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Midway the flights of daws wheel clang- Or scowling up in impious discontent, ingly,
Perverting thought and sensualizing Fluttering in legion from their rifted
Slavering on God's dread name his adder's Into the buoyant air, and clamouring rage, shrill,
Prophet of sio and pander of his age. Till disappearing in their cavern'd hill.
The love-sick maiden haunts thee : she
that feels Yes, many gladly gaze upon thee now, For Autumn's gale has tinged thy sprays Unrealized on earth, and sighs and kneels,
Mysterious yearnings of romantic lore with gold, Aud rent the verdure from thy rocky
Shaping, among thy woods, a Paphian
grove brow, O'er which the startling sky peers pale For her heart's idol : there, perchance, he
seals and cold : Thy reeling oaks their knotted branches His vows upon her lip; and there they
bow, And their heap'd leaves are trodden Imparadised, and the hoarse sobbing
winds in the mould : And brakes, their screen had hidden, Mix with their plaints of hard and worldly
minds. Their feru and hollies up the mossy And the wan mourner haunts thee: the steep.
sere leares The sadden'd green with reddening orange The nodding ivy-twine a garland weaves
Whisper the lesson of our fading days; vies, The rocks are mellow'd with their gor
For some ideal tomb, and winds its
sprays geous gloom
With a sepulchral meaning: fancy leares Of verdure, fainting into sober'd dies ;
The herbage to a grave, and cold tears Yet bronzed with gleaming tints : the
glaze crested comb Sheds its flush'd foliage, as the gusts
that on each moss-grown hillock
And those lone feet are rooted in the Scattering with ruffing breath its tawny
wood. plume : The sweeping host of leaves, in whirling There is a knell in that shrill rising blast, rings,
And every pale leaf eddying from its Is spatch'd and mingled on the breeze's
Tells of the flight of spirits that have
pass'd ; The painter haunts thee : he whose lus- : And we are stepping to their house of trous eye
clay ; Reflects the forms of nature in the Soon will the musing eye be overcast, glow
And pot a pulse its anxious throb betray ; Of their internal life and majesty : We tread the priut of steps that trod Whose raptures are his own : for none
Like theirs the grief that paiu'd shall That cousciousness and deepest sym
pain no more. pathy, Which wraps him from the sense of Oh, for those minds that, in a better age, outward woe :
Shone, England ! beacons of thy glorious His world is his own breast : unfelt the land! thorn
That wielded 'gainst the tyrant's lawless
Where meu are actors, took their lofty For good, yet oft is prostitute to ill :
stand! Drawing sweet influence from yon firma- Not then thy flag against the free un. ment,
furl'd! And pure instruction from each gurg- Thou despot's drudge! thou gaoler of ling rill:
Poetry.-Ode to a Valley on' the Avon.
51 Then priests had clajm'd no more, by The puny few that wield earth's destinies right divinę,
Are inortal, and their power entrench'd Surrender of the conscience and the
in wrong soul :
Reels to its base : the people yet may rise Strain'd the Levitic tithe of oil and wine, Leagued in thy just crusade: but be thou Made gain their God and gloss'd the strong : sacred scroll,
Haply the burden of thy glory lies Where no proud Rabbis gorge, but line On thee alone : to thee aloue belong on line
The peril and the vengeance, and the Records the mcek apostle's frugal praise, dole :
Theme and example of the coming days. Railings had not usurp'd the gospel word, Nor fines and fetters pleaded for the Oh! Time consoler! Time that hold'st Lord.
The torch of hope, and lighten'st e'en And if the blood of martyrs sent to the grave ! kearen
Earth's gaunt oppressors fit as phantoms A cry, as late when with the orphan's Wail
E'en as the leaves that in you valley And widow's shriek the towers of Nismes were rir'n,
Dim hovering o'er their fall: with patient And lilied piety disdain'd the tale ;
eye Thy Christian zeal had with th' apostate Faith stands, and arm omnipotent to
striv'n, And torn the bond that kept a people Nor shall the light of knowledge, which pale :
th' All-Just But leagued assassins are thy partners Has kindled, sink for ever in the dust.
DOW, And where th' oppressor fattens, there This holiest truth illumed thy dungeon art thou !
