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community. 8. That immoral- that divine truth is the means of ities so generally prevail. sanctifying men, without show
Though the style and punctu- ing its adaptedness to that puration of these discourses are liable pose. And in order to show its to criticism, we think the topics adaptedness to that purpose, he above-mentioned are illustrated must display its nature, and point in a manly, candid, and serious out its leading qualities. To manner ; calculated to answer make it appear, that revealed the great end of preaching, to truth is suited to convince and make men wiser and better. convert sinners, and to excite
and improve holy affections in believers, it is necessary to show
what representations it makes of A Sermon preached at the ordina, sinners, what motives to repen.'
tion of the Rev. Charles Lowell tance, and what objects of holy. to the pastoral care of the west affection it exhibits. But this is church and congregation in à part of what should be done Boston, Jan. I, 1806. By under the second head. If the ELIPHALET PORTER, pastor author had attended to the seco of the first church in Roxbu- ond point first, he might have ry. Belcher and Armstrong. had the advantage of illustrating Boston. 1806.
it distinctly and fully, and, at the Joun xvii. 17. Sanctify thein same time, of preparing the way through thy truth; thy word is for a profitable consideration of truth. On the foundation of this the other point. well chosen passage, the preach. Many of the observations on er proposes to illustrate two each head are valuable, some of points. I. It is by means of them are superficial, and some truth, that God sanctifies man- exceptionable. The preacher is kind. II. The word of God is careful to guard his hearers a. the truth, by which this import- gainst supposing, that the docant purpose is effected. This trine he defends is intended to division appears simple and nat- exclude the needful influence of ural. But unfortunately the two God's Spirit. “ By his ener, points are placed in a wrong or- gy,” he observes, “all things are der. The rules of correct ser- sustained ; and without his sup. monizing undoubtedly require, port, co-operation, and blessing, that the point, which holds the nothing truly good and desirable second place, should have been can be effected, either in the first attended to. To attempt to natural or moral world.” In this show the tendency of any sys- sentiment all enlightened divines tem, before showing what it is, and Christians agree. But the would commonly be deemed an author is not content, without absurdity. The author himself disclaiming certain sentiments found the inconvenience of his contained in “ some theological arrangement, as he was, in sev- systems.” If he had been so eral instances, obliged, in order good, as to make us acquainted to illustrate the first proposition, with his meaning, we might be to anticipate the second. No under better advantage to judge writer can show to advantage, of the propriety of his remark;
and we think he ought not to compositions of fallible men, as have concealed an error, which tests of soundness in the faith, in his view was so hurtful. A, and as preferable, or at least supgeneral, indefinite charge, of cer- plementary to the holy scriptain nameless errors contained in tures, appear honourary to the cerlain nameless theological sys- word of God, or promotive of tems, can neither be understood free inquiry and the progress nor answered.
We must ac- of truth.” This has long been knowledge, that we are acquaint- the cant of liberal prejudice ed with no respectable divines in concerning creeds and New England, who entertain the fessions. But what imaginary idea, “ that there is no more being is the author now opposaptitude or tendency in divine ing? Who, except imposing patruth essentially to change the pists, ever considered any “comdispositions and character of the positions of fallible men,” as șinner, than in the light of the “supplementary to the holy scripsun to give sight and sense to a tures ?” Who that has any claim marble.” It is possible that to the honourable title of a bethose, against whom the author liever, looks upon creeds of humeans to object, hold the fol- man composure, as preferable to lowing sentiment as tenaciously the word of God ? To charge as he does. " It is God who the reformed churches in Eusanctifies ; but he sanctifies rope and America with using through the truth, in a manner · creeds and confessions, as prefconsistent with our nature and erable, or supplementary to the faculties, as rational, voluntary, scriptures, is misrepresentation. and accountable beings.”
The most strenuous defenders Considering the express de- of creeds since the reformation, sign of the author under the sec- have never received or used them ond head of discourse, we think in any other view, than as containhis summary of revealed truth, in ing, in a condensed form, the es. p. 13, very defective.
