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Agricultural Society, for the year 1800, are bours of hundreds of men, bestowed for years 1. To ploughmen; 2. to breeders of cattle; on this favourite object, and at the expence 3. to labourers or cottagers raifing the greatest of many thousands of pounds. quantity of potatoes ; 4. to theep-shearers ; 5. Upwards of 400l. has been recently subto labourers in agriculture, who have bred up scribed at Salisbury, as a further means of the greatest number of children without paro- relieving the poor. chial aid ; 6. to servants in agriculture. Married.] At Salisbury cathedral church,
A new bridge is to be erected over the the Rev. John Conyers Place, of Marnhull, Avon, at the dam, near Lymington; and the Dorset, to Miss Harvey, daughter of Dr. R. two bridges at Iford, near Chriftchurch, are Harvey, of the Adelphi, London. Allo J. to be widened, itrengthened, and connected. Towers, esq. to Miss Iremonger, eldest
Married.] At Winchester, Tho. Pipen, daughter of Joshua Iremonger, efq. of Whererg. of Southampton, to Mrs. Corbyn. well, Hants. daughter of Mr. Alderman Earle, of this At Chippenham, Mr. W. K. Barton, fure city. Mr. George Earle, to Miss Lucas. geon, to Miss L. A. Willes, of Christian Mal
At Southampton, Mr. Charles Portlock, ford, third daughter of the Archdeacon of to Mrs. Peacock. Mr. Wm. Jameson, of Up- Wells. per Thames-ftreet, London, to Miss Kings- At Laycock, Mr. N. Grist, tanner, to Miss bury, daughter of the Rev. W. Kingsbury. Cottle.
At Widley, Capt. Arthur M’Donald, of At East Knoyle, Mr. John Cock, of Hadthe 5th West India regt. to Miss Lewer, of spen, to Miss Chisman. Widley.
At Baverstock, Mr. Rob. Smith, to Miss At Arretun, Isle of Wight, Major Geary, Hinwood, of Wishford. of the Royal Artillery, to Miss Jolliffe, At Dinton, Mr. Bennett, of the French daughter of Dr. Jolliffe, of Broadfield. Horn, aged 68, to Miss Sutton, of Teffont
At Brooke, Mr. James White Baffet, fur- Magna, aged 28. geon, of Newport, to Miss E. Bowerman, of Died.] At Salisbury, Mrs. Clarke, wife Brooke.
of Mr. S. Clarke, peruke-maker. Mrs. Died.) At Winchester, Mr. N. Kentish, D'Oyley, of Fisherton Anger, near Sarum. furgeon; he had been a surgeon in the navy At Chappel Nap, near Corsham, Mr. Ste. upwards of 28 years.
phens, a man much regretted. At Southampton, Mr. Daniels, linen.dra- At Sutton, Miss Long, eldest daughter of per. Miss Miles, daughter of Mr. E. Miles, Beeston, Long, esq. linen-draper. Mrs. Major, wife of Mr. Ma- At Houndstreet, aged 26, Miss Holbrook. jor, rope-maker. Mr. John Burke, head- At Syrencot, Miss Arabella Dyke, youngaffiftant at the Rey. Mr. Whitaker's school. est daughter of Wm. Dyke esq.
At Andover, Mrs. Dowling, wife of Mr. At Boreham, Miss Charlotte Slade, an Dowling, of the Black Swan-inn.
amiable young lady, aged only 16 years; she Ac South Sea Castle, Ensign Phall, of the lost her life by attempting to recover her Lavalids.
bonnet, which had been blown from her head At Portsea poor-house, Mrs. Mary Mer into the river. chabt, formerly a shopkeeper on the Point, aged 8o.
At Portsmouth, Mrs. Bailey, wife of Mr. Married.] At Lyme Regis, Mr. Hills, Bailey on the Point. Miss Arnaud, eldest coal-merchant, of Southwark, to Miss Lee, daughter of Elias Bruce Arnaud, esq. collec. daughter of Capt. Simon Lee, of Lyme. tor of the customs at that port. Miss Haw- At the quaker's meeting house, it Poole, ker. Mr. J. Swinburne, furgeon.
