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felf the author of these interesting me- engravings and splendor of its typogru moirs. Madame Clairon, though à cha- phy, if it has any parallel, has certainly no raéter not immaculate, maintained through fuperior in this country, is now publishing life a dignity and decorum of behavior in honor to the memory of Linnæus by Dr. which many perhaps who will cenfure her THORNION. His si New Illustration of for occasional foibles, would not have been the Sexual System" of that great naturalift able to have maintained against the con- consists of two parts ; one containing the ftant and seductive solicitations to which letter press, with the explanations, plates, she was expofed. Her person was grace- and portraits ; the other, select specimems ful, her accomplishments elegant and va. of plants, exhibited with the utmost bril. rious, her natural talents, like lier natural liancy and elegance. It is proposed to conftitution, strong and active. The pre- complete this work in twelve numbers of fent Memoirs contain anecdotes of several one guinea each; three have already made cclebrated performers on the French stage: their appearance. they abound in moral and judicious ad The Linnæan Society pursues its lavice to females destined to the theatrical bors with ardor and success : a fifib voprofession, and give us no mean opinion of lume of its “ Transactions" has just made the moral and intelle&tual acquirements of its appearance, containing, as usual, vathis celebrated lady.
rious and valuable matter. Mr. Repe's “ Anecdotes of Biogra Mr. Donov AN, whose elegant and cor. phy, including many Modern Characters reet publications are fo universally ad. in the Circles of Fashion and Official mired by naturalists, has published, in Life," are felected with judgment and re one splendid quarto volume, “ An Epi. lated with spirit.
tome of the Natural History of the Infecto An Officer in the East India service has of China; comprising Figures and De. published " Authentic Memoirs of Tip- fcriptions of one Hundred new, fingular, poo Sultaun; Accounts of his Campaigns and beautiful Specimens, together with with the Mahrattas, Rajahs, &c. with a fome that are of Importance in Medicine, preliminary Sketch of the Life and Cha- Domestic Economy, &c." This work racter of Hyder Ali Khan.” This offi consists of go plates, fome of which conte cer feems to have been very fcantily pro- tain one figure only, others several. Tbe .vided with materials for fuch a publica- specific characters are added from Lintion as zhe present ; they relate almost ex næus, Fabricius, &c. together with conelusively to the wars of the Sultaun with cise descriptions. the English, the particulars of which have A very useful work to those who are boag since been known. Chalms of fome entering on the ftudy of Botany, is the years occur in these mcagre memoirs of “ British Garden," in two octavo voTippoo, which give no information of his lumes. This work contains a descripinternal polity and government.
tive catalogue of hardy plants, indige A fecond volume has appeared of the nous, or cultivated in the chmate of Great * Public Characters." The account we Britain, with their general and fpecific gave of the former volumes is applicable characters, Latin and Englifa names, nato the present. It abounds with new and tural countries, and time of flowering. curious facts, collected from the most au The plan pursued in these volumes, thentic fources.
namely, that of familiarifing to unlearned w Theatrum Poetarum Anglicanarum ; botanical students the Linnæan language containing the Naines and Characters of by the use of corresponding English all the English Poets, from the Reign of terms, was introduced by the Litchfield Henry III. to the Close of the Reign of Society; and from its obvious utility, has Queen Elizabeth. By Edward Phillips, been very generally adopted fince. It Nephew of Milton. "First published in ought to be mentioned, that the author 1675, and now enlarged, by Additions to of this volume has abbreviated the Linevery Article, from subsequent Biogra nzan system, by proceeding at once from phers and Critics.". This is a very uleful Syngenesia to Cryptogamia, and by difbook of reference; it is not, however, a pofing among the simple claffes those of complete republication of Phillips's work, Gynandria, Monæcia, Diccia, and Poly, as the present is restricted to English gamia. These classes, however, are given poetry. The editor, to make amends, has in an appendix in their old form. largely extracted from Warton's History Dr. Hull, in his “ British Flora," has of Poetry, and the works of other critics. ftri&tly adhered to the Lindæan clasificaNATURAL HISTORY.
