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ticular, the first, third and fourth their prayers to God. + Particularly, classes of the texts quoted above : on on one solemn day in the year, after the second of these light will be assisting in the sacrifices of the people, thrown by the commands respecting he entered the holy of holies, and the priests in the books of Leviticus finished, by the act of his appearance and Numbers; and all receive illus- in that spot, the great work of making tration from
-Feconciliation (Inasxsgai): it was the 1 Pet. ii. 5. "Ye (Christians) are reconciliation of the people, together an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual with the altar, &c. to God, not of God sacritice, acceptable to God by Jesus to the people, and instead of implying Christ."
the existence of wrath in the mind of 9. “Ye are a royal priest- the Supreme Being, it denoted his hood."
inercy and forbearance. Rev. i. 6.-"hath marle us [i. e. Fourthly; Nothing can be more Christ hath made us) kiners and priests evident than that our Lord is a priest unto God and his father."
allusively and figuratively. In John --xx, 6.-" they shall be priests* of x. 11. he styles himself a shepherd, God and of Christ."
language which also is metaphorical. III. We are now, ļ trust, pre- According to the Seriptural represenpared, for discerning the Scriptural tation, his priesthood is not a distinct doctrine of the pricsihood of Jesus office, but u connected view of his minisChrist.
try, his death, and his tesurrection to an And, in the first place, this tenet IMMORTAL life. Hence the Heis altogether unrelated to the popular brew Christians are exhorted to persetenet concerning his intercession. verance: they are members of an unNot one of the passages transcribed, decaying dispensation. speaks of his interposing in behalf of Lastly; Christ never speaks of mankind: not one of them implies himself as a priest. Nor is he ever so that he so interposes. His priesthood spoken of by his apostles, in their is not of his own appointment, but of discourses or epistles; unless indeed God's.
the letter to the Hebrews be the proSecondly; The great point of re- duction of Paul, which, at least, is semblance between Jesus and the Jew- very doubtful. ish high priest, is our Lord's having Admitting however that it was dicpresented himself before God in the spi- tated by this great teacher of Christritual holy of holies. Of the chief of ianity, still it must be interpreted with the priests under the law it was the reference to its occasion, design and special duty; the characteristic privi- readers. The author's object is to lege, to enter, once a year, the most preserve the Jewish converts from holy place: he did not go into it more apostacy: one method therefore which frequently, he did not renain there he employs for this purpose, is to shew long. Christians have a high priest that the Gospel has in all respects a to whom far greater honour is appro- vast superiority to the Law; and this priated. And the benefits derived by argument he in part illustrates by a. them from our Saviour's priesthood comparison of the Levitical high are precisely those which they derive 'priest with the high priest of the .froin his death, resurrection and as- is new and better covenant.". .cension.
It will now be easily understood In the third place; Jesus makes re- why and how Jesus Christ is "the conciliation for the sins of the people. apostle and high priest of our profesHow? Not by dying in their stead sion." And the foregoing observations (for this was not required from the are respectfully submitted to those perhigh priest, and formed no part of his sons who, like the writer, make the são otlice); but by duly appearing in the cred volume its own expositor. N presence of God on their behalf. The high priest among the Israelites offered of " Munus sacerdotale eo maxime a
prophetico atque etiam apostolico differret,
quod prophetarum et apostolorum esset res “ Regni ejus sunt administri, uti olim Dei apud homines agere, Sacerdotam ausacerdotes Isräelitarum," Eichhora. Come tem res hominum apud Deum." Outras puent : in Apoc; 289.
de Sacrif: (1677) P: 220.
Arr. I.-The Literary and Scientific tuosity of innovation has been dimi
Pursuits which are encouraged and en- nished on the one hand, and tenacity forced in the University of Cambridge, of abuse on the other; and the whole
loriefly described and vindicated. By effect has been a calm determination the Rev. Latham Wainewrighi, in the public mind towards investigation A.M. F.A.S. of Emanuel College and improvement, which, notwithin that University, and Rector of standing the failure of some enthusiastic Great-Brickhill, Bucks.
hopes, may still console the patriot and NO TOTHING shows more decisively the philanthropist.
