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and then discontinued it only on account of the fatigue of our troops, who had been engaged during twelve hours, and because I found myself on the same road with Marshal Blucher, who assured ine of his intention to follow the enemy throughout the night he has sent me word this morning (the 19th) that he had taken 60 pieces of cannon belonging to the Imperial guard, and several carriages, baggage, &c. belonging to Bonaparte, in Genappe."
According to the private letters, the leaders on both sides seem to have thrown aside all personal considerations, and to have rushed with their troops into the thickest of the battle. The Duke of Wellington was continually exposed: he was in close conversation with Lord Uxbridge, when the latter received his wound; and Marshal Blucher was, it is said, some moments a prisoner. Bonaparte repeatedly led on the cavalry to the attack, and was so mixed in the affray of the charging troops, that he was sometimes inclosed by the British, and disentangled as it were almost by miracle.Murat and Jerome are said to be killed.Vandamme is also reported to be wounded and carried to Ghent.
The letters concur in stating the French loss at not less than 40,000 men hors de combat, the total loss of the allied army is estimated at 10,700; and as the enemy's efforts were chiefly directed against the British, the loss will no doubt be severely felt in this country. At the time the Duke of Wellington's dispatches were written the returns had not been made up, but he incloses a list of officers killed and wounded, as far as they could be then made out, of which the following are the principal.
His Serene Highness the Duke of Brunswick Oels. Lieutenant-General Sir Tho mas Picton, G. C. B. Major-General Sir W. Ponsonby, K. C. B. Colonel du Platt, King's German Legion. Colonel Ompteda, ditto. Colonel Morrin, 69th foot. Colonel Sir W. Ellis, 23d foot. Lieut.-Colonel Mara, 42d foot. Lieut.-Colonel Cameron, 924 foot. Lieut.-Colonel Hon. Sir Alex. Gurdon. Lieut.-Colonel Canning. Lieut.Col. Currie, of Lord Hill's Staff'; Major the Hon. Frederick Howard, 10th hussars; Major George Bain, royal artillery; Major Norman Ramsay, ditto; Major Cairnes, ditto; Major Chambers, 30th regiment; Brigade-Major Crofton, 5th division; Brigade-Major Rosewiel, 2d light regiment; Captains Bolton, royal artillery; Crawford, guards; the Hon. Curzon, A. D. C. to his Royal Highness the Prince of Orange; Chambers, aide-de-camp to Lieutenant-Ge
neral Picton; Charles Ellis, 95th regiment; Robertson, 73d regiment; Kennedy, 73d regiment; Schannan, 2d light battalion, K. G. L. Halgeoman, 1st ditto; Henry Marshal, 1st ditto; Grohen, ditto; Gunning, 10th hussars; Grove, 1st guards; Lieutenant C. Manners, royal artillery; Lieutenant Lister, 95th regiment; Ensign Lord Hay, aide-de-camp to general Maitland; Ensign Bruce, Ist guards.
General his Royal Highness the Prince of Orange, G. C. B. severely. Lieutenant-Ge neral the Earl of Uxbridge, G. C. B. right leg amputated. Lieut.-General Sir Charles Alten, K. C. B. severely. Major-General Cooke, right arm amputated. Major-Ge neral Sir E. Barnes, K. C. B. AdjutantGeneral, severely. Major-Gen. Sir James Kempt, K. C. B. slightly. Major-General Sir Colin Halkett, K. C. B. severely. Ma jor-General Adam, severely. Major-General Sir William Dornbeg, K. C. B. severely Colonel Sir John Elley, K. C. B. slightly. Colonel Harris, 73d Foot. Colonel Quentin, 10th hussars, slightly. Col. Honour. able Frederick Ponsonby, severely. Colonel Sir William Delancy, severely. LieutenantColonel Lord Fitzroy Somerset, right arm amputated. Lieutenant-Colonel Hay, 16th Lieut.-Colonel light dragoons, severely. Abercromby, A. Q. M. G. slightly. Liet tenant-Colonel Hamilton, 30th foot. Lieutenant-Colonel Cameron, 95th foot, severe. ly. Lieutenant Colonel Wyndham, 1st foot guards, severely. Lieut. Col. Bowater, 3d foot guards, slightly. Lieutenant-Colonel Macdonnell, Coldstream guards, slightly. Lieutenant-Colonel Dashwood, 3d guards, severely. Lieut.-Colonel Sir Robert Hill, royal horse guards (blue,) severely. Lieutenant-Col. Norcott, 95th, severely. Lieu tenant-Colonel Hill, severely. LieutenantColonel Adair, 1st guards, severely. Lieu tenant-Colonel Miller, 1st guards, danger ously. Lieut.-Colonel Sir G. H. Berkeley,
A. A. G.
This sanguinary battle has been produc tive of the most important results, namely, the abdication of the imperial throne of France by Bonaparte, and the appointment of a Provisional government by the legis lative bodies, who have also sent commis sioners to treat for peace with the allies The particulars of these events, together with the details of the brilliant victory which preceded them, will be found in a preced ing part of this Number.
