Imatges de pàgina

the Son is also called God; writings abound with passages the Holy Spirit, who proceedeth clearly expressive of this docfrom these two, is called mea- trine, no certain traces of it can sure of sound; the one with the be found in the Hebrew scripother unite, and are in league, tures.” What the language of because the one from the other the Hebrew, scriptures is, we cannot be divided ; and for this have yet to examine ; but we we may say, observe to unite, have already heard the Trinity Oh Israel, this Father, Son, and proclaimed by several of their Holy Spirit, consider them one most famous Rabbis, and in some essence, and one substance, be of their most solemn acts of recause all that is contained in one, ligious worship. Well might is contained in the other; all Augustine Philastrus affirm, that was, is, and shall be." The “the doctrine of the Trinity was same Rabbi in his exposition of esteemed as ancient as the Isaiah vi. 5," Holy, holy, holy is world; it was reputed a heresy the Lord of hosts,” saith, “ Ho- to think the contrary :” and the ly," this is the Father; “ Holy,” Bishop of Brixen declares, that this is the Son; " Holy," this is “the Trinity of Christians' was. the Holy Spirit. Surely the asserted from the foundation of synagogue rivals the church in the world.” the perspicuity and decision of

Such is a cursory view of the its declarations in favour of the prevalence of this doctrine from Trinity.

remotest ages to the present Remarkable it is, that as geog. time. We have explored the raphy and history extend their nations from Japan to Otaheite, researches, the belief of a Trini- from the Baltic to the Yellow ty is found more and more gen- Sea, and every where we find eral through the nations of the the doctrine of a Trinity. We world. In countries ignorant learn it from their acts of worof Christianity; in countries re.. ship, from their images, their mote from any Christian nation ; medals, their traditions, their and in ages prior to the Christ sacred books, and the names of tian era, the doctrine of a Trinity their Gods. Though it is not has formed an article of their every where correctly stated ; creed. Unitarians, conscious of though sometimes fancy, and ig. this fact, trembling before the norance, and depravity, have corruscations of this two edged given false additions to the sa. sword, have endeavoured to cred and venerable doctrine ; seize it for themselves. One of still the spirit and language of their writers does not deny that inspired truth is discernible. As Jesus Christ, and the apostles the rivers of the world, far retaught the doctrine of the Trinis mote from their fountains bes ty ; but he says, " they probably come dark and turbid; so the adopted it from the writings of current of truth, far from the Plato and Philo, who had it from celestial fountain of revelation the Pythagoreans, who had it often becomes obscure and mine from Orpheus, who had it from gled with error. Yet men of the Egyptians, who had it from pure hearts distinguish its orig. the Hindoos; while the oriental, inal excellence.

From this brief and general men pray ; thus he throws a view of the subject we presume, man upon his back to make him it may be said with confidence look upwards.” He has some and safety, that the doctrine of pathetic expressions. His meththe Trinity was not first con- od is admirably clear, beyond alceived in the dark night of papal most any other writers. Many superstition, as some“ ignorant- of his sermons contain nothing ly' assert ; it did not originate remarkable, especially most of with the great founder of our re- his posthumous works ; yet some ligion, when he commanded his equal to any published before. disciples to baptize in the name His best pieces are at the beginof the Trinity ; it did not origi- ning of his first and third folios. nate with Moses the lawgiver of His discourses on evil speaking Israel, nor with Abram their cel- are excellent. He made great ebrated progenitor; it was not use of Barrow and Wilkins ; first taught on the banks of the with whom compare some of Nile, nor in the wide domain of his sermons. There is somethe Grand Lama; it was not times great tautology. In con. first heard in the school of Plato, troversy no man ever found such the Lyceum of Aristotle, nor the apt arguments, or more artfully hosannas of Palestine ; it was exposed the sentiments of his not first inscribed in the sacred adversaries. books of China, nor carved in BARROW is the most laconic the temples of Elephanta or among English divines. He America ; but indubitably the has an amazing number of doctrine of the Trinity was re- thoughts, though not always well vealed in the garden of Eden, in digested, nor plainly expressed ; the bowers of innocence, God yet sometimes excellent in that himself the Preacher, and Adam respect. He attempts to introthe heaven-taught hearer. duce some new words, which not

