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by his word and Spirit, (1) out of that state of sin and death, in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ; (2) enlightening their minds, spiritually and savingly, to understand the things of God, (3) taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh; (4) renewing their wills,
(1) 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14.-God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth : Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Cor. iii. 3, 6. Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshly tables of the heart.-Who also hath made us able ministers of the New Testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
(2) Roin. viii. 2. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus, hath made me free from the law of sin and death. 2 Tim. i. 9, 10. Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus, before the world began; but is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. See also Eph. ii. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
(3) Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me. 1 Cor. ji. 10, 12. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.-Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
(4) Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also will I give
and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good ;(1) and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ; (2) yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace. (3)
II. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in man, (4) who is altogether passive
you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
(1) Ezek. xi. 19. And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you. Deut. xxx. 6. And the Lord thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. See also Ezek. xxxvi. 27.
(2) John vi. 44, 45. No man can come to me, except the Father, which hath sent nie, draw him.-Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
(3) Cant. i. 4. Draw me, we will run after thee. Ps. ex. 3. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. John vi. 37
(4) II. 2 Tim. i. 9. Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus, before the world began. Tit. iii. 4, 5. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. Rom. ix. 11. For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election mighi stand, not of works, but of him that calleth. See also Eph. ii. 4, 5, 8, 9.
therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit, (1) he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it. (2)
III. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit, (3) who worketh when, and where, and how he pleaseth. (4) So also are all other
(1). 1 Cor. ii. 14. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Eph. ii. 5. Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ; (by grace ye are saved.)
(2) John vi. 37. All that the Father giveth me, shall come to me: and him that cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. John v. 25. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God; and they that hear shall live. John vi. 37. Ezek. xxxvi. 27.
(3) III. Luke xviii. 15, 16. And they brought unto him also infants, that he would touch them: but when his disciples saw it, they rebuked them: but Jesus called them unto him, and said, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. Acts ii. 38, 39. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
(4) John iii. 8. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell
elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the word.(1)
IV. Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the word, (2) and may have some common operations of the Spirit, (3) yet they never truly come to Christ, and therefore cannot be saved :(4) much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess; (5) and to assert and
whence it cometh, and whither it goeth; so is every one that is born of the Spirit.
(1) Acts iv. 12. Neither is there salvation in any other : for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
(2) IV. Matt. xxii. 14. For many are called, but few are chosen.
(3) Matt. xiii. 20, 21. But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it: Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while; for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.
(4) John vi. 64, 65, 66. But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. John viii. 24. I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins; for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in voui sins.
(5) Acts iv. 12. Neither is there saivation in any other; for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. John xiv. 6. maintain that they may is very pernicious, and to be detested. (1)
THOSE whom God effectually calleth, he also freely justifieth; (2) not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous: not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone: not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them, (3) they receiving and resting on
Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, and the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father but by me. John xvii. 3. And this is life eternal, that they might know thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
(1) 2 John 10, 11. If there come any unto you, and pring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed : for he that biddeth him God speed, is partaker of his evil deeds. Gal. i. 8. But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you, than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
(2) I. Rom. viii. 30. Whom he called, them he also justified. Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.
(3) Rom. iv. 5, 6, 7, 8. But to him that worketh not, put believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith