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Note relative aux" manuscrits de feu Pascal Alexandre Tissot. 625 Romains sous le nom de Vulgate. La evangelistes, et fait connaître les inversion nouvelle de Jérôme fut ap- terpollations qu'ils ont reçus à l'é pelée Italique; elle subit à son tour poque de la grande trahison des chefs des modifications successives d'après du Christianisme, et par là, il justifie les manuscrits dits Claramontanus et les assertions de Belcham (Belsham] San Germanensis que des savans esti- relativement aux deux premiers chapiment, mais à tort, avoir été copiés tres de Mathieu et de Luc. sur la Vulgate ancienne.

Tissot n'a rien laissé sur l'évangeDe ce moment l'enthousiasme pour liste Jean. Il le regardait comme un le Christianisme cessa, il ne se fit empyrique qui, cédant aux rêveries plus de conversions qu' à l'aide de de son cerveau, dénature la vérité et violences, de persécutions et de bu- donne aux faits qu'il rapporte un air chers.

romanesque qui doit le rendre plus Depuis longtems on a reconnu la que suspect. fraude, dont les plus anciens manu Tissot a traduit le livre des Actes scrits fournissent des preuves sans et ne le regarde que comme une nombre. On y trouve en effet des espèce de concordat signé à Rome lacunes laissées exprès, afin de pou entre Paul et les apôtres, lors de la voir, ou rétablir la véritable leçon prédication publique de 'la' véritable lorsque le motif de suppression serait doctrine. N m'assura qu'il y proupassé, ou pour admettre les change vait que ce livre est singulièrement mens qu'on adopterait encore par la altéré dans le texte reçu. suite, tandis que dans d'autres le Pénétré de tout ce qu'il avait obtexte primitif est simplement rayé servé dans Paul et les évangelistes, il ou lave légèrement, et presentent le s'est livré à des recherches sur l'église nouveau écrit au dessus de l'ancien. de Jérusalem, dont il a écrit l'hisLa différence dans les expressions toire. Il a rédigé un livre tout entier employées est encore un fait remar. intitulé-Examen critique de l'Evanquable :-Comme les changemens ne gile. Il a expliqué le sens mystique s opéraient point par traditions orales, des huit béatitudes. Il a "rétabli mais seulement au moyen de circu- + évangile des partisans de Jésus, qu'il laires dans lesquelles on indiquait désigne sous le nom de Jésuens, et seulement le sens qu'il fallait ôter et du tout il en a déduit des principes celui à substituer, sans donner la le qui offrent la constitution politique la çon toute faite, il en résulte des dis- plus sage et la plus convenable aux parates fort curieux qui aident à hommes. mettre sur la voie.

Ce travail considérable, fruit de C'est après une étude sérieuse de plusieurs années de recherches, de ces vicissitudes et examen critique méditations et de fatigues inouies, est des textes hébreux, grecs et latins, accompagné de la conférence des des manuscrits les plus anciens et des textes grecs et latins imprimés, de variantes publiées par les allemands notes diverses et d'observations intéet divers savans anglais que Pascal ressantes sur les manuscrits existans Alexandre Tissot a découvert la véri et sur les livres bons à consulter. table science des écritures, et est par

Tissot faisait un très grand cas de venu à retrouver de lui-même le texte la version Copte, du manuscrit Hauv. primitif non seulement des épîtres de (Havn.8) 3, des textes hébreux sans Paul, des évangiles de Mathieu, Marc points et de quelques psaumes de et de Luc, mais encore des Actes des David. Apôtres, avant de l'avoir retrouvé Il me disait souvent qu'il subsistait dans les manuscrits.

encore quelques taches dans les textes Il a non seulement copié la véritable qu'il avait suivis, mais qu'il n'avait leçon grecque de l'épître aux Galates, pu, faute de données, retrouver la vémais il a traduit toutes les Lettres de ritable leçon pour ces passages, heuPaul aux Corinthiens, aux Thessa reusement peu nombreux. loniens, aux Romains, à Timothée, Il a négligé aussi, me disait-il cnà Tite, et accompagné le tout d'un core, de corriger le texte dans les encommentaire critique et des trois textes droits où il pêche seulement contre primitif, apostolique et reçu. la grammaire ; comme il y a beaucoup

