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brought 1900 d

a bedstead teams twenty Trice of

five roubles, a ent

a common chair

roubles-Live Sek of a far bone

31. 10s. a riding

a pit of

harge plough oxen Law was call
by ber side 24, 74, awe and hb 11cd
a sow fifteen roubles, cals wh
ha rouble each, turkse lles
half, geese three goes of
ugh harness for two ten fine
pements. A plough for ging tro
ches deep, with irors, twenty dre
emon German plough for hear
that goes five or six inches de
reighty roubles, a common est d
try, noiron, twenty rouble
Cmn day labour, in summer, dere
e and a quarter; ditto. in

of a rouble; alad for keeping com
sheep, wages seventy roubles & YOU

be fed; a maid servant, bog wking girl, wages ten roubles and food; a common ditto, five les per month.-Fuel. Expence

, to buy the wood, thirty roubl Every body makes their Previsions. Game of all kia it in the utmost profesion sect load of sea fish s. B. P sts Is 6d. per 1000; Anchoe the finest Greek



there was not the least symptom of decay, 400
The rings in its butt were carefully reckonan.
ed, and amounted to above 400 in nunt- it is
ber, a convincing proof that this tree was. of
in an improving state for upwards of 400
years; and as the ends of some of its bran
ches were decayed and had dropt off, it is
presumed it had stood a great number of
years, after it had attained maturity.


mallest previous expence, on a capital
rprisingly small. The people of the
untry plough and sow wheat for the first
"op without any enclosure; but when the
ru is coming into ear, it is watched, to
ep off the horses, cattle and sheep, which
aze upon the estate. The price of the
ad to a purchaser, in lots of not less than
0 acres, will be, according to situation,
om 17. to 21. per acre, and rent in gene-
I about Is. per acre. The price of wheat
present is 3s. 64. per bushel. The Es
te is within eleven miles of Caffa, an ex-
rting sea-port within three days' sail of
nstantinople; a cousiderable trade from
affa to Malta in corn and salt beef. The
imea is the only province of Russia in
ich a purchaser of land does not become
Russian subject. No taxes whatever;
tithes; no poor rates. All Foreign set-

To the Editor of the Literary Panorama. 770

In your last number, you were led by th
the benevolence that marks your work, to very
notice particularly, Mr. Chaplin's Sermon P
at Bishop's Stortford, respecting the execu- the
tion of criminals who had begun their pre-
career of crime by what some think very l ̧‚†





rs are under the protection of the Em-lightly of, the practice of poaching. Per- e .or. As the rouble, at par, is 2s. 6d. haps there are few means of benefitting the ry pound sterling in gold or silver in-public more essentially, than by the prey. ases as two and a half to oue, on being vention of crime; and this cannot be bet- val. ried to Russia; 1001. becomes near 300l ter accomplished than by exposing the nahe present rate of Exchange, the rouble tural progress of that course which Le1815 being only 10. Price of the whole gins in secrecy, is continued in obstinacy, 05 ate, paid in England, 5,000l. and from transgressions apparently trivial, gradually hardeus the sinner, till his lif becomes a burden on Society, and he falls a sacrifice to the law. Imaginary Histories rez Description of the Golenos Oak, pur-tracing this progress are liable to excepsed by the late Thomas Harrison, ma- tions from various causes; but real his years his Majesty's purveyor of Ply-tories not only make a powerful impression uth dock-yard and Dean Forest, and on the immediate neighbourhood where ad and converted by him in the year the culprits are known, but ustrally bit grew about four miles from the wherever their truth can be substantiated, a of Newport, in Monmouthshiremain trunk at 10 feet long, produced cubic feet; one limb 355, one ditto one ditto 113, and six other limbs of rior size averaged 99 feet each, makthe whole number 2,426 cubic feet of ertible timber. The bark was estited at six tons, but as some of the very wy body bark was stolen out of the et Newport, the exact weight is I known. Five men were twenty days pping and cutting down this tree; and pour of sawyers were five months contang it, without losing a day Sundays upted. The money paid for couverting . independent of the expences of carwas £i; and the whole produce the tree when brought to zrket was the a tride of £500. It was bought, king for £450; the main trunk was feet in diameter, and in sawing it mogh, a stcue was discovered a feet! the ground, above a yard in the boy the tree, through which the sawout: stume was about six faches in Gitmeter. Bes 1 completely shut in, but round with suffer VII Lt. Pan. New Series, 235 2