The thanks of the British Parliament, and £. 200,000, have been already voted to the Duke of Wellington for his brilliant conduct in the actions above detailed.
£.5,000,000; and in respect of the defi.
DEATH OF MARSHAL BERTHIER.
The German papers give an account of ciency in the number of troops (150,000) which she agreed to furnish by the treaty of Chaumont, is further to pay in money £2,500,000, to be distributed equally among the smaller states at the rate of 11. 2 s. per man.
the death of Marshal Berthier, last month, by a fall from a window in Bamberg; out of which he threw himself. A remarkable change, it is said, had been observed in his appearance, for some time previous, and on the day on which he died he had been at dinner with his father-in-law, the King of Bavaria, when the Russian General Ba. ron Sacken, complimented him on seeing him among the few who had remained faithful to their sovereign Louis XVIII. This remark was observed to disconcert him much, and shortly after he went up stairs to a room occupied by his children, three stories from the ground, and having sent out the nurse, threw himself out of the window, and falling on his head, was killed on the spot. One of his sons, a child, got
The army commanded by Wellington and Blucher, amounting, previous to the late battles, to 200,000, comprised part of this immense force, and accounts have been received of the entrance into France on the side of Alsace, of an Austrian army under Prince Schwartzenberg; and also that an Austrian and Piedmontese army under General Frimant, have entered into Provence, and were rapidly advancing to Lyons.
The first Russian army, estimated at 84,000 infantry and 26,000 cavalry, passed through Bohemia in May. Another through Prague before the 10th of June, army of 80,000 men was expected to pass
hold of his feet, and was nearly dragged over along with him.
and a third army to the same amount was expected by the end of the month.
The Swiss Cantons have also entered into a treaty with the allies, whereby they engage to defend their own frontier, if attacked, with an army of 40,000 men.
The Congress of Vienna had broken up, after arranging all the affairs of the Continent. The Emperor and Empress of Austria were on the 3d at Cronstadt; the Emperor Alexander was expected on the 5th at Heidelberg, and on the 30th ult. the King of Prussia arrived at Berlin. The King of Saxony has been restored to his Kingdom, upon ceding several of his provinces to Prussia. On the 22d ult. he published a proclamation relieving his subjects so made over from their oaths of allegiance.
Marshal Berthier was long considered as the chief adviser and bosom friend of Bo. naparte. Under the ci-devant Imperial Government he was created Prince of Neufchatel and Wagram, Vice-Constable of the Empire, Colonel-General of the Swiss, &c. Berthier was of a respectable family, being the son of the Governor of the War Office, with whom he was enjoined in office previous to the Revolution. He was with La Fayette in America, where he obtained the rank of Colonel, and rose to be Marshal of France and War Minister through all the rapid gradations which attended the military career during the last 25 years. Berthier was always distinguished for moderation, though firmly attached to Bonaparte, whose Chief of the Staff he was in Egypt, and to whose cause, up to the date of the treaty of Paris, he, on numberless occasions, rendered the greatest services.
It will be seen from the foregoing columns that Murat, late King of Naples, had a command in Bonaparte's army in the great battle of the 18th, and is reported to have been killed in that action. The attempt he had previously made to revolutionise Italy, had ended in the most complete failure. After the battle of Tolentino, noticed in our last Number, his army was so dispirited and reduced by desertion, that he was totally incapable of risking another action; and after experiencing fresh disasters, in the close pursuit of him by the Austrians, he made his escape to Naples on the 19th ult. accompanied by a handful of French and Italian officers, who remained faithful to him. Arrived, however, in his capital, he found that it had on the 11th capitulated to a British squadron; and he
was under the necessity of making his escape from it in disguise, which he effected, it is said, by the help of a British passport that had been granted to a French officer, previous to hostilities being declared against France. The Austrian troops entered Naples on the 22d, headed by Prince Leopold of Sicily, who took possession of the kingdom in the name of his father Ferdinand IV. now again King of the Two Sicilies.
