. I do not say, however, that the Board illustration. To secure the support of all should deny shelf-room to religious works classes and creeds I would recommend the
formation of an Auxiliary Committee, some management; second, want of means. If of whom should be ladies. Let your lec- directors and members will work together tures be preceded and followed by some with a will, there is no reason why either cheerful vocal or instrumental music and should prevail. Institutes are for the public select readings. This will make your en- good, irrespective of creed, class, or colour, tertainment pleasing to all, and the number and only require a proper representation of participating in the performance will tend to their claims to meet with the hearty support popularize it and bring in the money which of every right-thinking citizen. It is often no Lecture Committee pretends to despise. I the only Institution in the town that atwould strongly urge the appointment of some tempts to counteract the baneful effects of ladies on this Committee. Where the con. the drinking saloons. From every pulpit (it versation room is sufficiently large, it might would not be too much to say) its claims be used for these lectures, thereby saving the should be urged. Let, then, any community rent of a hall, which may be away from the who may have, or intend to have, an InstiInstitute.
tute, see that it does not halt, but go steadily In conclusion, permit me to make a few forward, progressing with the population, GENERAL REMARKS. The non-success of and fulfilling the duties of a public educator most Literary Associations is—first, bad and public benefactor.
MECHANICS INSTITUTES, AND THE BEST MEANS OF IMPROVING
BY RICHARD LEWIS, TORONTO.
MOTTO.-" To make the Man a better Mechanic, and the Mechanic a better Man."
ECHANICS' INSTITUTES form of early culture were hungering and thirst
an important element in the develop- ing for knowledge—suffering all the consement of popular education. They are associ- quences of neglected education-ripe for ated with the history and progress of National vice or crime or any form of lawlessness, and of Sabbath Schools, and their claims because they were destitute of common upon public benevolence and philanthropy knowledge, and because man is never satisarose almost simultaneously with those great fied to exist in a state of ignorance and institutions which, in their splendid results, mental darkness—ripe for intellectual imare now regarded as the great necessities provement and for advancement to a higher of civil society and the Church. When state of social life. Deeply impressed with National Schools for the education of the these views, able and benevolent men, at the youth of the country were claiming the sym. head of whom stood the great Lord Brougpathies of the philanthropist and the states ham and Dr. Birkbeck, urged the necessity man, the friends of the adult population for establishing night institutions for the urged the pressing necessity of supplying education of the working-classes in the usethem with the means of instruction. While ful branches of elementary knowledge, and the common schools, open to the poorest, for their instruction in science by means of were established to arrest future ignorance popular lectures, and their entertainment by and all its evils, it was urged that multi- means of public reading rooms. The tudes who had never received the advantages idea was novel, striking, and reasonable,