tion : this useful little work is divided A work, which for the delicacy of its into two parts, the first comprehending the
firft 23 classes, and the second being de- who have neither leisure nor inclination, voted entirely to cryptogamous plants. even if they have opportunity, to conluk
The fourth and fifth fasciculi are pub- the numerous works through which the lished of Dr. RoXBURGH'S “ Plants of necellary information lies scattered." The the Coast of Coromandel.” It is suffin prelent work is to be considered as a concient to say that the engravings and co tinuation of the “ Systematic Arrangelors are executed with the same elegance ment of Minerals which Dr, Babington and accuracy which distinguished the published in the year 1995. former parts of this magnificent work. That most acute and indefatigable phi
We are happy to announce a third edi- losopher Mr. Kirwan, has published a tion of Dr. Lettson's “Naturalists' and volume of “ Gcological Eliays," in which Travellers' Companion.” This useful and he has displayed that knowledge of chescientific volume is now considerably im- mistry, mineralogy, and natural philofoproved and enlarged. The fame gentle- phy in general, with which his capacious man has published a new edition of his mind is to abundantly furnished. It will “ Natural History of the Tea-Tree, with not be expected that we thould give thic Observations on the Medicinal Quality of outlines of this theory of the original forTea, and on the EffcEts of Tea-drinking.” mation of the earth, and of its subsequent
An anonymous translator has published various vicissitudes ; we can only say, in the Abbé Spallanzani’s “ Tracts on the general terms, that the author seems parIvature of Animals and Vegetables.” ticularly to have in view the reconciliation This work, which has but just made its of the facts which gcology teaches with appearance in the English language, was those which are caught in the Mofaic hiswritten many years ago, and so long since tory, and the subversion of the Huttonian as the vear 1777 was translated into doctrine and that of the Volcanists. French by M. Senebier, a Swiss philofo The public is also indebied to Mr. Kirpher. The present is 1uspected not to be wan for a most valuable “ Elsay on the a translation from the original of Spallan- Analylis of Mineral Waters.” To ascerzani, but from the French of Senebier, oi tain the ingredients, and proportions of whose learned notes the editor bas not those ingredients, which enter into the availed himself. There are also nume composition of mineral waters, has often rous omiilions in the present volume, baffled the skill of the acuteft chemists which considerably detract from its value. and mineralogists. The art of analysing Physics.
yet but very imperfectly known. Mr. Dr. BABINGTON has published “ A K. however, on this, as on every other New System of Mineralogy, in the Form subject which employs his attention, has of Catalogue, after the Manner of Baron thrown considerable light. After having Born's Systematic Catalogue of the Col made fome general remarks on the enlection of Foflils of Madlle. Eleonore de largement which has taken place within Raab.” This work is indeed a cata the last twenty years of the boundaries of logue: it is much to be regretted, that chemical science, and of the improvements the scientific author has not expatiated in particular which have been made in remore on the chemical properties, &c. of spect to the analysation of mineral waters, the classes and orders, the genera and spe- he thus unfolds the object of his publicacies of the mineral bodies : sometimes tion: “ To state, add to, and generalize even Dr. B. has given us merely the names these improvements, by proposing new of the varieties in the Englith, French, tests, and new limitations of the powers and German languages. We have no of those already known, in cases where right, however, to expect from any one none were before determined, or where the performance of more than he proposes. they were inaccurately afligned; also by Dr, Babington, in making public the lyf- substituting more direct methods of intem which he adopted in forming from veliigation, to the random niethods before the late Earl of Bute's extensive and va- employed, and various new modes of estiluable collection of minerals a more com- maring the quantity of cach of the subpendious and select cabinet, hoped that he ftances discovered, is the purpose of the might considerably abridge the labor of following theers.” those who should hereafter engage in a Messrs. A. and C.R. Aikins' “ Sylla. fimilar task. This he will certainly ef bus' of a course of lectures which they fe&t: his work is compiled with great delivered, with honor to themselves and judgment, and will unquestionably be of instruction to their auditors, on Chemif use to those who wish to acquire a com try, evinces extensive knowledge on the prchenfive knowledge of minerals, but fubject. MONTHLY MAG, LXI.
