Imatges de pÓgina

Poetry.-The Philosophy of Evil.


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" Each from me some strong instinct

draws, “ Which towards its kin engenders

strife; “ Birds, fishes, yielding to my laws,

“ Prey upon life. “ Hare you not heard in distant wood,

“ How greedy beasts pursue their way ? “ By turns, each drinks some creature's

blood, “ By turns the prey. “ Have you not mark'd the busy world,

“Where reason forms its wisest plan? “ How man, by furious passions whirl'd,

Preys upon man ? “ 'Tis minc-I stir the active thought,

“ I rouse the passions, urge the deed; " And there I feast, wbere thousands

fought, « And thousands bleed. “ 'Midst storms and fires I sit and sing, “ Most pleas'd where least I see of

form; I sail upon the whirlwind's wing,

“And guide the storm. “ When Ætna belches flame around,

“I gaze and gaze with greedy eye, “ Where cities, late with plenty crown'd,

“ In ruins lie. « Does ocean rave? I look and think

“ Unruffled on the sounding shore, “ And rise with joy, as thousands sink,

« To rise no more. “ Do carthquakes growl beneath the

land ? I wait expectant of the sight; And grow, as earth's wide jaws ex

pand, « Wild with delight. “ Of life their babes when Hindoos spoil,

“The pious deed I loud proclaim, “ And of their widow's funeral pile,

“ I light the flame. 66. "Tis mine-all mine-I boast the

deeds “ And call myself the friend of man.66 "Tis mine- and see! the work pro

ceeds “ 'Tis nature's plan. “ On man what crowding ills attend !

“ See how creation pants for room ! “ Ab! wretch-I baste, tbat wretch's

“ To build his tomb."

The influence of the good Spreads like the widening shadows of the

evening Till life's last sun-beam dies.


The Philosophy of Evil.

(From Mr. G. Dyer's Poetics.) It was when dark November frown'd;

Country and town alike were dreary; Nothing was siniling all around,

Nought within cheary. “ Ob! for some pure æthereal sphere,

« To wbich no dregs of matter cling, 16 Where flows serene th' all-perfect year.

“ From mind's pure spring." It might not be a Form I view

Stern was his front, and fierce bis eye; His robe mix'd of November's hue,

On crimson dye. Clamour, and Rage, and trembling Fear,

In grinu wild state before him go; And in his band he couch'd a spear,

As towards some foe. “ Sing not to me," he cried, “ of loves;

“ Sigh not to me in Pity's strains ; “ Nor think to lure me to the grores,

« To pipe with swains. “ Different my joys-1 traverse earth,

“ I range thro' air, I pierce the sea ; $And every creature by its birth,

“I bound to me.

The Persian Magi beld two princi ples, one the author of good, the other of evil; the latter was called Arimanes. This personage is called in the Chaldaic oracles by different names, Hecate, Car. moue raras vans, Danon; other bar


Died, Sepi. 9, at her house, in Sid- not sufficient to prore her his true dis mouth, Mrs. ELIZABETH CARSLAKE, ciple, and to fit her for that eternal the eldest sister of John Carslake, Esq. life which he is appointed to bestow, of the same place, whose death we re. This venerable and amiable womani corded fourteen months ago [X. 522.) supported through the whole of her She had completed the 78th year of her long life, a blameless and lovely chaage, and for some time pasi had been racter. She was placed by Providence evidently in a declining state. She in very favourable circumstances, and had a large circle of relatives and she was neither insensible of the ada friends, and was deservedly esteemned vantages she enjoyed; nor an unfaithby them. She was a steady Dissenter, ful steward of them. Her friendship but had not the smallest dislike to any was not lightly given; but when one who conscientiously differed from her: imparted, it was steady and durable, the liberty she claimed for herself in nothing but worthlessness of character religious matters, she freely accorded could shake her attachment. Her virto others. She was entitled to still tues were all of the mild and unob higher praise than this: her faith was trusive kind : her mind was serious, practical, as well as liberal, it led to, but not at all gloomy. Her natural good works. She was well aware that temper was good, and the riews she the mere calling of Christ Lord was entertained of the paternal character

of the Almighty, and of the wisdom barous names, as it is there expressed, and goodness of all his dispensations, are given it by God. The Indian mytho led her to acquiesce in all his appointlogy paints it under different forms, more ments and satisfied her that every thing particularly as Seera. By the northern

was tending to good.

