Imatges de pÓgina
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In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. Dundas, after paying every encomium to the gallantry of the deceased Earl Howe, fad, that he had a motion to make, which he had not the leaft doubt would be acquiefced in by the whole Houfe; it was, that a monument should be erected, at the pub lic expence, to perpetuate the fervices, of a man fo eminent and meritorious. He fhould propofe, that this monu. ment should be evefted in St. Paul's, rather than in Westminster- abbey ; and he thou'd do this for a reafon which, he trufted, would meet with the affent of the Houfe. I was, that, on a late folemn occafion, the colours wich Earl Howe had taken from the enemy on the ift of June, 1794, had been placed in the former Cathedral. He therefore moved, "That an homble addrefs be prefented to his Majefty, praying that he may be graciously pleafed to direct, that a monument be erected in St. Paul's cathedral to the memory of the late Earl Howe, with an infcript on, fating the public fenfe of the fervices rendered to the state by that great perfonage during a long and active life, and particularly by the important benefits derived from the bril liant victory obtained over the flee of the French Republick on the ift of 'Jane, 1794."

Mr. Piti feconded the motion; which was unamoufly agreed to.

In a Committee of the whole Houfe, on a refolution for opening the ports of this kingdom for the importation of foreign corn;

The Chancellor of the Exchequer faid, that he wished to have it general ly underflood, that, whatever may be the ultimate account of the crops in the prefent year, it was the fixed intention of Government to keep the ports open for the importation of foreign corn until the 30th of September, 1800. He was alfo folicitous that the inerchants fhould be informed, that the fupplies of corn to be imported were to be left wholly to their individual competition, without any pur chale being made, or any interference offered, on the part of Government.

The refolution was o.dered to be reported.


OЯober 4.

Lord Grenville, purfuant to the notice he had given, rose to move the thanks of the Houfe to Lord Mornington, for the wildom, energy, and fuperior policy, of his conduc as Governor-general of India, on the occafion of the late eventful war in that country. In prefacing his motion, he addreffed the Houfe at confiderable length, taking a review of the whole operations of the Government of India, civil as well as military, from the arrival of Lord Mornington until the happy termination of the war by the capture of Seringa patam (in which he mide frequent references to the India papers before the Houfe.) Throughout the whole, his Lordship adduced the wifdom, energy, and refined policv, difplayed by the Governor-general, who, he obferved, in his plans and measures was moft ably and fuccefsfully feconded by Lord Clive. governor of Madras, and Governor Duncan, of Bombay. He thought these perfonages alfo worthy of the honour of their Lordthips thanks, as well as the generals and officers who com manded the British forces in the ope His Lidrations against Myfore. thip concluded by moving the thanks of the Hoofe to the Right Hon. Richard Earl of M raington, for the wifdom, energy, and decifion, difplayed throughout the whole of his arduous dutv, as governor-general of India, from the time of his arrival in that country until the glorious termination of the war, &c. Alfo, to Ed. ward Lord Clive and John Duncan, efq. governo s of the fe.tlements of Madras and Bombay, for their very meritorious condu& in co operating with the governor-general, &c. And to Lieutenant-gen. Huris, to M jor general Stuart, Hurtley, and Beard, and the officers under their command, for the very great zeal, fpirit, and bravery,manifefted by them in the operations of the war ag in Tippoo Sultaun, &c.-And, leftly, to the non-commiffioned officers and privates of the Indian army.

The queftions being severally put on thefe motions, they were unani moufly voted by the Houle; and the Lord Chancellor was ordered to com• municate the fame to Governor gene. ral the Earl of Mornington.


The militia bill (after a fhort converfation, in which Lord Grenville ftared, that it was his Majefty's inten tion only, by the prefent measure, to avail himself, to a certain extent, of the fervices of fuch perfons in the militia as might fill w to ferve in the regular forces) was read a fecond time.

In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. Dundas role to make his promited motion relative to a vote of thanks to thofe British officers in the Eat-Indies, who had fo recently carried their victonous fucceffes beyond the walls of Seringapatam. Mr. Dundas, after king a review of the meatures of the Government in India, both civil and military, and highly extolling its wif dem and energy, proceeded to enter into a detail of the war in that country; and concluded by moving "the thanks of the Houfe to the Earlof Mornington, Governor-general in India, for his wildɔm and energy in difcharging the arduous duties of his adminiftration, and for the glorious termination of the war against Tippoo Sultaun, for the capture of Seringapatam, and the uniform moderation of his con. duct in oppofing the perfily of Tip poo," &c.

The motion was feconded by Mr. Put, and agreed to nem, con.

Thanks were allo vored to Lord Clive, governor of Madras; Joho Duncan, efq. governor of Bombay; Generals Harris and Stuart; and to the ariny all of which paffed nem. con, and M. Speaker was requested

to tranfmit the fame to the Earl of Mornington.