Mr. Thomas Thompson, to Miss E. Neave. At Lymington, aged 28, Peter M'Iver, At Chettle, Mr. J. S. Andrews, to Mrs. merchant of Liverpool. Mr. Dymock, aged Blandford, widow of the Rev. W. Blandford. 57; he was upwards of thirty years an officer At Whitchurch, Mr. John Masters, of of excise.
Fordington, to Miss Esther Warren, of MarchAi Hursley Lodge, Gilbert Heathcote, ela. wood. fourth son of the late Sir Thomas Heathcote, At Winborne, Mr. W. Reekes, to Miss bart
Talbot, of London. At Pereton, Ille of Wight, Mr. W. Jacob, At Sherborne, Mr. Dan. Penny, to Miss farmer.
Mary Lampard, of Pitcombe. At Christchurch, the Right Hon. Mary Died.] At Lyme, Mrs. Follet, wife of Eleanor, Countess of Strathmore
Mr. George Follet, attorney at law. Ac Wickham, R. Budden, esq. formerly of At Poole, Mrs. Arrowímith, wife of Mr. Por mouth.
Arrowsmith, of the uftonis.
rier, erg, The tower of the Gothic abbey, newly At Sert, near Bridport, Mr. Spurway, an erected at Fonthill House, the seat of Wm. eminent farmer, aged 72. Beckford,'esq. was blown down by a violent At Marthalsea, Mrs. E. King, wife of Mr. ficrm of wind, in the morning of the 17th T. King. of May. Thus in a moment perithed the la- At Buritock, aged 81, Mr. Paull, sen. MONTHLY MAG. NO. 59.
At Norton, full of years, Mr. T. Slade, a At Frome, Lieu . Haftal, of the 19th Lt. very iespectable farmer.
Dragoons, to Miss Lacy. At Thörntord, Miss M. Sampson, daughter At Freshford, Mr. Daniel Ferris, to Miss of the late Rev. Robt. Sampson.
Mary Perkins, eldest daughter of Mr. Perkins, of Freshford Mill.
At Bridgewater, J. A. Wickham, esq. of The form of thunder, lightning, hail, Frome, to Miss Daw, only daughter of Hill and rain, on the 4th of May, was severely Daw, esq. of Bridgewater. felt at Taunton; it lasted two hours, and en. Died.) At Brillol, Lieut. Worth, in the tirely inundated the town. The prodigious impress Tervice of that port; a man universalhail-stones, some of which measured five in- ly esteemed. Mrs. Williams, a maiden lady, ches, stripped the leaves from almost every who has bequeathed an handsome legacy to
the Bristol Infirmary. Mrs. Knight, mother To prevent the many frauds and impofi. of Miis Knight, at the boarding school on St. tions that have lately been practised by far Michael's Hill. Mrs. Jones, fruiterer. Aged mers and others in the sale of salt butter, 16, Miis Mary Cottle. Miss Mary Brewer, the principal factors and dealers in Bristol daughter of Mr. Brewer, tea-dealer. Mr. have met, and resolved not to buy or sell any S. Martin, grucer. Mrs. Hay, widow. Mr. cilk, containing butter, that is not marked ac Taylor, proprietor of the brick yard, Bedcording to law; and they have established a minster. fund for the support of inspectors in that and other parts, who are to profecute offenders for On Wednesday the 7th of May, about the penalties imposed by the law.
noon, a piece of Manchester goods, lying ia The corporation of Bristol have resolved to
a shop window at Barnstaple, was set on fire, give bounties on all marketable fish carried by refraction of the Sun's rays through the thither for fale, and have appointed a sworn glass; the several foids were burnt in holes broker for the sale thercof, whom they have large enough to admit of a man's arm. authorized to pay in advance, a certain portion At a special meeting of the Exeter Humane of the value of every cargo of fish brought in, Society lately held, rewards were diitrias a means of encouraging the fishermen to buted to several persons for having rescued proceed again to see immediately:-Fine nine persons from being drowned. Inackarel has lately been sold there at 2d. Married.] At Utulin, Mr. T. Hillings, each.