The great nations it was called Surtur, who is de- Christian doctrines of a resurrection scribed in the Edda as making war upon from the dead, a future re-union with Odin. In the Funeral Song of Hacon, it her beloved relatives and friends, and appears as the wolf Fearis, chained now, but who will breal loose hereafter, and

an intercourse with all the virtuous caf destroy the world. In the Greek and mankind in the kingdom of ibeir Roman poets, particularly Ovid and Clau- common Father, were frequently the dian, it is conspicuous in the Battle of the subject of her thoughts and conversaGiants against Jupiter, and has thence tion. These doctrines gave her high passed into the poetry of Milton. Pindar,, delight, and no wonder that they after describing the confinement of these should, they are full of consolation, Giaots in Ætna, represesents them as and fitted to cheer and support in all belching out streams of fire. (Pyth. 1.) the calamities and decays of mortality. ααλατα συρος αγνοταται σαγαι. Like her aged and good brother, she Mars is made by Homer a fierce malicious was eminently a child of peace, and being, destructive to men and delighting nothing upon earth gave her so mucha in blood,

satisfaction, as when she witnessed a Ages, Ages, &potokorye, pandoras just and peaceful temper in those

Il. lib. v. about her. Her life being thus goodIn the sacred writings of the Jews, also, ness, it was in the natural order of this principle appears, and is called Na- things that her end should be peace. kas, a serpent, (Gen. iii. 1.) and on this “ Mark the perfect man," says the the Christian doctrine is founded. It Psalmist, “and behold the upright. seems to be, and thus it is explained by for the end of that man is peace." many critics, the principle of evil, as per- This was fully verified in the subject sonised in the philosophy of the East of this account. Her fast illness was And it is remarkable, that in Persia both the principles were personified under the ful; she retained her senses to the

not very long, nor was it very pain.. symbol of two serpents contending for the.


About an hour and half before MUNDANE EGG.

In the above poem no allusion is made her death she swallowed a liale milk, to the origin of evil, it only admits its and then gradually, and tranquilly existence, and accords with that philoso-" resigned herself to the sleep of death. phy, which supposes it a necessary part of • Blessed are the dead who die, in the the present system, and that partial evil Lord."

B may be universal goud.


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Olituary.--Mr. Richard Reynolds.
Memoir of the late

But his deeds were not done to obtain
Mr. RICHARD REYNOLDS. the praise of men: he sought the means
N our Obituary of last month, (p. of conferring a favour in private, and

554) we briefly' noticed the death of redoubling the obligation by not seemMr. Richard Reysolds, of Bristol. ing to have bestowed one. "A striking Various menoirs of that excellent man instance of this kind occurred when a have already appeared, and it is hoped lady applied to himn in behalf of an that the public will ere long be favoured orphan, whom he had liberally aided : with a minute and correct narrative of “When he is old,” the lady said, “I his useful life by one who knows how will teach him to name and thank his. to appreciate his worth, and has been benefactor." · Stop," said the good conversant with many of the inore se- man,"you mistake; we do not thanks cret acts of Mr. Reynolds's benevolence. the clouds for rain; teach hiin to We should however regret that our read- look higher, and thank Him, who ers should not be informed of some of giveth buth the clouds and the rain." the more prominent features of this So great was Mr. Reynolds's modesty, pious and venerable Christian. A known that he seemed wounded if his praise ledge of his plaus may induce the well were sounded, or if his deeds of kind. disposed to go and do likewise. ness were brought before the public

Mr. Reynolds was a native of Bristol, eye. Partiy with a view of concealing His father was an opulent tradesman, the author, and partly to give a wide and a minister among the Society of diffusion to his beneficence, he emFriends. He was solicitous that habits ployed persons in different parts and of early industry should be implanted men of all professions and religious in his children. These were properly persuasions, to relieve objects deserving applied by his son, who at no advanced of assistance, in the places in which age became a proprietor and conductor they resided. One method was lending of very extensive iron works in Shrope sums of money to the deserving, pere shire." Perseverance and skill were mitting them to repay the amonni by accompanied by integrity; and the instalments ; if they were able to pay conseqrience was the great improve interest, it was received, if not, it was ment of the concern and the accumu

