Imatges de pàgina

believer in the constant superinten- which are most difficult to be procured,
dance of an infiniiely wise and kind In absolute enjoyment we are nearly
Providence, will naturally cherish; upon a level; but the difference in
and he will be led to this, by a sense our favour consists in this, that our
1100 merely of its propriety, but of its pleasures are more secure and perma-
immediate and direct intluence on his ment than theirs, and also that almost
present enjoyments. Let the more every change is with us a change from
serious afilictions of life then teach us contented tranquillity to a state of
patience and resignation. As for the high enjoyment, while they; having
Highter grievances and petty miseries foolishly placed their habitual station
by which so many suffer their tempers at the summit of all, cannot remove
to be ruffled and their cheerfulness from it without descending.
destroyed, let them be regarded as

Such then are some of those sources filter subjects of a laugh or jest than of from which the wise and prudent any graver reflections. A very anius- man may, in ordinary cases, depend ing book-which had a great run upon deriving an abundant and soinc years ago, but seems now almost securc supply of happiness ;--from forgotten the “ Miseries of Human innocent, or still better, froin benefi Lilc," may perhaps show us the right cent, activity—from the exercise of way of dealing with these minor trou- the benevolent affections either to bles. To allow them to destroy one's wards those with whom he is pecu. comfort would be the extreine or folly; liarly connected by the ties of kindred and to talk about philosophy or resig- or friendship, or as delighting in the nation in connexion with such trifles more enlarged, expanded views of would be equally absurd ; the only universal philanthropy---from a serene method left therefore is to treat thein and even temper, unruffled either by with their own characteristic levity: trilling offences on the part of others,

Another circunstance of great im- or by those petty miseries and vexajortance to human happiness, is a tions which occasionally occur to him. wise management and distribution of self. From these, and such as these, our habits. The capacity of acquiring the wise man may draw a never-failhabits, both bodily and mental, is a ing supply of enjoyment. Not that lię most important and valuable part of is to be always in transport or extacy, our constitution. By its means we for this is inconsistent with human acquire and continually improve our nature, and indeed is not in itself de skill in those occupations which are sirable ; but a steady, uniform chcerto be the means of our subsistence or fulness and tranquillity which, from its the source of our usefulness to our permanence and security, will certainfeHow-creatures; and our various ne- ly furnish in the end a much greater cessary employments become, through sutn of real happiness. The enumethe operation of the same general prin ration is not by any means complete; ciple, not only easy but agreeable to for such is the admirable constitution us. Every thing however depends on of things, that, to the truly wise man, the right application of this principle. every object in nature, and almost It may minister to virtue or be made every circumstance of life, may be subservient to vice; it may contribute made the source of pleasure. All the to happiness or greatly aggravate our provinces of external nature

all the misery, according as it is wisely, or powers, desires and affections of his injudiciously directed. The object own mind, will contribute to his felitherefore in the regulation of our ha- city: the powers of taste and imagina. bits must be that those things be ren- tion--the search after, and discovery dered easy and agreeable through fre- of, knowledge the interest he takes quent practice, which are most essen- in the events which diversify the his tially requisite to our comfort and tory of his species, -all these, and a permanent well-being; and that we thousand other pleasures of the mind, render our pleasures dependent, as which, though nothing can in this nruch as possible, on those sources uncertain state be pronounced abso which are most easily attainable. lutely imperishable and constantly Now all this may be done by habit. within reach, may yet be said to be ing A habit of inoderation in our desiro general firmly secured to wise and good will enable us to take as much delight men as a just reward of intellectual and in the cheaper, more ordinary means moral happiness.

gratification, as others do in those

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Mr. Wright on Dr. Adum Clarke's Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 319Mr. Fright's Remarks on Two Pássages can be conscier.ciously such? And in Dr. Adam Clarke's Notes on the if conscienciously Jew's, according to Holy Scriptures.

