Imatges de pàgina

poem, When Spring comes on, is, he says, taken from the French. I would add, that the description of Barrenness, in his verses to Pope, was borrowed from Secundus; but lately searching for the passage which I had formerly read, I could not find it. The Night-piece on Death is indirectly preferred by Goldsmith to Gray's Church-yard; but, in my opinion, Gray has the advantage in dignity, variety, and originality of senti

He observes that the story of the · Hermit is in More's Dialogues and Howell's Letters, and supposes it to have been originally Arabian.


Goldsmith has not taken any notice of the Elegy to the old Beauty, which is perhaps the meanest; nor of the Allegory on Man, the happiest of Parnell's performances. The hint of the Hymn to Contentment I suspect to have been borrowed from Cleiveland.

The general character of Parnell is not great extent of comprehension, or fertility of mind. Of the little that appears still less is his own. His praise must be derived from the easy sweetness of his diction: in his verses



there is more happiness than pains; he is spritely without effort, and always delights though he never ravishes ; every proper, yet every thing seems casual. If there is some appearance of elaboration in the Hermit, the narrative, as it is less airy, is less pleasing. Of his other compositions it is impossible to say whether they are the productions of Nature, so excellent as not to want the help of Art, or of Art fo refined as to resemble Nature:

This criticism relates only to the pieces published by Pope. Of the large appendages which I find in the last edition, I can only say that I know not whence they came, nor have ever enquired whither they are go-ing. They stand upon the faith of the compilers.


U 2


G A R T H.


[ocr errors]

AMUEL GARTH was of a good

family in Yorkshire, and from some school in his own country became a student at Peter-house in Cambridge, where he resided till he commenced doctor of phyfick on July the 7th, 1691. He was examined before the College at London on March the 12th, 1691-2, and admitted fellow July 26th, 1692. He was soon fo much distinguished, by his conversation and accomplishments, as to obtain very extensive practice; and, if a pamphlet of those times may be credited, had the favour and confidence of one party, as Ratcliffe had of the other.


He is always mentioned as a man of benevolence; and it is just to suppose that his desire of helping the helpless, disposed him


[ocr errors]

to so much zeal for the Dispensary; an undertaking of which some account, however Mort, is proper to be given. short

Whether what Temple fays be true, that physicians have had more learning than the other faculties, I will not stay to enquire ; but, I believe, every man has found in phy-. ficians great liberality, and dignity of sentiment, very prompt effusion of beneficence, and willingness to exert a lucrative art, where there is no hope of lucre. Agreeably to this character, the College of Physicians, in July 1687, published an edict, requiring all the fellows, candidates, and licentiates, to give gratuitous advice to the neighbouring poor.

This edi&t was sent to the Court of Aldermen; and a question being made to whom the appellation of the poor should be extend- . ed, the College answered, that it should be sufficient to bring a testimonial from a clergyman officiating in the parish where the patient refided.

After a year's experience, the physicians found their charity frustrated by some ma



[ocr errors]

lignant opposition, and made to a great de, gree vain by the high price of phyfick; they therefore voted, in August 1688, that the laboratory of the College should be accommodated to the preparation of medicines, and another room prepared for their reception ; and that the contributors to the expence should manage the charity.

It was now expected that the Apothecaries would have undertaken the care of providing medicines; but they took another course. Thinking the whole design pernicious to their interest, they endeavoured to raise a. faction against it in the College, and found some physicians mean enough to folicit their patronage, hy betraying to them the counsels of the College. The greater part, however, enforced by a new edict in 1694, the former order of 1687, and sent it to the mayor and aldermen, who appointed a committee to treat with the College, and settle the mode of administring the charity,

It was desired by the aldermen, that the tcstimonials of churchwardens and overseers should be admitted; and that all hired fervants, and all apprentices to handicraftsmen,


« AnteriorContinua »