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not despond, but hope. When he sur- at least sixteen doubts. If he appealed veyed the course of public opiuion, he to Parliament it should be to do away saw the surface only affected; the deep with toleration altogether. It was imcurrent beveath flowed on, and would possible, in the 19th century, that wen flow on for ever. The shocks of tyranny could be punished for exercising the rights assailed the great cause of freedom, only of conscience. Nor was it enough not to as a storm shook the mountain tree subject him to punishment. He claimed to make it strike deeper root thau erer, to be exempted from erery kiud of peand fix it more firmly against future nalty and prohibition. Every office should hurricanes. The friends of liberty looked be open to men of talent and integrity, forward with confidence to the issue of whatever their religious faith. in all their war with ignorance and oppression, cases where Dissenters entertained any because they had knowledge with them, doubt as to the feeling likely to prevail and error could not withstand it. Truth, at the quarter sessious, he recomniended freedom and piety, shall finally and glo- a certiorari to remove the case out of the riously and universally and soon prevail. jurisdiction of the magistrates. The worthy Secretary then, amidst the The Rer. M. Wilks, in a brief speech, loudest and most enthusiastic applause, complimentary to the noble Chairman, concluded his able and eloqueut address. noved He had spoken upwards of three hours. “ That this meeting cannot separate

J. H. BROWN, Esq., LL.D, and barris- without expressing their peculiar gratiter at law, observed, that as to the ques. tude to the Right Honourable Lord Dacre, tion of the legality of rating places of their liberal and much-hovoured Chairmeeting for the poor, he was of opinion, man, for his long and true attachment to that the proper way for Disseniers to the cause of civil and religious liberty, obtain relief was open to them without and for his past and useful efforts to proany new law. Every species of beneficial mote permanent peace and constitutional property was rateable to the poor. Be- reform, and all those public principles vond all doubt personal property was in public men, which will best render rateable, and the sole reason why it had their native land admired, beloved and been left altogether unrated, was because honoured throughont the earth." it was impossible to estimate its value. This resolution was most enthusiasti. The parish officers of Mauchester had cally applauded, and their unanimous never rated places of worship. They had approbation of the conduct of the Chairalways acted 100 liberally. At Liverpool, man was testified by the whole assembly where it was attempted, it was abandon- risiug from their seats. ed, because in the next article it was The CHAIRMAN, as soon as silence proposed to value all the shipping in the could be obtained, said, that at no time, port. That was the manner in which, in under no circumstances, was it possible all other places, Dissenters should resist to address such a meeting as that which such encroachments ou their liberties. then presented itself to his view, without The gentlemen who filled the benches at considerable anxiety and agitation, which quarter sessions were pot trained to all were not a little increased by his dread, the niceties of the profession, and it was that something iu his cúnduct or manner not surprising, therefore, that a bench of had led to the conclusion that he had Welsh justices should have acted as stated felt impatient during the very interesting by their able and eloquent Secretary. Proceedings of the day. He had expeAs to out-door preaching, he (Dr. Brown) rienced, he assured them, nothing but was satistied ihat it was no part of gratification and delight. To his shame the law that Dissenters should preach at he coufessed, that a meeting of that imany hour in any place they pleased. Their portant and enlightened character, which excellent Secretary had advised them to in future he should not fail regularly to apply to Parliament for an act for the attend, was unknown to him till he was better explanation of the Toleration Act. invited to it by a gentleman who had Now he, (Dr. Brown,) speaking from his that day proved himself to be one of the professional experieuce, was bound, in most enlightened, able and eloquent pub. candour and justice to the Society, to lic orators of the country. He (Lord D.) state, that of all acts those which were could not but be most happy in acceding passed for amending oiher acts were the to the invitation, and proud he was that most perplexing and uvintelligible. There he had attended in pursuance of it. By was an act to amend and explain another the kindness of their Secretary he had consisting of only sixteen lines, and yet received a copy of the resolutions then he knew of five or six cases having gone passed. When he received it he felt to the Court of King's Bench as to the some difficulty as to the line of conduct meaning of those explanatory lines. The he should adopt, not because he hesitated fact was, the ingenuity of a lawyer, he in expressing his concurrence with them was sorry to say, would easily find, in in every principle laid down in them, but any sixteen lines of an explanatory act, because he considered them as so many Intelligence.-- Protestant Society: Lord Dacre's Speech. 311 axiomatic propositions, as a continued the practice of toleration. When he consuccession of identical, self-evident truths. sidered the other points, viz. as to the He expected, therefore, to have been right of marriage, and the validity of called upon only to join in gratulation at the registration of births by the Dissentthe triumph of that great cause which he ing ministers, he thought them matters valued and esteemed. Nor had that for future consideration, and he hoped impression been removed by the extraor- for future legislation. He trusted that dinarily able, the transceudently eloquent he should see all civil disabilities for relispeech, which they had all heard that day. gious opinions abolished in this country,