attorney at law, of Tiverton, to Miss Leigh, Married.] At Bath, the Rev, T. Rivett, of Craddock. of Beivid-re, to Miss Ann Eyre, daughter of Capt. J. Raynor, of the royal navy, to the late J. Eyre, esq. of Landiord, Wilts. Mr. Miss E. Arthur, fecond daughter of the late W. Collins, Bath and Bristol carrier, to Miis J. Arthur Esq. of Plymouth. Martha Hancock. T. Althorp, esq. to Miss At Ottery, Mr. Robert Hawke, of the Lowther, of St James's-square ; and at the King's-arms Inn. same time, Geo. Alco:k, eiq. of Dublin, to Dud. At Exeter, Mr. King, hair-dreiler. M 15 Sophia Lowther, her hifter. John Wen Mrs. Edwards, wife of Mr. Edwards. Mrs. ham Lewis, etc. of Westerham Lodge, Kent, Shies, wife of Mr. Shiles, haberdather. to Miss D. S. Knipe, of New Lodge, Hants. At Honiton, aged 74, John Guará Esq. J. Beck, esq. late of the Royal Greys, to At Plymouth, aged 36, Mr. W. Forord, Miss Adams, only daughter of Simon Adanis, an eminent mercer and draper. Tubal L-wesq. of Anity Hall, Warwickihire. The Rev. is, Eig. a very eminent and respectable atT. Wright Goddard, to Muís Mary Lucas, torney daughter of the Rev. W. L. of Llongatinck, At Odtone, near Dartmouth, aged 78, Monmouthfhire. R. Pettiward, efq. of Fine William Cholwich, Esq. borough Hall, Suffolk, to Miis J. s. Coleman, daughter of F. Coleman, eiq. of Hil Married.] Mr. P. B. Harris, attorney at Jeridone, Devon, and niece of Lady Harwood. law, of Rorem wion, to Miss Silly Bluett, Dr. T. Willis, carpenter, to Miis Viner, of Falmouth. both of this city.
Mr. J. N. Martyn, watchmaker, of Fal. At Ilminster, aged 86, Mrs. Bush, mo mouth, to Miss Rouse, of Penryn. ther of Mr. Bush, linen-draper.
At Marshfield, Mrs. Cox, mother of Mr. Died.] At Machynlleth, Mr. John Jones, Cox, wooler-draper, Bristol.
attorney At Dawlith, aged 23, Richard Barwell, At Llanbrynmawr, in the county Monterq. son of R. Barwell, esq. of Stanstead gomery, Catherine Morris, widow, aged Park, Eirex.
100 years. She left behind her 4 children, At Tittinhull, aged 65, Mrs. Napier, win 26 grand-children, 66 great grand-children, dow of the late A. Napier, esq. of that place. and one great great grand-child. Total 98.
At Bristol, Mr. John Beady, clothier, of At Wellha-pool, aged 79, Mr. John l'ugh. Wootton-under-edze, to Miss S. Page, of At Lianclly, H Williams, Etq. collector Stephen-itreet. Mr. Samuel Simnionds, to of the Customs at that port. Miss Llewellyn, daughter of Mr. Llewellyn, At Montgomery, Mr. Davis, Malfter, a woollen-draper.
truly worthy man.
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. AS considerable apprehensions are entertained that a fare of the Woollen- manufactory, which
has long been considered of so much importance to this country, may be transferred to Ireland, it may be proper to obterve that its present itate is hy no means such as co admit of this loss with out the effects thereof being feverely felt here. The prosperity which Exeter and other places in the west have heretofore derived from this manutacture is so far from being reitored, that it is thought by many it will never regain its former extent: it is truly melancholy to witness the complaints and distresses of hundreds in Exeter, who are out of employ, in consequence of the im. poverished (tate of trade, and the serge-makers in its vicinity are themselves equally full of com. plaints with their labourers, to whom they can but occasionally give employment. The chief articles which have afforded work these three or four years past, are the exportation goods tor the East India Company, which however is connned to only one branch of the trade, though it has certainly become an extensive one, as their demand from these parts last year was between 2 and 300,000 piecez; but as their goods und:rgo only a trifing proceis after they come from the loom, but few hands are required to se:ad them off in a marketable itate, in comparitua with the other principal branches of the trade, where the pieces pass the various processes of dying, prelling, Ipoting, &c. which of course gives employ to a nu'nber of persons who are not benefited in the least by the demands of the coinpany, though the numbers who now depend almost wholly thereon for employ, is certainly very corriderable. ile is well known that the woollen goods exported by. the company are by no means a profitable article to them, though it muít be acknowledged chey have not been wanting in their endeavours to facilitare and extend the lale thereof in India; it is however to be hoped that the company will think it prudent and commentable to continue this trade, although attended with some loss to them, as it is certain that by to doing they give fupport to a numerous clats of the poor.