Philo. succeeding appear odd. Many (To be continued.)

useful scriptures and fine quotations from the classics and fathers are found in the margin. His

works are very elaborate. Most CHARACTER THE OLD DI• of them were transcribed three

times; some much oftener. [From Dr. Doddridge's private un' Many of Tillotson's finest ser

published Lectures.] mons are extracts from him.

(Continued from p. 154.) See that on evil speaking. The WRITERS OF THE ESTABLISH

first volume of his sermons is

the best. ED CHURCH.

The method of Wilkins is TILLOTson. There is such very exact, but too scholastic ; case-in his style and beautiful his style is almost as easy and simplicity in his expression, as pure, as Tillotson's. He abounds seems easy to be imitated; and in excellent thoughts thrown toyet perhaps there is nothing gether in a very intelligible manmore difficult. For example; ner. His sermons on national * God uses affliction to make religion, beauty of providence,



on prayer and preaching, and all sublime ; generally very expres. his practical works deserve read sive. Ais method is not clear ; ing. Tillotson's wisdom of being but his thoughts are excellent : religious, and many other pieces many of them taken from attenare taken from him.

tive observation of life. He Beveridge is much like Hen- wrote as one entirely devoted to ry, but not equal to him. He God, and superior to the world. shows great devotion. Some of His practical Christianity, and his his high flights are exceedingly inquiry after happiness, especially weak. His private thoughts are the second volume of it, are most most valuable.

valuable. Scott is prolix and verbose, SHERLOCK. His arguments has many intelligent words, and are strong, and exceedingly. some shocking passages; yet is proper for conviction. His style on the whole excellent. His is plain and manly. His reprereasoning is strong and conclu- sentations are very awful ; and sive, though drawn to an exces- therefore his pieces on death and sive length. He discourses with judgment are his best works. great warmth and pathos on di- SPRAT is least considerable as vine things ; yet almost all ap- a practical writer. His language pears too forced. His Christian is always beautiful ; but many of life, is the best of his works, his sentiments very weak. The especially the first part. The Ciceronean style too much affectprayers at the end, are the best I ed, and Tully directly translated have read.

for many sentences in some of South is severe in wit and his sermons, without any acsatire. Sometimes has fine lan- knowledgment. All his serguage, often weak arguments. mons in one volume deserve He shows an ill spirit of contro- reading. versy, and has many levities CLARKE has slipt into very unbecoming the pulpit. He high reputation chiefly by his seems to write from spleen, and peculiarities. He is very far has little that is calculated for from being a pathetic preacher ; usefulness. These sermons, if but his ideas are well ranged, and any, seem to be written by an evil his scriptures well explained. inspiration. His best is his first Sometimes he takes more pains volume, though there is great and time than is necessary to affectation of wit, and little collect parallel scriptures, and appearance of being earnest with uses solemn parade, to explain God.

others, that have no difficulty. Norris is excessively affect. He takes more notice of atoneed, pert, and verbose ; yet has ment and grace than most of some good thoughts. His ser- bis followers and admirers. He mons on the beatitudes are most and Tillotson have both made celebrated. He carries matters considerable use of the fratres rather too high.

Poloni, though they make ne Lucas. His style is very pe- mentiou of them. culiar; sometimes exceedingly HORNECK, though not elegant, free, nearly approaching conver- is exceedingly pathetic. He exsation ; sometimes grand and cels on devotional subjects. His

words often greater than his equalled by few.