He agreed with the learned gentleman and that, following the words of the poet, (Dr. B.) in rejectiug the use of the word

“ One circle formed, another straight toleration ; but still the state of the law did not warrant the oppressions practised Another still

, and still another spreads."

succeeds,
on the Dissenters. He had watched with
anxiety the progress of the statement

From this country the generous principles that day, and he felt that if they at

of civil and religious liberly would spread, tempted to analyse and discriminate what until they covered the entire face of the was the law from the abuses of the law, inhabited world. The main hinge of the they would find to the honour of the whole question was the state of the toleLegislature, that those oppressions were

ration laws. By annual acts of indennot consonant to the law of the land, nity, Government covertly continued that but infractions of it. He did not stand system of penalties which they ought to there as the apologist of prejudiced men, repeal gallantly. If he were asked wheof unrighteous magistrates, or of ignorant ther Parliament ought to amend the Tosessions, but as condemning the absenceleration Act, he would answer, no; reof toleration wherever he found it want- peal it, and expunge the word from the ing. He wished, before the meeting Statute-book for ever. Though he was broke up, to point out the great distinc educated abroad, yet, since he had known tion that existed in the cases, and which England, he had always professed, fol. of them it was of importance to mark, lowed and acted upon, the principles he observe and recollect. The worthy Se then avowed. Some measures, he uncretary had divided the subject of his derstood, were in progress, respecting report into measures of the past and of the questions of marriages and registrathe present year. One case of the last tions. He most 'decidedly declared his year had come before him as Chairman intention to support and forward them of sessions. In both the cases the law was

in that branch of the Legislature to which in favour of toleration. It was clearly he belonged. He hoped they would concriminal to interrupt service in a meeting- tinue to co-operate in the sacred cause house. There was no doubt as to the which brought them together. Though law among the magistrates. The law he had endeavoured to defend the laws seemed clear, the proceedings were rapid, and institutions of the country, and throw and he determined consistently with tole- off the obloquy to the unworthy persons ration and the law. He uow blushed to

who abused them, he had yet seen enough hear that doing his duty had turned out that day to satisfy him as to the propriety to be in vain. The object for which he of ameliorating those laws and institucontended was equality of rights. Civil tions. By their excellent addresses, they disqualifications for religious opinions was