Since the year 1796; when Spain no longer remained in amity with this country, the exports from EXETER have been so very much reduced, that many of the merchants have not for months together had employment for a fourth part of their labourers, and those who have hired them have been actuated inore by motives of charity, than by that of pecuniary benefit, as the woollen goods which were made for the Spanish markets are of such a peculiar fabric that no other country orders them ; the stagnation which was the consequence of this branch of the trade being fufperded, cauled the warehouses of the merchants to remain filled with a dead itock, and the Italian ports having been so long shut up has occasioned a fimilar loss; but the latter market is dow reviving, though it is at present veryʻcircumfcribed, as the various revolutions in the commercial connections in that country render it still rather unsate for the merchants to avail thenselves of the late changes which promise a re-estabiilhment of that trade. Litbon and porco, with Germany, by way of Hamburgh, are the only places that have aflisted the manuiacturers by taking off a part of their old fabrics, but these parts require but a very inconsiderable quantity of such goods, in comparison with the Spanish and Mediterranean trade, and the little that is done with them scarcely deferves the name of ruling, fioce a fingle ship has not been properly freighted out from Exeter these three years, and the goods exported are obliged to be leni to London or Falmouth, at a great expence of land carriage, in order to be shipped there, which tends to diminith the orders from abroad, as the charges thus incurred are lo great as nearly to absorb the usual profits.
Very few places in the kingdom have had fo rapid an increase of trade as the town of SwanSTA, for, from the Custom-house books, it appears that the number of vessels which entered there in 1768, was 694, making 30,631 register tons, whereas in the last year, 1799, they were 2751, making 134,876 regitter tons. Indeed, throughout Glamorganshire, trade has been, and is rapidly increasing ; in consequence of which the iron works at Merthyn and Neath, the collie. ries, &c. on the Cardiff canal, the coal and tin trade on the Neath cand, are all going on with spirit. In a line of country of lets than four miles in the neighbourhood of Swansea, there are two navigable rivers, and four canals, all communicating with the sea; and there are upwards of fifteen collieries, which raise about 2000 ton of coal, itone. coal, and culm, per diem, for which there is a regular sale. From the immesse mines of coal, lime, iron, rotten-ftone, flags, and clay, the following very extensive manulactories have been erecte i within two miles of the town, viz, seven copper works, in which 5 o men are constantly employed, 400 tons of coal daily confumed, and 220 tons of copper are daily melted; one large iron foundry, one brass house, one spelter manufactory, one large pottery, in which upwards of eighty perfons are daily employed ; 'there are likewife two large breweries, and a wet and dry dock. A plan for forming an outward harbour, and deepening the river, by erecting a pier of 228 yards long, with another opposite, so as to leave only seventy yirus opening, which would for in an harbour capable of containing many hundred vetiels, is carrying on, and two feet of water have been already gained.
The ports into which wbeui ani rice are to be imported under the act tor grant'ng bounties, thereon until the iit of October next, are the following; Aberyttwyth, Barnitaple, Beaumaris, Berwick, Biddeford, Botton, Bridgewater, Bridport, Bristol, Cardift, ardigan, Carlisle, Carbarvon, Chester, Chicheiter, Colcheiter, Cowes, Dartmouth, Dover, Exeter, Falmouth, Fowey, Harwich, Hull, Ipswich, Lancaster, Liverpool, London, Lyme, Lynn, Malden, Milford, Newcastle, Newhaven, l'enzance, Piymouth, Poole, Portsmouth, Pretton, Rochester, Sandwich, Scarborough, Shoreham, Suthampton, Stockton, Sunderland, Swansea, Wells, Weymouth, Whitehaven, Whitby, Wifbeach, Yarmouth, Aberdeen, Ayr, Allo, Borrowstone ness
, Campbeltown, Dumfries, Dunbar, Port Dundas, Dundie, Grangemouth, Giaigow, Greenock, Kircudbright, Leith, Lerwick, Montrose, Perth, and Wigton. The bounties are, on wbeat from any part of Europe, fouth of Cape Finisterre, the Mediterranean, Africa, the
British colonies in America, the United States of America, or from Archangel; whenever the general average price of British wheat, published weekly in the London Gazette, is less than gos. per quarter, a bounty equal to the difference of such average price, and such rate of gos. per quarter : on wheat from any of the ports of the Baltic, Germany, or north of the Texel, whenever the average price is less than 855. per quarter, a bounty equal to the difference between such average price and' 85s. per quarter : on fire rubeuten flour, from the British colonies in, or the United States of America, whenever the average price of British wheat is less than 103s. per quarter, a bounty per fack of 80 lbs. weight, equal to the difference berween such average price and soos, per quarter; and from any other couatry a bounty equal to four fifths of the boun. ży payable on a quarter of wheat: on rice, whenever the current price thereof is less than 355. per Cwt a bounty equal to the difference between the current price and 355. per Cwt. An act has also been passed grinring a bounty on foreign oats, if the average price is under 495. per quarter. In consequence of these encouragements, and the still advancing prices of grain, there has al. ready been a great importation, and much more is expected; the rice that has arrived has low. ered the price of that useful article considerably, Carolina rice is at present from 343. to 36s.