sential truths of revelation. And The first inference is, the great we wish the experience of ages importance of the truth. The may determine, whether those, thoughts are pertinent and weigh- who have rejected the use of ty. In the second inference we creeds and confessions, have hear with pleasure, that great at. honoured the word of God by a tention and respect are due to the firmer faith, or studied it with word of God. With entire sat- more reverence, diligence, and isfaction we quote the following prayer, than Christians of a difhints. “ Let men repair to the ferent opinion and practice. scriptures with humble, rever- On reading a passage near the ent, and teachable minds. Let close, we cannot withhold the rethem acknowledge no authorita- mark, that, to address an assemtive guide of their faith and prac- bly indiscriminately, as children tice, but Jesus Christ.” The of the light and of the day, confollowing observation wants can- sists neither with scripture, nor dour and fairness. “ Nor does with well known fact. It is putthe use which has often been ting light for darkness. made of creeds, confessions, and The Charge, by Professor WARE, deserves neither cen- head-Wo unto us that we have sure, nor high encomium. It sinned.” After a few observais, on the whole, a pleasing per- tions illustrative of the text, and formance. It is thought, how of the original state and fall of ever, that when he points out the man, and a display of some of requisite qualifications of men, the deplorable effects of the aposwho should be introduced into tasy, as evidence of human dethe ministry, he ought to have pravity, the preacher introduces, added, in conformity to apostolic as a strong example to his purexample, soundness in faith.* If pose, the tragical event which the preceding sermon is true, occasioned his discourse.
He this omission is very important. thus relates it :
The Right Hand of Fellowship, « On the ninth day of instant No. by Rev. Mr. BUCKMINSTER, is vember, in the year of our Lord eighsprightly and ingenious. But teen hundred and five, a most daring the correctness of his notions robbery and murder were committed
within the bounds of this parish. It concerning unity is much doubt- appears, that Mr. Marcus Lyon, a ed. He asks, “ Is there not, a- young man of about twenty two or midst all the varieties of disci- three years of age, who was on his pline and faith, enough left to us way from the state of New York, to
Woodstock, in Connecticut, the place in common to preserve a unity
of his nativity, was met by two ruf. of spirit ?" We cannot give an fian footpads, and robbed and murderaffirmative answer.
They who ed, in open day, on the stage road in honour the Son even as they shot at in the first place, with a pistol,
this town. It is probable that he was honour the Father, and they who
aimed at his heart. This proving indo not thus honour him, are too effectual, in conseqtience, it is likely, widely different to unite on gos- of his full dress, and the ball striking pel ground. The figure about one of his ribs, they had recourse to the “ planetary system" is far
other means of effecting their nefiri. from suiting the occasion. It is the evening of the following day, in
cus purpose. His body was found, on long, and full of labour, and
shallow water, in the edge of Chico. agrees not with a performance, pee river, at a small distance from which should be an easy expres
the highway, and confined with a sion of the heart.
stone to prevent its floating. His face and head, particularly the latter, were greatly bruised, 'and the back part of his skull very much fractur.
ed. A brace of pistols, in a very A Discourse delivered in Iilbra
shattered condition, and one of them
much smeared with blood, was found ham, Nov. 17, 1805, occasion.
nigh him. They were doubtless mado ed by the murder of Marcus use of to break his head. Whether Lyon. By Ezra WITTER, clubs(one of which was also found near A. M. Pastor of the church in the spot) or stones, were likewise tissaid town. Springfield. Brew
ed, is uncertain ; though somewhat probable, from his head being so ex
tremely bruised and broken. The This discourse is founded on verdict of the jury of inquest sum a passage in the Lamentations of moned on the occasion was, wilful Jeremiah, chapter v.
murder. erse. 10.
“ His body, as soon as was conThe crown is fallen from our venient, was conveyed to the place of
his nativity, where it has doubtless * 2 Tim. i. 13. iv. 3.
received the rites of Christian sepul
tre, and been embalmed with many The “inferences and refleca tear.
tions” which conclude the dis“ His melancholy fate excited an uncommon interest in this and the course, are serious and approprineighbouring towns, and pursuers ate, and under the circumstances were immediately dispatched, in in which they were delivered, quest of the perpetrators of the hor- must have been impressive and rd deed. Through their expedition useful. Though this performand perseverance, the supposed assassins have been apprehended,
ance bears evident marks of haste brought back into this county, had in its composition, it is yet easy to before magistrates and committed to discover in it traces of a pious prison at Northampton, where they and ingenious mind, disposed are to await their trial, at the next session of the supreme court of this and able to draw instruction from commonwealth. Whoso sheddeth remarkable passing occurrences man's blood, by man shall his blood of Providence, be shed.”
