Imatges de pÓgina


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(at the beginning of the reign of Eli- extenfion of her hips, inquired if that zabeth) was the trunk breeches or Mape was peculiar to the women of Nops, which were gradually swelled England: to which the lady replied, to an enormous size : these breeches, that the Eoglish women did not difwe are told, were ftuffed out with fer in shape from those of other coderags, wool, tow, or hair, and some. tries; and, by explaining to her the times, indeed, with articles of a more nature of the dress, cunvinced the cumbrous nature, if the story frelated Sultaness, that she and her compaby Holinghed be founded upon fact; nions were not really so drformed as wherein a man is said to have exhi. they appeared to be. bited the whole of his bed and table furniture, taken from those extenfive Anecdote of Sir Philip Calthrop and receptacles. The ladies also, on their

John Drakes. parts, extended their garments from The propensity of persons of low the hips with foxes'tails and bum-rolls, eftate to imitate the fashions of thoss as they are called ; but, finding that, above them, has been adverted to leby such moderation, they could keep veral times in the course of this chappace with the valt protuberance of ter; and now,

of conclufion, the trunk flops, they introduced the I shall add a short story from Camgreat and ftately, vardingales, or far. den, in which this propenfity is very dingales, which fuperfeded all formed properly ridiculed. “ I will tell you," inventions, and gave them the power says the venerable antiquary, “ how of appearing as large as they pleased. “ Sir Philip Calthrop purged John

The vardingale afforded the ladics“ Drakes, the shoemaker of Nora great opportunity of displaying " wich, in the time of Henry the their jewels, and the other ornamen- “ Eighth, of the proud humour which tal parts of their dress, to the utmost our people have to be of the gen. advantage, and, for that reason, I “tleman's cut.-This knight bought presume, obtained the fuperiority "on a time as much fine French over the close habits and the more tawny

as should make him a fimple imitations of Nature ; and “ gown, and sent it to his taylor's to what, indeed, was the court-dress very "be made. John Drakés, a fhoelately, but the vardingale differently “maker, of that town, coming to the modified, being compressed before and "s said taylor's, and seeing the knight's behind, and proportionably extended "gown-cloth lying there, and liking at the fides? 'Bulwer, to whom I have “it well, caused the taylor to buy feveral times had occafion to refer," for him as much of the same cloth, gives us the following anecdote rela.. " at the like price, to the same intent; tive to this unnatural habit :- When os and, further, he bad him make it Sir Peter Wych was ambassador to “ in the same fashion that the knight the Grand Seignor from King James '" would have bis made of, Not long The lirft, his lady was with him at "after, the knight coming to the Constantinople; and the Sultanefs, taylor to take measure of his gown, having heard much of her, desired to “ he perceived the like gown.cloth fee her; whereupon, Lady Wych, “ lying there, and asked the taylor accompanied with her waiting women, “ whose it was. “ It belongs," quoth all of them neatly dressed in their “the taylor, " to John Drakes, who great vardingales, which was the “ will have it made in the self-fame court dress of the English ladies of " fashion that yours is made of.”. that time, waited upon her Highness. “ Well,” said the knight, “ in good The Sultaness received her with great “time he it: I will have mine as full refpeét; but, wondering much at the '" of cuts as thy shears can make it.''


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" It shall be done,” faid the In former times, fays an author * taylor. Whereupon, because the who wrote in the reign of Queen Eli“ time drew near, he made halte to zabeth, “ a nobleman's honfe was a s finish both their garments. John“ commonwealthe in itselfe; but finco " Drakes had no time to go to the “the reteining of these caterpillers," "taylor's till Christmas-day, for fer- meaning the vagrant playere, “the

ving of his customers, when he had “ credite of noblemen hath decaied,

hoped to have worn his gown ; per- " and they are thought to be covet“ceiving the same to be full of cuts, "ous, by permitting their servants, " he began to swear at the taylor for “ which cannot live of themselves, making his

gown after that fort. « and whome, for neerness, they will “ I have done Aothing," quoth the “ not maintain, to live at the devotaylor, “ but what you bad me;

« tion or almes of other men, passing “ for, as Sir Philip Calthrop's gown

“ from countrie to countrie, from one 16 is, even so have I made yours.' “ gentleman's house to another, of“ By my latcher," quoth John “fering their service ; which is a kind “ Drakes, “ I will never wear a gen. S of beggarie; who, indeede, to “tleman's falhion again.*"

fpeake more trulie, are become beg

gers for their servants : for, comMinstrels and Players. “monlie the good will men beare to Minftrels and players were for-“their lordes makes them drawe the merly retainers in the houses of the “ ftringes of their purses to extend nobility: they wore the livery and their liberalities to them, where badges of the mafter to whom they "otherwise they would not.” belonged; and, under that sanction, Under the appellation of minstrels, travelling from place to place, exhi- no doubt, was included all such perbited their performances for hire. In fons as ftudied music profeflionally, the reign of Queen Mary, a remon- and performed for pay. It feema cerftrance from the privy council was tain, that some peculiar kind of dress presented to the lord president of the was generally adopted by these melonorth, ftating, “ that certain lewd,” dious itinerants; and, from seeing that is, dissolute or ignorant, “persons, them frequently depicted in habits " to the number of fix or seven in a altogether different from those in "* company, naming themselves to be common usage, I am led to conclude "the servants of Sir Francis Lake, that, in addition to their musical ta« El and wearing his livery, or badge, lents, they often exhibited certain upon