Raw Jugars, which had fallen five or fix thillings per Cwt. have lately advanced again a little ; they are however in general lower than they were iwo or three months since. St. Kitts are from 38s. to 78s. Montserrat, St. Vincent's and Nevis, 575. to 76s. Jamaica, 545. to 755. Grenada, Muscovade, 558. to 745, ditto clay'd, 69s. to tois. Barbadoes, 555. to 745. ditto clay'd, 645. to 1025. Martinico, 555. to 735. ditto clay'd, 615. to 101s. St. Domingo, 545. to 73 s. diuo clay'd 615. to 98s. refined fugars are likewile lower, Lumps are from gos. to 106s. single loaves, 1005. to 1545. and powder loaves, 1075. to 123$.
Cotton wool has experienced a little advance in price, notwithstanding the importation thereof has been considerable.
Raw and brown filks are at very advanced prices, particularly the latter, which has not been much affected by the quantity that has lately arrived, but as more is hortly expected, it is probable that fuch of the merchants as are not interested in supporting a speculation will soon think it prudent to be a little more moderate in their demands. There is at present more employment for the filk throwsters than they can undertake, which some of them take advantage of,' in making such terms with their employers as at another time they would not dare to propose.
The Tea fale of the East India Company, which commences the 5th of June, confifts of 600,coo ibs of Bohea, 3,650,000 lbs. of Congou and Campoi, 650,000 lbs. of Souchong and Pe. koe, 650,000 lbs. of Singlo and Twankay, 100,000 lbs. of Hyson ikin, and 550,000 ditto of fupertine Hylon. Total 6,200,000 lbs.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT.' ALTHOUGH in some diftri&s the wheat crops appear to be rather thin, patchy, and not of
the moit healthy colour, there cannot be any doubt but that in most of those countries where they were put into the ground at a proper period, and where good feed was fown, there will be a good produce, as under iuch circumitances they have generally a highly promising aspect at pretent. The barley and oat crops are in such itates of vigorous growih, in almost every part ci the island, especially where lown early, that they afford the pleating profpect of being generally productive. 'Infomc parts of Wales and the northern counties of England, thele crops have however been tedious and expensive in putting into the ground, from the wetness of the season and the reduced state of the seams of the farmers from the dearness and scarcity of fodder of dif. ferent kinds. The fowing ot harley in some of these districts is only juit finished. Wheat averages throughout Fngland and Wales, 1215, id. (and in Mark-lane 1155. 10j1. Rye, gos• 3d. • Barley, 645. 8d. Oats, 455. vid. Beans, 76s. ud. and Peas, 76s. 8d.
The plantation of potato as has likewise been retarded in some fituations from fimilar causes; but on the whole a very large crop of this valuable rost has every where been put into the ground, and the plots that were early set have generally very good appearances of productiveness as well as oí being ready early.
Hups in the principal districts where they are cultivated at present look well, and are free from disease, bu. this is a crop that depends greatly on the state of the weather about the picking leaton. Kench bags fetch from 9 to ir guineas, and pockets from 10 to 13 guineas.
Neither the plentifulness of the pastures nor the earliness of the spring, have yet had much effect in lowering the price of fat stock. Beet sells in Smithfield market, from 4s. 8d. to 6s. Sd. Matton, from gs. 80. to 6s. 8d. and Veal from 45. to 6s, 6d. per stone of 8 lb. linking the offal.
