Imatges de pàgina
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REVIEW.
“ Still pleascd to praise, yet not afraid to blame.”—Popk.

pp. 368.

Art. I.-Sermons, selected from the delicately informs us, that this selec

Papers of the late Rev. Henry tion from the papers of a much-loved Turner : and published at the re son is printed under the care of a quest of the younger Members of father ; in whose consolations and the Church of Unitarian Christians, supports may they share, whose boin the High Pavement, Notling- soms are, at any time, pierced with ham. To which are added, a few equal or the like sorrow! occasional Addresses. Newcastle : 'We have not room to copy the Printed by T. and J. Hodgson. Sold preface, which consists principally of in London by Hunter. 1822. Svo. a biographical memoir, and which

would be injured by abridgment. It VERMONS are often estimated, and, is worthy of being repeatedly perused in

by young ministers, and as theological or as literary compo. less entitled to the serious regard of sitions. The contents of the present volume, while they possess, in both the religious societies, with which these views, no ordinary merit, claim they are or may hereafter be conadditional and far higher praise. They nected. The testimonies of grateful illustrate, without doubt, the know- recollection and profound sorrow, Jedge and the taste, the judgment and which appear in the introductory the talents, of the lamented author: pages, lead us to believe, that this but they are, at the same time, tran

excellent pastor was placed among scripts of his heart, of the devotion,

men of temper, views and pursuits the purity, the benevolence, the affec- congenial with his own; among those tionate and holy zeal, which inhabited who were capable of estimating his it; nor will iť be easy or desirable solid and modest worth, and who were to read them, without a frequent solicitous to aid his schemes of use reference to the circumstances in fulness : and such records give much which they were written, and to those encouragement to persons who fill the under which they are given to the

same or a similar situation. world. Who can glance at the title

Mr. Henry Turner thought it na. page without deep sympathy and in- tural, that "they who fear the Lord, terest? The name there presenting

should speak often one to anotherof itself to us, is associated with recol- the subjects included in their noblest lections, with attachments, and with anticipations, which numerous friends corpus humatum est, quod contra decuit

ab illo meun. Animus vero non me of scriptural piety and learning, of deserens, sed respectans, in ea profecto religious truth and knowledge, of loca discessit, quo mihi ipsi spero esse Christian liberty and virtue, of sound veniendum.” Many of our readers will education, of public spirit, of litera- instantly perceive, that these words, with ture and science, in a word, of all two slight, but essential, alterations, are the best interests of man, have been Cicero's, who puts them into the mouth eager to express. Our eyes open,

the elder Cato, at the tnd of the too, on a volume of discourses of a Treatise on Old Age. A translation of deceased pastor, which are published the former sentence, is supplied by the at the request of the younger mem

language of Mr. Burke (Letter on the bers of the bereaved church. This in an inverted order; they who ought to

Duke of Bedford, &c., p. 22): “ I live fact, of rare occurrence, is, surely, have succeeded me, are gone before me: not a little honourable to the charac- they who should have been to me as ter of their departed instructor, and posierity, are in the place of ancestors, to their own! Other and still ten &c." Of the remainder of the quotation derer emotions, are awakened by the from Cicero the import is the same with motto,* which so impressively yet the following assurance, when employed

by the Christian believer, “I shall go Quo nemo vir melior natus est ; unto him; but he shall not return to nemo pietate præstantior; cujus a me me."

on

Revievo.-Sermons by the late Rev. Henry Turner.

471 knowledge, and connected with their fectly secured. It is not the splendour most valuable hopes."* With signal of cathedral pomp-it is the Bible in propriety therefore, the first of the the cottage of the labourer, it is the discourses in this volume, is prayer that ascends from the bosom of Religious Conversation” (Mal. iii. 16). valence of religion. In the beautiful

a Christian family—that proves the preThe preacher investigates “ the causes

scheme of the gospel, Christians univerwhich may be supposed to occasion”+

sally are a chosen generation, a royal an extraordinary reserve, and ap- priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, parent want of interest, with respect acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. Thus to topics of religion. These causes every believer in Christ is virtually in he discovers in a false delicacy, in holier orders than any that can be given too great an appetite for the good by the power of earthly authorities." opinion of the world, and in "a certain fastidiousness, which persons of taste

