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pha, in Places where no other Versions The Social Conduct of a Christian will be generally received. By Henry Considered, in Seren Sermons, addressd Veun, M. A., Fellow of Quceu's College, to an Individual. 12.0, 2x. 6d. Cambridge. 3d.

On Various Subjects. By John Hew. A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Teign- lett, B. D. F. A.S., Rector of Hilgay. mouth, President of the British and Fo- Vol. IV. 8vo. 10s. 6d. [The three reign Bible Society, in Vindication of the former Volumes, now printed in two, Proceedings of that Society against the Il. ls.] Statement of the Edinburgh Bible Society The Scheme of Divine Revelation conrelative to the Circulation of the Apocry· sidered, principally in its Connexion with pha By C. Simeon, M. A., Fellow of the Progress and improveineut of Human King's College, Cambridge. 3d. Society: in Eight Sermons, preached be

A Statement, submitted to the Members fore the University of Oxford, in the of the British and Foreign Bible Society, Year 1825, at the Lecture founded by on the Impropriety of Circulating the the late Rev. John Bampton, M. A., Ca. Apocryphal Books indiscriminately in. non of Salisbury. By George Chandler, termingled with the Inspired Writings. LL.D., Rector of Southam, Warwickshire, By George Cornelius Gorham, B. D., &c. 88. Fellow of Queen's College, Cambridge.

Single. 18. 60.

The Predictions and Promises of God Twenty one Reasons for not Contri- respecting Israel: preached June 22, 18:35, buting to Circulate the Apocrypha among in the Parish Church of St. Andrew's, those Churches which receive it as In- Plymouth, on the Baptism of Mr Michael spired, and Reject the Bible without this Solomon Alexander, late Reader in the additioni. 3d.

Jewish Synagogue. By John Hatchard, Anti- Apocryphal Observations upon A. M., Vicar. Is. 6d. the King's College Letter to Lord Teign. The Connexion between Christian Bemouth, of July, 1825, in favour of Print. nevolence and Spiritual Prosperity ing the Apocrypha. By Johu Wickliffe. preached at Basingstoke, April 21, 1823, ls.

before the Hampshire Association. By Sermons.

Thomas Eastman, B. A., Fareham. Is. Sermons and Charges. By Thomas Importance of Eminent Personal Holi. Fanshawe Middleton, D.D., late Bishop ness in the Christian Minister : preached of Calcutta : with Memoirs of his Life, at Broad Street, June 25, before the Paby Henry Kaye Bonney, D. D. 8vo. trons, &c., of Homerton College. By Portraits. 148.

Henry March, of Bungay. ls. 6d. By the late Rev, James Ross, D.D., Farewell: preached at Salters' Hall, Senior Minister of Aberdeen. Memoir on resigning the Pastoral Charge, Juve and Portrait. 8vo. 8s.

19, 1825. By W. B. Collyer, LL.D.F.A S.

vas

CORRESPONDENCE. Communications have been received froin Dr. J. Jones: from Messrs. Rutt; W. Evans; and Latham: and from T. F. B.; J. E. R.; E.; Clericus Cantabrigiensis; and Ben David.

The Crediton letter was too late for the proposed corrections.

The “ Preses” of Union Chapel, Glasgow, is hereby assured that no injustice wa meditated to minister or people by withholding a communication relating to a late farewell dinner, but the contrary. Our Northern brethren must allow us to be better judges than themselves of the effect of their communications upon the people of the South, who constitute the mass of our readers. We have great pleasure, at the same time, in stating that a public dinner was given to the Rev. B. Mardon, on leaving the Unitarian congregation at Glasgow, in May last, and that “ the congregation, willing to manifest their regard for Mr. Mardon by good works as well as good words, presented him with a very handsome silk purse containing twenty sovereigns."

On making up the present Number we find that we are obliged to omit sereral articles of Religious Intelligence (from Middleton, Lancashire, and other places) which shall, without fail, be inserted in the next.

ERRATA. P. 261, col. 1, line 45, for" by the Presbyterians," read by the Presbyterian. 359, col. 1, at line 1st from the top, read “ interpretation.” col. I, towards the end of the second paragraph from the top, place a

comma after the word “identity.” – 361, col, 1, in the note, five lines from the bottom, read Fell's parapkrase.

Monthly Repository.

No. CCXXXVII.)

SEPTEMBER, 1825.

(Vol. XX.

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An Examination of Warburton's Strictures on Neal's History of the

Puritans.

