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570 Of Religious Civilization in Russia.... Italy. [ May, expressed to possess it. Those who ces is very high ; for example, an edi. cannot read, call themselves, and tion of the feast psalms of the Moraoften with lainentation, blind. Oth. vians published in Moskwa, of 5 to ers satisfy the mselves with hearing 600 copies, cost in Sarepta, 18 to 20 the extracts from the Bible read dai roubles; each copy being 2 octavo ly, or on feast days. But in general leaves. Among the colonies on the little religious inclination is found in Wolga, there are many Protestant Russia, owing to the total want of re- families who have no Bible, but most ligious education. No one, from the have a New Testament. The great noble to the peasant, receives any distance at which the German coloother religious instruction, than the nists are from their country, greatly aborementioned hearing of the litur. increases the difficulty of procuring gy and lectures in the churches. books of all kinds. The expenses of And it would be very difficult to re. carriage, packages, commissions, and more this inconvenience.
tolls, double the original cost at LeipTen years ago a very important re- zig on each book. For example : 2 ligious society undertook the distri. Bible printed in Halle, which costs in bution of religious writings, and as letter press 12 groschen, (18 pence) they could not interfere with the and as much for binding, costs, at the books nsed in the church, they at- colonies on the Wolga, about 3 rou. tempted to circulate edifying tracts bles, (a rouble about 2s. 6d.) and from gratis. But the society was suppres. 3 to 20 copies according to the bindsed, as suspected of political views. ing ; which will only be of common Besides these editions of the Bible, leather, coloured, black, or marbled, there are books of psalms, gospels, with red edges: but in black cordoand epistles, in different editions, of van, with gold edges and lettered, all sizes, and at different and very the same Bible in large octavo costs 5 low prices ; intended chiefly for the roubles : and if bound in Sarepta, use of the church. But those who still more ; therefore, they are gen. desire it may provide themselves with erally ordered bound. The MorariBibles, in Petersburg, Kiew, Moskwa, ans in Sarepta have made many at(although not at all times) at regular tempts to spread the Christian relig. fixed prices, from the book ware- ion among the neighbouring Cal. houses of the synod. It is easiest to mucks; but hitherto without much procure psalm books, they being the effect. A translation has likewise
been made of several extracts from Since the year 1766, German colo- the Bible into the Calmuck language, nies have been established in the which has not been printed. government of Saratow on the Wolga. The empire of Russia is so extenThere are thirteen Protestant parish- sive that many things may be true of es, at which are stationed Lutheran
some parts, which cannot properly be and Calvinistic ministers, who have applied to others. Near the great been sent from Germany and Switzer. towns, for instance, a love of reading land. From the present high price of may prevail by very much more than the necessaries of life, they have it did twenty years ago, yet letters much difficulty to maintain their fam. and books may not have reached the ilies. The Unitas Fratrum (Mora- county districts.-Can the Bible Sovians) provide Bibles printed at Halle, ciety assist ?
[Panorama. for their establishment in Sarepta. They receive from Germany, yearly, 100 Bibles, as many Testaments, about 50 Psalters, together with 250
CARDINAL Cassoni, Secretary of or 300 books of other kinds. They
State to his holiness the Pope, has have no printing press, and the ex
published the following note : penge of printing in Moskwa (which
ROME, FEB. 2, 1808. is the nearest printing place in the “ His holiness, Pius VII. being country) at Petersburgh, is unable to conform to all the demands greater than that of procuring the made on him by the French govern. books in Leipzig. The expense of ment, and to the extent required of paper and printing in the former pla- him, as it is contrary to his sacred
duties, and the dictates of his con.
The True Patriot. science ; and being thus .compelled
ANDREW Dort, of Genoa, the to submit to the disastrous conse.
greatest sea captain of the age he quences which have been threatened, lived in, set his country free from the and to the military occupation of his yoke of France. Beloved by his fel. capital, in case he should not submit low citizens, and supported by the to such demands :
emperor Charles V. it was in his “Yielding, therefore, in all humili.
power to assume sovereignty, with ty of heart, to the inscrutable deter. out the least struggle. But he preminations of the Most High, he places ferred the virtuous satisfaction of his cause in the hands of the Almigh- giving liberty to his countrymen. ty, and being unwilling to fail in the He declared in public assembly, that essential obligations of guaranteeing the happiness of seeing them once the rights of his sovereignty, he has more restored to liberty, was to him commanded us to protest, and for- a full reward for all his services : mally protests in his own name, as well that he caimed no pre-eminence a. as in that of his successors, against bove his equals, but remitted to them any occupation whatever of his do.