It way


I have, therefore, thought that your
laudable intentions might be promoted by
the communication of the following ci-
questionable narrative of facts, which Leve
lately occurred in this county.
deter some not yet hardened in guilt; or it
may warn those to whom the way of trahe
How nich
gressors presents temptations.
happier is the bocest man, though port
How much more truly in Sau
than these slaves to bad intus, who res
ing to obey restraints mather Lanch
burdensome, treat them with come
til at last, crime f
they would not have bebenta
they should be pulty of at fint be dang
not merely turnston, but even fem
[.1% :
gut whică manchun? —
deprae bibers to say so dublong an
fear the 1

CTA Crit

15.12 MEDIT


The ET LE Zere he en
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Such is the history of little crimes, continued; may these instances prove salutary warnings! I am, Sir, Shropshire, Your's &c. June 20, 1815. BENEVOLUS.

wretches! That a man should be tried | depredations. Her usual custom was, to for his life, and be ruined, though acquitt- take him out with her at might into the ed; that deeds, necessary to prove fields where there were sheep or geese, property, &c. &c. should be carried off ;- and these latter they drove into a corner, what complicated villany! and rushing in upon them, caught as many as they could. He wished often he could be separated from this woman. One night, as he was accompanying her upon an excursion of sheep stealing, they came to a place which was reported to be frequented by a ghost. Here he suddenly drew back, and asked her if she did not see something? She replied that she did not; and, on enquiring if he did, he pointed to a stile before them, on which, he said, there was an immense black dog, with white head and red eyes. She was so frightened by this terrific representation, that she immediately returned home, and ceased for a length of time her nocturnal depredations.

Shrewsbury, May 8.-T. Williams, alias Cranberry, was executed in front of our county gaol, pursuant to his sentence, for a burglary at Montford, for returning from transportation, and other offences. The unfortunate man had previously made an ample confession of his past conduct, and admitted that his punishment was deserved.

The account he gave of himself was— that his parents were poor: they lived on a small farm at Kinnerley, and his father was a shoemaker. Williams's first theft was a can, which he stole at nine years of age, and took it home to his mother, saying it was given him. On discovering the theft, his mother punished him with becoming severity, and ordered him to restore the can to the right owner, who lived in the village; this he did not do, but threw it into a pit of mud, from whence he never took it out. He next stole two cheeses from Osbaston Wood, which he was encouraged to do by an abandoned woman, who at that period supplied the place of his deceased mother. He next stole a loaf from a cottage in the vicinity; also 1s. 6d. from his father, with which he purchased gingerbread his father detected this latter theft, and punished him. At West Felton he entered a house in the day-time, and stole from a desk 15s.; went a second time and stole 17. 11s. 6d. He stole a watch and four guineas from the brother of the man from whom he had stolen the can the money he gave to his patroness. At Forden Heath he stole two guineas and a half and some grocery: at Purslow he stole about nine guineas: for these latter offences he was tried and sentenced to be transported, at the age of


13 years.

In 1811 he stole à horse from Mr. Cranage, of Broseley, which he sold to Richard Morris, of Llandrinio; and the horse being found in Morris's possession, he was taken up and fully committed upon suspicion of having stolen the horse: Morris was tried at the Summer Assizes, 1811, and acquitted, after having been in prison from the 24th of April to the 13th of August. It was peculiarly hard in the case of Morris (who had always borne an honest character) that in addition to the endurance of imprisonment and trial, he paid for law expences attending his trial, and advertising this Thomas Williams, 21. 6s. a sum which his circumstances did not enable him to discharge.