the influence which public opi- Among the other indications of a nion is constantly acquiring in this change of views, in those who are incountry, than the deference paid to it terested in the preservation of existing by those great chartered bodies, whose establishments, we may reckon those constitution seems designed to enable indications which have appeared withthem to set it at defiance. It is chiefly in the last few years, of the discipline this, which has enabled the friends of and studies of our two Universities. humanity to carry the light of investi- Placed as these bodies appear to be, gation and reform into the worse than “above the fear of a rival and below inquisitional cells of Bedlam; it is this the confession of a fault,"* they have which makes the Church of England evidently begun to feel that the public circulate the Scriptures, and educate the requires from them some account of poor, and even submit to hear the com- the manner in which they discharge mutation of tythes made the subject of the high trust reposed in them, and parliamentary discussion. The French how they repay to their country the Revolution, of which some persons endowments, immunities and privileges seem to think that they can never speak which she has conferred upon them. in terms too strongly expressive of their Our readers probably remember the abhorrence, has been one great cause vindication of Oxford by Mr. Cople of this remarkable characteristic of the stone,t occasioned by the animadverpresent times. The evils which re- sions of the Edinburgh Reviewers, who sulted from that tremendous collision came just too late with their censures. between the spirit of reform, and the After wasting the time of its students “ morosa morum retentio,"* have left for we know not how many generaa deep, though unavowed impression tions, in an absurd and useless course upon the minds of those who are inte- of studies, the University of Oxford rested in the support of existing institu- had at length condescended to adapt tions, and have moderated that high its pursuits to the altered condition of and disdainful tone, with which they the world, and to ensure attention to were accustomed to plead antiquity them by a very strict and efficient against reason, and privilege against system of examinations. Cambridge, justice. They remember what was in as being of less ancient establishment, France the consequence of despising and far inferior in independent revenues, those murmurs, which public opinion had always been less bigotted to ancient had long uttered against a corrupt forms and obsolete doctrines, and had hierarchy and a despotic government therefore less that required alteration. it spoke once again, and heaven and Yet whoever will compare the proposals earth were shaken with the voice. The for improvements of various kinds, horrot of reforin, which was the first made by Dr. John Jebb, and then result of the excesses of the Revolution, has in great ineasure subsided; impe
+ Now we believe LL.D. and Provost Lord Bacon
of Oriel College,
Review.-Wainewright on the Pursuits of Cambridge. 405 - most vehemently opposed, with the schools, we have been accustomed to statements contained in the work be- console ourselves with the idea that fore us, will perceive here too what a theological studies, at least, were carchange a very few years have made in ried on amongst us in a manner conthe disposition to reform. The work sonant to that unfettered freedom of of Mr. Wainewright, which is dedi- inquiry which we profess, and with as cated to Lord Palmerston, one of the careful a research into the original Representatives of the University, does sources of theological doctrines, as it is not appear with quite so official a cha- possible to institute. Our academical racter as Mr. Coplestone's. He informs institutions have always made it their ús, however, that it has been written primary object to educate ministers, chiefly in compliance with the sug- and their failure inust indeed have been gestions of others, and that it has been complete, if they have not attained even * submitted to the inspection of two this. It will be seen, by the following members of the University, of learning passage from Mr. W.'s book, pp. 66,67, and station, upon whose judgment he how little cause he thinks we have for could place implicit reliance." It may, this self-congratulation : therefore, be considered as demi-official. To those of our readers who know no of the University are designed for the sa
“As so large a proportion of the students thing of the studies which are cultivated cerdotal order, it will naturally be expected at Cambridge, this work, diffuse, ill. that an ample provision has been made for written, and ill-reasoned as it is, may the acquirement of that species of learning, afford some interesting information; which this important profession peculiarly and we are very ready to assent to the demands. Complaints, however, have been panegyrics which he bestows on many sometimes made, that this provision is in parts of its literary pursuits. No man many respects defective, and that it is by who is acquainted with the history of no means commensurate with the wishes of learning and science, of enlightened those, to whom tbe ordination of the clergy
Whateves scriptural criticism and liberal political is assigned by the church. principles, will deny the share which cause for objection may formerly have Cambridge has borne in promoting existed on this point, it has for many years them. May that day never arrive; been almost entirely removed, and an opwhen the prevalence of Calvinistic portunity is now afforded to every intended bigotry among one set of its members, character of a profound theologian, which
ecclesiastic, I do not say of completing the and an affectation of orthodoxy among can never be effected during any academical another, shall make the University de- course of studies, but of acquiring such sirous of blotting from its fasti the a competent knowledge of the various, names of these illustrious friends of the branches of divinity, as will qualify him for human race! We frankly give notice passing a very respectable examination, to our readers, however, that our design previously to his admission into holy orin calling their attention to Mr. Wn's ders. In some colleges one term of every work, is not so much to enter into its year and in others one day in the weck, is general merits, as to animadvert upon appropriated in the lecture-roon to the some very unfounded and unwarrant
Greek Testament; and unless counteracted able reflections which he has taken oc- by particular circumstances, the critical casion to throw out, upon the system remarks of the lecturer, and his judicisus of academical education among the
use of the labours of former scholars and
commentators, must be the means of exDissen ters, and especially those whom he calls the rational and Socinian Dis- citing a desire for biblical information, and
of forming a taste for biblical pursuits, senters. Coming forward as he does And here we cannot but obstrve, the vast in the cause, and alınost in the name superiority of the mode af studying the of the University, it is pot fit that he Sacred Writings, recommended and enshould be allowed to circulate his as forced on these occasions, to the carele* sertions, without such a contradiction as this channel can convey.
