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to the Unitarian public, (in your Number 20. The area of the chapel is 10 yards by for February, p. 120.) requesting assistance 11. The remainder of the ground will be in the building of their chapel, seconded left for a burial-ground, and I am informed as it has been by the recommendation of that if necessary, more ground adjoining Mr. Wright, of Wisbeach, (p. 156) will, I this can be obtained. That it is desirable, trust, be kindly considered and promptly in the first instance, to enlarge the burialand liberally answered.
ground, few, I think, will doubt, and I • Your correspondent Zelotes (p. 134,) has hope the liberality of the subscription will made, in my opinion, soine very sensible enable our brethren at Thorne to do so. and just remarks, as to certain preliminaries I have thus, in order, adverted to the which ought to be satisfactorily answered, judicious remarks of Zelites as applicable to before any appeal, similar to the one from the case at Thorne, and I hope what I Thorne, ought to be entertained by the have stated will so satisfy his inind that I Unitarian body. These preliminaries are shall see his name upon the subscription briefly as follows :-1. That the Comınittee list. I take the liberty of adding a few of the Unitarian Fund, or some other pro- particulars, on the authority of one of the minent and responsible body should certify brethren at Thorne, which I hope may that the case is a proper one for Unitarian tend to strengthen their appeal, and interest liberality. 2. That in the event of a ge- distant frieuds to assist them in the building neral subscription, it should be provided in of their chapel. The dimensions of the the trust deed of the chapel, that on the chapel have been already stated; our friends discontinuance of public worship on Unita- calculate that it will hold from three hundrian principles, the chapel shall come into red to three hundred and fifty hearers. the hands and be the property of some In this they appear to me to much over Unitarian body. S. That the ground upon estimate its capability; but it is so planned which the chapel stands and the burial- as to admit of a gallery if necessary, large ground should be freehold. 4. That a bu- enough to hold from one hundred and fitty rial-ground should be provided. Though to two hundred people.. At present the
these remarks of Zelotes are general, as I Unitarians in Thorne and its neighbourhood entirely concur in their justness, I shall are estimated at from forty to fitty. “But,”
briefly apply them to the case of our Uni- my informant adds, we have generally about rian brethren at Thorne. 1. It appears to ninety or one hundred hearers. It is benie that the testimony of neighbouring mi- yond all doubt that the hearers will greatly nisters, and of other friends, who from their increase when the chapel is opened.” On local knowledge have better and surer their assembling for worship on the Lord's means of information than the committee of Day, the devotional part is conducted by the Unitarian Fund can, from the distant an aged and venerable man, Francis Moate, residence of its members, possibly have, who is the only member of the society with is in all cases to be preferred ; and ought, whom I am personally acquainted; two henceforth, to be considered as indispen- other members, by turns, read sermous. sable. In a case submitted to the public The society meets occasionally for religious (M. Repos. Vol. x. p. 313,) this mode was conversation and prayer; "we generally adopted. In the Thorne case, the testi- have two or three such meetings in every mony of Mr. Wright, and of several ininis- month:” and it has been in agitation to hold ters and friends in the county of York, as these meetings regularly; an intention which borne in the subscription list (p. 182,) will it is to be loped will be carried into effect. be considered as satisfactory. We have a The chapel is expected to be finished by similar certificate from the Committee of the first of June, and will be opened as the Unitarian Fund, in their grant of 201. soon afterwards as may suit the convenience to the Thorne Chapel. 2. Our brethren of distant friends. at Thorne are desirous of the advice of The society at Thorne is in a great meafriends respecting the provisions of their sure insulated from other societies, who trust deed, that what may be built by Uni- hold the same religious sentiments. This tarian liberality, should in the event of dis- circumstance will not fail to be duly apprecontinuance of worship on Unitarian prin- ciated by distant friends, and is indeed one ciples, revert to that body; and they will of the strongest points of the appeal. Every be obliged to any friend to furnist them one must have read with the highest satiswith a clause providing for the same. 3. faction the very handsome list of congrega. The tenure of the ground at Thorne is free tional subscriptions for the Oldham chapel hold. In this our brethren at Thorne have (Vol. xi. p. 121,) from various Unitarian been very fortunate, as all the old enclosed societies in Lancashire and Cheshire. But land in the neighbourhood is copyhold ; but Thorne is very differently situated to what they have purchased for their chapel and Oldham is. It has no near and powerful burial-ground an allotment of common land neighbours ; nor are the Unitarian Socielately sold under an enclosure act, the pow. ties in the counties of York and Lincoln ers of which convey the land as freehold of either so namerous, so large, or so affluent inheritance in fee siniple.