His sermons thoughts. His best pieces are on relative duties are good. But those on Consideration and a cru- his four funeral sermons shew cified Jesus,

the orator much more. HOPKINS. His motto aut sua. ATTERBURY is the glory of vitate aut vi is well answered in our English orators. In him we his works ; yet he trusted not to find language in its purity and the latter. He bends the bow beauty. Nothing is dark, nothtill it breaks ; an error greatly ing redundant, nothing defecto be guarded against.

tive, nothing displaced. Trivial BOYLE has a very rough, and thoughts are avoided, uncomexceedingly obscure style. His mon ones introduced, and set in lively similies, especially in his a clear, strong light in a few seraphic Love, may be very pro- words. He has a few admirable perly quoted.

similies, and some very graceful SCOUGAL must be placed in allusions to scripture. On the the first rank, though he wrote whole he is a model for courtly but little. He commands a de- preachers. His fourth volume cent eloquence, suited to his sub- should be diligently read ; his ject. Noble and proper thoughts two last are the best. His most are found in every page of his excellent sermons are those enwritings. He seems to be the titled Acquaintance with God, Rebest model of all this class. His ligious Retirement, Lady Watts' life of God, and his sermons, Character, Propagation of the should be often read. He died Gospel, Sufficiency of Revelation, at the age of 28, to the unspeak- Terror of Conscience, Curse of able loss of the world.

the Jews, Felix Trembling. Law was a recluse. His writ

SECKER is so remarkable an ings have a severity seldom instance of laconic style, that the found in the present age.

His few sermons which he has publanguage is generally just and lished deserve attentive reading; beautiful, and very nervous, but especially that on Education ; sometimes unnatural. He was

which is the wisest sermon ever too ready to affect points of wit read, considered as a philosophand strokes of satire, in which ical essay. he does not equal South. Many of his characters are admirably drawn ; in that he comes nearer the Jesuits, than any English writer. His treatise on Chris. tian Perfection is very famous. The first demon worship in But his Serious Call is much bet- the papal church was the comter.

memoration of saints and marFLEETWOOD, surnamed Silver tyrs at their sepulchres, and Tongue, is remarkable for easy, building temples in the same proper expressions. He con- place. Pagan demons were the siders several cases often oc- souls of deceased men. They curring in life, but seldom in supposed these ghosts frequentsermons. His free politeness is ed the places where their bodies






were buried. Hence these de- men, who died in defence of mons were said sometimes “ to their country. The solemnity dwell among the tombs.” [Mark was performed at their graves. v.] Therefore the pagans built The Christians imitated this extemples over their graves. Plato ample, judging it would prove a says, that “they had their year- means to induce others to suffer ly funeral orations and other death for the gospel. Plató, commemorations of their de- speaking of the demons, says, mons at their sepulchres.” The “ for we in sacrifices and assemprimitive fathers often reproach- blies honour good men, (or deed the heathen, because their mons] so far as their merit shall temples were nothing but the appear, with hymns, and seats, scpulchres of dead men. The and flesh, and full cups.” Then papists very early began the wor- he adds, “ therefore we will conship of saints, in imitation of the sult the oracle of God, in what demon worship among pagans. rank those blessed and divine In a French treatise on the cer- men are to be placed, and with emonies of the year A. D. 160, what ensigns they are to be honit is said, that among the Greeks oured, and for the future, we will they annually celebrated the worship their shrines, as de memory of heroes and illustrious mons."





(From the Religious Monitor.) If we believe that the Scrip- quire us to proceed with the uttures were written under the most caution. It would remind immediate inspiration of that us, that conclusions which seem God, whose creating power is to flow from a limited view of the owned by universal nature, we phænomena of nature, are freare led to expect, that nature and quently contradicted by a more revelation will muțually confirm extended observation, and hence and illustrate each other. Were would argue the propriety of not the Scripture supported by no hastily pronouncing revelation other evidence than what it de- to be false, though its doctrines rives from the testimony of na- and our observations mighi, in a ture, we should certainly be enti- few instances, seem to be at vari. tled to compare them together ance. But by a still stronger with a critical eye, considering barrier has God himself confined the latter as the standard of the daring spirit of man. In gir. truth. Even in this case, how- ing us a revelation of his will, he ever, sound philosophy would re- has also given us evidence of its

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