To be silent on the things that and cultivation indulge, to a degree relate to salvation and immortality, when which indisposes them for bearing a

there are so many ignorant, sinful, depart in any but the most studied and spairing, faithless men around you, is, learned arguments” on such themes. sailed in unknown regions of the sea,

as if you were in a ship, which had long In mentioning the chief motives and which, after having been tossed which ought to induce those “ that about by storins, driven from its course fear the Lord, to speak often one to by winds, rocked by swelling waves, and another," he observes, that to step shattered by continued tempests, at out of the line of common custom, in length approached its haven, and yon, this instance, would at once save us being on the mast, saw the fair summits from the temptation of conforming to of a green and fertile land, and forbore other customs, of which conscience to tell your discovery, to cheer the still more decidedly disapproves ; that feeble heart-sick mariners below." by communicating our sentiments to Pp. 12–14. those around us, we should gain ad The second discourse is,

on the ditional strength of principle; and Love of God,” [love to God,] from that it is our high duty to promote Mark xii. 29, 30. We have perused the interest of religion in the inind of many valuable sermons on this first others :

and great commandment, and listened “Every one has a sphere, within which to not a few of the same character : he is as much bound to be a preacher of we have met with none, however, in righteousness and a minister of the word which the mutual connexion of an of God, as the highest prelate in the enlightened belief in the unity of the land. Friends should cement their friend- Supreme Being, and strength of love ship by mutually imparting their hopes to him is so well unfolded, or some aud fears, their admonitions and encou of those circumstances which are ei. ragements, respecting these their most ther favourable, or, on the other hand,

Masters should adverse, to our attainment of this noreward and secure the fidelity of their ble and most excellent disposition, are servants, by setting before them the service which they themselves owe to

so perspicuously and concisely stated.

In the third sermon the preacher their ( Master who is in heaven.' Above all, parents should spread before their treats of “ Trust in God," from Psa. children the treasures of divine truth; xxxvii. 23—25. His introductory reand, whilst they are at pains to adorn marks on the spectacle of a cheerful their miods with the useful branches of old age, which the text presents, are human learning, should not forget the highly appropriate: and he then desuperior value of religious wisdom. scribes the basis of pious confidence,

“ If the interests of religion be left to and makes a useful application of his the stated services of the pulpit, and the subject. unseconded labours of the public minis « God” is considered in No. IV. as ters of religion, they will be very imper

"the good Man's Support under Af

flictions.” (2 Tim. i. 12.*) The fol* Mon. Rep. XVII. 121.

+ Mr. H. T., in pp. 5, 6, states this lowing passage evidently glances at a part of his design with more accuracy, wheu he says, “

many causes may con * We are of opinion that this passage tribute to produce" 'the peculiarity in declares the apostle's enlightened and question,

unwavering faith in Jesus Christ.

momentous concerns.

noble author, who possesses and abuses We extract a passage distinguished commanding talents (59, 60): by taste and pathos. In reference to darker scenes are generally ex

David's habits and language, our hibited, when selfishness becomes pre

author observes (67), dominant; the passions, that are raised

"The beauty of Zion is a source of to relieve languor avd discoutent, regard- interesting recollection to the hearts of less of the bounds of reason, soon ac Christians; for out of Zion God hath quire a frightful ascendancy, and pre- shined, even unto the ends of the earth ; cipitate their victim into excesses, which, there, the great plan of the world's to ordinary observers, who have been redemption from its idolatry and sin, happily exempt from feelings that lead to

was carried forward, and finally accomthem, appear the height of frenzy, and plished; there, was spent the youth of altogether unaccountable on any suppo- ihe church of God : and even at this sition but that of insanity. And should cold philosophic period, when at any it so bappen, that one of these slaves time the Christian traveller describes 10 to ungovernable passions is possessed of us his emotions at the sight of the deso. genius which enables him to present late, yet still magnificent Jerusalem, à faithful picture of such a mind, what there is a responsive feeling of tenderan awful scene of mental confusion does

ness and veneration in the breast of it bibit ; what a wild chaos of feeling; every reader.”+ how rayless and benighted is the path into which it leads; and what pernicious

“Neglect of public worship,” is forms of malignity and despair hover considered in the sixth discourse around !"

(Nehem. xii. 11), which forins an adWe find a similar reference in a re

mirable supplement to the foregoing. cently printed, yet unpublished, ser

In a strain of delicate, yet forcible mon, from which we are permitted to and dignified, remonstrance, the wri

ter animadverts on certain omissions copy a few sentences :

of duty, which no enlightened, zea“ To the disgrace of genius it niust lous and consistent friend of Christi. be confessed, that many a noxious weed anity will fail to deplore. is found amongst the fairest flowers of

In No. VII. our author enforces eloquence and poetry; that a mortal poison is hidden in the fruit, which is

“ Firmness of regard to Duty and most goodly to the eye and sweetest to

Faith.” (1 Kings xviii. 21.) He the taste. The danger to the young well describes the magnificence of the mind is the greater, because those who spectacle to which his text refers; seek to corrupt the heart by means of and then exposes the folly and the literature, usually make their appeal to guilt of halting between two opinions, those sensibilities and passions, which between God and the world, religion are most strong and lively in the youthful and irreligion. bosom; and endeavour to captivate and From Jer. viii. 6, the “ Necessity lead astray the judgıneut, which is then of Repentance” is argued in the necessarily most weak aud open to de

eighth sermon. Mankind are not lusion."