Il a en outre rétabli, toujours d'& à faire sous ce point, par suite de la près ses autorités, les textes des trois négligence des copistes, il réservait VOL. XVIII,

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cette partie de son travail pour le publicity, and accordingly Samuel, moment de l'impression. La mort in his own language, it may be prelà empêché de s'y livrer.

sumed, though"expressing the will of Tous ces manuscrits sont en bon heaven, denounced the offender thusétat et font l'unique espérance de la “ Thy kingdom shall not continue. veuve et des deux jeunes enfans de The Lord hath sought him a man after Tissot. Puissent-ils recueiller un jour, his own heart, and the Lord hath de la justice des hommes dignes de ce commanded him to be captain over beau titre de la reconnaissance des his people.” véritables Jésuens, les avantages et There is no rule of construction betla gloire qu'un travail de cette nature ter established than that the meaning promettait à leur époux et père ! of any passage in the sacred volume, C'est le veu qu'exprime en termi- as in all others, of dubions import, is nant cette note le plus sincère et le to be sought in, and confined to, the dernier ami de Pascal Alexandre subject treated of,—to what, in more Tissot.

homely phraseology, may be termed THIÉBAUT DE BERNEAUD the matter in hand.

At the time of this denunciation, Brief Notes on the Bible. David was a youth, and had not beNo. XXIII.

trayed any propensity to evil. He

was selected by the Almighty, who “ The Lord hath sought him a man after

sees the fruit in the blossom," as his own heart."-1 Sam. xiii. 14.

an efficient instrument to uphold, and THERE is not, perhaps, any pas- preserve inviolate, the establishment

sage in the Bible more generally and ordinances of the Jewish religion. misconceived than this.

This is what God may be said, without It is a solitary passage, unsupported irreverence, to have set his heart by any corresponding one.

upon, as was fully comprehended by We learn from the history that the the prophet, who, in describing the Almighty had set apart and insulated future king of Israel as a man after the Jewish nation, surrounded by ido- God's own heart, adverted, not to his laters, as the visible depository of his moral character, still to be developed, divine truth, of the precious know- but to his anticipated and contrasted ledge of the absolute and indivisible zeal for the sanctions framed against unity of God. In accordance with idolatry, manifest in the strict, undethis purpose, all the institutions and viating conformity observed by himordinances of religion were held of self, and exacted by his people, to all primary importance, and their strict- the divine ordinances of that religion ; est observance indispensable. one of the most important of which quarter, if so familiar, though intel. had been slighted by the reigning moligible, a phrase be allowable, was narch, who was soon to experience conceded to the violation of them.

the consequences of an offence, which What were the facts ? In a great appears to have ranked at that period emergency, when the Israelites were with the blasphemy against the Holy apprehensive of being crushed by the Spirit in after-times. Philistines, Saul had waited impa In this unsophisticated view of our tiently for Samuel, the ordained pro- subject, what is there in the prophet's phet, to minister at the altar, and so- designation of the successor of Saul licit a communication of the Divine at all repugnant to the honour of will in the apparently desperate state God, to the divine consistency, to his of their affairs. The prophet was be- abhorrence of any crimes which David hind his appointment; and the mo- might eventually commit, -what, to narch, as such potentates are apt to justify the sarcasms of unbelievers so be, feeling a little sore at what he plentifully engendered by this famous might think a personal disrespect, had passage In the paramount article the temerity to offer the sacrifice him- of an unrelaxing zeal for the worship self, in defiance of his recognized ex- of the true and only God, and for the clusion from that holy office. This, ordinances by which it was to be conhowever, was a profanation not to be ducted and distinguished, under the endured; it required a chastisement inspection, as it were, of idolatrous that should arrest attention by its nations, ordinances, the neglect of

No

On the Eclectic Review of Bowring's Poems.

627 which was equivalent to moral guilt, rianism would recover the Christian because so impressed upon the toinds world to a creed that can be worded of the whole Jewish nation; in this in scriptural terms-and anchor there. article, so essential to the main pur- Even what is called the Apostles' pose (be that remembered) of their Creed, admitted into our orthodox peculiar and conspicuous station, Da- Liturgy, whatever repugnancies disfivid might aptly be deemed a man after gure it, is, in relation to the Divinity, God's own heart, whence Saul had a Unitarian creed. What web of soexcluded himself by a contrary de- phistry, therefore, it may be fearlessly portment; and this difficult passage, asked, have Unitarians ever been as many have sneeringly affected to tempted, or found occasion to wind consider it, is thus resolved into an around primitive Christianity? explication simple, concise and satis Unitarianism embraces revelation. factory.

