Imatges de pàgina

In this manner decline, an tsail, the eye -S S an tseaćtmain, the week an tsròn, the note an tseilg, the hunt an tsigeog, the fairy an seafaċ, the heifer (21)




The nominative and accusative are always alike; as are also the dative and ablative.

First Declension,

Most adjectives ending in consonants, having broad vowels in the termination, have a small inflexion in the genitive masculine; a small increase in the genitive feminine; and a broad increase in the nominative plural.

ard, high.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fens
Nom. & Acc. ard, ard Nom. & Acc. arda
Gen. aird, airde Gen.
Dat. & Abl. ard, aird Dat. & Abl. arda
aird, ard



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caol, narroa.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fen.
Nom. Ac. caol, caol, Nom. Ac. caola
Gen. caoil, caoile Gen. caol
Dat. Abl. caol, caoil Dat. Abl. caola

caoil, caol Voc. caola

In this manner decline Maol, bald

ruad, red daor, dear

trean, strong saor, cheap

geur, sharp claon, leaning

fíor, gen. mas. fír, fem. fuar, cold

fíre, true nuad, new

críon, gen. masc. crín, luat, quick

fem. críne, withered
fallan, sound.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem.
N. Ac. fallan, fallan N. Ac. fallana
Gen. fallain, fallaine Gen. fallan
D. Ab, fallan,

fallain D. Ab. fallana Voc. fallain, fallan


fallana In this manner decline cotrom, even

neartmur, powerful ağrur, lucky

ceanann, speckled atlam, quick

dileas, gen. masc. dilis, anbfann, feeble

fem. dilise, proper bacać, lame

cartanac, friendly docrac, difficult martanac, perpetual socrac, easy

briotac, stammering eadmur, jealous

Second Declension. Adjectives ending in consonants, having a small Pirel in the termination, increase small in the peritive feruiuine and nominative plural. (22)


arsaiġ, ancient.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem.
N. Ac. V. arsais, arsaig N. Ac. V. arsaige
Gen. arsais, arsaige Gen. arsaig
Dat. Abl. arsaig, arsaig Dat. Abl. arsaig

In this manner decline tapuid, smart

cruaid, hard leanbuid, childish

mín, mild tais, tender

saim, pleasant

Some adjectives of this declension are contracted in the genitive singular; 'as, aoibinn, delightful, gen. aoibne, for aoibine aluinn, beautiful, gen. aille or aillne, for aluinne.

Third declension.

Adjectives ending in asuil, have a broad increase in the genitive singular and nom. plural.

geanamuil, lovely.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem.
N. Ac. V. geanamuil N. Ac. V. geanamla
Gen. geanamla Gen.

geanamuil Dat. Abl. geanamuil Dat. Abl. geanamuil

In this manner decline, eagsamuil, various

beanamuil, womanly fearamuil, manly barramuil; stately

Some monosyllabic adjectives, having a broad vowel in the termination, increase broad in the genitive feminine, and nominative plural.

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corr, uneven.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem. N. Acc. V. corr, corr

N. Acc. V. corra Gen. corr, corra Gen.

corr Dat. Abl. corr, corr Dat. Abl. corr

In this manner decline, prab, quick

cas, curled grod, sudden

fras, fluent breas, fine

ceart, just

Fourth declension. Adjectives ending in vowels are alike in all cases, genders, and numbers.

aosda, aged.

Mas. Fem.

Mas. Fem. N. Ac. V. aosda

N. Ac. V. aosda Gen. aosda

Gen. aosda Dat. Abl. aosda

Dat. Abl. aosda


Adjectives beginning with mutable consonants (except d or t following a noun ending in n,) are aspirated in the nominative and accusative, sing. feminine; genitive, masculine; dative, vocative and ablative, both genders; and in the vocative, plural. (23)

an fear geal, the fair man. Singular

Plural Nom. an fear geal Nom, na fir geala Gen, an fir gil

Gen. na bfear geal Dat. don fear ġeal Dat. dona fearaib geala Acc. an fear geal Acc. na fir geala Voc. a fir gil

Voc. a feara ġeala Abl. leis an fear geal Abh leis na fearaib geala

an bean

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an bean geal, the fair woman.

Nom. an bean ġeal- Nom. na mna geala
Gen. na mna gile Gen. na mban geal
Dat. don mnaoi gil Dat. dona mnaib geala
Acc. an bean seal Acc. na m'na geala
Voc. a bean geal Voc. a řna ġeala
Abl. leis an mnaoi ģil Abl. leis na mpaib geala

In tiris manner decline,

an la fuar, the cold day an maidin fuar, the cold
an crann mor, the great morning

an cloc mor, the great

stone Other adjectives undergo no change in their initials, when connected with nouns.

COMPARISON. The comparative degree is formed by putting nios, more, before the genitive feminine of the positive; as, geal, white; nios gile, whiter. (24)

The superlative is formed by putting ro, very, before the nominative; or, as, most, before the genitive feminine of the positive; as, ro geal, very white; as gile, whitest. (25)

IRREGULAR COMPARISON. Positive Comparative Superlative. mait, good nios fearr, ro mait, as féarr olc, bad

ro olc, as measa mor, great nios mo, ro mor, as mò , beag, little

nios luga, ro beag, as luga fada, long

nios sia, gar, near

nios gaire, ro ġar, as neasa urus, easily nios usa,

s ro usa, ro urus,
(as usa, (26)

nios measa,

{njos filho, } to fada, as sia


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