The other orders, of the day were then difpoled of.

January 21, 1800.
Their Lordships inet agreeably to
their last adjournment.

Lord Grenville faid, he had reafon to believe that, next day, he should have to make fome official communiCation to the Houfe; but it would be unparliamentary to hint at the nature of what he might then have to produce; yet he thought it but right to acquaint their Lordships, that, if he was to employed, he thould certainly fubmit a motion for their confide


The Duke of Norfolk wished to be

informed, whether the communication he alluded to related to the recent correfpondence between the French and his Majefly's Minifters; as, of fo much confequence did he confider that correfpondence to his country, if it did not, he would now move an addrets to his Mijefty, for copies of thofe papers to be laid before the Houfe.

Lord Grenville repeated, that he could not with propriety acq aint the Houfe with the na ure of the bufinefs which he fuppofed he should have to communicate; and could only fay, that, if the Noble Duke thould perfift to make his motion, he, as an individual peer, hou'd feel it his duty to oppofe it

The Duke of Norfolk faw no neceffiry for him to de ay a matter of for much importance, as the noble Secre tary of state would not undertake to fay that he meant to bring it forward.

Lord Grenville still withed the noble Duke would fly til he faw what he communicated next day; when, if not facisfied, he might poffibly, with more fatisfaction, make his motion.

In the Commons, the fame day, the houfe having met, pursuant to adjournment, a letter was read from his Roval Highness the Duke of York, containing Sir Ralph Abercromby's ackn wedgement of the vote of thanks piffed in the Houte of Commons, for his meritorious fervices in the affair of the Helder, on the 27th of Auguft, 1798. A fimilar communication was read from Lord Duncan, on the part

of Vice-admiral Mitchel.

Col. Stanley prefented a petition in behalf of the debtors in Lancaster gaol; praying for relief. Ordered to lie on the table.

A new writ was ordered for the borough of Dunfermline, in the room of William Tait, efq deceated.

Mr. Sheridan gave notice of his intention to make a motion on Monday, the 3d of February next, relative to the te expedition to Holland, Mr. Tierney moved for a call of the Houle upon that day.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer declared himfelt as anxious as any member of Parliament that the bufinefs of the late expedition should be thorough ly inveftigated, and that the difcuffion hould meet a full attendance; but it was not confonant with custom to


make a motion for a call of the Hoofe without due notice being previously given of that intention. He expected to have the honour of prefenting, next day, a communication from his Majey refpecting the overture for peace which had been made on the part of the French Government. This com. munication he should with to be taken into confideration on Monday next.

Mr. Tierney, in reply, obferved, that though he seldom failed in his attendance on every divifion of the Houfe, he never had an opportunity of feeing one half of the members prefent on thofe occafions. Precedent did not require that a motion for a call of the House should be prefaced by previous notice; and as the right hon. gentleman had difclaimed all perfonal objection, he could fee no grounded reafon why his motion fhould be refifted. In confequence, he gave notce of his intention to move, day, for a call of the Houfe against the day appointed for Mr. Sheridan's motion.


Mr. Abbot moved for the production of various public accounts relative to the national revenue; as likewife for a hft of all the veffels, their respective tonnage, and the number of men and boys employed in navigating the fame; diftingu fhing the amount of foreign and Brith hips, from January 5, 1789, to January 5, 1800. Agreed to. Mr. Tierney moved, that there be laid before the Houle, an account of the manner in which the money raised by loan or Exchequer bills, in virtue of an act paffed in the prefent feffion of parliament, had been applied. This motion he followed up with various others, relative to the appropriation of the fums voted for the fervice of the year 1799; the amount of outflanding Exchequer bilis up to Jan. 5, 1800, on what funds they were chargeable, and what fums were in the Exchequer applicable to the payment of thote demands. He further moved, for a statement of the total produce of the income act, with a diftinct account of the fums aff ffed by the commercial commiffioners, as far as the fame could be made out to the 5th of April, 1800; on the additional duties on imports and exports, on malt, fugar, &c. and of the contributions for the profecution of the war; farther, for a detailed fpecification of the 2,500,00l. voted for the extraordinaries of the army; to

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gether with an account of the extra expences which had been incurred in that department, and for which no provifion had as yet been made by parliament.

Thefe feveral motions being put, and agreed to; Mr. Tierney then moved, for an account of the fums advanced to Government by the Bank on the land and malt duties, and on Exchequer bills, and amount of Exchequer bills which the Bank fil retained in their poffeffion.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer op. pofed this motion, on the ground that it was a direct interference in the pri vare concerns of the Bank. The Houfe had no more right to controul the internal economy or management of the Bank, in this particular, than they had to regulate the dealings of any private banking-house.

