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ners of civil and religious liberty, yet I as a justification of my project, and from cannot respect freedom or religion the respect to those who would have unitech less, because ambition, knavery and with me, to offer that tribute to Dr. hypocrisy have used these sacred Priestley's memory, which has always naines as cloaks to cover their own been considered as paid by the publicudesigns.

tion of a correct edition of an author's J.

works. P. S. Since writing my last letter,

My expectations of success in this I have read the extracts from “Old project were always moderate. Expefield's Representative llistory of Great rience has still furiher restrained them. Britain and Ireland," in the Sapple

I must now leave the question to be ment to the Monthly Magazine for determined by the Unitarians, and Jals, which I would recommend to shall nerer be likcly to regret, what

erer may be the result, that I have copevery person who wishes to learn the true state of our representation, and nected my name with such an attempt. has not an opportunity of seeing the

I remain, Sir, your's, valuable original.

J.T.RUTT. P.S. A young friend who, though

a lawyer, bas not, like Blackstone, bid SIR, Claplon, fug. 4, 1816.

farewell to his muse, and who is much I

OBSERVE, ar page 386 of your more conversant with Shakspeare than

last Nimber, a letter from a gen- myself, has referred me to a passage in tleman who was first known to me as As You Like It, from which Waus apone of the carliest encouragers of my pears to have taken a hint for the lines projected Edition of Dr. Priestley's which I quoted (p. 391). It is in the Theological Works. On Mr. Cordell's 2d Scene of the 3d Act, where Orlando concluding proposal, the result of great in a soliloquy exclaims : good will to my design, it does not be

" O Rosalind! those trees shall be my come me to make any remark, except

books, that he is correct in stating that I intend

And in their barks my thoughts I'll to proceed with the undertaking, if two

character; Funilred subscriptions can be procured.

That every eye, which in this forest I now think it proper to add, that no

looks, copies will be printed, except for sub- Shall see thy virtue witness'd every scribers. Thus their copies will not be

wbere. depreciated, as they might apprehend, Run, run, Orlando ; carve on erery trer, by a number being reserved for sale. The fair, the chaste, and unexpressive she.** So far as can ascertain their amount,

My friend's conjecture is strengthtlc suscriptions already received do not ened' by this verse of Watts, which exceed sisty. Of reported sul-scrilers, iminedíately follows that I quoted : who have not yet paid their subscriptions, there appears to be about the

* The swains shall wonder wben they same number. Should those subscrips read,

Inscrib'd on all the grove ; tions be paid, and eighty more be added to thein, by November next, so as to

That hear'n itself came down and bled,

To win a mortal's love." complete the number of two hundred subscriptions, which is now scarcely to The Reviewer (p. 405) has, perhaps, be expected, I purpose, immediately, to understood too generally the difficulties put the first volume to the press, and occurring to Dissenters, on attempting in bring out the edition with all the to place their sons at public schools, accuracy and dispatch in my power, Unless my memory serres me very ill,

Should it appear by November next, there were no inquiries but of a literary which will complete one year since kind, when I entered St. Paul's School 1 first proposed the subject, in your in 1771. I observe in Knight's Life work, ihai the subscriptions have not of Colrt (p. 36-4), among the founder's 'amounted to two hundred, I shall statuies, that he bade the children learne think myself justified, to the promoters first atore all the catechizon in Engliskes of the undertaking, in abandoning it, but this rule I apprehend had been and will immediaiely return their sub- long neglected, as well as that which 'scriptions. Their naines, by your leare, enjoined the reading specially Criston Inhall, in that case, record in your pages, antors, that wrote theire riscome with

REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE
OF GENERAL READING.

Mr. Belshan's Notes on the Epistles of Paul.-Gleanings. 471 clean and chasle Laten. In the 6th and proceeding from his lips, was not with. 7th classes, which were those I, passed out effect in the great work of the abo: through, we indeed repeated the Church lition of the slave trade. catechism, in Greek, as a school exer- The Monthly Magazine Correspondcise; and thus the children of Non- ent, who signs himself T. H. S. and conformists were frcqnently uttering dates Nottingham, June 20, 1816, exfalsehoods, though in a dead langnage, plains himself as follows: about supposed benefits from pretended “If instead of the silly castles in the godfathers and godmothers.