A Paris paper of the 7th June gives the following account of the misfortunes of Mu. rat, to the date of his landing in France,
"The King of Naples landed at Cannes on the 25th of May. The Prince owes his misfortune entirely to the cowardice of the Neapolitan troops. They advanced as long as the Austrians were not in sufficient force to oppose them; but when victory was to be purchased by efforts, instead of fighting, they fled. Had the King been able to advance into Lombardy, his case and that of Italy, would have triumphed. The officers and soldiers of Prince Eugene would have flocked to his standard and formed the strength of his army. But he had scarcely established himself on the Po, when the Austrians received reinforcements and resumed the offensive. The Neapolitans being then intimidated by the presence of an enemy who did not fly, took to flight themselves. The King could not rally the wreck of his army until he reached Macerata. He wished to give battle, and the Austrian corps was inferior to that which he commanded; but the Neapolitans fled at the first musket shot, and dispersed on all sides. None remained faithful to the King except a battalion of Italian and French officers, and it was with this handful of brave men that he accomplished his retreat to Naples, constantly followed by the Austrians. tering his capital he soon found it was impossible to maintain himself there. He left it on horseback on the 20th May, and having proceeded along the coast in front of the island of Ischia, he embarked on board of a vessel belonging to the Isle of Elba, which conveyed him in five days to Cannes."
gether with her children, who are at Gaeta, threw herself upon the protection of his Imperial Majesty, and with Generals Macdonald and Livron, and also with the ministers Zurle and Moesburg, goes on board an English ship for Gaeta and thence to Trieste, where she is to wait from the favour of his Majesty the determination of her fu ture residence, with the promise never to return to France or Italy without his Majesty's special permission.”
In the House of Commons on the 14th instant, the Chancellor of the Exchequer presented to the House his annual account of the national finances. The supplies required for this year, independent of the an. nual interest due on the national debt, amount, exclusive of about £.9,000,000 for Ireland, to £.79,968,112. The annual duties-surplus of the consolidated fund-war taxes-lottery-naval stores-amount to £.28,750,000. This appears to be the free unincumbered revenue of the country; and what is required beyond it, must be borrowed, or made up, by issuing exchequer bills, which is in effect the same transaction. If we add the annual interest to the national creditors, amounting to about £40,000,000, the whole sum to be provided for by Great Britain, will, for the year 1815, amount to about £.120,000,000.
In order to defray the annual interest of what is borrowed, a permanent fund must be provided, and the annual increase of interest incurred by the debt of this year, is L.3,689,000. It was provided, however, in 1793, that for all debt contracted, subsequent to that period, taxes should not only be imposed to the amount of the interest, but that I per cent. should be added, in order to accumulate for the discharge of the principal. This sum, therefore, of £.3,689,000 includes one per cent. for the discharge of the principal of the debt, besides the charges of management, which a mount together to £.1,090,900, leaving the annual interest at £.2,597,100. This, then, is the real addition which the expences of this year will add to the burdens of the country, and to provide for it, taxes expected to produce annually £.1,800,000 are to be imposed. The remaining part of the required annual sum is to be taken out of the increasing produce of the sinking fund; by which means the operation of this fund in reducing the general mass of debt is of Course checked.
Thursday, May 18.
THIS day his Grace Francis Lord Napier, his Majesty's High Commissioner, attended by a number of Noblemen and Gentlemen, and many Naval and Military officers, walked in procession, from the Merchants Hall to the High Church, where he was received by the Magistrates in their robes, &c. After a sermon by the Rev. Dr David Ritchie, Moderator of last Assembly, from Matthew vii. 28, 29. "And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine; for he taught them as one having authority, and not as the Scribes,"-his Grace the Commissioner went to the Assembly Room, when the Members proceeded to chuse a Moderator. The Rev. Dr Lewis Gordon, minister of Drainie, was unanimously elected.
The Assembly having received some further overtures from their committee, Dr David Ritchie proposed that the reference from the Presbytery of Edinburgh relative to the proposed union of the two Gaelic chapels, be referred to a committee, and that said committee be enjoined to report on Saturday.
Dr Campbell, in seconding the motion, proposed that Dr Inglis, though not a member of the present Assembly, should be ad ded to the committee, as, while the national church were in every respect highly indebted to him for his valuable services, the Presbytery of Edinburgh were particularly so in this business. The Assembly unanimously referred the motion to a committee, to report on Saturday.
H. Cockburn, Esq. stated, that from some measures which he had taken, it was more than probable, if the Assembly would defer the case of the presentee to the parish of Nairn, till Saturday, that they would not be troubled with it. The Assembly agreed to defer it till Saturday.