BOWRING ! on whom the foul legitiAnd they who made thee such have mate, pass'd away!
A craven crown'd, with malice mean and
fell Thy soul, belied Napoleon! from that bed,
Had fix'd the iron gripe of coward Whereon the hard-prest stone cemented Friend of the patriot few! they know full
well Smote, and A VOICE was utter'd from the dead!
Spirits like thine the world regenerate : That roice was like a sword : and fallen These, these are they who can the body are they
kill, Who on a foe defenceless stoop'd to
Pow'rless against th' unconquerable will. tread,
But thou, my fellow-worshiper and
friend! Though there were murmurs from the very stones,
Hast borne thy country's name and Cries of the English heart and wrath and the slaves that sought thy nerved resolve
greatness high : groans.
Cower'd from the scorn of thine una Stand in thy phalanx, Greece ! thou in
troubled eye ; jured pame!
And let them tremble ! where thy footAnd let the spirit of Miltiades Strive in thee! bc thy constant arm the Thou bear'st the record of their insame
famy: That quail'd the Persian on thy shores And Europe, breathing with recover’d and seas:
heart, What though th' Jonian tyrant flouts thy May catch thy fame and act the Briton's claim,
part. And the false Russ thy helpless thrall decrees,
Valley of shadows and of fleeting hues ! Trampling the cross to kiss the despot's The lover of his country and his kind rod,
Shall haunt thee, 'midst thy upland glades Strike !--for thy falchion is the sword of to muse God!
On mystic voices in the passing wind:
That speak, while many a bough thy Prison on a false charge of having pathway strews,
meddled in the Political Affairs of that Of better destinies to earth assign'd: wretched Country. Oppression's hissing shame and broken
might, And mental manhood in its strength and I'd fain be the airy breeze light.
That wanders about at will ;
To sleep 'midst the forest trees, I, too, with gladness view thee, lonely
Or wake the seniles of the rill. dale ! Though not my foot e'er tracks thy
With the pendant fowers to dancesolitude;
To sit on the linnet's wingTears, did I utter why, would drown my
In the glow-worm's light to glauccm tale ;
In the Echo's caves to sing. Dear recollections on thy haunt obtrude,
But mine is a prison cell, And all is drear and darksome, and the If a prison that can be gale
Where the spirits of Freedom dwell,
On the Tyrant's threats, which deem
Can be enthrall’d by him !
once seized and thrown into a French
MEMOIR OF DR. AIKIN. autumn of his fourteenth year, having
made choice of medicine as a profession, JOHN AIKIN, M. D., &c., was born he was apprenticed to Maxwell GarthJanuary 15, 1747, at Kibworth, in Lei, shore, at that time surgeon and apothecestershire, being the younger child, and
cary at Uppingham, in Rutlandshire, but only son of J. Aikin, D.D., a Dissentiug who afterwards graduated and settled in Minister, and the master of a respectable London. The three years that he conand well-frequented boarding school. Till tinued at Uppingham were occupied in bis eleventh year, he received a domestic professional studies, and, apparently, education ; but at that time his father with more than usual success, since before being appointed theological tutor in the their conclusion he was entrusted with Disseuters' Academy at Warrington, in the care of Mr. (afterwards Dr.) PultLancashire, he was admitted to the bene- ney's business at Leicester, during the fits of the more extended plan of instruc. absence of that gentleman for a space of tion offered by that iostitution.* Jo the two or three months.