Deism repudiates it. Such is their I am aware of Bishop Porteus's close affinity! elaborate discussion of the subject, Is the proclaimed hostility of the notwithstanding which, this compen- Rev. Edward Irving to be regretted? dium of its leading features may not

B. be unacceptable.

BREVIS. Sir, P.S. A writer in the European I in the Eclectic Review upon Mr.

HAVE a Magazine, descanting on the merits and defects of the Rev. Edward Irving, Bowring's “ Matins and Vespers." I and noticing a rich harvest of both, is know it has already had some portion pleased to observe,

of animadversion, but still think it “Mr. I. omits no opportunity of due to the Unitarian cause, to Mr. exposing and refuting the errors and Bowring's reputation, and to the cause anomalies of Unitarianism; he reso of fair criticism, that the cant, hylutely and skilfully unravels the web pocrisy, misrepresentation and ignowhich it has spun around Christianity, rance of this article should receive a and displays its close affinity to De- greater measure of just retribution. ism."

Fortunately this writer has furnished The novelty of the above insinua- his readers, if they are thinkers too, tion is amusing. Unitarianism would with a sufficient antidote in the long divest Christianity of certain articles, quotations he has made from the which its professors conceive to have work he condemns.

The charges been superinduced, but which their which this Reviewer makes against orthodox brethren consider as pro- these poems may be separated into perly belonging to, and essentials of five distinct accusations; and upon it,--and therein the parties should each of these, I propose to shew that agree to differ; but this is the first the character I have given of his cri. time, I believe, that Unitarians have tique, though strongly expressed, is been charged with wrapping it in a richly merited. web; which, if the language have any First then, ut " in media arma ruameaning, can only mean the surround- mus,” he asserts that “ a Deist

may ing of it with human additions, the have been the author of almost any very complaint which Unitarians have and every Matin and Vesper in the advanced against their opponents, and present collection.” This is said of found themselves upon. Unitarianism poems which recognize in the plainest professes at least-justly or otherwise, terms the divine mission of Jesus, no matter ;—but it professes to strip which dwell with rapture on the adChristianity of the web in which its vantages of revelation, which are consimple and sublime truths have been stantly transferring thoughts and hopes wrapped and obscured, and to disclose to eternity, and which are perpetually them in the naked simplicity of their reposing trust on the promises of God. promulgation, cleared of the extrinsic This I will establish by quoting a few articles which human ingenuity has passages, and as many of these poems worked into the system, from time to have already appeared in your pages, time, since (and partly during) the I will afterwards quote no more. age of the apostles. In brief, Unita

“ 'Twas in those orient Syrian lands afar,
O’er whose high mountains towers the morning star:
Lands now to tyranny and treachery given,
But then the special care and charge of heaven:
Lands, now by ignorance and darkness trod,
Then shining brightest in the light of God.

“Holiest and best of men ! 'twas there thou walkedst,
There with thy faithful, privileged followers talkedst,
Privileged indeed, listening to truth divine,
Breathed from a heart, and taught by lips, like thine !

“ But, tho' he dies, he triumphs—and in vain
Would unbelief oppose his conquering reign ;
A reign o'erspreading nature-gathering in
Kindreds and nations from the tents of sin
To virtue's temple.

“ Sow then thy seed-that-seed will spring, and give
Rich fruits and fairest flowers, that will survive
All chance, all change: and tho' night may come,
And tho' the deeper darkness of the tomb,
A sun more bright than ours shall bid them grow,
And on the very grave hope's buds will blow,
And blow like those sweet flowers that, pluck'd, ne'er lose
Their freshness, or their fragrance, or their hues.”

Mat. and Vesp. 137, 138.
“Hope, that builds its airy schemes
On time's transitory star,
Revels in delusive dreams,
Which an ignis fatuus are:
Ever smiling, and beguiling,
Still misleading pilgrims far.
“ But the hope, the faith, whose tower
Stands upon heaven's arches high,
Well-supported by the power
Of eternal prophecy,
Fair-erected, heaven-protected,
Never can in ruins lie.”

