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Unitarianism in United States of America.
535 education and fierce political rivalry that even the democrats had almost to abhor Jefferson, who no doubt re given up their opposition to his anturned it by perhaps a more guarded nual re-election. This office he rebut a deeper animosity :-He writes signed two months ago, to the regret to the man who seemed almost his of all. We have just lost an admira. natural enemy, in a style truly gen- ble ipan, Mr. George Cabot, of this tlemanly and truly Christian, to in- town, a direct descendant I believe of quire into his sentiments respecting Sebastian Cabot. He told me that the Christian revelation. He states inore than forty years ago, he met that many persons believe Mr. J. to with one or two merchants in a little be a sceptic or a disbeliever, hoping compting-room, which he pointed it is not so, but that his rejection is out, to devise the means of publish. only that of the irrational, unscrip- ing some liberal tracts, especially Dr. tural, and absurd doctrines which Priestley's little 'Appeal' and His. have too often passed for Christianity ; tory of Corruptions. When the Docs hoping too, that Mr. J. will not per- tor' was at Philadelphia, Mr. C. vas mit kis celebrated name to descend to a senator in Congress, and his conposterity, as that of a man who disbe- stant hearer and great admirer. Dr. lieved the doctrines of the Christian Kirkland preached his funeral sermon revelation, and to be used as an argu- last Sunday, and I hope to bring you ment against its credibility. Jeffer- acquainted with the character of this son replies with great good sense and pure, able, judicious, and most amigood feeling, and as it appeared to able man. He was a Unitarian, who me (scanning his words, you may as laid great stress upon the value of sure yourself, with suspicious keen- these principles; and at one of the ness) in a manner open and explicit. last conversations I had with him, he He professes his belief in the divine expressed, in terms similar to those mission of Christ, his regret that the in which you are wont to clothe the corruptions of Christianity have so strength of your belief, that those long obscured its glories and pre- priaciples of which we were speakvented ils reception and his joy, ing, would in no long time become that these corruptions are now passing those of the intelligent and virtuous away, and that the doctrine of the throughout the United States. Divine Unity and just views of the "I mention these men, my dear divine character are making a pro- Sir, not because they are governors gress so rapid and extensive. When and senators, &c. These are names, I speak of Mr. Pickering, I speak of and emphatically in this country, vox a man of great intelligence and of a et præterea nihil, conferred upon the character which more resembles that ignorant, the worthless and the vulof Cato than of any other man. His gar. But I mention them as men of opinions were changed many years sense and reflection, raised, all of ago, by the reading of Dr. Price's them, by these qualities, united with Sermons, and he has since been a an excellent moral character, from zealous Unitarian.
an hamble station, to much distine“ These also are the opinions of tion among their fellow- citizens. General Brooks, Dr. Osgood's pa. They were all educated in the times rishioner, whose steady liberality of and principles of Orthodoxy; all emis sentiment had an effect the most be- nent during their whole lives in active neficial upon the good Doctor's chan life and the business of the world. racter and ministrations. He also That such men should become the has had a distinguished military can supporters and advocates of liberal reer, and commanded a regiment at sentiments, in opposition to early the capture of Burgoyne with great prejudices, and moreover at a period éclat. At the peace, he resuned the of life, when zeal is apt to cool, should medical profession, and continued it. take a warm interest in the propawith great reputation for thirty years, gation of Unitarian sentiments, I and indeed to the present time to his must think affords no mean presumpimmediate friends and neighbours. tion, that these opinions approve He has been for seven or eight years, themselves, when examined, to the governor of this state with great esa grave and intelligent inquirer." teem, and with so much moderation, From Washington, another corre
spondent writes, of the date of March of securing emoluments to the clergy, 20, 1823 :