naturally, incapable of repentance. Mr. H. Turner's fifth sermon is en Yet long-indulged habits have a banetitled, “ On the Public Worship of ful effect in changing the character God.” (Psalm xxvii. 4.] He dis- and obliterating the natural qualities cusses with ability and zeal a topic of the mind. Repentance is more which, though extremely familiar, is than transient feelings of sorrow : it of vast importance. After setting calls for a considerable sacrifice of forth generally the obligations of this present ease and pleasure, and for practice, he makes a feeling appeal to his hearers as Protestant Dissent

Sandys calls Jerusalem, “ This city ers and Unitarian Christians : and,

once sacred and glorious, elected by God surely, it could not be made in vain! for his seat, and seated' in the midst of

nations ; like a diadem crowning the The complaint is not peculiar to head of the mountains." (Travels, &c. modern times : Mr. Berington (Hist. of 6th ed. p. 120.) Of such an associaAbeillard, &c., 252), says, with reason, tion the historian and the poet hare of a well-known poem of Pope's, “ It skilfully availed themselves : so far as presents poison to the hand of inespe- scriptural criticism and theology are ricnced youth, and the cup which holds concerned, it is trcated of in Mon. Rep. it is all of burnished gold.”

XV, 216–220.

Review.-Unitarian Controversy at Calcutta.

473 reparation, wherever reparation is pos to the cause of pure Christianity. sible.

He has studied most diligently the A sermon properly follows, No. great question between the Unitárians IX., on the Value of Repentance" and Trinitarians, and he defends the [Luke xv. 107. This momentous general doctrine maintained by the point is extremely well reasoned, and former with a degree of ability rarely forcibly applied, from scriptural con- exceeded by the most practised posiderations, and especially from our lemics of this country. His accuracy Saviour's parable of the prodigal. and skill in the use of the English [To be concluded in the next Number.] language are truly wonderful and must

be the result of much study. The

reformer has probably, besides genius ART. II.— The Precepts of Jesus the and industry, a great facility in acquir

Guide to Peace and Happiness, ing languages, for he has made himself Extracted from the Book of the master of the Hebrew and Greek, New Testament ascribed to the with a view to the controversy before Four Evangelists. To which are us, and the criticisms which he has added, the First and Second Ap- given in his " Appeals," are proofs of peal to the Christian Public in no mean proficiency in these tongues. Reply to the Observations of Dr. As far as appears from his works, Marshmun, of Serampore. By Rammohun Roy has made up his Rammohun Roy. Calcutta, Print- mind upon the Unitarian doctrine ed: London, Reprinted by the from the Scriptures only; and his Unitarian Society, and sold by R. testimony to this doctrine is of the Hunter, D. Eaton, and C. Fox

more weight since he studied the and Co. 1823. 8vo. pp. 346. Scriptures without any prejudice of Art. III.-Final Appeal to the Chris- education upon this point, and since

tian Public, in Defence of the as an Oriental he was more likely “ Precepts of Jesus.” By Ram- than an European to understand the mohun Roy. Calcutta : Printed at meaning of scriptural imagery, and the Unitarian Press, Dhurmtollah. as a Heathen by birth and habit he 1823. 8vo. pp. 400,

was in the best condition for learning Art. IV.- The Claims of Jesus : a the import of both the Jewish and

Sermon preached in Calcutta, on Christian sacred books, which bear a Sunday, Sept. 23, 1821. By Wil- constant reference to the state of liam Adam. Calcutta : Printed at Heathenism. the Eurasian Press, Chouringuee. The history of such of Rammohun 1821. 12mo. pp. 28.

Roy's Christian works, as THE reader will have seen by the lected in the volume which stands

first paper in the present Num- first in the list at the head of this ber with what correctness Mr. Ivimey article, is thus related in the Preface denominated Rammohun Roy a “Pa by Dr. Thomas Rees : gan,” in one of the public Journals.*

“ Having now become upon deliberate The notorious fact is that the Hindoo and rational conviction a Christian, he reformer is not only an avowed Chris. hastened to communicate to his countrytian, but also as zealous for his views men such a view of the religion of the of Christianity, derived from the New Testament as he thought best study of the Scriptures, as the Bap- adapted to impress them with a feeling tist Missionaries are for theirs. His of its excellence, and to imbue them publications and especially the "Final with its pure and amiable spirit. For Appeal,” which has been recently phlet inserted in the present volume,

this purpose he compiled the first pam. received in this country, demonstrate which he intituled, • 'The Precepts of the entire devotion of his heart and Jesus the Guide to Peace and Happiness,' soul and mind and strength, and we &c. To this work, which consists enbelieve we may add, of his substance, tirely of extracts from the moral dis

courses of our Lord, he prefixed an See the correspondence between Mr. • Introduction,' in which he stated his Aspland and this gentleman, reprinted reasons for omitting the doctrines and from the Morning Chronicle, in our last the historical and miraculous relations volume, XVII, 682_690.

which accompany them in the writings of VOL. XVIII.

are col.