In November 1764, he became a stu
dent at the University of Edinburgh, The readers of the Monthly Reposi. where he spent two winters and the intory cannot have forgotten the interesting tervening summer, but, having at that “ Historical Account of the Warrington time no intention of graduating, he reAcademy," in the villth and IXth Vo- turned to England in May 1766, and, in lumes. An exteuded memoir of the elder September of the same year, became a Dr. Aikin will be found, vill. 161–172. pupil of Mr. C. White, of Manchester, at The excellent writer of these biographical sketches, in giving the name of the subject of the present memoir, (IX. 202,) literature, will one day claim the willing thus affectingly anticipates the tribute of praise of grateful biography: filial love on which the eye now rests : his “ long and varied labours, for the “ Late be the hour, and distant be the benefit of almost every age and class of
day." readers, in almost every department of
53 that time rapidly rising to the highest circumstance of Mr. Murphy being enrank as an operating surgeon. With Mr. gaged in a similar undertaking. li was White he continued for three entire at Warrington, also, that his most valued years, advancing in professional know. friendships were formed or consolidated; ledge and skill, and in the esteem and with Dr. Priestley, Dr. Enfield, Mr. confidence of his master, as may be in. Wakefield and the Rev. George Walker, ferred from an “Essay on the Ligature their common connexion with the Acaof Arteries," written by him at that time, demy first brought him acquainted, while and published by Mr. White in his work the easy distance between Warrington entitled “Cases in Surgery.” After and Manchester allowed him occasional leaving Manchester he went to London, opportunities of supporting the friendand employed the wiuter of 1769-70 in ships previously formed by him with Mr. attending the lectures of Dr. Hunter. White, Dr. Percival, Mr. Henry and
His professional education being uow other residents of that town. His accompleted, he settled in Chester as a quaintance' at Liverpool included Dr. surgeon, but remained in that city little Currie, Mr. Rathbone, Mr. Roscoe, the more than a year, being induced to re- Rev. J. Yates, and many other cultivated more in November 1771, to Warrington, aud estimable characters; and his excelwhere his parents continued to reside, lent and confidential friend Dr. Haygarth, and where his prospects of success were oue of the few who survive him, at that less obstructed by competition. Here he time resided at Chester, and professional continued till 1784, and here all his chil- or other incidents now and then brought dren were born, his marriage having about a meeting. faken place the year after his removal. The dissolution of the Academy, which
His first work, entitled “ Observations took place not long after the death of on the External Use of Preparations of his father in 1780, and the inadequate Lead," was published at Chester, and encouragement offered to the practice of this was succeeded, during his residence surgery, as distinct from pharmacy, deat Warrington, by three other profes. termined him to take a physician's desional works, viz. “ Thoughts on Hog- gree. For this purpose, in the summer pitals," " Biographical Memoirs of Me- of 1784, he proceeded to Leyden and dicine in Great Britain to the time of there graduated, his former residence at Harvey," and a very enlarged edition of Edinburgh, during two sessions, being " Lewis's Materia Medica."
not sufficient to entitle him to an examipointment as Lecturer on Chemistry and nation for a degree. On his return from Physiology at the Academy, induced him the Continent, he removed with his fato priot : “ Sketch of the Animal Eco-mily to Yarmouth, in Norfolk, and early nomy," and " Heads of Chemistry," for in the succeeding year took up his resithe use of his classes, and a translation dence in London. Scarcely, however, of Beaumé's Mapaal of Chemistry. had he settled himself in his new situa• The intervals of his professional la. tion, before he received an invitation boars were assiduously devoted to elegant from the inhabitants of Yarmouth and Literature and to Natural History, sources its vicinity to resume his professional to him at all times of exquisite delight, duties at that place. Although his stay and in after years beguiling the languor there had little exceeded a year in duraof sickness and soothing many an hour tion, yet such had been the effect pro. of anxiety. The “ Essays on Song-writ- duced by the few opportunities afforded ing," « Miscellaneous Pieces in Pruse," him of exercising his professional skill, consisting of the joint contributions of combined with his scientific and literary his sister, Mrs, Barbauld, and himself, acquirements, and his amiable and culti"An Essay on the Application of Natural vated manners, that the invitation was History to Poetry,” “ An Essay on the quite unanimous. He accordingly rePlan and Character of Thomson's Sea- turned to Yarmouth, not more than two soms,” and “ The Calendar of Nature," months after he had quitted it, well were all published during this period, pleased in having been spared the anxious and evince at the same time the elegance uncertainty of an attempt to establish of his taste and the activity of his mind. himself in the Metropolis. His correct knowledge also of the Latin The three principal bodies of men in language was shewn in his translation of Yarmouth and its vicinity, at that time, Tacitus's Treatise on the Manners of the were the Corporation, the Dissenters, and Germans, and his Life of Agricola, being the Clergy of the Established Church. specimens of a projected translation of The two former, inhabiting the town, and the entire works of that historian, which not upon very cordial terms with each was afterwards abandoned, to the loss other, were chiefly devoted to commercial probably of the English scholar, from the pursuits. The clergy, liberally educated,
and capable of appreciating Dr. Aikiu's lence of party' credulity and party injus acquirements, formed the most agreeable tice, was yet made to suffer severely for part of his society, and the principal ac- his political principler. Dr. Girdlestone quaintances that he here made were was encouraged to settle at Yarmouth, among them. For some time circum- and Dr. Aikin escaped from the impeadstances went on favourably; he enjoyed ing bitterness of a personal controversy, the moderate emoluments of his profes. by removing to London in March 1792. sion without rivalry; he instituted a lite- Durivg his residence at Yarmouth, Dr. rary society; and in his library, and in A, published (besides the pamphlets althe bosom of his family, he sought and ready mentioned) an excellent system of found those gratifications the dearest to English geography, called “England De. his heart.