the law of Moses, will they not be I of

Doctor relates two Jewish stories ciently acquainted with the conduct to illustrate the faithfulness of God: of all the Jews, to justify the censure the following is one of them :-"Rab- he passes upon them? bi Simeon, the son of Shetach, bought In his notes on i Cor. xvth. chap. an ass from soine Edomites, at whose the Doctor says, “One remark I canneck his disciples saw a diamond hang- not help making; the doctrine of the ing: they said unto him, Rabbi, the resurrection, appears to have been blessing of the Lord maketh rich, Prov. thought of much more consequence X. 22. But he answered, The ass I among the primitive Christians than have bought, but the diamond I have it is now ! l'low is this? The apasnot bought; therefore he retured the les were continually insisting on it, diamond to the Edlomites.” To this and exciting the followers of God to story Dr. C. has added the following diligence, obedience and cheerfulness illiberal remark :-"This was an in- through it. And their successors in stance of rare honesty, not to be pa- the present day seldom mention it! ralleled among the Jews of the present So apostles preached, and so primitive day; and probably among few Gen- Christians believed: so we preach; biles." Onwhat authority the Gen- and so our hearers believe. There is diles are supposed to be so much better not a doctrine in the gospel on which than the Jews, and the whole of the more stress is laid: and there is not latter, as well as the greater part of a doctrine in the present system of the former, to be destitute of strict ho- preaching which is treated with more niesty, the Doctor has not stated. It neglect !" is not this an acknowledgis certain every strictly honest man ment that what is called evangelical would act as Babhi Simcon is said to preaching in the present day is essenhave acted. It has been too much the tially different from the preaching of practice for Christians to speak of the the apostles ? Dr. C. asserts that the Jews, because they do not believe that doctrine which the apostles were conJesus is the Christ, as men destitute tinually insisting on, is seldom menof all piety and virtue ; though proofs tioned by those he calls their succesof the contrary might be produced. sors; but he does not state the reasons To treat a whole people as altogether for this difference. He will not say depraved and worthless, is the way to the doctrine of the resurrection is of debase them, and injure their moral less importance now than it was in the character. It is inconsistent with days of the apostles. He does not Christian charity, and even with com- attempt to justify the neglect of their mon justice, to represent a whole na- doctrine by modern preachers. Surely tion as not furnishing, in the present if those who take to themselves the day, a single instance of the strictest name of evangelical ministers in the honesty. I have been credibly in present day had the same views of the formed of an instance of what the gospel as the apostles had, they would Doctor calls rare honesty, in the con- preach as the apostles preached. duct of a Jew, with whom I was well Daght not Dr. C. and his readers to acquainted, which may be paralleled inquire whether the primitive docwith the case he has stated. The Jew trine of the gospel be not neglected I referto, travelling with his box, hap- on account of other doctrines being pened to call at a house where he was insisted on, as leading articles of faith, asked if he would purchase a watch which the apostles did not preach, which was presented to him: he in- and which cannot be found in their quired what price the person who discourses, of which we have an acoffered to sell him the watch rcquired' count in the book of Acts? There for it, and being told, he asked if the are ministers, but I fear the Doctor seller knew what the watch was, and would hardly allow them to be evanwas answered "Yes, it is a gilt one;" gelical, who insist more on the doche replied, " No, you are mistaken, trine of the resurrection than all their it is a gold one, and worth much more numerous brethren who disown. more than you ask for it."—Will Dr. them as legal teachers. C. take upon himn to say that none of

R. WRIGHT. ibe Jews, in the present day, are or





Shore Place, Hackney, SIR, Ditchling, May 28, 1816. Sir,

May 22, 1816. N
OBSERVE in the public papers

ly Repository, for April last, p. 199, an account of Lord Grosvenor hav- is a letter purporting to come from the ing dismissed a number of his, poor pen of a Roman Catholic to Dr. Carlabourers from his employ because penter, as a complaint against you. they could not conscientiously attend

This letter seems to me to have been the Established Church. I have now written in an' arrogant style, with a to relate to you another circumstance considerable degree of peuishness. ! of a similar description in the walks . suppose an editor of a periodical work of humbler life. My niece, about the is not bound to examine all the authoage of eighteen, left me, about a fort

rities which his correspondents may night ago, to take a situation as dress- quote; therefore, no great blame bemaker to two maiden ladies, who longs to you, if any of them should have been long established in business, blunder or make mistakes : if you are at Newport, in the Isle of Wight: always ready to admit corrections, as both parties were perfectly satisfied I believe you always are, it is as much with each other as far as related to as can reasonably be required. business; but on the Sunday morning