rather tends to retard the progress of “I wrote you in November last truth than otherwise ; it also occafrom Philadelphia, acknowledging the sions sometimes disagreeable feuds receipt of your most valuable pre- in parishes when a new sect arises. sent of your excellent work on the But I am not very confident in my Epistles, which the more I consult, opinion. As for the camp meetings the more highly I esteem, and think I believe they are declining every it beyond question the greatest of where, and chiefly_prevail in the those great services you have ren western country. Fanaticism, howdered to the cause of Christian truth. ever, in various shapes, is a very preIts effects will be widely and perma- vailing evil. Unitarianism will cure nently felt in a future generation of it, and I believe a large number of men. I hope it will soon be reprinted people, chiefly among the Baptists in this country, and read not only on in Ohio, Kentucky; and West Virthe shores of the Atlantic, but be- ginia, have cast off their belief in the yond the Alleghany chain on the banks Trinity. They have still much to of the Mississipi and Missouri. I learn. One of their preachers, a have introduced it to the knowledge plain man without education, but of several members of Congress, who good plain sense and a strong underappear to feel much interested in it: standing, was lately on a visit among The suggestion in your esteemed fa- us and our Baltimore friends, to get vour of October 1st, respecting a information on some points. This public provision for the support of man had trarelled above, 600 miles religion in every parish, &c., is a on horseback, and perhaps may rething concerning which I have no turn with some new ideas.” religious scruple. In the Eastern States it is adopted and maintained
London, by some of the governments. But in Sir, September 2, 1823. the iniddle, southern and western States of this Union, nothing of the
OBSERVE that a report which IO
crept into the newspapers relating kind has been admitted. In this mat- to an attempt at the late Conference ter Congress have no power ; the" of the Wesleian ministers to impose constitution prohibits them making the Liturgy of the Church of England any law respecting religion. In En- upon the societies in that comexion, gland the Imperiuın in Imperio which has been contradicted. Perhaps some is peculiar to this country is little of your readers can inform the public understood. Each of the twenty-four to what this contradiction amounts; States is a perfect, absolute and inde whether it applies to the fact in toto, pendent sovereignty, in all things per- or merely to the wording of the resotaiping to its own territory and in- lution proposed. I am informed that habitants. And the general govern-' the question of a Liturgy was actually ment is a government of specific'and moved and supported by the leading limited powers, sovereign and su- ministers in the connexion, and negapreme, with regard to the united tived by a majority of seventy and force and independence of the whole, upwards; and also that the movers and also in all the external relations intended that the Liturgy should bring of the country with other powers, in with it, according to John Wesley's and in the collection and use of re- original plan, episcopal ordination, venue for the Union ; but entirely the readers being designed to be taken incapable of interfering withi the in- from amongst persons in holy orders. ternal legislation of each particular. My information leads me to conclude State. Owing to their not under- that this attempt to approach towards standing this complicated system, we the Church of England, though deoften smile to see in the English pa- feated, will be renewed. Should this pers things said of the transactions of conclusion be correct, it is easy to the American government, which are foresee that the Wesleians will divide completely at variance with facts, into the two branches of Churehmen and with its constitutional principles. and Dissenters. I have visited New England, and am
EPISCOPUS. still disposed to think that their plan
( 537 )
Art. I.-Sermons, selected from the “Attention to our Work in its pro
Papers of the late Reo. Henry per Season;" [John ix. 4,] is inculTurner, &c.
cated in the twelfth discourse. We (Concluded from p. 473.)
have been impressed by the following
observation, (177,) This coll. Feue and False Shame, WE tenth sermon in this volume,
“ If our Saviour, with his extraordi. and the Necessity of Universal Obedi- nary powers and incomparable means of ence.”. (Psalin cxix. 6.) Mr. H. T. usefuluess, considered himself as under correctly, remarks, that, in the judg- obligation to observe the strictest indus. ment of the author of the text, the try, and the most unwearied diligence, most probable method of repressing imagine that our duties are not calcu.