Williams, on the expiration of his sentence at the hulks, returned home to his father's house, with whom he lived a short time, following the trade of a shoemaker. Forming a connexion with a woman of au abandoned character, he was obliged to leave that neighbourhood, and removed to Kinnerley, where he remained but a short time. Incapable of applying himself steadily to any employment, he changed his situation six or seven times, and during this unsettled plan of living he broke into a house at Nesscliff, in which he was apprehended, and committed again to Shrewsbury Gaol, by the Rev. Mr. HowHe was sent from Shrewsbury Gaol to kins, of Fitz. During his trial, he, in open the Hulks at Portsmouth, where he re-Court, threatened the life of Mr. Dovasmained till the expiration of his sentence ton, who was the Counsel for the prosecuin 1809.-To the conduct of the abandon- tion; notwithstanding which, the gentleed woman, he attributed his transporta-nan humanely interceded with Mr. Justice tion:-to the hulks, where he was con- Lawrence, and the sentence was commuted firmed in vice, he attributed the melan- to transportation for life. choly termination of his life at the early age of 26 years. By the woman he was encouraged and even compelled to commit

From Shrewsbury gaol he was removed, in company with six other convicts, to the Hulks at Portsmouth in 1810; from

whence he made his escape in less than seven weeks time. On his arrival at Newbury, in Berkshire, he enlisted into the 3d regiment of horse, where, by his steady conduct, he acquired for a few weeks the good opinion of his Captain. In a short time, however, he quarrelled with the recruiting serjeant, at a fair, respecting a new recruit, and from the effect of liquor and provocation, he so far lost his temper as to strike the serjeant a violent blow. Knowing the consequence of such an act, he deserted that night, exchanging his dress, for the coloured clothes of a recruit, and stealing from a stable a valuable brown mare with a light coloured mane. This mare he rode all night, and at the dawn of day, finding that she had lost all her shoes, he turned her into a common, having rode her above fifty miles without feeding. Early on that day he reached London, and proceeded to Highgate, and from thence he arrived in Birmingham in one of the canal boats.

pal inn there, a coach arrived with many passengers, some of whom were not proceeding farther. Their luggage, consisting mostly of trunks, was taken out, and before the porter had time to carry them into the house, Williams laid hold of one of them, and, placing it on his shoulders, conveyed it to his own inn. On examining the contents, he found it to consist of several suits of clothes, loose papers, some pieces of parchment, and a few books. He immediately equipped himself with a fine suit of black, and, by the help of an ass, which he had stolen on his way from Gloucester, he carried it to Tewkesbury. Nothing, surely, could be more ridiculous than the appearance of Cranberry on this expeditiondressed in a fine suit of black clothes, with black silk stockings, and half boots-mounted on the crupper of the ass, with a large trunk before, making his way through bye-lanes and fields, destroying the hedges, where any obstructions came in his way. He reached Tewkesbury unmolested.


In consequence of a very large reward by the owner of the trunk for the discovery of the robber, the constables from Cheltenham followed him, and after a desperate struggle apprehended him, and conveyed him back again to Cheltenham. On the door of the place where he was confined being opened in the morning, he was found stretched on the floor, weltering in his blood, and to all appearance nearly expiring.

On his wounds being washed and dressed by a Surgeon in this place, he recovered, but was not allowed the use of speech, as it was supposed, the least exertion would be fatal to him. He had, in the course of the night, endeavoured to take away his own life, by stabbing himself with a peuknife in several places in the neck, the marks of which were visible on the day of execution. The gentleman to whom the trunk belonged, was an Irish Barrister, who was going to Bath. The trunk contained several deeds and other legal documents of great importance, with bills to the amount of nearly 2,000l. No part of its contents had been touched by Williams, the suit of black in which he dressed himself excepted. The gentleman entered into a recognizance of fifty pounds, to appear at the next assizes, which he forfeited, as the appearance of Williams, on the moruing after he had made the attempt on his own life, made such an impression upon his mind, that he did not appear against him; he was, therefore, acquitted at the next assizes; but the moment he left the Court he was apprehended by the Serjeant of Marines from whom he had deserted, and