not deinanded. The same money 10 lation of an ample fortunę by Mr. be again and again applied to similar Reynolds. This he used in a manner cases. Expectation was not awakened becoming the philanthropist and the and then disappointed. But the advice Christian. He ascribed all his bless-, accompanying the aid bestowed was ings to the Giver of all good, and frequently found of the highest utility. considered himself only a steward of Mr. Reynolds gave to public charities Divine bounty. Heregarded his talents, with munificence; but to his own whether of money or ability, as trea- name only such suims were affixed as sures for which he must hereafter give others inight easily imitate, who were a strict account hence bis self denial well disposed to the cause. “A Friend," was uniforin, his circumspection great, or “ A Friend by ditto,” contributed and his generosity without parciality, what awakened admiration. To give either as to sect, party, or country: instances would be endless: suffice it to Piety was his ruling principle, and refer to the records of the Committee pride was a stranger to his actions. for relieving the Germans 10 those of The good effect of his religious prin- the Spital-fields Weavers—of the Bible ciple, was strikingly shown in the Societies to those of the African Ingovernment he acquired over a temper stitution and to those of the various naturally irritable. Benevolence is often charities in Bristol. Mr.Reynolds held the offspring of feeling: in Mr. Rey. it to be a duty that cach one should nolds it was the consequence of faith, much as possible be his own executorworking by love. A discretion rarely not only to avoid giving trouble to surto be found, was the companion of his . vivors, but also, because our talents are zeal to do good. But a willingness to required to be faithfully used, whilst we search out the case he knew not, was ourselves are in the body. On this Rot its only feature : there was a pene. ground, during his life, he purchased tration in his mode of proceeding that an estate for 2 10,000, the interest of discovered the clearness of his judguient which is to be appropriated, at the and the acuteness of his abservations., discretion of the trustees whom he. named, to the assistance of seven cha- rejoiced.” But it must be left to a rities which he specified. With the Clarkson to recount his services towards same view, he gave a sum of money to the abolition of the Slave Trade, and the Corporation of Bristol, to augment ameliorating the condition of the ope a fond, of which that body has the pressed Negro: it must be left to an application, for relieving blind persons, Allen to tell what he hath done for the by granting £10 a year to each re- education of the poor : it must be left cipient. The charity which for a long to an Owen to enumerate his benefactime occupied his attention, is worthy tions to the British and Foreign Bible of its advocate : it was 10 raise a sum of Society: and to an Harrison, or some money to enable all the inhabitants in other member of the Society of Friends, The almshouses of Brisel to receive at to enumerate Mr. Reynolds's gifts to present equal to the intention of the the various charitable institutions befounders of the several almshouses, or longing to that respectable class of no erant is. per week to each of them.. Christians. Mr. Reynolds continued It is unccessary to add, that his own a zealous and consistent member of the contributions were suited to the mag- society in which he was born and edunude of the design. To him the cated. In him they have lost a burning Samaritan Society owes its origin. Its and shining light of faith, hope, and consect is to relieve those cases, which charity--in him a firm and consistent on ber charities could not assist. Many supporter of one of their fundamental persons who have been patients in the principles, that all wars are unjust, imInfirmary, many who are recovering politic, and unchristian : in him they from sickness, niany who have been have lost one, who was ever calling recalled from vicious habits, and have them to use their utmost efforts 10 formed virtuous resolutions, often suffer ameliorate the condition of the disgreatly before thev éan gain employ- tressed, whether Indian, African, or inent, or pursue their foriner avocations Briton. Mr. Reynolds embraced with with effect. Through want of tempo- ardour the hope that our penal statutes rary aid lasting difficulties frequently would become less sanguinary-and arise. To bestow this aid, and to lead that capital punishments would be rethe members of a society to do what moved from our code. When the citizens their Saviour hath commanded, was of his native place had determined upon the intention of the Institution, which building a new gaol, Mr. R. was pebears the name its founder justly culiarly solicitous that the improveinerited, the Samaritan.

ments upon the plans of a Howard, in Hence it will appear that although Munich, America and other coui:tries, Mr. Reynolds was solicitous to avoid might be concentered in Bristol. He praise, lie was not inactive, or merely wished for the moral and religions imfollowing the suggestions of the well provement of those who had violated disposed. He was ever ready to excite the laws of their country; and conothers to fulfil the trust conimitted to sidered it incumbent to apply kindness, their care. His manner of appeal in instruction and the motives of industry. dehalf of the distressed did not derive to recal the offender to the paths of its only force from his own example. integrity. To trace the more public There was an appeal to the judgment acts of this philanthropist would ocand to the heart which could scarcely cupy the whole of the pages of a be resisted. On one occasion of this periodical publication : but to enumekind, it is said, that when addressing a rate his private exertions to comfort the gentleman whom he supposed to be widow, to help the fatherless, to raise rich, in order to stimulate his.exertions, the desponding, to encourage the inle remarked, “When gold encircles dustrious and 10 reward the deserving. The licart it contracts to such a degree would require a volume, and even then that no good can issue from it; but the language of the queen of Sheba, when the pure gold of faith and love when she had witnessed the wisdom of geis into the heart it expands it, and Solomon, might be employed, “Not causes each drop of blood to flow half hath been told me." "He now rests through the channels of benevolence." from his labours, but his works shall In his life was witnessed the truth of follow him. the remark, “ When the eye saw him The closing scenes of his life were it was glad, when the car hicard him it in unison with his former conduct. la