as those of Lancashire and Cheshire. I do 4. The ground purchased is 10 yards by not mean to insinuate the most distant
doubt but that the societies in Yorkshire conclave at Bartlett's Buildings (present, and Lincolnshire will do all in their power the most Rev. the Archbishop of Canterto assist their brethren at Thorne, but bury, the Right Rev. the Bishop of Lonwhen they have done their utjnost there don the Very Rev. the Dean of will still be much for distant friends to do. and the plain Rev., the Anti-biblist NorI add the distance of Thorne from several ris, and other illustrious Church and State other Unitarian Societies ; but some of Divines) by a majority of three only; the these are not in a condition to give any number for the affirmative of the question help to their neighbour. Thorne is distant being thirty-seven; for the negative thirtyfrom the following places (about) the num- four. " Who shalí decide when Doctors ber of miles specified; from Selby, 15 ; so disagree ?" Yet it has been thought by Doncaster, 10 ; York, 30; Lincoln, 40 ; some profane clerks, that this portentous Hull, 40 ; Rotheram, 22; Sheffield, 28; issue arises out of one of the most palpable Wakefield, 25; Leeds, 30; Gainsborough, interpolations that erer maintained its 20; Halifax, 45; Elland, 45 ; Bradford, usurped station in a record, against the 40.
strongest internal evidence of its non-auWith best wishes for the success of our thenticity. Alas, what great events from brethren at Thorne,
little causes spring! I am, Sir,
(From a Correspondent.) Yours respectfully,
Examiner, (Sunday Newspaper.) April JOHN THOMSON. 21, 1816. Errata in the Thorne Subscription List,
NOTICES. For Mr. Robert Mathien read Mr. Mal
Mrs. CAPPE has in the press a second kin, Chesterfield. For John Cartlidge, read James Cart- tional Subjects, which has been long out of
edition of Mr. Cappe's Sermons on Decoledge. For Charles Carthage, read Charles moir, &c. as first published in 1803. The
print. It will be accompanied by the MeCartledge. New Subscription.
volume is expected to be completed in June. Mrs. M. Hughes, Hanwood, by Mr. As
MR. Cogan, of Walthamstow, having pland, A.
resigned the pastoral charge of the UnitaEcclesiastical Controversy.
rian congregation in that place, proposes
to present his friends, at their request, with Strange such a ditference should be
Two Volumes of his Sermons. Those that « Twixi Tweedle Duin and Twecdie Dee!" have read Mr. Cogan's single sermons will
look forward to this publication with much The momentous controversy which at interest. present agitates, and seems likely to convulse, the Church of England as by law MR. MEAdley, author of the Meinoirs established, viz.“ Whether the besprink- of Algernon Sydney and Dr. Paley, is colling an infant with water by the land of a lecting materials for a Life of Jolin Hampperson episcopally ordained,” (a sine quá den. Any gentleman possessing original non it seems of the metamorphosis) deter- letters or other documents, tending to ilmine or not his “ moral character here, and lustrate this important subject, will oblige his eternal destination hereafter,” was de- him much by either communicating them, cided, ad interim, a few days ago, in full or informing him where they may be found,
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS;
The Christian's Survey of the Political IVorld. E or be
VERY day discovers more and twig is bent the tree's inclined, it cabinet. Twenty five years of revolu- debase mi' any manner it pleased the tion must have produced great effects human race under its controul. But in the minds of men, but it is pre- this is far from being the fact; and sumed, that it is possible to bring them circumstances must concur to give the back to the same state, in which they same effect to its institutions at one were prior to these changes. One period, which they would have at important point is doubtless education; another. and, if it were true of being, endued
An attempt has been made to inwith reason as with trees, that as the troduce into France the system of edu
cation now used for the poor in this cussed with freedom out of them. · At kingdom. Some schools had been any rate the children will learn to established at Paris, but the clergy read, and the effect very
dif. soon found, that they would be detri- ferent from what the cabinet expects, mental to their views, and they have It seems scarcely possible, that popery succeeded at last in bringing them to should regain its ancient influence: suit their purpose.