how little would it become any of us to the predominance of shame, is faith.lated to occupy a constant and habitual fully to observe all the Divine com- attention!" mands.” (140.) Agreeably to the judicious arrange
The case of the Syrophenician went made by the editor, a discourse, Woman,” [Mark vii
furnishes succeeds, (XI., from Rom. i. 16,) the interesting topic of No. XIII. which is entitled, “Reasons for not Our Lord's apparent unwillingness to being ashamed of the Gospel.” We relieve her, is clearly explained, and had the happiness of knowing, that the virtuous features of her character this was, at least, one of the earliest are with equal distinctness pointed of thc sermons composed by the de out. In this discourse the author has parted preacher: and it reflects great evidently kept his eye, upon one of credit, in every view, upon his me- the late Bishop Horsley's, of which, mory. He points out various ways in however, po servile or indiscriminate, which a
most unworthy shame” but a truly judicious, use is made. respecting Christianity, finds a place Among the most valuable sermons amoug us, and then takes into consi- in the volume, we rank No, XIV. deration the motives assigned by Paul, which bears the title of “ All livé for his open and courageous profesa, unto God.” (Luke xx. 38.] It treats, sion of the doctrine of a crucified as might be expected, of the ChrisSaviour, We transcribe a few sen- tian doctrine of a resurrection from tences:
the grave. The text is correctly pa“ How many men have there been, ing this vital air, or long since re
raphrased: "All, whether now breathwhen exposed to the tannt of the anbe turned to that dust, from which they liever, they have been eager to make were taken, live unto him, who has their timely escape, by a quick adoption decrced their future resurrection, and of the opiuions of him, whom they so regards it as if it were present; 'who unworthily dread! Or, if not moved to quickeneth the dead and calleth those this act of desperation, how anxiously things which are not, as though they do they decline the contest, as one in
(203.) which they have no concern; and refer We lay before our readers another it to professional men, whose business
passage i it is to defend their religion! Professional men! What, do we live in a 5 Do nien' attempt to intimidate or Protestant country, and have we yet to allure you into disobedience ? You have learn, that Christianity is everyone's a life hidden with Christ in God, with profession ; that no man can be a Chris- which they cannot, interfere ; a life far, tian by proxy; and that none will be more enduring than the fleeting shadows asked, in the great day of account, what which compose this earthly life,
You his priest, or his minister, believed, but. what he himself believed ! and still more, how his behaviour corresponded with his
Vol. III. Nos. 37 and 38. Mon. belief?"--P. 162.
Repos. VIII. 334.
live unto God. What a pleasing, aw signing them over to receive the full seful prospect is before us! That great verity of the divine sentence !" end of all things, for which this world of men was constituted, for which they From Matt. xx. 22, Mr. H. T. prohave lived, and in the expectation of fesses to discourse, in No. XVII., which they have died, is still to come. on the proper Objects of ChrisThe pious dead still wait for their re
tian's pursuits.” Yet a considerable demption ; they wait because we are not portion of the sermon is occupied in yet prepared for that awful trial which
an illustration of that incident in the is to ensue ; because the long-suffering
evangelic narrative, which furnishes of God still allows time for our repentance; and his wise providence is the text. The reader will meet here
with a clear and faithful illustration still multiplying and extending the means of grace, in behalf of a sinful and dis- of the expression, “worshiping him." obedient world. They have not yet re
“ Means of securing the Love of ceived the promise: it is delayed, be- Christ,” [John xv. 9, 10,) are stated cause the world is not yet ripe for the in the eighteenth sermon: these are consummation of all things; they have mainly, obedience to his commands received it not, that (as the apostle says) and the imitation of his example. • they without us should not be made This preacher well obscrves," that it perfect;' and I cannot but conceive of is the excellent effect of the Christian our pious fathers as waiting in peaceful scheme to make religion familiar to and patient expectation, till children, and children's children, be perfected."
our thoughts, and to bring home to
our business and bosoms the justest Pp. 208, 209.
and sublimest motives of conduct." Of the fifteenth discourse the title
(267) is “ on Love to Christ” (1 Pet. i. 8]; The nineteenth discourse treats of the nature and foundation of which
a very attractive and interesting subhabit of mind are excellently stated. ject, and bears the title, “ Religion This serinon was " preached before suited to this world, as well as to the celebration of the Lord's Supper;" the next” [John xvii. 15): it is emand a powerful admonition to the ployed in an illustratration of tivo observance of a rite so interesting and propositions ; "first, that the world significant forms the conclusion. Ac
is the appointed field for the exercise cording to the preacher, we should of Christian duty; secondly, that the love Jesus Christ, because he is the Christian ought to unite lis earnest beloved Son of God, and the most endeavours with his prayers to God, perfect example of every human vir- that he may so live in the world, as tue, because the most tender compas- to be kept from the evil of it.” Tosion for mankind was a governing wards the conclusion, Mr. H. T. motive of his services and self-denial, makes a very appropriate extract from because of the sufferings which he Milton's Areopagitica. voluntary underwent for our sakes, In No. XX. (Matt. xxiii. 7] the because he still lives, and ever inter-' reader is presented with a sermon of cedes for us, and, lastly, because;" great value, on “The Woe denounced though now we see him not, yet, if against Causes of Offence." The fact we are faithful unto the end, we shall and its consequences are first represee him, and be received into the feli- sented: then it is viewed as arising city of an everlasting fellowship with out of the established order of Provihim.
dence; and, finally, the writer shews, The sixteenth discourse, is “ that " this must not be used as an Uncharitable Judgment of others' argument for any kind of wiekedness, Faults.” (Jonah iv. 9.]: A more' or even of negligence, in regard to the pertinent text might, perhaps, have best interests of mankind.” Another been selected. The sermon, however, charming passage is introduced from consists principally of very good ok. that treatise of our sublime poet, servations on Jonah's character, and which has just been mentioned paon part of his history, one of the remarks suggested by which is, (239)
rents and children, governors and sub
jects, masters and servants, the aged “How carefully should we guard and the young, in short, men of all aginst an unfeeling temper in forming classes, and those, in particular, who our judgments of mankind, and con are nearly and mutually related, may
Review.- Sermons by the late Rev. Henry Turner.