In Newgate-market, beef sells from gd, to 12d. mutton from 8d, to gd. lamb rod. and veal from gd. to 10d. Fresh butter from 15d. to 18d. falt butter from iod. to 15d. Gloucefter cheese 8d, Cheshire cheese gd. Old potatoes 2d, The quartern loaf has varied between 16 de and 17d.
Lcan stock of every description is now on the rise, probably in consequence of the increased demand for them, from the abundance of grass in the pastures. Milch Cows are very scarce and deas. Good Horses also sell well, whether for the laddle or farming purposes.
Mowing grafies, though in common full, are not so forward as we had reason to suppose they would have been in our last. It is but in very few instances that grass has yet been cur.
Hay in St. James's inarket averages 51. 1os.
JULY IS 1800. [No. 6. of VOL.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. sponsibility with regard to the calamities of SIR,
war, on the plea, that war is a thing no TR. Pye's last Birth-day Ode has in. where expressly forbidden, and, being naduced me to make fome reflections,
tural to man, all its rights mist be in poco not on the poetry (for who would criticise session of those who have in their hands all the strains of a Birth day Ode?), but upon admirable reasoning, and reminds me of
other human rights. This appears to me the prevailing sentiment. It is an exul; the argumentation made use of to reconcile tation over the fate of “ bleeding Europe,'
the mind of Alexander to itself, after the ravaged by all the horrors of war: com- exercise of his royal pleasure in running pared to the peace and tecurity which are
his old friend, and faithful officer, Clitus enjoyed by happy Albion. A most awful fubject, it rightly considered! Where is through the body. Alexander was weak the man of candour and feeling, who will enough to feel great remorie for this acnot frudder, when he reflects on the poli. his Tacred health would suffer from its
tion, and there appeared fome danger that bility, that to the rulers of this country consequences. They fent in, therefore, to may be owing the continuance of these him (Arrian tells the story) not his chapscenes of blood and defolation, which are lain, but his philosopher or sophist, Anaxfurely rather matter for deep forrow and archus. This able man, approaching the humiliation to the philanthropist, than for triumph? What a dreadful responsibility him that he was probably ignorant why,
king with a smiling countenance, told is fomewhere incurred by eight years' unremitting warfare ; and how clear, how the wisdom of ages" had always feated decitive, how important ought to be the Justice by the side of Jove. It was, because motives which have influenced the rejec- to be esteemed as juft. The fame allu
whatever Jove decreed was on that account tion of any reasonable propositions for peace! I do not mean, Sir, to weary king, and ought to satisfy, first the king
fion would apply to the actions of a great your readers with a repetition of argu- himxlf, and then his subjects. Alexander, ments respecting the war, detailed in par. it is faid, “ with majetty approved his liamentary-Ipeeches, and newspaper-elsays; but I wish it were in my power to
pleaded reason." and was consoled. I urge as strongly on the minds of others, fuppole the Frederics and Catharines, and as it has impressed my own, the fearfuí perhaps the Pauls, &c. of later days, emotion naturally arising from the ideas
would equally admit the validity of ihe which the Laureat has chosen to dwell conclution. But, alas! Mr. Editor; zue upon.
are subjects, and have nothing to do with I am ignorant of the methods
this royal logic. Your's, &c. which our divines have taken to conciliate
ERASMUS every measure for extending and perpetila ating hostilities, taken hy regular governments, with the precepts of a religion To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. that breathes nothing but beneficence ; but I confess myself somewhat uneasy under
. This replication mo n peran o histoire be, of a national triumph and immunity, has given rise to ferions dirpurchased at such a coit to other people. quifitions on the wisdom of liws, their a Sins of government,” we have been in- failure, and the difficulty of carrying them geniouliy told, are “ sins of the nation." into execution; and fome gentlemen of pro, I hope, however, that they are not impu- found habits of thinking have funk so table to all individuals; for how can pow. deep in this subject, as to assert, almost in erless insulated beings like myself prevent plain terms, that penal laws are good for the acts of irresistible authority, supported nothing, because crimes are as frequent by decided majorities? I have been told after they have been enacted as before. of a late university fermon which com- Others have inquired, and I confess with pletely exonerates sovereigns from all re. fome propriety, into the right of any comMONTHLY MAG. No. 60.