But what I would particularly wish aster her arrival at Newport, it was

to take notice of in the Roman Cathoinquired of my niece, what place of lic's letter, is his account of the Rheimworship she had attended ; she an

ish version of the New Testament, swered, she had lately gone to an Uni- as it respects its reception among the tarian chapel at Hackney: she was Roman Catholic clergy. He says it is told, they altended the Established the only translation sanctioned by Church, to which she said she had the Roman Catholic clergy." This no objections, and went with them translation, then, is sanctioned by the twice on that day and once on the Roman Catholic clergy! following Sunday. Nothing more Now, Sir, I wish to inquire, for was said to her on the subject, but on really I feel myself a little alarmed, the Friday following I received a letter though I have always been a friend to from one of the ladies (A. F.) saying, Catholic emancipation, I wish to inmy niece must immediately return, quire, whether the sanction of the assigning as a reason, that as she was of Roman Catholic clergy to the Rheima different religion to themselves they must ish translation extends to all the anbe under the necessity of parting with her, notations annexed to each chapter ? for it would le very uncomfortable to be If it do, pity, my weakness, I am disunited not only in their places of wor- afraid I see in it the direful demon or ship lout in their ideas. They regret they persecution. The following is the did not know this before,

Rheimish rendering of Luke ix. 56: particularly as they think her a very

“ The Son of Man came not to denice young lady.". 'I replied, wishing stroy souls, but to save." The anno her to remain; but to no purpose : tation on these words is :-“Not jus. and she accordingly returned to me, tice nor all rigorous punishment of sinin company with one of the ladies on ners is here forbidden, nor Elias, in her usual visit to London for the pur- fact, reprehended, nor the church or poses of business. It does not appear Christian princes blamed for putting that Unitarian worship is the particu- heretics to death: but that none of lar objection, but the crime of attend these should be done for a desire of ing any chapel; for they informed my our particular revenge, or without niece they had before turned off a discretion, and regard of their amendyoung female because she was a metho- ment, and example of others. Theredist. So you see, Sir, that though we fore St. Peter used his power upon hear so much of the liberality of the Ananias and Sapphira, when he struck present age, the breed of a persecuting them both down to death for defraudspirit is not yet extinct,

ing the church." We all know, that

J. W. in the Church of Rome's idea of here P.S. I observe this morning in the and separate from her: according to

tics are included all those who differ Public Ledger that Lord Grosvenor's the above annotation these may be affair is contradicted.

rigorously punished; or, if it be said that the singers are to be confined to




Queries respecting the Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. 321 those who commit civil offences, yet 2. As the Jews had not been .preheretics, both by the church and Chris- viously warned of a sin which would tian princes may be put to death. Is be unpardonable, if they had already not this persecution? Would not uttered this blasphemy when the Roman Catholics call it so if they condemnation to which it exposed were the victims?

them was declared, would not their So also Luke xiv. 23, the Rheimish total exclusion fronı forgiveness be translation is :“Compel them to enter, the same as proceeding against men that my house may be filled." In the an- on the ground of an ex post facto law? notation we are told, “ St. Augustine Is it not more consistent with the also referreth this compelling to the character of Jesus, and the conduct penal laws which Catholic Princes do of God towards his creatures, to supjustly use against heretics and schis- pose the above passages contain an matics, proving that they who are awful warning, than to construe them by their former profession in baptisın as expressive of the penalty of a crime subject to the Catholic church and already committed ? are departed from the same after 3. Were not the most malignant sects, may and ought to be compelled expressions which the Jews had ut. into the unity and society of the tered at the time spoken against Jesus universal church again."

personally, against the Son of man; Can any one be so blind as not to for they did not admit that he had see to what this leads? If it be sup- the spirit of God? Is it not conposed, that these annotations were trary to the whole account to say written by the spirit of infallibili- the blasphemy they had ultered was ty, and if the sanction of the Ro- directed against the spirit; did they man Catholic clergy extends to them, not evidendy intend io degrade the and that by the same spirit, I see not character, and invalidate the preten, how the church of Rone can give upsions of Jesus ; was not this their the doctrine they contain, which is whole object, and is it not the intenpersecution.

tion that characterizes the action unIf, Sir, you permit this to have a der a moral view? place in the Monthly Repository, it 4. If the blasphemy they had alwill give an opportunity for any Ro- ready uttered was against the Spirit, man Catholic, and particularly the how are we to distinguish between writer of the letter who has been the their speaking against the Son of man occasion of these lines, to inform the and their speaking against the Holy public, whether the sentiments of Spirit? persecution contained in the above 5. Are we not told that the Holy annotations, are now sanctioned by Spirit was not given till Christ was the Roman Catholic clergy or not. I glorified : John vii. 39. Acts ii. a3. for one should be glad to hear on this and could they blaspheme against the subject.