Mat. and Vesp. 142.

'Twas thus
The Saviour spoke-and in that blessed road,
What flow'rets grow, what sun-beams shine on us,
All glowing with the brightness of our God.”

Again,
“ As the heaven-guided prophet, when his eyes
Stretch'd wearied o'er the peaceful promised land,
Even as he stood on Canaan's shores, we stand.”

Mat. and Vesp. 67.
It shall people heaven;
Fill up the thrones of angels-it shall found
A kingdom, knowing nor decay nor bound,
Built on the base by Gospel promise given.

Mat, and Vesp. 59.
“What is it to die? 'tis nought
But to close the book of care,
Inter in the grave all troubling thought,
And rest with oblivion there.

On the Eclectic Review of Bowring's Poems,

629 “ This is the worst; for if truth Shine in the Scripture page, The spirit shall wear the wings of youth, And live through an endless age.”

Mat. and Vesp. 245. “And such were life, without the ray From our divine religion given: "Tis this that makes our darkness day, 'Tis this that makes our earth a heaven."

Mat, and Vesp. 243. But really you can scarcely read a called Abraham “ the friend of God;" single poem where the bright antici- but I leave it with all its guilt. Mr. pations which Christianity alone can B. has spoken of God's wand of mercy, inspire, do not sweetly blend in these while other poets have repeatedly sacred songs with the admiration of spoken of his sceptre, rod and staff. nature which sincere devotion always He has used the epithet “proud spiexcites. What but wilful misrepre- rit” and “proud mandate.” My resentation can state that a Deist with collection furnishes me with no apall his uncertainty, with his mere propriate instance to defend this; but conjectures, surinises and "impotent Johnson tells us, that Milton uses conclusions,” could raise such a spirit proud to mean " lofty of mien, grand of faith, hope and joy? There is no of person,” and that Bacon uses it to ground for this first charge, which signify "grand, lofty, splendid, magwould not condemn many of the po- nificent." And even this wretched ems of Watts, Young, Milton, Dod- critic must know that Mr. B. attached dridge, and even David and the sub- a grand and good meaning to the lime Isaiah, as compositions which a term, if he have been too bold and “ Deist whether eastern or western," injudicious in its selection. I may might not have composed.

indignantly say to this Reviewer, when The next charge is, that Mr. B. he can tolerate all the bad taste, and speaks of the Deity “ with irreverent indecent familiarity of his own poetsand repulsive familiarity.” He is ob- “proud me no prouds," and do not liged to allow that even Watts and hope to bring the style of grandeur Wesley are very reprehensible in this and reverence in which Mr. B. genepoint of view, and he candidly quotes rally speaks of the Deity to the level one instance in which the Deity is called of that orthodox phraseology, which “ Dear God.” “ But here the scope has gone far to make religion a jest and tenor of the hymn redeem the among the sensible part of the world. expression from impropriety.” This The redeeming sentiments which the is very indulgent. But “ Mr. B. in. Reviewer wants are in this passage: vokes Deity with more than equal“ There is nothing amongst all the familiarity,“ i. e. I suppose addresses ancient fables or later romances that him as an inferior “ and without any have two such extremes united in epithet of affection, and connected them, as the Eternal God becoming with no redeeming, sentiments, with an infant of days, the possessor of a presumption that makes the” poor the palaces of heaven laid to sleep in Reviewer shudder. Delicate, sensi a manger," (Mr. B. irreverent man! tive being ! Moravian indecency, Cal- speaks of "heaven's never-sleeping vinistic ferocity, and Methodistic te- eye,”') " agonies of sorrow loading merity, merit reprehension, but de- the soul of him who was God over serve redemption. Mr. Bowring is, all, and the Sovereign of life stretchhowever worthy, to be condemned ing his arıns on a cross bleeding and without mercy; and three instances expiring.”Watts. Had Mr. B. in. of his unpardonable familiarity are dulged in these most fabulous of faquoted-only three, because I believe bles, most romantic of modern rothe lynx-eyed Reviewer could find no mances, as their pious composer justly

The first is “ All-wise, All- styles them, he might with impunity present friend." Here “friend” is have indeed spoken with indecent faThe offence. Yet the Scriptures have miliarity: but not having "so learned

more.

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