Mr. Tierney contended, that this bufinefs was a fit fubject of parliamentary difcuffion, as it involved not fo much the trading interefts of a Company as the accommodation which Government had received.

The Chancellar of the Exchequer replied, that the Bank at prefent, with refpect to the pub ick, food in a very different piedicament from what it did when the Directors were first induced to fufpend their cash payments. Then the appointment of a Committee was neceffary, to ascertain the extent of the claims upon them, and the refources they had for discharging thofe demands. He then proposed an amendment, by leaving out the words which related to the amount of Exchequer bilis held by the bank.

Mr. Tierney in ftrong terms contended, that the Directors had offcially declared themselves to be great. ly inconvenienced by their advances to Government; nevertheless, though his opinion of the propriety of his me tion was not in the fmallest degree changed, experience had too well con vinced him of the little chance he had of fuccefs in refifting the wishes of the right hon. gentleman, whenever occa fion offered for them mutually to fate the reasons of their d fference of opi nion. The Chancellor of the Exche quer (faid Mr. Tierney) always has the good fortune to carry his point; and I have never been, even by accident, on the ftrong fide.

The amendment was put and carried. (To be continued.)

x8. Journey

18. Journey from India towards England, in the Year 1797, by a Route commonly called Overland, through Countries not much frequented, and many of them bitherto unknown to Europeans, particularly between the Rivers Euphrates and Tigris, through Curdistan, Diarbeck, Armenia, and Natolia, in Afia, and through Romalia, Bulgaria, Wallachia, Tranfylvania, &c. in Europe. Illustrated by a Map, and other Engravings. By John Jackfon, Efq.

S there are no bounds, to human

quently found there. A little farther towards Hilla are fome ruins of antient Babylon. Few Europeans tranfa&t business or keep confuls at Bagdad. The English bufinefs is managed by an Armenian merchant; the French have a conful named Rousseau, a relation of the famous writer Jean Jaques; but all their difparches have been intercepted by Mr. Manefty. Here Mr. J. was equipped like a Tatar, in "a culpac, or yellow cap,

at top, and almost flat, but becoming gradually narrower till it fitted the with black lambskin about four inches head, the lower part covered all round deep, the infide lined and quilted, and in the upper part ftuffed with wool ex

fift any weapon or fall; a brown cloth coat trimmed with a broad black filk

ledged, to the honour of our country, that it is not wanting in perfons of intrepidity and perfeverance to brave every risk in gratifying it. Mr. J. mo deftly profeffes that what he here delivers was written on the fpot, from day to day, and was chiefly confined to cir-tremely tight, and ftout enough to recumftances which fell under his own observation, without any view to publication: but, being at length called for, he has infcribed this journal to the Eaft India Company. Curiofity was his principal motive, temperate living and a good conftitution his qualifications. Of the different routes over-land from India, have already been defcribed and recommended that by way of Suez and Cairo; that over the great defart to Aleppo; that up the Euphrates as far as Hillah, then to Bagdad, and fo through Affyria, Armenia, &c.; but all agree this latter route was impracticable between April and September. The traveller muft drefs like the Arabs, and understand their language, be able to bear the fatigue of riding their horfes, and put himself under the protection of the Tatars*, or meffengers of government, and pass for an English conful, and encumbered with as little baggage as poffible, or fpecie. Mr. J. is of opinion the route which he took is the most expeditious for forwarding dispatches to India.

He left Bombay, May 4, 1797, in a country hip called the Pearl; and, June 18, quitted her to travel by land to Buffora, three miles from which Sam. Manefty, efq. the English refident, has a country feat, where he stayed about a week, and then proceeded in four boats, down the Euphrates and other rivers, to Bagdad, where he arrived in 27 days, July 14. It is the fite of the antient Seleucia, built by Seleucus, one of Alexander's generals, whofe gold coins, very bold and fair, are fre

* So, Mr. J. tells us, the name must be fpelt, and not, as generally, Tartars.

binding wrapping quite round the body, with fhort wide fleeves, and hang. Turkish trowfers trimmed with black ing down to the calf of the leg; blue filk binding, made very wide, but buttoning tight round the calf of the leg. trowfers as high as the calf of the leg. and ftrong red boots to pull over the The under drefs is a Turkish gown the wrift, and a fhitt without a collar. with long fleeves, buttoning close to The Tatars wear drawers; but Mr. J. under his trowfers, which he found to wore a pair of strong leather breeches be of great fervice. A cumberband about fix yards long was tied very tightly round his waift, and in it he hung a brace of piftois, befides having middle. His European cloaths, and a large Turkish fabre belted round his whatever he had not immediate occafion for, were packed up in wax cloth: fhirts, ftockings, and other neceffaries that he might want on the journey, were put into a leather pouch, which was faftened behind the faddle. He