Holy Spirit before it was given in the A. BENNETT. sense in which the expression is used

in the evangelical writings? SIR,

6. The Editors of the Improved TOT being satisfied with the expla- Version, in a note on the place, say,

They who ascribed the miracles of phemy against the Holy Spirit, (see Jesus and his apostles to demoniacal Matt. xii. 31, 32. Mark iii. 28, 29.) agency, resisted the strongest possible I beg leave to submit the following evidence of the Christian religion, and queries on the subject to the consider- were therefore incapable of being ation of your readers, and shall be converted to the belief of it." But thankful to any one who will can- can this observation be just, if restrict. didly answer them.

ed to the miracles wrought during 1. Have we sufficient authority our Lord's personal ministry; for he from the above passages to conclude said to his Apostles, “ He that be that any of the Jews had, at the time lieveth on me, the works that I do when our Lord uttered the words, shall he do also, and greater works, blasphemed against the Holy Spirit ; than these shall he do because I go as he does not charge this crime upon unto my Father ?" John xiv. 12. them, but warns them of the danger Did not the resurrection of Jesus, and of committing it?

the Iloly Spirit given to the apostles,

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furnish stronger evidence than any must be more or less impressed with that had preceded :

those characters of design and con7. Can the supposition that some trivance with which he is constantly of the Jews had sinned beyond the surrounded and upheld. But sure possibility of forgiveness during our every successive fact that we witness, Lord's personal ministry, be reconciled cannot be justly considered a neceswith the accounts at large? Did not sary component, or requisite. mean, Jesus after his resurrection direct that to any purposed end whatever. Can forgiveness should be preached to we reasonably think that all movethem indiscriminately; and was their inent is judicious change; and all opecondemnation finally sealed before ration intentional effect? they rejected the gospel, contradicting If this is “ Inquirer's" view of Proand blaspheming, when preached by vidence, I must say that all men do not the Apostles with the Holy Spirit decidedly think with him. Under sent down from heaven?

this notion I cannot believe it possible A SCRIPTURIST. to forma consistent character of

Deity. The laws of nature indeed, SIR,

May 6, 1816. are divine emanation, and of course I ? N Repository for February, (p. 74) perfectly characteristic of Deity, and N

two schemes of the Divine govern- ierminate on universal good; on the ment are offered to consideration as accomodation and final welfare of his alone consistent in themselves, or as sentient creatures. having any pretensions to reason or But fully admitting this providenthe common apprehensions of man- tial order of things, I apprehend not kind.

that it amounts to destiny, or positive The first holds forth that all things assignment of every separate atom in are subjected to fixed laws ;-that all respect of every other in the universe, is an universal -settled scheme of all possible relation and state of being: Providence; every thing was foreseen but rather suppose that it does not and determined, and happens as the necessarily follow, from hence, that Author of all appointed that it all states and relations of being and should.

every consequent result are subjects Now I do suppose that all events, of divine device, or any mental conall effects of power, are not subjects cern whatever. It seems to me, and of intellectual determination, or ob- it is my present opinion, that though jects of appointment; but on the every phenomenon in nature is (essencontrary, that there are many natural tially natural) necessary issue of eterresults of force, which are not parts nal principle, nevertheless all bearing of of any scheine, or any matters of de- objects, every event, every movement vice or ordination whatever.

and consequence, is not a part of die Indeed all things are necessarily vine scheme; not a link, or distinct what and as they are : but we need subject of direct will, device, purpose distinct evidence of appointment

that and ordination. And that man's perall events are, or ever were, objects sonal character and end, is not" (it of divine contemplation, or devised, may be) absolutely prescribed and determined parts of provident plan. preordained. I suppose that it is by No doubt, Deity is source of all or- divine pleasure and purpose that I am der, all systematic work, all manage- constituted capable of a certain meament.

sure of action : but must or may I But is God actually the designing thence infer and affirm, that I can cause of all movement and result? Is not do more or less than was the pleaall movement and consequence, issue sure and purpose of God in my make? of intellect, pure offspring of wisdom This seems to me tantamount to saying and good-will? True, the natural that all efficiency is strictly divine standing order of the world indisputa- will.deed ;, that every instant motion bly, betokens wise and good design; and operation is personal act of Deity, and all men must be agreeably affect to all intents and purposes. Howed thereby-by the beauty and bene- ever, I do suppose, think and believe fit of the provident succession of that we are not justly authorized to things; the orderly, eligible course' affirm that the supreme legislator of which actually prevails throughout the universe actually appointed every the system of nature. "Every man temporary fact-all events whatever,

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