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person should be permitted to vote at churches, but as that law was the law of such vestries who was at present, under the land, the present bill would not make the laws of the country, disqualified from the situation of the Catholics worse than so doing. It was clear that Roman Ca- it was before in this respect. By the law tholics were included in this disqualifica- as it now stood, if the Protestant inhabi. tion. (Hear, hear.) So that this mea tants of a parish where there was no sure, after expressing a hypocritical incli. Protestant church desired it, the Bishop pation to extend certain privileges to of the diocese had power to order the them as a compensation for the burdens building of a new one at the expense of to be imposed on them in this unsuspected the parish, which would fall upon all the and underhanded way, pronounced them inhabitants, Catholic and Protestant. By vot entitled to those very privileges. The the clause in the present bill, however, Noble Lord concluded by moving as an they would only be required, in cases amendment, that the bill be read a third where there was not a Protestant church time this day three weeks.

in their parish, to contribute towards the The Bishop of Down defended the bill; repairs of the church in the adjoiuing all the prorisious of which, he said, had parish. buen amply discussed in the other House, Lord HOLLAND again objected, that it

Lord CLIFDEN thought the bill most was unjust to make the inhabitants of unjust in its principle, and he implored one parish, not only liable for the repairs the Noble Lords opposite to make them of the church in the adjoining, but also selves fully masters of the subject, before liable to make good the debt which had they proceeded any further with it. It been contracted in building it. was most absurd, he contended, to sup The Earl of Darnley opposed the bill, pose that by erecting additional churches and objected strongly to the lateness of in Ireland, they would secure congre- the period at which so important a meagations.

sure was introduced.—The amendment The Earl of LIVERPOOL, in explanation, was negatived. said, that he would not enter into the The question on the third reading was general question of the propriety of then put and carried, without a division ; requiring the Roman Catholics to as as was also the question that it do pass. sist in building and repairing Protestant

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We can give no other answer to the charges brought by our Ellham correspondent's unnamed friend against Rammohun Roy, than that we regard them as a part of the system by which it is hoped to destroy the influence of the Hindoo reformer,

Mr. T. Davis will find the extract which he has sent relatire to Rammohun Roy, in our XVth Volume, p. 7.

T. is angry, and this should lead him to suspect that he is in the wrong.

We are obliged to Mr. Francis Moore, for transmitting to us from Paris the French paper addressed to us by Mons. Thiebaud de Berneaud, of that city, relating to the manuscripts of the late Pascal Alexander Tissot, upon the New Testament. It is under consideration, and will probably be inserted, either in the original or in a translation.

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THE

Monthly Repository.

No. CCXII.]

AUGUST, 1823.

(Vol. XVIII.

, on

Rammohun Roy : Controversy between the Bramuns and Missionaries.

(From the Baltimore “ Unitariau Miscellany,” for May 1823.) THE attention of our readers has this publication has remained unanoccasions, to the progress of Unita “ If a body of men attempt to uprianism in India. We have informed set a system of doctrines generally them of the conversion of Mr. Adam, established in a country, and to introa missionary in Calcutta, and noticed duce another system, they are, in my his sermon preached at the opening of humble opinion, in duty bound to a new society in that city. We have, prove the truth, or, at least, the supealso, repeatedly spoken of the labours riority of their own. of Rammohun Roy, who has made “It is, however, a great satisfaction himself so conspicuous in India and to my conscience to find, that the Europe by his talents, learning, and doctrines inculcated by Jesus and his zeal for religious truth.

apostles, are quite different from those Later information represents the human inventions, which the Missioncause as advancing with as much suc- aries are persuaded to profess, and cess as could be expected. Dr. Chan- entirely consistent with reason, and ning's Ordination Sermon at Balti- the revelation delivered by Moses and more, which has passed through a the prophets. I am, therefore, anxious great number of editions in this coun to support them, even at the risk of try, and in England, has been reprinted my own life. I rely much on the force in Calcutta. We have before us two of truth, which will, I am sure, ultiletters from Rammohun Roy to a mately prevail. Our number is comgentleman in Baltimore, the first dated paratively small, but I am glad to Calcutta, October 17, and the other, inform you, that none of them can be December 9, 1822. These letters con- justly charged with the want of zeal tain valuable facts, some of which will and prudence. be seen in the extracts below. They “I wish to add, in order that you are written in English, and manifest may set me right, if you find me misa perfect acquaintance with that lan- taken,-my view of Christianity is, guage. In the first letter the writer that in representing all mankind as observes,

the children of one eternal Father, it “ I have now every reason to hope, enjoins them to love one another, that the truths of Christianity will without making any distinction of not be much longer kept hidden under country, cast, colour, or creed; notthe veil of Heathen doctrines and withstanding, they may be justified practices, gradually introduced among in the sight of the Creator in mani. the followers of Christ, since many festing their respect towards each lovers of truth are zealously engaged other, according to the propriety of in rendering the religion of Jesus their actions, and the reasonableness clear from corruptions.