absolutely to settle a proper form of minions, being desirous that the
Dori's magnanimity rights of the holy chair shonld re.
put an end to factions that had long main, now and henceforward, uinin. vexed the state ; and a form of gov. jured and untouched. As the Vicar ernment was established with great on earth of that God of Peace who unanimity. Dori lived to a great age, taught by his divine example humili. beloved and honoured by his countryty and patience, he has no doubt but men ; and without making a single his beloved subjects, who have given step out of his rank, as a private citi. him so many repeated proofs of obe.
zen, he retained, to his dying hour, dience and attachment, will make it great influence in the republic. their peculiar study to preserve Power founded on love and gratitude peace and tranquillity, private as well
was to him more pleasant than what as public, which his holiness exhorts, was founded on sovereignty. His and expressly commands; and that
memory is reverenced by the Genfar from committing any excesses, oese ; and in their histories and pub. they will rather respect the individu- lic monument, there is bestowed on als of a nation, from whom, during his hiin the most honourable of all titles, journey and stay in Paris, he receiv
“ Father of his country, and restorer ed so many flattering testimonies of of its liberty." devotion and regard."
JERUSALEM. The Emperor Alexander has just A PLAN of the city of Jerusalem, founded a College at Tellis, in Geor- and its environs, as they were at the gia. An ecclesiastic of that country time of Christ, is recently published at is placed at the head of the establish - Madrid. It includes representations ment, who is a man of great literary of the edifices and places mentioned knowledge, and understands the Rus. in scripture ; tbe walls, gates, and sian language. Translations into the squares of that famous city ; particu. Georgian tongue of several useful larly the road along which the Saworks are already begun; and in re. viour of the world was conducted from turn, translations into the Russian the Garden of Olives to Mount Cal. language of the work of the celebrat. vary. To the above is added, as a ed Georgian poet, Russawell, and of supplement, the recent excursion of a a renowned novel writer named Ser: Spaniard who gives an account of the sci Tmogwell, are expected.
present sanctuaries of Palestine.
We believe Spain is the only Eu- TARTARY.-Discovery of a City. ropean country which of late years In the island of Taman, in the Black has maintained an intercourse with Sea, the foundations of an ancient ciJerusalem: the Spanish sovereign, ty, which must have been very large, not many years ago, liberated the although not mentioned in history, monastery in this city from a heavy were lately discovered : it is said that arrear of debt due to the Turks, a similar discovery bas been made in &c.
a district of Siberia.
List of New Publications.
A SERmox, delivered at the fune- city. New York. Hopkins & Sey. ral of Dr. Joshua Lathrop, who died
1808. Oct. 29th, 1807, aged 84. By Joseph A Discourse, delivered in the Strong, D. D. Pastor of the first church in Hollis Street, April 13, church in Norwich. Hartford, Lin. 1808, at the interment of the Rev. coln & Gleason.
Samuel West, D. D. late pastor of The signs of perilous times. A said church. By John Lathrop, D. D. Sermon, delivered at the public fast, pastor of the second church in Bos. in West Springfield, April 7, 1808. With a Biographical Memoir By Joseph Lathrop, D. D. Pastor of of the Rev. Dr. West, written and the First Church in West Springfield. published at the request of a com. Springfield. H. Brewer.
mittee of the Society in Hollis Street, Propositions for amending the Con. Boston. By Rev. Thomas Thacher, stitution of the United States ; sub. A. M. A. A.S. of Dedham. Bos. mitted by Mr. Hillhouse to the Senate, ton. Belcher & Armstrong. on the twelfth day of April, 1808, with Zion's Pilgrim, By Robert Haw. his explanatory remarks. New Ha ker, D.D. Vicar of Charles, Plymouth. ven, Oliver Steele, & Co.