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Obituary.-Mr. Richard Reynolds

619 the spring of this year he began to de- bonds of peace and righteousness of cline. He was advised in August to life. try the waters of Cheltenham. This Such was Richard Reynolds. Ilix was done evidently to satisfy his friends. corpse was followed to the grave by He did not expect to recover from the deputations from the several chariattack, but was perfectly resigned to ties in Bristol, to which he belonged. what Divine mercy should ord in. He The Committee of the Bible Society continued from the 7th of August to took the precedence, and was in close the 6th of September with little ra- train with the long string of weeping riation. During his illness he was relatives. It was composed of aldermen, exceedingly placid and kind to every clergymen, and dissenting ininisters of one : his conduct and countenance iri- all denoininations. The greatest dedicating that all within was peace. A corum was observed, though the crowd short time before his death, when an of spectators surpassed calculation. In cndeared female friend had been ad- the Square in which the deceased had ministering to him some religious con- resided, the children of the several solation, he said, “My faith and hope charity-schools to which he had beere are, as they have long been, on the a generous patron, were arranged. The mercy of God, through Jesus Christ, shops were

' shut in the streets through who was the propitiation for my sins, which the procession passed, and thic and not for mine only, but for the sins toll of hells from several churches anof the whole world. He closed his rounced, that one was carried to the earthly career at Cheltenham, Sept. the grave, who bore with him the affections 10th, in the 81st year of his age. His of the living. On the Sunday followchildren, grand children, and many ing, funeral sermons were preached at beloved friends were present when this most of the places of worship in Bristol great man in Israel fell.

and its neighbourhood. But the respect Is it wonderful that the news of his of survivors did not terminate with these death excited general regret in Bristol marks of their regard. A publiç mees. and its neighbourhood? Is it surprising ing was convened at the Guildhall, ou that the melancholy erent created a October ihe 3d, at which the inayor gloom from the peasant's cot to the presided, to consider of the most effecextensive mansion? Is it singular that inal method of supplying the great a chasm should be contemplaied when loss the city of Bristol had sushe was removed who for many years tained, and of perpetuating the memory had bestowed upwards of £10,000 per of Mr. Reynolds.' On that occasion it andum in relieving the distress of was unavimously resolved to form a others ? Was it not to be expected new society, called Reynolds's Comthat men of all classes and of all opi- memoration Society, to keep op his subnions should unite to request in shew scriptions to the charities in Bristol to the last sad tribute of respect, y follow- which he was a public contributor, ing to the grave the remains of one who and especially to cherish and strengtheir had practised pure and undefiled rc- the Samaritan, of which he was the ligion, who had employed self-denial founder. At the public meeting, various that he might bestow liberally on others, proofs were adduced of the distinguished who refused the indulgences of affluence excellence of the deceased, hy he her, that he might lessen ihe miseries of his T. Biddulph, the Rev. W. Thorpe, the brethren ; who ordered his household Rev. W. Day, the Rev. Mr. Simeon, of with economy that he might give to Cambridge, and the Rev. M. Maurice. him that was in want who had At the same time, appropriate addresses cherished a zeal for godliness free from were delivered by R. H. Davis, Esq. bigotry, and in exercising the right of M. P. H. Davis, Esq. M. P. J. Butter. private judgment himself, had still an worth, Esq.M.P.the Sheriffs of Bristol,

ardent affection for those from whom Alderman Birch, Dr. Pole, Dr. Stock he differed ? No contrasted view of and Counsellor Smith, by whom the Divine mercy dwelt in his soul; and business was ably introduced and forwhilst he considered himself a debtor cibly recommended. to the Jew and to the Greek, to the May the manule of Elijah fall on bond and to the free, he embraced all his descendants! May the chasm that men with affection who strore to pre- has been made be filled op by the serve the unity of the faith in the cfibrts of many! May the spirit of ben

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