In fact, they have but irreligion has bad for so long a done no more than what the clergy time its sway in France, that it may of England have attempted but withi- be replaced by superstition. out success in this country. With us This circumstance of Government the Lancasterian schools had scarcely establishing opinions, in which chilbeen established, and the public at dren should be educated, and the conlarge was in general convinced of the tradiction there is between the opinibenefit of instructing the younger ons maintained on the different sides minds in the grand principles of Chris. of the British Channel, ought to be a tianity rather than in the partial views warning to us, who profess our atof a petty sect, when the clergy of that tachment to scriptural religion only, established by law, a very small and how we inculcate upon our children, insignificant sect when compared with any thing, for which we have not the great body of Christians diffused the decisive warrant of scripture. Bethroughout the world, excited a cla- sides it is incumbent on us to be mour against them, and in opposition careful not to teach our children, set up their new establishment, which as is the custom with the sectaries of they had the presumption to stamp Rome and England, to repeat things with the name of National schools, like parrots by rote. If we ask a and in which instruction was to be child a question, the answer should given agreeable to their peculiar dog- not be put into its mouth, but it
However, in this country their should be derived from its own reflecsectarian principles did not avail so tion; and a very few trials will prove far as to destroy the schools on a more to every parent or teacher, how much enlarged plan.' The children of Eng. easier and better this is than the comland, who are not of the sect estab- mon mode by catechisms, in which lished by law, have an opportunity of each sect teaches its particular notions; going to schools, where they will not and consequently as these notions be taught like parrots to repeat by rote contradict each other, some of the a set of assertions, formed by men just children must imbibe falsehood instead emerged out of popery, and which will of truth. Let the parable of our not bear the test of scriptural examina- Saviour, the poor man that fell among tion.
thieves, be read by a child, and approIt is not so in France. The ques- priate questious be asked from it." Its tion is there settled otherwise by an reason will be exercised by the answers, ordonnance of the king, who has and its mind opened : and so it will decreed that in all the schools, the Ca- be by all the plain passages of scriptholic, A; i s'olic and Roman religion ture, which indeed are the only ones, shall be taught, and no other. Conse- in which children should be instructed. quently the children in that country The more difficult passages, on which must repeat like parrots a certain set of in fact the sectaries ground their va. notions, very difierent from those in rious opinions, ought to be reserved which the children of our schools for a more distant period : and a child, are instructed. They will be taught brought up in the rational manner we that the pope is the head of the church, have suggested, will be capable at that they must fall down before a con- manhood of discerning the futility of secrated wafer, and worship a triune the greater part of the doctrines, on god : that there is only one true reli- which the sectaries lay so much gion, and that theirs is that true one. stress, as well as the falsehood of some How far the scheme will succeed doctrines, in which the majority of time will-shew. The education they professing Christians are united. receive in the schools will meet with The farther views of the French some opposition at home; for in con- cabinet are seen in the suppression of the sequence of the Revolution the atiach. National Institute and the Polytech, ment to the pope and to the clerzy has nic School. The latter was admirably very much diminished, and many of adapted for the instruction of the the notions of the schools will be dis, people in all the arts of civil life; but
State of Public Affairs.
251 it seems that the pupils were not so at- As Europe is, or is said to be, detached to the reigning family as was de- livered, a new object has arisen for sired. Whether the Government will the employment of the deliverers, adopt any thing in its stead, time will which may lead to some new schemes shew: but it is not likely that there will of warfare. The Barbary powers have be the same encourageinent held out to been harassing the coasts of Italy, and, proficiency in the arts as under the it is said, have succeeded in carrying former system.