To which are added select pieces by The Clergyman and People's Re- different authors. pp. 204. Boston, membrancer, or an essay upon the Lincoln & Edmands. 1808. importance of the ministerial charac- In the press of Collins & Perkins, ter, as connected with a pure and No. 189, Pearl street, New York, a evangelical style of preaching : agree- new work, entitled “ A Hebrew and able to the doctrines and articles of English Lexicon for the Psalms, with our Episcopal Church. By William points ; in which all the words that Percy, D. D. the third minister of are found in the Hebrew original are St. Philip's and St. Michael's. alphabetically arranged, and carefully Charleston, (S. C.). J. Hoff. 1808. explained. Accompanied by a coma
Horæ Juridicæ Subserivæ : a con- pendious grammar of the Hebrew nected series of notes, respecting the language, iogether with remarks ergeography, chronology, and literary planatory of the idiomatical express history of the principal codes and sions which occur in the Hebrew original documents of the Grecian, psalms. By Clement C. Moore, A. M. Roman, Feudal, and Canon law. Bv Farrand, Mallory and Cc, bave also Charles Butler, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn. in the press, Buonaparte's last cam. With additional notes and illustra- paigns Prussia, Saxony, Poland, tions, by an eminent American civi!- &c. ornamented with engravings, exian. Svo. pp. 136. Philadelphia, bibiting the likenesses of Buonaparte, published by Wm. P. Farrand, and king and queen of Prussia, and em. Ço, and Farrand, Mallory and Co. peror of Russia. A translation of Boston. 1808.
this work, by Samuel Mackay, A. M. A Sermon, preached March 13t), is now completed. 1808, for the benefit of the Society Lincoln & Edmands will shortly put instituted in the city of New York, to press, Mason's Spiritual Treasury for the relief of poor widows with for the Children of God; being a Rea small children. By Samuel Miller, flection for each morning and evening D. D. one of the pastors of the United in the year, from select texts of scrip Presbyterian churches in the said ture, 2 vols. 1200.
CHARACTER OF THE REV. SAMUEL TOXCROTT,
Who died March 2, 1807. In the early part of his life, pre- evening sacrifice. At the recollec. vious to receiving the honours of col. tion and mention of the atonement by lege, he hopefully found the consola- the Lord Jesus Christ, for his chosen tions of religion. His studies were people, he would seem animated by consequently directed to a prepara- uncommon transports of joy. In his tion for the gospel ministry. By an confessions, intercessions and peti. increasing attachment to the interests tions, he was fervent for the glory of of the Redeemer's kingdom, he had God in his own good, in that of his the strongest proofs in riper life, that beloved family, his Christian brethhis early hopes were well founded. ren, and the prosperity of Zion in gen
Trusting in the free and sovereign eral. For several years past, he grace of God, through the merits of interested himself but little in the Christ, he experienced enjoyments, present world. When health would which were not like the morning permit, until he was almost entirely cloud and early dew.” The church deprived of his sight, which happenin New Gloucester was gathered, and ed by means of a violent cold, within he ordained its pastor in January, two years past, he employed much time 1765. He sustained this relation to either writing or transcribing ex. them, for the term of twenty eight cellent sentiments for the benefit of years, though for the last part of the those who should live after his de. time, by reason of a feeble constitué parture. tion, he was unable to bear the fa. As a parent he was tender and tigues of all its duties. Being much affectionate, using every Christian employed in the study of the sacred endeavour to promote the best temscriptures, a large proportion of them poral and eternal interest of those were familiar to his memory. In re. near to him by the ties of nature, of. gard to the leading, as well as the ten urging them from the tenderest more abstruse doctrines of holy writ, considerations to be reconciled to the strength of his understanding and God. He was careful never to vio. soundness of his judgment were ac
Jate the confidence of friendship. knowledged and appealed to by many Sensible of the dependence and in. of his brethren in the ministry. The firmity of our nature, he prayed much character of his mind was such as for others, and requested an interest fitted him for very agreeable and in in their addresses. He often mani. structive conversation with those who fested a spirit of charity and benevovisited his study. His passions were lence. In this his Christian brethren naturally strong and his disposition were repeatedly and honourably recheerful. Though a well instructed membered, not long before his death, scribe in the duties of his holy pro- As he sometime feared lest he fession, he was modest and unas- should be cowarılly, and dishonour the suming. Being under the influence cause of his glorious Redeemer, at the of an humble principle, he seemed near approach of the king of terrors, estranged from every thing like envy God granted him a sudden removal. or vanity. As he took a very affec. He was translated from this to the tionate part with all who were afflict world of light, without being permitte ed, he had not an evil eye towards ed to perceive the melancholy apthose who were prospered.
proaches of the last enemy. He was Necessarily prevented by a sickly spared a tedious succession of pain constitution from great activity in the and sickness, and obtained a release cause of his Master, he frequently from all violent struggles. The garmade bitter complaints of his own un- ment of his mortality suddenly dropt fruitfulness. Though much in prayer, . off, and he fell asleep in the Lord. he would seem enraptured in that du- “ Blessed are the dead which die in ty, at the time of the morning and the Lord, for they rest."