air which principally cover the earthenThere are other dificulties, not pe- ware in present use, there were a wise culiar to Dissenters, but which must, saying or an immutable truth on every I think, occur to any parent, educated plate and tea-cup and sancer; what á in a public school, who has since ac- fund of sententious wisdon might be quired a comiction that moral habits introduced into every family, particuare of more value than classical attain- larly the middle and lower classes of incnts.

society. What admirable topics for

conversation would thus be introduced, Sır, August 5, 1816. and what useful and early associations

· would be formed !-It seems to me I

HAVE been informed that Mr.
Belsham has, in a state of readiness

that this system of communicating for the press, Notes by himself on the moral instruction, would be much su Epistles of Paul. As one of the many perior to that of communicating it admirers of his most excellent works

through the medium of tracts." illustrative of the meaning of the writers

of the New Testament, especially with GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND reference to the doctrines about which Christians are so much divided in opi nion, I most sincerely hope that, if my information is correct, he will be in

No. CCLXVIII. duced to add to the important services which he has already rendered to the

Improvements in Moral and Political

· Science. good cause which he advocates, by

“It is chiefly in jndging of questions publishing them for the benefit of the

coming home to their business apd public. Such a work is a great desideratum. bosoms, that casual associations lead

mankind astrar; and of such associaIt would form a valuable ad lition to

tions how incalculable is the number the late excellent Mr. Kenrick's. Il- arising from false systems of religion, lustrations of the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles ;" and coming from the absurd plaus of education! The con

oppressive forms of government, and masterly pen of Mr. Belshamn, it would be purchased and read with avidiey. and mathematical discoveries of former

sequence is, that while the physical Mr. Belsham will, I trust, favour the public with information on the subject, the historian, like masses of pure and

ages present th“ uselves to the hand of ihrough the medium of your valuable native gold, the truths whiehi we are Repository.

here in quest of may be compared to

D.D." iron, which, although at onee the most New Mode of Diffusing Knoroledge.

necessary and the most widely diffused

of all the metais, cominonly requires a A

CORRESPONDENT in the discriminating ere to detect its exist.

Monthly Magazine (Aug. 1816), enee, and a tedious as well as nice prosugests a new, but not extravagantccss to extract it from the ore. mode, of disseminating useful and im- * To the same circumstance it is portant truths. It may be applied to owing, that improvenients in Moral other articles of manufacture besides and in Political Science do pot strike carthenware, and to other articles of the imagination with nearly so great earthenware besides those which he force as the discoveries of the Mathespecifies. The watch-seal with the matician or of the Chemist. When engraving of the negro in the attitude an inveterate prejndice is destroyed by of supplicating mercy, with the words, extirpating the casual associations on Am I not a man and a brother!" which it was grafted, how powerful is

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ANECDOTES RELATING TO CRI

MINAL LAW.

the new impulse given to the intel- great wrath, expressing his amazelectual faculties of man! Yet how ment that a Christian amlassador should slow and silent the process by which shut the mouth of the Holy Ghost.the effect is accomplished ! Were it Trenchard and Gordon's Tracts, not, indeed, for a certain class of learned

1751, ii. 296. authors, who, from time to time, heave the log into the deep, we shonld hardly

No. CCLXX. believe that the reason of the species is progressive. In this respect, the religious and academical establishments in

The Rack. some parts of Europe, are not without " Judge Foster relates, from Whittheir use to the historian of the Human lock, that the Bishop of London having Mind. Immoveably moored to the said to Felton, who had assassinated same station by the strength of their the Duke of Buckingham— If you cables and the weight of their anchors, will not confess, you must go to the rack ; they enable him to measure the ra- the man replied, " If it must be so, I pidity of the current by which the rest know not whom I may accuse in the of the world are borne along:

extremity of the torture, Bishop Laud This too is remarkable in the his- perhaps, or any Lord at this board.' tory of our prejudices; that as soon as “ Sound sense (adds Foster) in the the film falls from the intellectual eye, mouth of an enthusiast and ruffian ! . we are apt to lose all recollection of “ Laud having proposed the rack, our former blindness. Like the fan- the matter was shortly debated at the tastic and giant shapes, which, in a board, and it ended in a reference to thick fog, the imagination lends to a the judges, who unanimously resolved block of stone, or to the stump of a tree, that the rack could not be legally they produce, while the illusion lasts, used." the same effect with truths and realities; De Lolme on Eng. Const. Vol. I. but the moment the eye has caught the