REPORT OF A COMMITTEE OF THĘ India and Christian nations will favour
continued missionary efforts, and the translations now made will be useful
to future missionaries, and in general The letter respecting the translation of to all Christians, who visit the coun
the Scriptures into several Eastern try. Changes in the East may be exLanguages* being laid before the pected favourable to Christianity, par. Boston Association, a Committee was ticularly the decline of Mahometan. appointed to consider the subject, who ism. after a careful inquiry offered the fol: The present translators appear to lowing report.
have fidelity and ability, and possess The circulation of the Holy Scrip- many advantages for translating and tures through a large part of the East, circulating the scriptures. Mr. Caern world is the object proposed by rey, who superintends the work, is acthe translations, which this associa. quainted with Latin, Greek, Hebrew tion are desired to encourage. In ad. and Sanscrit, and many living landition to the general obligation, which guages of the East and West. Ho is imposed on Christians, to diffuse has composed grammars of the San. the light of the gospel, there are some serit, Bengallee and Mahratta lancircumstances, which appear to rec- guages, and begun a Sanscrit dictio. ommend the Eastern nations to par. nary. Marquis Wellesly appointed ticular regard. They are in some de, him to an honourable station in Fort gree civilized, they possess written William College at Calcutta, which languages, they are accessible to appears to have been a very respect. Christians, and they must receive able institution. In the journals of much benefit or much injury from the missionaries, we find him quoting the Christian world. It is perfectly some of the most important critical safe to preach the gospel amongst works on the scriptures ; and in no. them. As far as the scriptures have ticing some difficult passages, he disbeen dispersed, a general disposition covers minute attention, and a “des to read them has been expressed. sire to make the translation as just The increasing connexion between as possible." In his letters he shows
an observing mind. He communi. For the letter referred to see the cates many interesting remarks on 10th No. of the Panoplist, p. 462. the natural and moral state of the country, and expresses a disposition a translation in Bengallee were pubto diffuse the sciences, as well as re. lished. With these the missionaries ligion. An English review, which travelled about, and found the natives discovers no partiality to the mission in general ready to accept them. in which Mr. Carey is engaged, Some copies they understood went speaks of him as “an extraordinary to the distance of 300 miles. Three man, who unites cool prudence and years after, they began a new transpersevering talents to the zeal of lation. The missionaries separatean apostle.” The same review, in ly attended to it, “that they might speaking of the missionaries in gen- concentrate all their light.” Messrs. cral, says that “their zeal, sincerity Carey and Marshman revised the and talents cannot be questioned; whole, comparing each verse with the and that by translating they will Greek, altering the construction of masmooth the way for other labourers." ny passages, subjecting the work to the By living and preaching in India, opinions and animadversions of sevthese missionaries are under great eral learned natives, and getting these advantages for learning the force of to translate some passages into a col. words in the Eastern languages, and lateral language, of which they could adapting their translation to common themselves form some idea. With apprehension. They say, that they all this caution, they resolved to print find it easy to get the assistance of only 1000 copies, as a few years might learned natives ; that they are now suggest improvements. accustomed to translate ; and that Translations in Hindostannee, they have probably the best library of Persian, and Mahratta were begun critical works on scripture, and of near the end of 1803. The translat. different versions, which can be found ors then hoped, that they should be in India, besides a press and founde. able to translate and print the scripry, and all conveniences for printing. tures in all the Eastern languages in
In addition to the character and cir. 15 years. In 1804 they expressed the cumstances of the translators, there hope, that the New Testament would are other circumstances to encourage be printed in the seven languages of the hope, that their translation will India, each in a year, meaning probe faithful. It appears that there are bably, one each year; so that seven other missionaries in India, who must years must elapse before all will be serve as a check upon them, if any completed. should be necded. Letters have The missionaries depend wholly on passed between the Danish and Bap- the aid of Christians. The Society, tist missionaries. The Danes express who sent them out, express reliance great satisfaction that the translation, on the religious public. The experse is proposed. The London Missiona. of printing is great in that country. ry Society, in which there are no New types are necessary for the Baptists, have also sent out a mission characters of the different languages. to India. The translators are sur- It is only by gratuitous dispersion, rounded with Christians of all denom- that the scriptures can be circulated. inations. The present state of the Their circulation must of course be world, and the intercourse between proportioned to the contributions of India and Christian nations, render Christians. It appears, in a letter intentional corruption of scripture received from Dr. Green of Philadelvery improbable. It appears from phia, that the work has been sus. their journals, that the translators pended for want of money. It is ev. send to England copies of their ver- ident that so great a work, which resions, as fast as they are printed. In quires several years for its comple. one of their letters they mention with tion, and which must at last be given satisfaction, that a gentleman in the away, cannot be carried on without army was about to publish, under the heavy expense. patronage of Fort William College, There is abundant reason to believe translations of the gospel in the Per- the accuracy of the information comsian and Hindostannee; and they municated in the foregoing letters speak as if they considered this as from Philadelphia. It appears from aiding their own design.
the journals of the missionaries, that At the end of 1800, 2000 copies of Capt. Wickes of Philadelphia car