Birmingham, Sept. 2, 1825.
Cum tabulis animum censoris sumet honesti. Hor.
ONOUR and justice have been (2) 178. (160.T.] Warburton asks,

disregarded by Warburton and Whether Fuller did peruse the records by Dr. Southey, in their accusation of convocation? That be did, may of Neal, as an historian. No blush well be presumed from his character appears to have spread itself over the and undertakings. At any rate, the Prelate's cheek, when he brought a question does not affect either the gainst this valuable author the sweep- judgment or the veracity of Neal, who ing charge of a want of probity and a has not recorded more than his docuneglect of truth; while by the Laureatements warranted. the indictment has been shamelessly (3) 186. [166. T.) The note of echoed, without investigation and Neal's editor, should not be overlookwithout proof. Warburton, during ed : for it marks his desire of doing his official residence at Durham, was justice to Warburton. supplied with the volumes of the His. It is commonly supposed that Fox, tory of the Puritans: these, as he in the martyrologist, had little or no forms Hurd,t he read at “breakfast. church preferment, until he became a time," and, in the course of his meal, prebendary of Sarum. According to committed his animadversions to the Bishop Warburton, whose local situamargin, where they may still be seen.t tion would particularly enable him to Unbappily for his own reputation, but ascertain the fact, “ he was also inmost auspiciously for the credit of stalled in the third prebend of DurNeal, the strictures are published in ham, Oct. 14, 1572,” but did not Warburton's collective works ; $ so hold it long. It is barely possible that we have opportunities of appre- that the prelate inay have mistaken ciating the merit of these notes. I the individual, and been deceived by shall examine them distinctly and see the identity of a name, which is far parately: the employment is tedious ; from being rare. Warburton, I canyet the result, I am persuuded, will not well donbt, is correct; the rather, not be the less satisfactory. The edi. as Fox and Bishop Pilkington, who tion of Neal's History, &c., before then filled the see of Durham, were ine, was published, 1793, &c., by Dr. intimate with each other. Yet, as Joshua Toulmin : to the pages of this Fox's son * and Thomas Fullert do as well as to those of the edition used not mention the circumstance in their by Warburton I shall carefully refer. respective lives of the martyrologist,

(1) Vol. I. 89. [83. T.] Let Toul. Neal's silence concerning it, cannot min's note be consulted : it is perti- in justice or candour be made a subnent and decisive. Neal does that ject of blame. I from which some modern writers (4) 191. [171. T.] Here we have a shrink: he cites his authorities; and flippant and tasteless and indefensible this not in general terms, but specifically and clearly. Unless Burnet

• See the Acts and Monuments, &c., can in the present instance be convicted of incorrectness, the charge

Vol. II, Life prefixed..

+ In Abel Redivisus, &c. against Neal falls directly to the

The younger son (Dr. Simeon Fox] of the martyrologist, is said to have been

one of the two last presidents of the Col* Book of the Church, Vol. II. p. 309. lege of Physiciaus, who used to ride on + Feb. 26, 1765.

horseback in London to visit their pa. In the chapter-library.

tients. Ward's Lives of the Gresham Vol. I. (1788), pp. 891, &c.

Professors, p. 266,

ground.

VOL. XX.

3 u

cuous.

ance.

sarcasm on Bucer : it does not touch resembles the far larger proportion of Neal, and is, in every view, unworthy the prelate's strictures. Eren were of attention.

Neal's opinions and arguments as ex(5) 19:2. [171. T.] The sentiments travagant as many of Warburton's— and conduct of the Puritans, in rela- instead of being, for the most part, tion to the ecclesiastical habits, the eminently judicious--still, his probity cap, the surplice, &c., are recorded by remains unimpaired. Neal, in the progress of his history : (12) 365. [319. T.]

“ The Bishop the existence of such conduct and sen- of London,” (Aylmer,] says the histiments, is unquestioned; but the juisto torian, “ came not belind the chief ness of them has been impugned by of his brethren the bishops in his perWarburton. In the mean time, Neal's secuting zeal against the Puritans :" fidelity and ingenuousness are conspi- this zeal le manifested by enforcing

It was the imposition of the ministerial conformity. Upon which vestinents, which fornied the griev- accusation Warburton observes, that

“it is an unfair charge which runs (6) 194. [173. T.] In this instance, through the history.” He adds, “The again, as in nunerous other instances, exacting conformity of the ministry they are opinions and sayings, which of any church by the governors of Neal honestly relates, that call down that church is not persecution.” I the prelate's animadversions : the good transcribc Dr. Toulmin's note, in refaith of the historian he can with no ply: plausibility arraigo; and in the vast “ This is a strange sentiment to majority of his strictures it is not even come from the pen of a Protestant attempied to be brought in question. prelate. There was no persecution