539 derive instruction from the reasoning with a supposed falsehood, merely beand admonitions of the adınirable dis we imagine good effects will be course to which it is transferred.
produced on our own minds, by such a By the nest, XXI., we are scarcely practice. But it is altogether a 'fallacy; less impressed and gratified: it is “
no such prayer was ever presented; and the Duty and Efficacy of Prayer." the valuable tendency of the exercise [Matt. vii. 7.] A most important ob- worshiper believes, that nature and
must entirely cease, as soon as the ligation, an essential as well as a salı- religiou hold out to him po hope of tary practice, is here urged with great obtaiuing a favourable answer to his strength of reasoning. To the fol- sincerest prayer, under his greatest aflowing observations we cordially sub- flictions." scribe, and are reminded by them of
The arguments which the Scriptures Ogden * and of Price t (310, 311): contain in behalf of prayer, are then
“ I know it has been said, that the excellentlg set forth. important practical tendency of the exer
“A sermon on New Year's Day,” cise of prayer will, of itself, operate as (No. XXII.) closes this part of the a sufficient motive for engaging in it. volume : the subject [Eccles. xi. 7] Our prayers, it is said, for support ander is, the tenure on which we possess aliiction, or of (tor) virtuef in temp
even the innocent and allowable pleatation, though they do not induce God to bestow more of his supporting grace,
sures of life; and the discourse rethan by his ivherent goodluess he is ever
ceives a melancholy interest from the disposed to bestow, have a most bene- circumstance of its being the last ficial effect upon our own temper, and composed by the author.” serre to impress upon us a sense of our Three Addresses at the celebration constant dependence upon the Almighty, of the Lord's Supper, one at a funeral, for every thing which makes our lives and an office for public worship, are happy: In like manner, our interces. annexed; with a view to the gratificasions in behalf of our fellow-creatures, tion and benefit of different classes of though they cannot have any direct iu
readers, fluence in promoting their welfare, pro The sermons that we have now reduce, indirectly, the most important results, by engaging us, in a solemn and viewed are short ; without, however, impressive manner, to the performance being meagre and superficial. They of charitable and benevolent duties. But are, at the same time, inethodical : and I think I may safely appeal to the good the method is, for the most part, sense and experience of every religious announced. This we consider as a persoc, whether these are the reasons capital excellence. Hume, whose liwhich have ever led, or ever would lead, terary taste and judgment are almost to that spontaneous and sincere devotion, universally admitted, censures“ our from which alone these good effects modern orators,” for their rejection would fow? Nay, whether they would of that order, “which seems so requieven consider it as justifiable to use the site to argument, and without which forms of devotion, under such impreso it is scarcely possible to produce an sious ? Could the form of petitivu be entire conviction on the mind.”* used with propriety by those, who do not believe that the Divine Being regards
Mr. Henry Turner appears to have the prayers of men ? Might it not ap- possessed the qualifications of a sound pear even impious, to address the Al. theologian--industry, candour, a sinmighty in language which we cousidered cere and pious mind, discernment, as expressing false and unfounded vo and a correct acquaintance with scriptions? For surely' no apparent advan. tural praseology. He was evidently tages can justify nis, in acting upon ficti." characterized by an enlightened zeal tious principles. And religion espe- for the tenets which he embraced on cially, where every thing should breathe inquiry and conviction : hence they simplicity and godly sincerity, it cannot be warrantable to act conformably with
are neither. unseasonably introduced ideas which we believe to be erroneous ;
nor disingenuously kept back or coto connect the venerable name of God loured. His style is in general pure,
glowing and agreeable; such as marks
the scholar and the man of taste. Sermons on Prayer and Interces. The grand charm of these discourses sion.
+ Dissertations, No. II. Sect. 1. I Perhaps, the prayers of virtue.
* Essays, &c. (1793,) Vol. I, p. 111.