The Assembly appointed a Committee to examine the reports transmitted from Presbyterics respecting the examination of schools, and report to the Assembly.
The Assembly called for the report of the Committee upon the Widows' Fund.
Dr Nicol, in a most luminous speech, which excited a burst of applause from the audience, stated those measures which, in unison with the wishes of the Assembly, and as their Commissioner, he had taken in the progress of the bill for amending the
scheme of the widows' fund. He stated the very handsome assistance he had got from the law-officers in Scotland, from the leading patrons, and from his Majesty's govern
Dr David Ritchie, after an appropriate eulogium on the judicious, enlightened, and persevering exertions of Dr Nico! in this great cause, moved that the thanks of the Assembly be given to the Doctor from the chair. "It is but a just tribute," said Dr Ritchie, "that we give to the man whose memory, while we are buried in oblivion, shall be embalmed in the grateful affection of the widow and the fatherless. It is a fortunate circumstance for the church of Scotland, that at this æra we possess a man of such abilities, as, I believe, are not equalled by any other individual-a man on whose head, in union with the venerable founder of this scheme, shall descend the blessing of the orphan."
The Solicitor-General, in seconding the motion, observed, that as he was merely in the House by accident, he would consider that accident among the most fortunate events of his life, as it had given him the unspeakable pleasure, not only of hearing the most admirable speech of Dr Nicol, but of seconding the motion of thanks.
The motion was received with loud applause, and the thanks of the Assembly given from the chair, and ordered to be recorded
The motion being approved of, the thanks of the Assembly were given by the modera tor, to which a suitable reply was made by his Lordship and the Solicitor.
Dr Nicol proposed, that the moderator be instructed to write letters of thanks to those noblemen and gentlemen to whose ex. ertions the success of the bill was in a great measure owing, and that a committee be appointed to assist in preparing the same.
The Assembly then proceeded to the protest and appeal from the Synod of Perth and Stirling relative to the Gartmore Chapel. It appeared from the statement given, that Mr Taylor, minister of that chapel, had, in November last, from bad health,
The Moderator addressed Dr Nicol as fol- resigned his charge, in a letter to the Molows:
derator of the Presbytery of Dunblane.— The Presbytery, by a majority, accepted of his resignation, from which sentence Dr Patrick Murray and others protested, and ap-pealed to the reverend Synod. The Synod, by a majority, affirmed the sentence of the Presbytery, from which Dr Murray appeal. ed to the venerable Assembly. Parties being called, there appeared for the Appellants, Dr Murray and Mr Gray of Kincar dine; for the managers of the chapel, Henry Cockburn, Esq.; for the Synod, Mr Lapslie, correspondent from the Synod of Glasgow and Ayr. Parties being heard, and removed, after much reasoning, the General Assembly find, that a constitution was given to the chapel of Gartmore, that a bond was granted by the managers of that chapel for a salary to the minister of the said chapel; that Mr Taylor ought to have delivered that bond into the hands of the Presbytery of Dunblane at the time that he resigned; that the Presbytery should not have accepted this resignation without being in possession of the bond, and without some regular method to satisfy their minds with regard to his health. And the Assembly, taking all the circumstances of the case into
"I have much pleasure in expressing to you the grateful sense which this House entertain of your disinterested zeal and indefatigable exertions, in procuring the act of Parliament in favour of the widows of the Clergy and Professors.
"This excellent measure, Sir, you have the merit of proposing and steadily pursu ing, with much expence and trouble to yourself, till at last you have brought it to a successful termination.
"The good effects of your labours are not yet felt, nor will they be in any considerable degree for some few years to come; but they will, we trust, be ultimately felt, and thankfully acknowledged by generatjons yet unborn.
Thus, Sir, as the reward of your benevolence, you will at present have the heartfelt satisfaction of drawing down upon yourself the blessing of the widow and the fatherless, and after death your memory will be embalmed as a generous benefactor of the Church of Scotland."
warm attention to the interests of the church, and particularly for the zeal and most generous exertions he had made in the promotion of the bill for the widows fund. The motion was unanimously seconded, and thanks returned accordingly to
Principal Hill moved, that the thanks of the Assembly be given to his Grace the Lord High Commissioner, for his uniform
Principal Hill stated, that as two of the law-officers of Scotland were present, the members of the house, who had on every occasion shewn the peculiar affection they felt for the interest of the church, and particularly had done high honour to the Assembly on the late occasion of the bill, he moved that the Assembly should return their thanks to the Right Honourable the Lord Justice Clerk, and the Solicitor-General for Scotland.