CHARACTER OF REV. SAMUEL WEST. strength of reasoning, and accuracy
of discrimination which ensures them Rev. Samuel West, D. D. was the a value with the learned, they possess sixth of twelve children, the fourth of that winning charm of the pathetic sons of Rev. Thomas West. His and persuasive, which makes them a mother was Drusilla Pilsbury, the manual of inestimable value to his daughter of a French Protestant who friends, and an auxiliary of mueh imfled to this country on the revocation portance to general improvement of the edict of Nantz. He was born For several years before his deatla at Martha's Vineyard, Nov. 19, (0.s.) his health was much impaired ; and 1738, and died 10th April, 1808. for many months, he was wholly con
Such was the high estimation, in fined to bis chamber and couch. which this most amiable man and ex
exercised with much cellent minister was held by the com- pain, and at times with severe dis. 'munity, that a long or laboured pan- tress, during this long season of linegyric, would be wholly, superflu- gering ; and through all evidenced ous. In the place of his nativ. the unwavering faith and unfailing ity; at Cambridge, where he had hopes of a genuine servant of Jesus his education, and received acail. Christ. Those who have seen and emic honours in 1761 ; in the several heard him in his sickness, can never places of his residence, between his forget how like a saint he looked, leaving college and settlement at how like a sage he spoke. And Needhain, in 1764 ; in that place, though the radiant composure of beand the surrounding country, he left nevolence and piety, which beamed · that “good name which is better than from his countenance is dimmed, rubies, and his memory will be though the mild accents of resignajustly blessed." In this capital, where. tion and truth which flowed from his he spent the last 19 years, but one tongue are silenced by death, bis sentinent is felt, but one opinion en- friends have for their consolation, that tertained respecting his professional he now enjoys a happier society. While and personal worth.
In bis neigh
every acquaintance feelingly exclaims, bourhood he was most peculiarly regarded and beloved ; in his parish, he 3. Two Discourses at Needham, 1st was all which his parishioners could parish, on the Public Fast, 7th April, desire; in his family, he was a most 1785. Edes & Son, 8vo. pp. 39. precious companion and counsellor. 4. A Sermon on the Day of General Few men die more extensively valu- Election, May 31, 1786. Adams & ed, probably no pastor was ever more Nourse. 8vo. pp. 32. tenderly endeared to his flock. Such 5. A Sermon at his instalment in was the interest he manifested in all Boston, March 12, 1789, with the their concerns, such his peculiar at- charge by Dr. Belknap, and right hand tentions to them in all circumstances, of fellowship by Dr. Eckley. '1. Thothat in the hearts of young and old mas & Co. 1789. 8vo. pp. 31. he holds the place of a father and a 6. The Christian Soldier. A Sermon friend.
before the Ancient and Honorable Artil. His literary reputation can be lery Company, Fune 2, 1794, the anni. but transiently noticed in this brief versary of their election. Manning & sketch. Several occasional dis- Loring: 1794. pp. 19. courses, and many moral and relig- 7. A Sermon on the national Thanks ious essays, from his pen, are before giving, Feb. 19, 1795. S. Etheridge. the public.* While they evince a 1795. 8vo. pp. 20.
8. Greatness the result of goodness. * 1. A Sermon at the ordination of the A sermon occasioned by the death of Rev. Jonathan Newell, at Stow, 11th George Washington, c. 29th Dec. October, 1774. Edes & Gill, 1775. 1799. Manning & Loring. pp. 17. Svo. Pp. 31.
9. A series of Essays in the monito2. A Sermon, at Delham, 2d church, rial department of the Columbian CenMarch, 1785, occasioned by the death of tinel, with the signature of “an old tivo young nuen, brothers, 5o. Edes & man,” commenced on Saturday, Nov. Son, 1785. 8vo. pp. 23.
29, 1806, and continued to Aug. 22, 1807,