case which lately fell under our Under a consciousness of the infe
owp knowledge, a lad, who, from his fáriority in some branches of learning, ther's scruples on the subject of infantwhich from necessary causes must al- baptism, had never undergone this rite, ways characterize Dissenters, who are was informed by the master of one of our debarred by religious scruples, not only public schools that he must either be bag from universities but even from public tized or leave the place. VOL. XI,
and superficial mariner so common in dis- one, to whom justice will never be senting institutions, where a notorious de- done but by some other hand than Jigieny in classical and orirntal biterature, · his own. und a general iguorance of the laws of just In the first criticism, must obviously give rise to a theological student, who is required to
year of his course, the ruisteken interpretation of the original text, have reached the age of sixteen át his and to the consequent formation of erro
admission, and to be able to read neous opinions."*
Honier and Horace, begins, upon his 'Εάν προ
Ós TIS ELTOI TA TE POCOY ' first entrance, the study of the Hebrew εαυτω περί αλλου, και δη ταϊθ έτως language, in which it will generally be šXEL vai prémi oi drebytes oxĖportes, found, that at the end of a session of τίς ποτ' αυτός έςιν ο ταύτα λεγων ; nine months, he has made sufficient Such appears to have been the expecta- progress to have read, with tolerable tion of Nir. W. who has either asserted case, considerable portions of the histhat of which he knew nothing, or that torical books of the Old Testament. which he knew not to be. We fery In the second year he reads the Prereadily allow him the miller half of lections of Lowth, irith'the notes of the alternative, believing that he has Michaelis, grammatically resolving the only spoken here in the plenitude of passages which are quoted in the text; thai dignified ignorance which Church- and in addition to this, some of the men affect, in regard to the internal devotional and prophetic books, comconcerns of the Dissenters. We are paring the Hebrew throughout with far from complaining of this ignorance the Septuagint. In the third year, he which it is their privilege to enjoy and continites to read other parts of the our fate to gutier, but let them at least Hebrew Scriptures in the same critical “neither bless us at all nor curse us at and grammatical manner as before. all,” or if they will stoop to censure us, Syriac and Chaldeě do noi make an let them alsó humble themselves to invariable part of the course, but are learn what" it is they are censuring taught to those, whose ability for learn"They would hardly admit it as an asing languages promises that the knowcuse on our pris, fora misrepresentation ledge of them will be useful. The of an university, that it was raised too reader will observe; that through the "high above us, for us to see it distinctly: three first years, theological studies are
Yet the distance from which we look subordinate to the cultivation of the up to Mr. W. is exactly that froin languages, history, mathematics and which he looks down upon us.
Ho philosophy, while in the two last, should both in justice, and in prudence theology forms the chief, and almost "have informed hinself a little better, the exclusive business. The course of before he rentured to coiinit the ho- the fourth year begins with the critical
nour of his University, and even the examination of the sources whence the - credit of orthodoxy, to such a compá- text of the Old Testament is derived, rison as he has provoked. As a reply including the various ancient versions to the reflections contained in the pa- the history and authority of which and ragraph which we have quoted, we their relation to the Hebrew, are more sallbėg leave to lay before our readers or less minutely investigated, according a statement of the course of Billical to their importance to the commentator. study pursued in an academical insti- When the way is thus prepared, the tution, which till lately was the only Scriptures of the Old Testament are one in which ministers among the separately examined, as the records of Unitarian Dissenters received their the Jewish Revelation; the laws of education. We are persuaded that we
Moses are presented in a systematic shall the more readily obtain this in view, that their wisdom and divine dulgence from them, as it will afford origin may appear more conspicuous, us an opportunity of doing justice to
and all the light is thrown upon them
which can be supplied by oriental * That we may not escape under cover manners and a comparison with other of these general reflections, the charge is systems of ancient jurisprudence. A brought home to us in the next page:
similar course is pursued with regard “ The very scanty portion of critical skill to the other historical, to the devotional, possessed by the disciples of Socinus, in and the prophetic books. It is imposcommon with every class of dissidents.” sible to make use of the original text, P. 69. Note.