The same may be faid of Mr. Wm. The British Critic has reviewed this bitHENRY'S “ General View of the Nature ter and acrimonious Expoftulation with and Object of Cheriftry, and of its Ap, much spirit, much temper, and much plication to Arts and Manufacìures." learning. It will be learned with pleasure, that
FINE ARTS. a second volume has been published of Mr. KOLLMANN'S “ Essay on Pradi. “The Philosophy of Nature,” by the late cal Musical Composition” bears a very Mr. SMELIE.' The writings of this high character among the professors and gentleman have not rinked him with our amateurs of that delightful art. Mr. K. most profound philosophers; but the taste, is said to be thoroughly master of his fub. the knowledge, and the good fenfe which jeet, and to have created it in a more they display, have justiy given him the scientific manner than any preceding aucharacter of a very clegant and respeciible thor in the English language. author. . The present volume, like that The Naval Archievemenrs of our galwhich preceded it, contains many curious lant Teamen, which have caft such a splea. facts : it is replete with amusement, and dor on the present war, are indeed most by no means deftitute of instruction. worthy to be recorded by fome national
CLASSICAL LITERATURE. monument of high magnificence and taste. An anonymous author has translated It is well known that such a commemo. into English verse, " The First Buok of ration has been contemplated, and that a Titus Carus Lucretius, on the Nature of subscription has been set on fror for that Things,” as a specimen of his abilities to purpose--a private and precarious subcomplete the arduous task he has under- scription to erect a public monument of taken, of translating the whole poem. This national glory! Under the patronage of task, it seems, is already in great forward- bis Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence ness, and the remaining books will foon be a commiitee was appointed, who gave to committed to the press in leparate and fuc- our artists an invitation to exercise their cessive parts, should the translator receive genius, and feod in their defigns. Va. that encouragement of which he is so natu- rious are the opinions as to the fort of rally folicitous. The public, we understand, monument which ought to be created : is indebted for this version of the great phi- Mr. FLAXMAN, in a “ Letter to the Josopbic poet, to the gentleman who fome Committee," &c, objects against an nbetime since published a translation of Ca- lisk or column, and indeed against any tullus : the same mediocrity attends his architectural erection, and recommends a prefent labors which accompanied them on colosal ftatue, 230 feet high, to be placed the former occasion. It will be recollected on Greenwich bill, near the Observatory, that in Dr. DRAKE'S “ Literary Hours" to be seen from the river and from the were inserted some specimens of an in- Kent road. He has given plates to illurtended translation of Lucretius, by Mr. trate his idea ; which is severely reproGoon, in blank verse: a comparison of pa- bated by an architect, Mr. ALEXANDER rallel passages by these two gentlemen, "DUFOUR, who contends “that a monu. makes us fill more impatient for the coin- ment of architecture, in wbich the talenta pletion of Mr.Goon's tranflation." The of different arusts mus necessarily comFirst and Fourth Books of the Odes of bine, is more durable and more proper Horace," have been translated into English than a statue, to transmit to posterity the verse by an anonymous poet, who has in talents, the bravery, and the richness that a contiderable degree transtulcd into our distinguish the British nation.” We have own language the spirit and elegance of read in one of the public papers a lerær his original. The great fault of the pre- from Mr. Ople on this subject, who prosent translation, and indeed of every one posed (if we remember rigbt) the esta. from the fanie poet, with which we are blishment of a gallery of paintings, which acquainted, is iis expansion of the origi- fhould exbibit a series of our naval victonal.: in every other refpeét it has great ries from former to the present and to fu. merit; the versincation is easy, the lan. ture times. This plan has at least one guage polished, and the metre various.