would obtain continued accessions to what he abhorred. Equal laws and equal their power.. Against the strength of rights were what he songht for, and what opinion nothing could stand, nor could only he would be satisfied with. In other they have a more powerful, cogent, able, words, he advocated civil and religious liberal and persuasive advocate, than liberty. The refusal of parochial relief their. Secretary. He (Lord D.) feared to Protestant Dissenters was not allowed nothing so long as literature and the liby the law of England. No words that berty of the press existed. To them we he was acquainted with could convey the owed all that had raised us above other impressiou which such conduct made iipon nations, and from their progress must his mind. There the law was equal, and the future happiness, freedom and greatit was only by ahusing the law that the ness of the country ultimately emanate, Dissenter could be injured. As to friendly His Lordship then retired from the Chair societies, it was completely out of the amidst the acclamatious of the meeting, question that there should be any legal which inmediately began to separate. distinction as to religious opioious. The sabject of out-door preaching had been On Friday, March 28, the first stone ably discussed both by the eloquent Se- of a new Chapel, to the worship of One cretary (Mr. Wilks) and the learned bar. God in One Person, was laid at Willingrister (Dr. Brown). Abuses of the law ton, Delamere Forest, Cheshire, and an could hardly be prevented wholly, but it address delivered. The building is inwas clear that the law itself favoured tended to be of stone, with a burying

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ground attached to it. The neighbour. ruses in the Frogs of Aristophanes; hood is populous, and the prospects of Joseph Wicksteed, M.A., Shrewsbury. Unitarianism are very pleasing.

For the best Translation of Extracts

from Xenophon's Cyropædia ; William Glasgow Prizes.

Ainsworth, Preston.

For emiuence at the Black-stone ExaGlasgow College, May 1, 1823. mination in Greek; Non-competitor, WilThis day the annual distribution of liam Gaskell, Warrington. Prizes was made in the Common Hall For emimence throughout the Session by the Principal and Professors, in pre- in the Humanity or Latin Class ; William sence of a numerous meeting of the Ainsworth, Preston. University, and of many reverend and respectable gentlemen of this city and

NOTICES. neighbourhood.

The Annual Examination of Students On Mr. Coulton's Donation for the in Manchester College, York, will take best Translation of the Oration of Den place in the Common Hall of the Colmosthenes De Corona, George Lewis, lege, on the evening of Monday, the B.A., London.

23rd of June instant, and on the three Prize given by the Jurisdictio Ordinaria following days, on the latter of which the for a Latin Oratiou delivered in the prizes will be awarded by the Visitor. Oa Common Hall; Samuel Craig Neilson, the Suuday preceding the examination, a A.M., Downpatrick.

Sermon will be preached to the Students Prize in the Mathematical Class for by the Rev. Lant Carpenter, LL.D., in exemplary propriety, diligence and abi. the St. Saviour's Gate Chapel, York. lity, and for excelling in the exercises pre- The York Annual Meeting of Trustees scribed during the session ; Junior Divie will be held in the afternoon of Thursday sion, Thomas Ainsworth, B.A., Preston. the 27th of June, and, by adjournment,

Prize in the Natural Philosophy Class, on the following morning ; and the friends Samuel Craig Neilson, A.M., Downpa- of the institution will dine together on trick.

the Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, Prize in the Ethic Class ; Senior, George at Etridge's Hotel, at 5 o'clock. Lewis, B. A., London. Junior, Thomas

S. J. DARBISHIRE, Ainsworth, B.A., Preston.

JOHN JAMES TAYLER; For the best Theme executed in Latin

Secretaries. Verse ; Alfred Pett, B.A., Clapton. Munchester, May 22, 1823.

For an Essay on the difference betwixt Poetry and Prose ; George Lewis, B.A., The Yearly Meeting of the Eastern London.

Unitarian Society, will be held at Bury For a Poetical Essay on the Pleasures St. Edmunds, on Wednesday and Thursof the Country, and of Study during the day, the 25th and 26th of June. Mr. Vacation ; Henry Green, Maidstone. Valentine, of Diss, will preach on the

For general eminence to advanced Wednesday evening, and Mr. Selby, of Students, during the Session, in the Logic Lynn, on the Thursday morning. The Class ; Samuel Allard, Bury, Lancashire; members and friends of the Society will Henry Green, Maidstone.

dine together at the Six Bells Inn. For the best Poetical Version of Cho

EDWARD TAYLOR, Sec.