B. 1. Ch. il. exact forin and dimensions of its object, the spell is broken for ever ; nor

No. CCLXXI. can any effort of thought again conjure

Universal Providence. up the spectres which have vanished." “GOD, says Newton, is all eye, and Dugald Stewart's Pref. to Diss. pre- EAR, and SENSE.

fixed to Supplement to Encyclop. Schol. Gen. in Princip. The whole Britann. p. 16.

passage deserves quotation. Totus est

sui similis, totus oculus, totus auris, totus No. CCLXIX.

cerebrum, totus brachium, totus vis sentGrotius's Chaplains.

tiendi, intelligendi et ugendi, sed more « Grotius, when ambassador for minimè humano, more minimè corporeo, Sweden in France, had two Chap- more nobis prorsùs incognito. lains, a Calvinist ad a Lutheran, • With this passage, one from Pliny, who preached by turns. What they Nat. Hist. ii. 7, may very properly be principally laboured was to revile one compared. Quisquis est Dens, totus est another, and their sermons were only sensus, totus visus, totus auditus, tolus invectives. The ambassador, tired animæ, totus animi, totus sui. and ashamed of the extravagancies of “ But this prince of philosophers, these reverend madmen, begged them this glory, not of our nation only, but to explain the gospel, without wound- our species, refined his notions of the ing Christian charity. This gead Divinity from the favourite volume of advice neither of them relished. His his meditations; that volume, which Lutheran chaplain particularly re- had declared, that a sparrow, nay even plied, that he must preach whai Gad a hair of the head could not fall to inspired; and went on in the old the ground, without vibrating through strain. Grotius at last ordered him the remotest corner of God's creation," either to forbear railing or preaching. Wakefield's Evidences of Christianity, The meek preacher turned away in

P. 40.

REVIEW..
“Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."---Pore.

Art. I.-Illustrations of the Divine derived from his care over the lilies

Government ; tending to show, that of the field, he annexes the following every Thing is under the Direction of observations: “The argument, which Infinite Wisdom and Goodness, and our Lord here employs, is beautiful will terminate in the Production of and affecting. Every one must have Universal Purity and Slappiness. By felt its force. When in a solitary T. Southwood Smith. * Sold by ramble our eye has been struck with Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, Pater- a little flower blooming in a secluded noster Row, and D. Eaton, 187, spot - when we have examined the High Holborn, London; and by perfection of all its parts, the richBryce and Co. South Bridge Street, ness, the variety, the exquisite beauty Edinburgh. 1816. pp. 240. 12010. of its tints ; when we have considered price 6s. extra boards.

the care that has been taken of this A

engage the attention of mankind, skill employed upon its construction, there are iwo of supreme importance, which of us has not been deeply imthe Unity of God, and his Infinite pressed with the truths, which our Benevolence. These doctrines are divine Instructor would here teach us? intimately connected together; for the Which of us has not said to himself,former cannot be fully apprehended can so much care have been spent without leading to a firm belief of the upon this little flower, and can I, latter. The evidence for the strict bumble and insignificant though Í Unity of God having been previously am, be overlooked by the Author of my presented to the minds of religious being? It is impossible. There must inquirers in Scouland, Mr. Southwood be a God, there must be a Providence, Smith, has in the work before us, and I, and the myriads of creatures, cailed their attention to the sublime who in coipmon with me enjoy the and delightful consequences, which boon of existence, have reason to flow from that doctrine, and which rejoice!" Pp. 20, 21. relate to the Character and Govern- Here Mr. Smith properly introduces ment of the One God and Father of the doctrine of Philosophical Neces. all.

sity, which represents ihe Deity as Our author commences his treatise appointing and producing every event by a brief view of the evidence for the in the moral, as well as in the existerfee, perfections, and providence natural world, but in such a manner of the Supreme Being. From argu- as is consistent with the nature of inan ments, stated much in the manner of as a rational and accountable agent. Dr. S. Clarke, he concludes, that Having shown that all events are con“nothing can happen without the tinually directed and imniediately knowlecige and permission of unerring produced by the agency of God, and wisdom and perfect goodness, and that having hence inferred that they must all the vast affairs of the universe, in conspire to the accomplishment of every particular circunstance, and in some wise and benevolent end, he every instant of time, are under the adrances the grand doctrine of his wisest and the best direction.” P. 18. volume, that the great design of the He then, shows that upon these points Deity in the creation and government revelation confirms the deductions of of the world is TO BRING ALL HIS reason ; and, after quoting our Sa- INTELLIGENT