(7)* 194. [174. T.] The editor's then in the reign of Queen Mary. It note is most satisfactory. It vindi

was no persecution, when the Jewish cates Neal's accuracy, and proves that Sanliedrim agreed, that if any man the point in dispute was not indifferent did confess that Jesus was the Christ, or immaterial. The decency of eccle- he should be put out of the synasiastical vestments, cannot justify the gogue.' It was no persecution, when imposition of them.

the Parliament imposed the Scots' (8) 231. [205. T. With the ex- covenant." ception of one clause, Warburton's re

The answer is substantially conipark is fair and liberal. But, though clusive. Warburton himself admits his judgment may differ from what that the doing more than siinply exNeal expresses or implies, the lis. pelling from the communion of the torian's fidelity is not therefore to be Established Church a Nonconforining denied.

ministry, is persecution. The truth (9) 240. [214. T.]" The natural is, such men excommunicate themright that every man has to judge for selves. But why make the terms of hiinself, and make profession of what conformity parrow and unscriptural ? he esteems as the true religion,” is Here lies the guilt: bere is the persethe grand principle, into which all cution. The prelate almost intimates Protestant dissent must ultimately be a doubt, whether the conditions meresolved. Neal afiiris thus inuch, rited not this account of thein. but does not say that the Puritan3 of (13) 369. [323. T.] It is the opiElizabeth's age, any more than the pion of Bishop W. that Stubbs' puConformists, were acquainted with nishment, in the reign of Queen Èlithe principle theoretically; so that zabeth, was infinitely more cruel Warburton's censure on the historian than all the ears (so, the printed copy] is without foundation.

under Charles I. This language ap(10) 243. (217.1.] Neal's histo- pears stronger than facts will authorical fidelity, is still unshaken. lor rize :* but Neal's credit is not inthe rest, the Bishop's note stands on volved in the comparison. “ the unsteadfast footing” of his own (14) 369. [323, 324. T.] In 1580, theory of the Alliance of Church and the Commons appointed a fast; and, State.

as it would seem, for themselves ex(1) 294. [259. T.] This note inrolves no question of fact, but simply * Hume, we beliere, thought here, as of sentiment and reasoning. It thus Warburton thouglit.

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clusively. What the prelate says of and pertinent, as far as it applies to the measure, is just in the abstract, the religious principles of each. But yet has no bearing on the historian. certainly the spirit and views of these

(15) 372. [326. T.] Neal is blamed parties were very different; the former by the annotator for not applying far were ergaged once and again in plots severer terms to such pamphlets as against the life and government of the Martin Mar. Prelate, &c., &c. Dr. Queen, the loyalty of the other was, Toulmin, in answer, says of Warbur- notwithstanding all their sufferings, ton, “He should have adverted to unimpeached." our author's grave censure of them in (19) 386. [338. T.] I do not enter chap. viii., and have recollected that upon the questions respecting Presbythe writers on the church side came tery and the consistency of the Purinot behind their adversaries in buf. tans of Elizabeth's reign. It is suffi. foonery and ridicule. These were the cient for me to observe that the laws weapons of the age."*

of history called upon Neal to give a (16) 374. [328. T.] Here Neal's faithful narrative of facts ; that he has cditor administers deserved reproof to fulfilled the obligation; and that Warthe captious annotator. “To act up- burton does not here oppugn either his on principle,” remarks Dr. Toulinin, veracity or his candour. Toulinin's “ is highly virtuous and praiseworthy. note on the passage, may be perused It is the suport of integrity, and cone with satisfaction and advantage. stitutes excellence of character. Yet (20) 389. [342. T.] Bishop Warin this instance (the case of the Brown- burton places it to the account of ists] Bishop Warburton could allow Neal's spirit of party and prejudice himself to degrade and make a jest of that he complains of two of Brown's it. It is just the same,' says he, followers having been hanged for cir' with men who act upon passion and culating a seditious book, when Brown, prejudice, for the poet says truly, the author of the book, was, on his Obstinacy's ne'er so stiff,

repentance, pardoned. As when 'tis in a wroug belief.'

Now Dr. Touliin has clearly shown

that the Prelate was ignorant of the I may add, that I complain not of true state of the case; inasmuch as the sentiment itself, but of the Pre- Brown did not repent, did not relate's application of the sentiment.

nounce his principles, until seven As a general observation, it is true years after he was committed to prithat men of the weakest judgment are son, from which he was released, not proportionably tenacious of their crude

on his contrition, but at the intercesstatements and opinions.

sion of the Lord Treasurer. (17) 380. [333. T.] The labours of the proscribed Nonconformists, in the servation of Di. Toulmin’s, shews