On this side of Wolverhampton, on his way home, he was overtaken by one of the Shrewsbury coaches, and being much tired, he agreed with the coachman for an outside place to Shrewsbury. The evening being very wet, an inside passenger kindly accommodated him with the use of his great coat, with which, on their entrance into Shifnal, he ran away, and hid himself there for that night in a mean public-house. The next day he reached Shrewsbury.On the following day he went to his aunt's at Forden, and not finding any one at home, he robbed the house of 31. in notes, a silver watch, and 10 guineas in gold. From thence he visited his father, and rambled about the country from place to place, until his stock of money was completely exhausted. At this time he cohabited with a young woman, whose family lived at Brosely, and where he resided for a short time, being enabled by the assistance of his supposed father-in-law, to commeuce the trade of a shoemaker on his own account.

He removed to Worcester, leaving his supposed father-in-law to answer for all his debts. Here he enlisted into the marines, and having received his bounty, immediately deserted. Thence he proceeded to Wolverhampton, and enlisted into the artillery, from which he deserted, and returned again to Worcester, whence he went to Tewkesbury and Gloucester. He enlisted into the marines, and at the first opportunity again deserted, and proceeded to Cheltenham. On the second day after his arrival at that place, as he was standing by the door of the princi

who conveyed him to Gloucester, and from thence with other recruits to Portsmouth. Many other robberies he certainly had committed, some of which he confessed.



NAPOLEON BUONAPARTE. Whatever the private life of Napoleon may have been, his PUBLIC LIFE has had the greatest influence on the fate of thousands; and though a man must be insane to call him "happy" or "fortunate," yet remarkable he certainly is; and as one of the most remarkable of men, produced in an age of crimes, he will certainly descend to posterity, Among all his eccentricities, perhaps, nothing is more distinguished than his determination to surrender himself to the British flag, thereby closing a life of the most avowed and determined hatred and animosity towards this country, with an action implying the utmost confidence in the integrity and magnanimity of the very people which he had been so obstinately in the habit of abusing without reserve. That our country did not need this fresh homage to its honour, we may well believe, but that it should have received it

from this man is most astonishing. --

Was there, no other course of escape within his power? was there no country in any other direction, where he could hope for safety?-Ir safety was all he hoped for; which will continue extremely doubtful to those who know him. Be this as it may, his late conduct adds one chapter more to his history; and this seems to be a proper point of time at which to recall to mind, some of the dates with the

order of the principal events of his career, --he now says of himself—HIS POLITICAL


O acr of the


Aug. 15. Born at Ajaccio in Corsica.

Oct. 4. Commands the Conventional troops, and slaughters the Pa


Oct. 4.

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Feb. 15 Peace made with the Chouans.
May 15. Buonaparte crosses Mount St.
June 16. Battle of Marengo.
July 28. Preliminaries with Austria signed

at Paris.

Dec. 3. Battle of Hohenlinden.


24. Explosion of the Infernal Machine.


Feb. 9. Treaty of Luneville with Austria.
Oct. 8. Preliminaries signed with England.
Jan. 26. Cisalpine Republic seized by


Mar. 27. Definitive Treaty with England.
Aug. 2. Declared Consul for Life.
May 15. Legion of Honour instituted.

28. Changes the Swiss form of Go



May 18. English Declaration of war.
June 8. Hanover overrun.


Mar.. Placed at the Military School, at Nov. 19. Crowned by the Pope.
Aug. 1:1793.


An Officer of Artillery at the
siege of Toulon, and appointed
General of Brigade.

Writes to the King of England.
Treaty of St. Petersburgh, be
tween England, Russia, Austria,
and Sweden.
Buonaparte declared King of
Buonaparte heads his army
against Austria.




Feb. Moreau arrested.
Mar. 20. Duc d'Enghein shot.

April 6. Pichegra murdered in Prison.
May 18. Buonaparte declared Emperor.

April 11.

May 26.

Sept. 24.

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