CORRESPONDENCE. We have received W. W.'s Nonconformist paper; the printed Letter by Mendelsohn, circulated by the Jews; Te Tace ; T. F. B.; M.; and the Letter of Tillotson, transcribed from the Original in the British Museum by Mr. Rutt.

Having admitted S.'s free remarks upon Mr. Erskine's Essay, we deem ourselves bound to insert any fair and reasonable reply, but it is too much for 'T. to put upon us 13 folio pages of MS. consisting wholly of irony and sarcasm. Both S. and T. are unknown to us, and we know uo more of Mr. Erskine's book than we have learned from them. Our insertion of S.'s paper does not pledge us to an approbation of its entire contents, nor, we hope, will our rejection of T.'s be deemed an act of partiality. T. can defend the Essay in a much better manner, and though a direct defence might be an attack upon Unitarianism, we can venture to promise him that it would not on that account be less likely to find its way into the Monthly Repository. T.'s paper is left for him at the Publishers'.

If our stock will allow of it, we have no objection to the proposed exchange of volumes with Mr. Daniel.

We have received with sorrow the intelligence of the death, at Fersfield, near Diss, in Norfolk, of the Rev. JAMES Lambert, Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, in the 83rd year of his age. Some account of this truly excellent man is promised for our next wamber.

THE

Monthly Repository.

No. CCX.]

JUNE, 1823.

[Vol. XVIII.

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« For

Letters from the Earl (afterwards Duke) of Lauderdale to R. Baxter.
LETTER IV.

“ But I shall trouble you no further Windsor Castle,

at this time; once you shall have a 4th November, 1658.

short letter from me. I shall long

till, by hearing from you, I shall be “ Reverend and much-honoured,

put on more work for you, which will this day se'nnight, (not having

“Sir, heard from you since I sent my last “ Your real friend and servant, three letters to you,) you shall here re

“ LAUDERDAILL. ceive the contents of P. Moulin's book: not all the contents, but all that relates “ Mr. Richard Baxter." to antiquity, or might, in my opinion, be for your purpose. By this you can

Letter V. better judge of the book comparatively with Blondel than I can, seeing you

“ Reverend and much-honoured Sir, have a table of the contents of both; “ Yours of the 5th and of the 9th of yet you shall have my opinion also on this month came to me much about a a cursory view. Both of them answer time. The reason of my delay of the one book of Card. Perron, but Moulin answer hath proceeded from my

desire handles most of the controversies with to clear you from those prejudices the Papists, and Blondel that only which the reading of great Usher De concerning the Pope's pretended pri- primordiis Eccles. Britan. hath (as I macy, wherein he is so large that do humbly conceive) cast you into. Blondel's book is twice as big (though Your letter hath made me go over but on that one point) as Moulin’s. that book, and my desire to have my And, indeed, Blondel in that book country stand right in your estcem, shews himself to have been versed in (which I more value than I will tell antiquity, even to admiration, which you,) hath made me bestow some time makes me regret that he should have to let you see that the more I search misspent so much precious time in the more I am convinced that I was his latter days as to write two great not mistaken as to the soil. But volumes on a subject so below a dream, my scribblings on that subject shall even on the genealogies of the Kings be with you in a week; and till then of France. I never saw those volumes, I pray you keep one car open.. but by the title I conjecture they were " As to your desires, seeing my a work fitter for a herald or a lawyer translations can be of no more use to than a divine. And now that mis- you, I shall forbear. Yet I shall take spent time is irrecoverable, for he is that walk through all Blondel's book now with God; and before the Lord which you appoint, and pick what called him he lost his eyes, as he tells flowers I can find fit for your purpose, us iu his preface before Dallei Apolo- to make you a posy. Pardon me if it gia. One work of his I have noiv by take some time, I am a slow student, me in French, concerning the Sybils, and before I received yours was enwherein he accurately confutes from gaged in a task which will take me to antiquity the popishi prayer for the the end of next week. Thereafter I dead and purgatory. Also, I have do promise you the half of my time of lately got out of Holland most of reading every day, except the Lord's Amyrault's works; amongst the rest day, till it be done; and I hope to send one treatise concerning Church-Go- the account of my labour about the vernment, and an Apology for the beginning of January, for a new year's Reforined Religion, both in French. gift

. I am glad Moulin's book is so I have not yet seen them, for they are far advanced. By the Index I guess at London binding

what is for your purpose is in those VOL. XVIII.