advantage over both the others, that it The controversy on the subject of the would provide a constant source of emwar of Troy, seems not to be yet ended : ployment and ensulation not only to arMr. BRYANT has addressed “ An Ex- tists of the present day, but to those of poftulation” to the British Critic, on its the rising, and of every future generation. reviews of his Differtation, in which he Mr. SAMUEL IRELAND (lately deules language not to be tolerated even from cealed) has published ihe second volume a map of his years and his acquirements, of his " Graphic Illustrations of Ho:
garth,” from pictures and drawings in Captain Scott, the ingenious translahis poffeffion. Many of the plates which tor of Ferishta's History of Dekkan, and this volume contains are well engraven, of the reigns of the late Emperors of and some of the descriptions which attend Hindoostan, has just translated from the them, animated and interesting. They Perfic of Einaiut Oollah, an Oriental roare forty-nine in number.
mance entitled “ Bahar-Danuth, or the Mr. ADOLPHUS has published the first Garden of Knowledge:" in the preface to volume of his “ British Cabinet,” con- these volumes he acknowledges his pretaining portraits of illustrious personages dilection for historical subjects, and tells engraven from original pictures, with bio- us that by the advice of his friends and graphical memoirs. We cannot speak in his bookseller he undertook the translation cominendatory terms of this work; the of a romance as more likely, from its engravings are of very unequal merit; amusing nature, to remunerate him by its the names of the original painters are not extent of sale for the labor and expenso inserted, and many of the personages, of publication !” “ Until the honorable whore features are here exhibited and East India Company,” says he, “ or the transmitted to poiterity have not rendered University, fall extend their patronage of themselves objects of gratitude or venera- Eastern literature to at least the gratuitous tion by the celebrity either of their actions printing of its translations, we must not or their talents ; it is to be hoped that Mr. be surprised at Persian and Arabian tales Adolphus will evince a liitle inore judg- from Orientalifts, who in general, cannor ment in the future volumes of this work. afford to wait the flow return of a library
Mr. PINKERTOs, whose honorable book.” Bihar Danu ih abounds with hea and persevering zeal in the cause of learn- roic atchievements, love intrigues, and ing is known full well, has published a marvellous adventures; the language and very curious and elegant volume entitled imagery have frequently all the glow “ The Scottish Galiery, or Portraits of and pomp of Oriental magnificence. eminent Persons in Scotland, &c.” To Many excellent potes, illustrative of oba this work is prefixed an Introduction on cure pallages, are added by the ingenious the rise and progress of painting in Scot- translator, to whom we are also indebred land, which, like the biographical accounts for an interesting volume of “ Tales, of the characters represented, has only one Anecdotes,' and Letters, translated from fault, that of being too fhort. There are the Arabic and Perfian," in the selection fifty-two portraits in this voluine, molt of which are displayed much judyinent of which, are those of persons who have and taste, and in the execution considerable rendered their names familiar to our ears abilities, by their eminence in arms. in honors, or “ The Story of Al Raoui" is an Arain learning. Many of these portraits are bian tale, mentioned in the preface to taken from pictures by the celebrated Vathek, very characteristic of Eastern Jameson, a pupil of Rubens, and copied manners: it is tranflated into English and by Mr. Robert Johnson of Newcastle, German; the typography is beautitul. whose milerable death is related by our. TOPOGRAPHY AND ANTIQUITIES. author in a most affecting manner. Mr.P.