left Bagdad July, 20, and fet out on a brifk trot with his Tatar, and his fervant with a led horfe, and a third laden with merchandize contrary to agree


miles from Bagdad, between 0 and 11 On croffing a plain about 12 at night, Mr. J. "felt much inconvenience from a hot and fulphureous wind. He tied a handkerchief over his mouth and nofe till it had paffed, and the Tatar did the fame; but he began to ap prehend fome danger. As thefe winds were fo ftrong in the night, what ha vock might they not make when the fun was at its height, and the earth at

its greatest heat!" (p. 81.) He had before (p. 80) had an opportunity of obferving the progrefs of this hot wind, which is called Samiel, and fometimes proves very destructive, particularly at this feafon. "Thefe winds are moft dangerous between 12 and 3 o'clock, when the atmosphere is at its greatest degree of heat; their force entirely depends on the furface over which they pafs. If it be over a defert, where there is no vegetation, they extend their dimenfions with amazing velocity, and then their progrefs is fometimes to windward. If over grafs, or any other vegetation, they foon diminish and lofe much of their force. If over water, they lofe all their electrical fire and afcend; yet I have fometimes felt the effects across the river, where it was at Jeaft a mile broad. Mr. Stevens was bathing in a river, having on a pair of Turkish drawers. On his return from the water, there came a hot wind across the river, which made his drawers and himself perfe&ly dry in an inftant. Had fuch a circumftance been related to him by another perfon, he declared he could not have believed it. I was prefent, and felt the force of the hot wind, but should otherwife have been as incredulous as Mr. S." (pp. So, 81.) "This wind was beginning to rife before we reached Moful, and they would have gained ftrength so fast that I have no doubt, had we been an hour later, expofed as we were, the whole party, men and horfes, would have been laid dead on the ground." (p. 130.)

"At Alton Kuppice is a ftone bridge of one arch, the highest I ever faw, like a Gothic arch, running up to a point in the centre." p. 126.) "Evrill appears to have been formerly a place of importance, and is fuppofed to be Arbela, near which Alexander fought Darius." (p. 127) The hillocks like haycocks, on the plains and mountains hereabouts, may be barrows.

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Majul, fuppofed to be the antient Niniueb, is a very large town, with many handsome buildings, fituated on a declivity on the banks of the Tigris. Here was a Venetian padre, who had recently received letters from Conftantinople, giving an account of the French having invaded his country, at which he feemed much concerned." (pp. 131, 133.) Mr. J. met with a large locuft without wings, and having grinders nearly as large as a human tooth, and

of mahogany colour. The heat of the fun killed it in lefs than an hour, and flies alinoft inftantly in the middle of the day. (pp. 139, 140.)

"In the extenfive plains between Moful and Thies, on the banks of a fine ftream of water, are ruins of a city, which appear to have been once very extenfive, and nearly in the fhape of a half-moon. Here were many ftones of very large dimenfions; and among the runs I faw a ftone coffin, with the lower part entire, but no infcription on it, or on the ftones, nor any living creatures but wild hogs, wolves, and eagles." (p. 146.)

Mardin is, by fituation, impregnable; and Tamerlane is faid to have laid three years fiege to it without being able to reduce it." (p. 153.)

“Diarbekir is a large and populous city on the Tigris, formerly defended with three walls and two ditches. (p. 159.) Here are manufactories of copper, iron, wool, cotton, filk, and feveral other ftaples; but English superfine broad cloth and watches are pre ferred. (pp. 161, 162) The Tigris, at the foot of the mountains farther on, is croffed by a very fine bridge of three arches (only one entire), which ap. pears, by the remnant of it, to have been the handsomeft piece of architecture I had feen fince I entered the Turkish dominions." (p. 170.) "In the farther part of Armenia the road paffes over very fleep mountains. That above Midan is a confiderable smelting. place for iron and copper. Torat is tamous for an excellent red wine, of a flavour fomewhat like claret, but much ftroager, with which the Turks and Tatars intoxicate themselves. In the perpendicular faces of the mountains near Amafia are feveral places cut in the rock like a Hindoo pagoda. The houfes at Jeredare, a town on a high hill, have a fingular appearance, being in general built with large round trees, let into each other at the ends, and ibe crevices filled up with clay.' (p. 225.) Half way between this town and Boli are fome ruins, moftly of marble. On one marble column are feveral Greek letters, but much defaced; among reft, the word Zeus is traceable, and much more might have been made out by time. (p. 227.) Conftantinople has been to often delcribed, that the author spends no-time on it, except to notice a dreadful fire which he faw at Scutari, at 9 o'clock, Aug. 25. This is the


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