A viour's admirable proof of the univer- STATE OF PURITY AND BLISS, sal and minute Providence of God, Before adducing the evidence in

favour of this opinion, Mr. Smith Since this work was publisbed, Mr. considers the preliminary question Smith bas graduated at Edinburgh, M.D. respecting the kind of proof, by which His inaugural thesis, which is printed and it ought to be established. Some dedicated to Mr. Belsham, is entitled “De Christians ohject to the admission of Mente Morbis læsa." ED.

any doctrine, which is not expressly

OFFSPRING

ΤΟ

affirmed in Scripture. Others contend proves this attribute from the nature that this evidence is not absolutely and condition of man and other aninecessary. The history of the corrup- mals, in that interesting and pleasing tions of Christianity should no doubt manner, which is to be expected from make us exceedingly cautious in the a pious, well-informed, and enlightreception of doctrines, which revela-, cned mind. He infers, that the Altion does not directly inculcate. But mighty could not have created man- 1 this caution need not in our opinion kind with any other view but to he carried to such an extreme, as to render them happy, and observes, that lead us to refuse our assent to a doc- the motive often ascribed, namely, trine upon this ground alone, if it, be that he created the world in order io supported by competent evidence of a display his own glory, coincides with different description, and be in perfect that here assigned, since the glory of consistency with the declarations of the God can be nothing but the happiness Scriptures. The whole spirit -and of his creatures. But, since many design of the Christian religion, and Christians allow, that the goodness the example and authority of Jesus of God moved him to the work of Christ and the apostles, instead of dis- creation, and consequently that he couraging, favour and enjoin the free must have originally designed the ultiexercise of the understanding upon mate felicity of at least the majority religious subjects; and we probably of mankind, while they nevertheless coincide most entirely with the design suppose that the eternal punishinent of of the Almighty Author of the gospel, a portion of them may be decrecd by when we habitually contemplate the his wisdom in subserviency to this light of nature and the fight of revela- end, it was necessary

to prove

further tion as streaming alike from himself the unitersally, of the divine benevoand in parallel rays-every ohject, upon lence. This is pehaps the point of which' they fall, being the most Mr. Smith's argument, upon which brightly and beautifully illuminated by his doctrine chiefly depends. lle aptheir united action. We need not pears to us to have completely suctherefore hesitate to receive any doc- ceeded in it. He has vindicated the erine, which, upon the most careful impartiality of the great Father of all and attentive examination, appears to the families of the earth, by reasonings be a fair of necessary inference from so masterly, facts so various, and other doctrines, admitted upon the illustrations so beautiful, that we authority either of revelation, or of cannot here attempt an abridgment, the religion of nature, or of both com- but must request our readers to turn bined. But at the same time, we to the book itself: pp. 57—65. He should keep in mind, that argu- further argues, that nothing can frusments may in reality be derived from trate the desigur of the Deity which Seripture, which do not at first sight has been stated, and that all tis other appear to be so.' Revelation has perfections, instead of presenting any

poured so much light upon the mind, opposition, must harmonize with his and has led us into such a just way of benevolence in the production of this reasoning concerning God, concerning glorious result. his design in creation, and his graverp- In the next place, our author argnes ment of the world, that our concep- with great force and ingenuity from the tions and arguments, even when they natural capacities of the human mind, maindo not appear at all to depend upon taining that a structure so vast and so this heavenly Guide, attain a degree noble, cannot have been raised to afford of sublimity and truth, to which they to the universe an eternal spectacle of would never have arrived without it; majestic desolation, but that it must and we often appear to be following have been formed to answer some use the deductions of our own understand- proportionate to its grandeur.

In ing, when, in reality, we are only the constitution of all the inferior aniTepeating in other words, and with mals we see means'adapted to promote other associations, the declarations of the ends which are accomplished. Scripture." P. 36.

Why then is man the only creature Mr. Smith first argues in favour of in the umirerse, who possesses a nature the doctrine of Universal Restoration that falsifies every appearance and disfrom the perfections of the Deity, and appoints every expectation; a capacity, especially from his goodness. He that enables' him to soar with the

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