“ Iter Britanniarum; or that part of states in his preface, that if encouragement the Itinerary of Antoninus which relates should arise, another volume of the size to Britain, with a new Comment by the of the present would contain the mort Rev. THOMAS REYNOLDS, A. "M." curious of the remaining portraits. It is The commentators who have attempted much to be hoped that the completion of an explanation of this Iur, at least of that lo interesting and able a work will not be part of it which relates to Britain, are nuimpeded by the want of public patronage. merous; although many, however, have
ORIENTAL LITERATURE. incidentally touched upon it, not any we The fifth and last volunie of the “ Afi- believe have expressly made it the subject atic Researches," printed from the Cale of inquiry, within the last century, excutta edition, is now before the public. cepting Mr. Reynolds, who juftly conIt is a degrading reflection that there are ctives that the materials of elucidation are at this tine several gentlemen who are now more numerous than at any former, deterred by the want of patronage from period; many Ronan antiquities, having exercising their skill in Eltern languages been found in different parts of our island, in the translation of many curious and our maps being 'improved, and the dis valuable works relative to the history, stances of towns being now accurately civil and religious, of an ancient and a alcertained. With these advantages be
fore him, Mr. Reynolds engaged in the
undertaking which, says he, "proceeds The Society of Antiquaries, in profes on the found and excellent foundation cution of their design of publifhing dewhich the former commentators had laid, scriptions of the principal ancient churches and will not be found to differ from them of England, have given us “Some account but where they feem not to have had it in' of the Abbey-Church of Bath, illustrative their power to reach the truth.” As to of the Plans, Elevations and Sections of the execution of this work, we are not that Building.” The Committee apcompetent to offer any opinion: it has, pointed to conduct this undertaking bare been loosely praised in one of our periodi- liated it as their opinion, that it would be cal journals *; and in another, with inuch more satisfactory to teleet such churches learning and inuch labor, severely critic for their first specimen, as gave examples cifed as an attempt which “so rashly made, of the different styles of building in difto dislocate the whole body (as it were) of ferent ages, and of which at the same the Roman topographers in Britain, and time no good account was extant, than to to lead us back into the chaos from which follow any topographical or chronological we had emerged, required a ftrong hand arrangement. The first, therefore, which of correction to baffle the attempt, and a they selected was the chapel of St. Stekeen spirit of censure to reprobate the plien in Wefimintter, as a specimen of the yashness t.”
most ornamental style of architecture in “ Literary Antiquities of Greece; as the time of Edward Ill. The cathedral developed in an attempt to ascertain of Exeter was next chosen, both as being Principles for a new Analysis of the of uncommon elegance in a plainer style Greek Tongue, and to exhibit thote about the fame period, and as being wholly Principles as applied to the Elucidation of unpublished with the exception only of many Pallages in the ancient History of the great weft window. The Committee that Country, &c. by the Rev. Philip ftate that they have now selected for pubALLwoon.' This is a most curious lication the Abbey-Chapel of Bath, as and learned work, in which the author bemg the last building of any magnificence has succeeded in the very arduous attempt erected in this country in a style purely of dispelling the cloud which hung over Gothic, and almost the only one which rethe early history of Greece, and seemed to mains exactly in the state in which it was throud it with darkness almost impene- originally designed. In this work, which trable : that country, he observes, no less from the elegance and accuracy of its exethan Egypt, may be styled the Mother cution does honor to the society, there are of Monsters: monsters which have por- ten plates, to each of which is a copious feised themselves of the extensive domains and lucid explanation. of antiquity, and effectually deterred the The Rev. John Milner has publearned, till comparatively of late years, lished “ The History Civil and Ecclefrom any successful research. “It is fattical, and Survey of the Antiquities with the view,” he continues, “ of ex of Winchetter.” In this work the writer ploring fome tracks in these infested re- displays a ftrange mixture of ignorance gions, which the foot of discovery has and learning, and unites the strong sense never trod; and of ascertaining more per- of a man with the stupid credulity of a fcctly the situations and qualities of others
Mr. Milner, we scarcely need which have been only superficially ob- tell our readers, is a Papift; his prejuserved; that I have ventured to digrefs dices in favor of the religion to which he from the ordinary paths of literature, and is attached, have in the course of this dito attempt, by engaging some of these greflive work, prompted him to a culterrific beings upon their own grounds, pable palliation of the crimes of those to oblige them by force to relinquith their English monarchs who have perfecured poffetlions.” The author has displayed the professors of the protestant religion, a degree of strength and prowers in these and to an equally culpable calumniatian conflicts equal to the bravery which of some characters of high respectability, prompted him to undertake them. who contributed to promote the Refor
mation. The present work on the whole * Monthly Review for April 1800, is by no mcans likely to add to the repup. 349, et seq.
tation of Mr. Milner as an antiquarian, a # British Critic for December 1799,
man of learning or of candor: we are inp. 63), and for January 1800, p. 21 et seq. They who feel interested in this subject debted to it however, for some admirable will doubtless read the learned and acute “ Reflections on the Principles and Infticriticism from which the above extract is tution of Popery, with reference to Civil husen.
Society and Goverument, especialiy that