Imatges de pàgina

his commands ;(1) resisting and grieving of his Spirit, (2) discontent and impatience at his dispensations, charging him foolishly for the evils he inflicts on us; (3) and ascribing the praise of any good, we either are, have, or can do, to fortune, (4) idols, (5) ourselves, (6) or any other creature. (7)

Q. 106. What are we especially taught by these words (before me) in the first command ment?

A. These words (before me) or before my face, in the first commandment, teach us, that God, who seeth all things, taketh special notico

(1) Deut. xxxii. 15.—Then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation. Prov. xiii. 13. Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded. 2 Sam. xii. 9.

(2) Acts vii. 51. Ye stiff-necked, and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God.

(3) Ps. lxxiii. 2, 3, 13, 14, 15, 22. But as for me, my feet were almost gone; my steps had well nigh slipped. For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prose perity of the wicked, &c.

(4) 1 Sam. vi. 9. But if not, when we shall know that it is not his hand that smote us; it was a chance that happened to us.

(5) Dan. v. 23.-And thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know : and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified.

(6) Deut. viii. 17. And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth. Dan. iv, 30.

(7) Hab. i. 16. Therefore they sacrifice unto their net, and burn incense unto their drag.

of, and is much displeased with, the sin of hav. ing any other god : that so it may be an argument to dissuade from it, and to aggravate it as a most impudent provocation ;(1) as also to persuade us to do as in his sight, whatever we do in his service. (2)

Q. 107. Which is the second commandment?

A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth : thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me: and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.(3)

Q. 108. What are the duties required in the second commandment?

(1) Ps. xliv. 20, 21. If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange god: Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart. Ezek. viii. 5 to the end of the chapter.And, behold north ward at the gate of the altar this image of jealousy in the entry.-But turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations, &c.

(2) 1 Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart, and with a willing mind; for the Lord searchetn all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginaions of the thoughts.

(3) Ex. XX. 4, 5, 6.

A. The duties required in the second commandment are, the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath instituted in his word;(1) particularly prayer and thanks giving in the name of Christ ; (2) the reading, preaching, and hearing of the word; (3) the administration and receiving of the sacraments; (4) church government and discipline; (5) the ministry and maintenance there

(1) Deut. xxxii. 46.--Set your hearts unto all the words which I testify among you this day, which yo shall command your children to observe to do, all the words of this law. Matt. xxviii. 20. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. 1 Tim. vi. 13, 14.—That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ. Acts ji. 42.

(2) Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but in every thing by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God. Eph. v. 20.

(3) Deut. xvii. 18, 19.–That he shall write him a copy of this law in a book,—and it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life. Acts xv. 21. For Moses-hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath-day. 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all long. suffering and doctrine. James i. 21, 22.-Receive with meekness the engrafted word, &c. Acts x. 33.

(4) Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. I Cor. xi. from the 23d to the 30th verse. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread, &c.

(5) Matt. xvi. 19. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt of;(1) religious fasting ; (2) swearing by the name of God; (3) and vowing unto him:(4) as also the disapproving, detesting, opposing all false worship; (5) and, according to each one's place and calling, removing it, and all monuments of idolatry. (6)

bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven. And John xx. 23. Matt. xviii. 15, 16, 17.–And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church ; but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. 1 Cor. v. and chap. xii. 28.

(1) Eph. iv. 11, 12. And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ. 1 Tim. v. 17, 18. Let the elders that rule well, be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. For the Scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward. I Cor. ix. I to 15.

(2) Joel ii. 12, 13. Therefore also now, saith the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning, &c. 1 Cor. vii. 5.—That ye may give yourselves to fasting

and prayer.

(3) Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.

(4) Ps. lxxvi. 11. Vow, and pay unto the Lord your God. Isa. xix. 21. Ps. cxvi. 14, 18.

(5) Acts xvii. 16, 17. Now, while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry. Ps. xvi. 4. Their sorrows shall be multiplied that hasten after another god : their drink-offerings of blood will I not offer, nor take p their names into my lips. (6) Deut. vii. 7. Isa. xxx. 22.

Q. 109. What are the sins forbidden in the second commandment?

A. The sins forbidden in the second commandment are, all devising, (1) counselling, (2) commanding, (3) using, (4) and any wise approving any religious worship not instituted by God himself; (5) the making any representation of God, of all, or of any of the three Persons,

(1) Num. xv. 39. And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the Lord, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart, and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring:

(2) Deut. xiii. 6, 7, 8. If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers;—thou shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him.

(3) Hos. v. 11. Ephraim is oppressed—in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment. Mic. vi. 16. For the statutes of Omri are kept.

(4) 1 Kings xi. 33. Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth. i Kings xii. 33. So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar and burnt incense.

(5) Deut. xii. 30, 31, 32. Take heed to thyself, that thou be not snared by following them, after that they be destroyed from before thee; and that thou inquire not after their gods, saying, How did these nations serve their gods ? Even so will I do likewise.-What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

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