where so large a space must be gonne
Reier.IPaincuright on the Pursuits of Camlridge. over; but wherever any thing depends is sometimes read as a lecture tn the upon critical interpretation or various under-graduates, the reasoning of this readings, the original is referred to, and passage is worthy the attention of our is compared with the versions, and with readers. The title of these oriental what commentators hare written for scholars to the einoluments of their its illustration. In this way, seven or oflices, arises from the unpopularity of eight hours in every week are occupied oriental studies; of course they would in the lecture-room, besides what the forfeit this title by doing any thing to private preparation of the student re- render them more easy or more atquires. The fifth year is chiefly de- tractive. The paradise of placemen is voted to the reading of the New Testa- s:rely an appointment which not only ment, with the same scrupulous atten- allows inactivity but makes it a condition to every thing which can elucidate tion. Silent, however, as the operation its meaning, without imposing any of these oriental professorships-is, it is doctrinal interpretation; Init as it is of not the less powertul on that account; the highest importance in the institution not the knowledge only of the oriental of a Christian minister, that he be tho- dialects, but the dinlects themselves, Mr. roughly acouainted with this part of W. assures us, would speedily be lost, the sacred volume, the whole, or nearly did not a gentleman at Oxford and the whole, is read over in the original. another at Cambridge receive salaries
We have purposely confined ourselves for doing nothing to diffuse them. Certo a statement of the means employed tainly nothing can equal the cogency to give the students educated in the in- of our author's reasoning, unless it be stitution in question, a critical knowledge the accuracy of his style. of the Scriptures, since it is to this that The deficiency in classical learning, Ålr. W.'s charge refers. And we now which Mr. W.ailegres as another source request the reader to turn back to the of the heresies of the Socinians, we are passage marked in italics in our quota- not inclined to deny; but we wonder tion from him, and to say, if he ever that a Cambridge man should suppose saw a charge which more violently re- it a necessary consequence, that if we coiled on the head of the accuser, than had more learning we should have more that which Mr. W. has so unadvisedly orthodoxy. If the learning of Porson advanced. The fling at the Dissenters and his orthodoxy * together could be for their deficiency in oriental literature transferred to us, we fear we should be is the more strange, as we meet with still at a lamentable distance from Mr. the following passage at p. 76. “ It is 11.'s standard. In Porson's days it sometimes asked, what useful purpose had not become the fashion of the is promoted by the professorships of great scholars of Cambridge (for there Hebrew and Arabic established in both is a fashion in keeping or laying down Universities, when no lectures are de- a conscience) to affect a political adlivered upon the subject?* To this we herence to the church as by law estareply, that though lectures are occa- blished. On the other hand, there is sionally read on these topics, as is the a species of learning which we should case with the present Arabic professor be sorry to purchase by the renunciation at Cambridge, yet the design of these of common sense, in applying it to the institutions is not regularly to teach the interpretation of the Scriptures. Of elements of the languages in question, this sacrifice we might produce mmwhich is best effected by private tuition, berless examples, but while Bishop. but to afford encouragement to the pursuit of an object which presents but
* “ You may say that his religious creed few attractions, and to the critical es resembled that of Dr. Samuel Clarke. You amination of those oriental dialects, are at liberty to thiuk so. Was Dr. Clarke. which would otherwise perhaps be not a Christian ?"-Kidd's Imperfect Outspeedily neglected, if not utterly lost." line of the Life of Richard Porson, prefixed Besides the curious fact here stated, to his Niscellaneous Tracts and Criticisms, viz. that the present Arabic professor to be informed, go the authority of the
p. XXX. It may be interesting to our readers
same intimate friend, that Porsou, though Though Hebrew is considered as a not the author of " Gregory Bluut's Letrequisite qualification for a fellowship in ters," nor well pleased to have been sus- some colleges, it does not constitute & pected of it, thougl.i the new doctrine of regular and an essential part of collegiate the Greek article, as applied to the support literature. P. 74. Note.
of the dividity of Christ, to be antenable.