lineated," which has passed through seThe time for trying the spirits of men veral editions, a volume of Poems, and a was, however, drawing near. The Dis- " View of the Character and public Ser. senters having been repulsed in a former vices of J, Howard, Esq.". No person endeavour to obtain from the Legislature was, perhaps, so well qualified to esti. the repeal of the Corporation and Test mate the moral worth and public serActs, mustered all their strength for a vices of this illustrious individual as Dr. new attempt ; vainly trusting that their Aikin, both on account of his sound and great acknowledged inferiority in num. unprejudiced judgment and his personal bers, wealth and influence, might be sup- intimacy with Mr. Howard, in conseplied by strength of argument, and by an quence of which, the notes and observaappeal to the equity of their countrymen. tions collected by Mr. H., during his vaDr. Aikin, although not agreeing in reli- rious journeys, had always been placed gious opinions with any class of Dissent in the hands of Dr. A. for arrangement ers, felt strongly the iniquity of excluding and correction. from civil duties and offices all those who Although the connexions of Dr. Aikiu were not members of the Church of En- in London, by family and acquaintance, gland. Too honest ever to disguise his were considerable, yet he never obtained real sentiments, although sincerely re- much professional employment; being gretting and reprobating the intempe- little fitted, by temper or habit, to enrance of each party, he published two gage in the incessant struggle necessary pamphlets on the occasion, the one“ the to success : he, therefore, the niore wil. Spirit of the Church and of the Consti- lingly followed the bent of his dispositution compared;" the other, “ An Ad- tion, and occupied himself chiefly in litedress to the Dissidents of England on rary pursuits. The first work which he their late Defeat."
published, after leaving Yarmouth, was Immediately on the heels of the Test the two first volumes of “ Evenings at Act controversy, and while the feelings Home." To these, though not to the of the nation were agitated by that event, succeeding ones, Mrs. Barbauld contrioccurred the French Revolution, which buted several pieces : the third volume for a time opened an impassable gulf of appeared in 1793, the fourth in 1794, separation between parties already ex. and the two last in 1795. The work beasperated. The declaration made by the came immediately very popular and still National Assembly in favour of the per- continues so; offeriug a copious and vafect equality of civil rights among the ried store of amusement and instruction members of every political community, to the young, and, by its good sense and naturally couciliated the good-will of sound morality, commanding the approthose who had been contending without bation of parents. To those acquainted success for this very object; while the with its author, it possesses an additional merciless and undistinguishing confisca. interest as being highly characteristic of tion of church property, and the atrocious him, exhibiting not only his various massacre of the priests which soon fol- knowledge, but representing his opinions lowed, gave the alarm, as might well be on a variety of topics. expected, to the English clergy, and very The most important and interesting naturally induced them to attribute simi- work, however, of which Dr. A. was the lar intentions of violence and injustice to author, is his “ Letters from a Father to their political adversaries. Dr. Aikin had a Son on various Topics relative to Litedecidedly taken his part first as a Dis- rature and the Conduct of Life :" the senter, and subsequently as a friend to first volume was published in 1793, the the French Revolution, on its first break- second was written in 1798 and 1799. ing out ; and although he never belonged The subjects embraced by these Letters to any political club, not choosing to sub. are very numerous; critical, scientific, mit his owu reason and sense of equity and discussing some of the most importto be overborne by the clamour and vio- ant questions of morals and of general