(21) 405. [355. T.) A sensible obfamilies which gave then an asylum, Warburton to be a willing and an had a considerable and highly bene- unjust censor. · The historian relates ficial influence on the next generation. that the ministers of Kent in their Neal's statement is correct: he means supplication to the Loris of the Couna inoral and religious influence : War- cil professed their reverence for the burton thinks proper to understand Established Church. This language hiin as speaking of a political influ- the annotator

considers as inconsistent ence; and he sneers accordingly.

with calling the Established Church (18) 381. [334. T.] It is asked by an hierarchy that never obtained till the Prelate, * Were the Jesuits more

the approach of Antichrist. “But," faulty in acting in defiance of the remarks Neal's Editor, “ the charge laws than the Puritans?” He adds, of inconsistency does not lie against “ I think not. They had both the the Kentish ministers who speak above, same plea, Conscience, and both the unless it be proved that they were the same provocation, Persecution.”

authors of the pamphlet entitled “The Let us attend to the note of Dr. Practice of Prelates, which contained Toulmin, who says, “ This is candid the other sentiments.”

I will nosv, for a few moments, dis* Sce Granger's Biog. Hist., &c., 3d ed. miss Warburton, and entreat my read1. 205, Note *; and, on the other side, ers to accompany me in an examinaWard's Gresham Professors, p. 55. tion of a fanous state-paper, of which a copy is preserved in Toulmin's edi

In like shanner, the fifth paragraph tion of Neal's History, &c., (pp. 360 respects offences strictly ecclesiastical: -362]: I mean the High Commission lawful ways and means are to be deissued by Queen Elizabeth in 1583-4. vised for the searching out the preOf this commission Neal says, that "it mises, and the offenders are to be empowers the commissioners to in- punished by fine, imprisonment, cenquire into all misdemeanours not only sures of the church, or all or any of by the oaths of twelve men and wit. the said ways at the discretion of the nesses, but by all other means and commissioners. ways they could devise; that is by the Nothing can well be more illegal inquisition, by the rack, by torture, than the letter, spirit and tenor of the or by any ways and means that forty- next, the sixth paragraph, which emfour sovereign judges should devise.” powers the commissioners to examine Hume,* speaking of the same docu- suspected persons on their corporal mnent, employs Neal's language re- oaths, for the better trial and opening specting it: while Brodie, actuated by of the truth, and to punish them, if political views, feelings and principles contumacious, by excommunication, the very opposite of the panegyrist of or other censures ecclesiastical, or by the Stuaris, attemptst to controvert fine, according to your discretions, the statement of Neal and Humne. &c. That statement is, ho correct. Of the seventh paragraph one clause The proof of its correctness will be gives power for the arrest and safe found in an analysis of the commis- custody of accused or suspected persion, and in an abstract of its several sons: the other contains some instrucparagraphs.

tions in respect of receivers, &c. In the first of them power is given In the three remaining paragraphs to the commissioners to inquire as authority is granted to visit and reform well by the oaths of twelve good and colleges, cathedrals, &c., so far as lawful men, as also by witnesses, and their statutes are concerned, to tender all other means and icays you can de. the oaths of supremacy to all minisvise, &c. This paragraph, the reader ters and others compellable by act of should know, is confined to the sub. parliament, to certify the names of ject of inquiry : not a word occurs

such as refuse it into the King's here about the restraint or punishi- Bench, and to use a specific seal of ment of persons held to be offenders. office. The second paragraph, while it gives

Thus I have examined every part of full power of censuring and punishing. this High Commission. The investirestricts the punishment to lawful gation establishes Neal's care and ways and means: it speaks of penal. accuracy : and hence we might fairly ties and forfeitures, yet of these ac. argue to his general correctness and cording to the forms prescribed in the governing love of truth. Hume in this said act [of uniformity, in the first instance happens to be right. Why year of Queen Elizabeth). In this he was never reluctant to set forth paragraph, be it considered, we have the arbitrary measures of Queen Elizanot a word about inquiry.

beth, no attentive readers of his own Punishment is exclusively the topic Life, and of his History of the Stuarts, of the third paragraph, which is also can need to be informed. As to silent as to inquiry, and most stu. Brodie, if he had discriminated bediously directs the punishment to between the case of inquiry and that of what is limited and appointed by the punishment, he would not have conlaus.

tradicted Neal's and Hume's repreThe fourth paragraph has no bear. sentation of the tyrannical spirit of ing on the present question, but re. this state-paper. * In the mode of gards the deprivation, under certain the investigation the Conimissioners circumstances, of such individuals as were left considerably to their discrehave ecclesiastical livings.

tion : in the punishinent they were

bound down by law. Let us now re* History, &c., V. 262 [of the ed. of turn to Warburton. 1792].

+ History of the British Empire, &c., * The remark applies to Southey, ubi J. 196, 197,

supra.

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