2 s

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first quires which you say are done,

LETIE: VI. so you may send for them. And on « Reverend and much-honoured friend, this purpose give me leave to beg, that as you are charitable to English “ Though upon the receipt of your scholars, in labouring to get the best letters of the 5th and 14th November, French books translated, so you would I did run over the Primate's book, be az charitable in getting your baok and wrote what is here enclosed, yet of Rest put into Latin for the good of I did not transcribe it till yours of the Protestants beyond the seas, who, I 29th gave me the confidence; and now dare say, would quickly put it into all I cannot send so long á scribble withtheir vulgar languages. In the mean out first craving your pardon, and time, a friend of yours hath sent a intreating you to read it, as you would copy of it to one of the best quality do a news-book, when you have no that understands the language over great business. I made it as short as the water; and I have sent almost all I could, and have forborne all national your works to a dear friend and kins- reflections which history gave me mün of mine in Holland, who lends ground enough for (seeing Ireland me other books in exchange; and if was vot owned for a kingdom till you desire any book which is not to Henry VIII. his days, the English being be found here, send me word, and I styled only Lords of Ireland since their shall answer to get you a quick account conquest; and before, divers great if it be in Paris or Holland. For men, in every province, called them, though I am wiser than to keep the selves kings, none else called them so). least dangerous correspondence, yet I What I have said will, I hope, let you have some scholar acquaintance with see that I had more ground in history whom I correspond sometimes beyond for my assertion than the Irish have the sea. But it is only of books and for their fancy, and, indeed, I was not of news, which I leave to the

sorry to find such contradictions in news-books, as being none of my bu- that good wan's book, which an adsiness.

versary would make strange work of, Your short and pathetic regret for if any Popish priest shall take it to the condition of Protestants is too task. But iny end was only to satisfy true. Oh! how dangerous are the you in private, and I thought it a duty beginnings of war! I have great ob- to set that poor nation right in your ligation to the King of Sweden, yet eyes, who have been pleased to do is truth forces me to say, what a sea of so much right in its distressed condiblood hath his invasion of Poland been tion, in many passages of your works the occasion, if not the cause of, in which I shall never forget. Europe! And now it is like to put In my last I told you that I could England and Holland by the ears, for not immediately fall about Blondel, I hear an English fleet, under Vice- (for I had a little work to do, which Admiral Goodsone, of 20 sail, parted I have ended; this was only a pareron Friday toward the Sound, and gon,) and I met with four days' diver, more are following under Sir Geo. sion, which was lost work (and I warn Ascew. But you conclude well, where you of it, lest you should fall into the is our strength but in heaven? And like, though I think you employ your a great comfort to us is wrapt up in time better than to be taken with ti93 Ps. The Lord reigns, &c.“ To his tles). There is lately come out a book rich grace I recommend you and your in folio, of De Dee his Actions with labours and Rest.

Spirits. The book was recommended “ Sir,

to me by a man of pretty parts, and “ Your faithfully affectionate I had heard of Dr. Dee for his mathescrvant,

natics; the subject seemed strange, “ LAUDERDAILL. and some invitation I had from the Windsor Castle,

name of the publisher, Dr. Casaubon, “ 24 of Nov. 1658.

for his father's sake. But all I found “For the Reverend and

was a poor ambitious man pitifully much-honoured

abused with devils pretending to be Mr. Richard Baxter,

angels of light; some things they say Minister of the Gospel

not inconsiderable, but for the most At Kiderıņinster."

part their divinity is perfectly like the

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