of their religious opinions and obser“ I admire the zeal of the Missionaries sent to this country, but disap “ I shall lose no time in sending prove of the means they have adopted. you my Final Appeal to the Christian In the performance of their duty, they Public, as soon as it is printed.” always begin with such obscure doetrines as are calculated to excite ridi.

In the second letter Rammohun cule, instead of respect, towards the Roy remarks, religion which they wish to promul Although our adversaries are both gate. The accompanying pamphlets, numerous and zealous, as the advercalled The Bramunical Magazine, and saries of truth always have been, yet published by a Bramun, are a proof of our prospects are by no means dismy assertion. The last number of couraging, if we only have the means VOL. XVIII.

3 к

vances.

of following up what has already been arguments which could be adduced in done.

favour of Unitarianism. He studied “We confidently hope that, through the Scriptures alone, and his own these various means, the period will writings prove that he studied them be accelerated, when the belief in the with uncommon attention. He beDivine Unity, and in the mission of lieved them on their own anthority, Christ, will universally prevail.” and he now declares his willingness to

What the author calls bis Final support the truths they contain, “even Appeal, relates to a controversy in at the risk of his own life.” He has which he has been some time engaged found no Trinity there ; he has found with the Missionaries, and which we one God and one Mediator ;” the have before noticed. He published Supreme Being, and his subordinate selections from the New Testament, Messiah ; the Creator of all things, in which it was his object to bring and the Son by whom he revealed his together the practical parts, and avoid will to the world. In short, the resuch as have divided Christians. For sults to which he has come, have very this he was censured by the Mission- little accordance with the high dogmas aries. He has defended himself in two of orthodoxy, which make so promiAppeals to the Christian Public, writ- nent a feature in human systems of ten with great moderation, candour faith, but which Unitarians deem unand ability. In the first, he makes it scriptural and unprofitable. In regard appear, by various arguments, that if to the Trinity, he says, any hope is ever to be entertained of “ Early impressions alone can inconverting the Hindoos to Christi. duce a Christian to believe that three anity, the work must be commenced are one, and one is three ; just as by by teaching the plain, practical in- the same means a Hindoo is made to structions of Jesus. In the second, believe that millions are one, and one he takes up some of the dogmas, which is millions; and to imagine that an the Missionaries declared to be essen- inanimate idol is a living substance, tial to Christianity, but which he says and capable of assuming various forms. he has never been able to find in the As I have sought to attain the truths Bible. The Trinity and Atonement of Christianity from the words of the are the two dogmas on which he chiefly Author of this religion, and from the insists. He aflirms, that these are not undisputed instructions of his holy apostaught in the Scriptures, and he draws tles, and not from a parent or tutor, all his arguments to confute them I cannot help refusing my assent to from the Scriptures themselves. He any doctrine which I do not find scripalso explains in a very full and clear tural.—Second Appeal, p. 108. manner all the texts quoted by the As to the general tenor of the Missionaries, and Trinitarians gene- above extracts from Rammohun Roy's rally, in support of these doctrines. letters, our readers cannot but per

His Second Appeal contains one ceive that the views they indicate are hundred and seventy-three pages, and rational and just. It is perfectly clear, in it the author discovers a familiar that before you can pretend to teach a and profound acquaintance with every doctrine, or any truth, to beings who part of the Scriptures, not only in can reason and think, you must bring their English dress, but in the original it down to their apprehension, and Hebrew and Greek. He criticises se- shew something in it, which their veral passages in the original with minds can grasp, and on which their judgment and discrimination. He is understanding can rest. The Misan adept in the Eastern languages. sionaries scem to reverse this order of He has published works in Arabic, nature. They begin with mysteries; Persian and Bengalee; and we have with things which they acknowledge never known a foreigner write the to be unintelligible to themselves; English with so accurate a use of its and it is no wonder that they should idiom. A volume of his works has end in a total failure. recently been published in England. The absurdity of this plan is the

We consider the conversion of this more manifest in such a country as learned Bramun to Christianity, a re- Bengal, where there are natives of markable event of the present age, great talents and great learning, who and one of the strongest practical spend their lives in study aud research,

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