their sleeves, have wandered tricks of buffoonery, to which the " about these north parts, represent- quaintness of their dress was accomsing certain plays and interludes, re- modated; we may then consider them “ Heating on her Majesty and King as a kind of mimics ; and probably Philip, and the formalities of the they were the primitive introducers

of the strange disguisements that make -These, according to. War- up the medley of a modern masqueton, were“ family minitrels, or play- rade ; and, by such a double exhibi«ers, who were constantly diftin- tion, the exertions of a single min

guished by their master's livery, or trel might affard no small degree of " badge.-Iconfequence of the merriment to minds unprepared for above remonftrance, Sir Francis Lake any superior species of entertainment. was enjoined to correct his servants We frequently find them in company so offending

with other drolle, whose performanEd. Mag. Jan. 1800.

* 6 Camden's Reinains, page 198."

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ces confited of dancing, of tumbling, teenth century t, which contains a or of balancing, to the music*. It short Bible history, embellished withs appears, indeed, elrat dancing and many curious paintings, there is one tumbling, in former times, differed picture representing the daughter of but little, if at all, from each other; Herodias in the presence of Herod; at least, they seem to be often con but, instead of darcing, according to founded: a remarkable instance oca our acception of the word, sie is lie curs to my memory.-In a splendid terally iumbling, or making a somanuscript, written and illuminated mersault, with her hands upon the at the commencement of the thire ground I.


Account of Paths at Sicut. tine. The operation of having the DURING my way at

. Sicut. I con foies of

the feet roughly rubbed is one ftantly frequented the baths, to of the chief pleasures of the Egypwhich I had taken a great liking, and tians; but at first it is insupportable which appeared to me to have a very to Europeans, and occasions involunfalutary effect. These baths are nei tary motions and Itartings, which are ther fo handsome, nor kept in such excited by the sensibility of the parts. good order as those at Cairo. Belides After a certain time, these too deli. the different manners of kneading the cate sensations are no longer felt ; and flesh, of fuppling the limbs, and of at length this operation becomes subbing the body, the Sybarites of agreeable, especially when it is perthis part of the country take great formed by an experienced hand. pleasure in having the foles of their feet rubbed, in their own houses, with Intoxicating quality of Hemp. pieces of pumice.stone. The fort Hemp is cultivated in the plains that is the most esteemed for this use of these countries; but it is not spun is of a blackish cast; it is shaped like into thread as in Europe, although it a shuttle cut with a feather-edge on might probably answer for that purone side, and a flat surface is left on pose. It is, nevertheless, a plant very the other. This shape is the most much in use. For want of intoxicatconvenient for the hand of the person ing liquors, the Arabs and Egyptians who applies the friction. The flat compose from it different preparafide, or the bottom, is striped with tions, which throw them into a fort deep denticulations, which give it the of pleasing inebriety, a state of reverie roughness of a large file, and which that inspires gaiety, and occasions scrape the foles of the feet in a supe. agreeable dreams. This kind of annirior manner.

hilation of the faculty of thinking, The pieces of pumice-stone thus this kind of slumber of the foul, bears formed are called in Arabic el hakkē no resemblance to the intoxication The best are said to come froin Palef- produced by wine or ftrong liquors,


* Representations of all these performances frequently occur in the illuminated MSS. wlience several examples are given in the first and second volumes of the Manners and Customs of the Englith. + In Bibl. Harl. infig. 1527.

Another painting, reprelenting a girl tumbling upon her hand to the music, orcurs in a MSS. in the Cotton Library, marked Domitian, A II.; which is nearly as ancient as that above mentioned,

and the French language affords no comparison of this hemp with that terms by which it can be expressed. of Europe, it may be remarked, that The Arabs give the name of keif to its talk is not near so high ; that ic this voluptuous vacuity of mind, this acquires in thickness what it wants fort of fascinating ftupor.

in height ; that the port or habit of The preparation most in use from the plant is rather that of a thrub, this hemp is made by pounding the the item of which is frequently more fruits with their membranous cap. than two inches in circumference, sules ; the paite resulting therefrom with numerous and alternate branches is baked, with honey, pepper, and adorning it down to the very root. rutmeg, and this sweetineat is then Its leaves are also not so narrow, and {wallowed in pieces of the fize of a less dentated or toothed. The whole nut. The poor, who footh their mi plant exhales a stronger smell, and sery by the stupefaction produced by its fructification is smaller, and at the hemp, content themselves with bruil. same time more numerous than in the ing the capsules of the seeds in water, European species. and eating the paste. The Egyptians also eat the capsules without a