off a Neapolitan Princess, betrothed A change is also likely to take place to the Duke of Berri, in her way from in the ecclesiastical system. The Con- Palermo to Naples. Our chivalrous cordat is to undergo a revision, and it knight, Sir Sydney Smith, has been is confidently asserted that the order endeavouring to excite the Christian, of Jesuits is to be re-established. This powers to unite in a crusade against order had at one time the education the Mahometans in Africa. The mode of youth chiefly in its hands, and in of warfare of the latter is certainly less this line it displayed great talents ; but defensible than that of the Christians, they were counterbalanced with such for they make slaves of the male prigross defects, that their re-establish- soners, and enclose the females in ment may be considered not only as their harems. But as to the grounds an evil to the kingdom of France but of their wars they are perhaps superior. to Europe in general. It would be a They do not insult the Almighty with great advantage to this kingdom, if infainous appeals to justice, humanity education in our universities and pub- and religion, in which, in the tergilic schools were less confined than it versation of the Christian treaties, it is at present to the clergy. The mo- is evident that all cannot be right, and nastic institution in the Universities that there must among some of the particularly requires revision ; but it is powers reign a contempt of religion not likely that any change will be ef- and virtue entirely derogatory to the fected for some tiine in this respect. character they assume.
It is a meBut the eyes of the public are turned lancholy thing to reflect, that at one to the trial of our countrymen, which time the African shores of the Mediwill have probably taken place before terranean acknowledged the authority this is published. The preparatory of the gospel. At present the name steps are already made known, and of Christian is there held in abhorafford a good specimen of the ideas rence : and it is not by war that it entertained by the Freuch on justice. will be restored to its former honours. Their great object is to make the ac- Those shores were infected with the cused criminate himself, and if they sectarian principles of Augustine long do not gain this point, they extort before the Mahometan invasion, and from hiin a variety of circumstances, at the time of the Saracen successes which may be converted to his injury. had mixed with the religion of Christ Their whole plan seems to be to de. the worship of images and a triune stroy innocence; and wretched is the God. The faith is now changed ; state of the poor man guiltless of crime, their places of worship are freed from who is brought before their tribunal. images, and worship is addressed only Our countrymen have answered their to the Supreme Being: but they have interrogatories with the spirit of Eng- set up Mahomet in opposition to our lishmen, and the publication of the Saviour, and the Coran instead of the trial may do much good to France ;. Gospel. But during the last twentyteaching that wretched country. in five years they have not shed so much what a miserable state is their criminal blood as the Christians. jurisprudence. The accusation is the Our own country has since our last farouring of the escape of a state cri- had one ground for consolation. The minal, and with this they wish to property tax was rainly attempted to blend a plot against government. No- be continued, in spite of the assurances, thing can appear more absurd to an that it was a war tax, and to cease Englishman than some of the interro- with the war. The opposition made gatories, in which they do not hesitate throughout the country by petitions to take for granted the guilt of the ac- from all parts was very great, yet the cused : but we shall reserve our further conflict was expected to terminale in remarks till the fate of our insulted a different manner. The ministry to countrymen is deteriniaed.
the last were pertinacious in their en
deavours to continue the tax ; but, to higher classes better principles of mo. the surprise of every one, when the rality than they at present possess. question came to a decision, they were A strange infatuation now pervades left in a minority, the majority es- the country. Formerly peace and ceeding it by thirty-seven. Thus was plenty were considered as blessings, for an end put to this odious tax, which which we could not be sufficiently offended all the principles of just and thankful to Divine Providence. Difequitable taxation, and could be main- ferent principles are now promulgated, tained only on the same principles, and long faces are seen because corn that in a town besieged every man is cheap. A smile covers them on the must part with his property of any rise of the markets. These inconsikind according to the state of the derate persons do not reflect, that place. One great objection to the tax plenty carries with it blessings on all was the advantage given to the land- classes. Could they raise the markets holder above the person who gained to the importation standard, the coun. his livelihood by the sweat of his try would not be a gainer, and the brow. Both were made to pay out only points would be to enable the of the same annual income the same landholder to keep up his war-rents sum to government, though their si- and to increase the poor-rates. But tuations were materially different, and the subject is of great extent. We this advantage was given exactly con- shall continue to be thankful to God trary to true principles : for the land- for plentiful harvests ; and, notwithholder ought not to obtaiu an advan- standing all that we hear to the contage over his countrymen, inasmuch trary, hope that the backward spring as his security is so much the greater. will be followed by a kindly summer, But the world, and this country in being persuaded that cheap corn is particular, has much to learn on the equally advantageous to the consumer subject of taxation, which when duly and to the farmer. considered will introduce among the
NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY
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