T.

3 P

some

the Evangelists. Soon after the public this tract Dr. Marshman printed an elacation of this tract, there appeared in borate answer in the fourth number of • The Friend of India,'' a periodical the Quarterly Series of 'The Friend of work under the direction of the Baptist India.'* Here the discussion rests, as Missionaries, an article animadverting far as we are at present informed.” upon it, which was signed ' A Christian Pref. pp. xiv-xvii. Missionary,' but written by the Rev. Mr. Schmidt. To this paper, Dr. Marshman, The republication of Dr. Marshthe editor of the magazine, appended man's papers in the controversy by • Observatious' of his own,

+ in some of his Baptist friends in Enwhich he styled the Compiler of the gland, 1 induced the Unitarian Society

Precepts,' an intelligent HEATHEN; to reprint Rammohun Roy's pamwhose mind is as yet completely opposed to the grand design of the Saviour's becoming incarnate.

“ December 1821. Dr. Marshman's “ These · Observations' produced the Tracts, London Edition, pp. 64, &c.” second of the following pamphlets, in + “ The reader may be referred for tituled 'An Appeal to the Christian some further particulars relating to RamPublic in Defence of the Precepts of mohun Roy, to the Monthly Repository, Jesus, by a Friend to Truth.'. The wri- Vol. XIII. pp. 229, &c.; XIV. pp. 561, ter is now known to have been Ram- &c. ; XV. pp. 1, &c. ;. XVI. pp. 477, &c.; mohun Roy himself. He complains in XVII. pp. 682,' &c.; and to Mr. Belstrong terms, of the application to him sham's Introduction to William Roberts's of the term Heathen, as a violation of (of Madras) First Letter to the Unitarian truth, charity, and liberality ;' and also Society, 1818." controverts some of Dr. Marshman's ob This republication is entitled “ A De. jections to the compilation, and to his fence of the Deity and Atonement of Jesus reasonings in the Introduction. In a Christ, in Reply to Rammohun Roy, of subsequent number of the 'Friend of Calcutta. By Dr. Marshman, of SeramIndia,'t Dr. Marshman inserted a brief pore.” It is an 8vo. volume and is sold reply to this • Appeal,' in which he still by Kingsbury and Co. We have not put denied to the author the title of Chris- it at the head of our list, though it is tian,' because, he writes, we belong to lying before us, because we find nothing that class who think that no one can be in it to review, except as it is quoted by a real Christian without believing the Rammohun Roy. It is, in fact, the redivinity and the atonement of Jesus petition of the common-place arguments Christ, and the divine authority of the which have been again and again refuted whole of the Christian Scriptures,' dis- in this country, though Dr. Marshman's claiming, however, all intentions of reading at Serampore is not very likely using the term "Heathen' in an invi. to have made him acquainted with the dious sense.

refutation. These exploded arguments Dr. Marshman, in his first Ob.

are put forth with great solemnity of servations,' had promised to take up manner and in the tone of infallibility. the subject' of Rammohun Roy's work Of Dr. Marshman's confined theological more fully in the first number of the information, Dr. T. Rees has exhibited Quarterly Series' of The Friend of India, a proof in the Preface above quoted : then in preparation. Accordingly, there “ It is not intended in this Preface to appeared in that publication some · Ob. enter into a review of the controversy. servations on certain ideas contained in Dr. Marshman has, however, made a the Introduction to The Precepts of remark, which, as it refers to the UniJesus the Guide to Peace and Happi- tarian Society, we may be permitted to, ness.' $ In reply to this paper, Ram- notice. In raising an argument for the mohun Roy published the last of the Deity of Christ, upon the supposed apfollowing pamphlets, intituled, “A Se- plication to him of the term fellow' in cond Appeal to the Christian Public in the English translation of Zechariah xiii. Defence of the Precepts of Jesus.' To 7, he thus quotes Rammohun Roy's cri

ticism upon that text : Unable to deny

this, our author merely hints in a note * “ No. XX. February 1820.”

that 'n ry Imamithi, fellow, signifies one + “ London Edition of Dr. Marshman's that lives near another; therefore the Papers, p. 1."

word, fellow, in the English translation I“ No. XXIII. May 1820. Dr. Marsh- is not altogether correct, as justly obman's Papers, London Edition, p. 5." served by Archbishop Newcome in his

$" Idem. p. 17. Friend of India, Sep- Improved Version,' lately published," adds tember 1820.".

Dr. Marshman, " by the SOCINIANS of

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