Miraculous Statue. ny preparation, and they likewise In the mosque (at Tomich) there mix them with tobacco for smoking. is shown a camel in Rone, which is At other times they reduce only the seen to turn towards Mecca at the capsules and pistils to a fine powder, time when the caravan of pilgrims and throw away the feeds. This sets out from Cairo, and to turn back powder they mix crith an equal quan. towards Cairo when it leaves Mecca. tity of tobacco, and smoke the mix. Such is the fable related by the inture in a fort of pipe, a very simple, habitants of Tomieh; and this gives but coarse imitation of the Persian some celebrity to their town. I had pipe. It is nothing more than the not an opportunity of examining this fell of a cocoa-nut hollowed and fil. miraculous ftatue. led with water, through which a pun. gent and intoxicating smoke is inhala ed. This manner of smoking is one Fertility of the Soil in Upper Egypt of the most ordinary paftimes of the

Its Agriculture. women in the southern part of E- There is certainly no country in sypt.

the world where the soil is more proAll these preparations, as well as ductive than in Egypt. However, the parts of the plant that serve to when, as some ancient and modern make them, are known under the authors have affirmed, its produce in Arabic name of haschisch, which pro

who is carried to one hundred, two perly signifies herń, as if this plant hundred, and even as far as three were the herb, or plant of plants. hundred, for one, it is extended far The baschisch, the consumption of beyond the common average. On which is very considerable, is to be the other hand, those who have afmet with in all the markets. When serted that a measure of corn, sown it is meant to designate the plant it in the ground, produced only tenself

, unconnected with its virtues and fold, have stopped far short of the its use, it is called basié.

truth. On this subject I collected Although the hemp of Egypt has and compared the most accurate in. much resemblance to ours, it, never- formation ; the result was, that, one theless, differs from it in some cha. year with another, a crop of corn racters which appear to conflitute a yields from five and twenty to thirty particular species. On an attentive for one. And it is important to ob


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serve, that it is not here meant to the fun by which it is warmed, from count the number of grains contain: the masses of rocks by which it is ed in an ear, produced from a parti. surrounded, and which reflect and cular fingle feed, but that I am speak. concentrate the heat, and from its ing of the entire harvest, of the mass elevated fituation, more difficult to of corn that it furnishes in a given irrigate, to be destitute of verdure diftri&t; fo that each measure fown, and incapable of yielding rich crops: yields a crop of from five and twen. it is, nevertheless, infinitely more terty to thirty measures. In extraor. tile than the moist foil of the Delta. dinary years, favoured by circum- Its produce of every kind is more surstances, the land laid down in corn prising. It is shaded by a greater gives a produce of fifty for one. At number of fruit trees, forming, in Néguadé I was even assured that, fix some measure, forests not very closely or seven years previous to my arrival, planted, which maintain a constant a cultivator had reaped a hundred coolness, and under the shade of which and fifty times the seed sown; but the traveller may either take repose, this observation, supposing it to be or proceed on his way. correct, applying only to a folitary Belides the vegetative strength of and particular fact, cannot be includ- a privileged soil, the manner in which ed in the general estimate For some the Egyptians low corn is also one years the inhabitants had been com- of the causes of its great multiplicaplaining of the scantiness of their tion. It is obvious that the method crops ; nevertheless, during these ve- of fowing thick, perhaps necessary in Ty years, which they considered as cold and compact ground, would be times of dearth, the land had produced prejudicial in a warm soil exuberant twenty for one.

with vegetation. Accordingly, the Such a fertility, which had no need feed is very sparingly scattered in the of exaggeration to appear astonish. fields of Egypt. The fower walks ing, is still susceptible of increase. behind the plough, and strews in the Ignorant and lazy, the Egyptian cul. small furrow it makes, a portion of tivators knew not how to derive the grain barely necessary, which the greatest advantage from the most plough covers in tracing another fur. fruitful foil; and the process of watering, which vegetation requires in In this manner there is no feed so warm a climate, was neglected, or loft ; there is none that, as in our in a great measure forgotten. country, seems to be thrown purpose

However, if it be considered that ly to feed the birds. The stalks, arvegetation has no where more ftrength ranged in drills, and at a proper difand activity than in the soil of Up. tance from each other, as well as the per Egypt; if it be remarked that roots that fupport them, cafily reno species of culture long occupies ceive the iinprefiions of the air and the ground, and that several are seen the sun; and the ears, being neither to succeed each other, and thrive in confined nor smothered, are healthy the same year, the inexhaustible mine and strong; the grains with which of abundance which this ancient land they are filled soon become plump contains in its bosom, cannot fail to and luxuriant, and none of them ever be a subject of astonishment.

prove abortive or diseased. Neither And this incomparable fertility is are the fields overrun by a great numstill more brilliant in the south than ber of plants which, under the gein the north of Egypt. The The- neric name of weeds, are, in the bais, which borders upon the torrid greater part of our fields, a' real żone, would seem, from the heat of scourge to the harvests. The corn is


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