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tions. Mr. Mills tells us that Herbert a very distinguished, public man. A Liberal Spencer is a free-trader; he might well have from the first, he was a strong advocate of added, quite as relevantly, that he is an the party-system; and yet, perhaps, no man evolutionist. We made no reference to his was ever more eccentric in his notions of economical or biological views at all, and party allegiance than Mr. Cameron. He the quotation was made, as the hon. mem contended with Sir Francis Head in 1836, ber is well aware, for a very different pur- and with Lord Metcalfe in 1843 ; was in ofpose. Of course, Mr. Mills drags in the pro- fice with Mr. Baldwin, only to fall out with tective policy of the United States, as if that his chief and appear, out of office, as the first had anything to do with the question in dis- of all the Clear Grits—the "pharasaical pute. He is still a generation behind con- brawlers," as Sir Etienne Taché used to call temporary economics, and appears to know them. In less than two years, however, he was nothing of the revolution through which again in office—to which he had no constitu“the hard science” is passing. In conclu- tional objection--with his former colleague, sion, a graceful compliment is paid to our Mr. Hincks. Not to follow further in detail selves in a classic couplet. Socrates said his official career, we may observe that Mr. that the height of wisdom was to know that Cameron was a man of many offices, and even we know nothing ; Mr. Mills tells us in served British Columbia long before ConfeLatin, that we know nothing, but are not deration. He was bluff, hearty, energetic, and, aware of it. We should be sorry to know as party politicians go, scrupulously honourall that our critic pretends to know, and able. But he was not what is called a “safe" perhaps it might be as well if he kept it as man, and the partial failure of his career was a cherished secret, locked jealously within the consequence. The horoscope of Jacob's his breast. One good turn deserves ano- first-born was his: “Unstable as water, thou ther, and, therefore, without regard to the shalt not excel.” context, we present him with a line from the self-tormentor of Terence—“ Tu nescis id The Ontario contests are causing no little quod scis, Dromo, si sapies."

excitement, especially that in the South

Riding. Prior to the last general election, Since the prorogation of the Dominion the seats were held by the two brothers, W. Parliament, four seats in the Commons have H. and Hon. T. N. Gibbs respectively. The become vacant in Ontario. In North Mid- latter had somewhat chivalrously accepted dlesex, the vacancy has been filled by the office under Sir John A. Macdonald, when return of Mr. Scatcherd, his majority being the Government was under a cloud, and was nearly two hundred. In South Wellington, swept overboard in the Pacific Scandal squall. a successor is to be elected in place of Mr. In the North Riding, the adverse majority Stirton, now Sheriff of the County. The late was ninety-two, and in the South, one hun member had a majority of about twelve hun. dred and fifty-one. Both gentlemen are dred in 1874, and therefore Mr. Guthrie, the again candidates, and therefore the contests Government candidate, would seem tolera- excite intense party interest. In the North bly sure of his seat. The only opponent Riding Mr. Currie is the Government nomwho presented himself was a Mr. McMillan, inee, and in the South, Mr. J. D. Edgar, of who appealed to the electorate as “ an in- this city. We think the latter selection a dependent Protectionist and Prohibitionist.” mistake which perhaps may prove a fatal one. Success in the attempt to ride two hobby- Not that Mr. Edgar is personally objectionhorses at once is, to say the least, problem able by any means. He is a comparatively atical or, to change the metaphor, there is a young man of considerable ability, of unblempredestined fate for those who settle them- ished character, and sterling integrity. The selves between two stools. Mr. McMillan only fault alleged against him appears to be has since thought better of it, and retired. that he has been too faithful to his party, and The two ridings of Ontario are both va- too zealous in working for it, through good cant by the deaths of the late members, report and evil report. But, on the other Messrs. Gordon and Cameron. The Hon. hand, he is a non-resident, and enters the Malcolm Cameron had been a member of arena as a candidate who has been beaten Parliament as far back as 1836, forty years elsewhere more than once-objections that ago. He was, therefore, a historical, if not should have no weight at all, but which,

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nevertheless, will tell seriously against him. vagant in their views, and our young ladies
Both candidates are well supported at public are not much affected with religious hysteria,
meetings, and the contest promises to be an so that some latitude should be permitted to
exceedingly close one. On behalf of Mr. differing tastes and temperaments. Mr.
Edgar, Messrs. Mackenzie, Cartwright, and Gladstone's plea for comprehension in this
Huntington are enlisted, and Mr. Gibbs regard has much greater force here than in
has engaged the services of Sir John A. Mac- England. So long, therefore, as a minister
donald, Dr. Tupper, and Mr. Thomas White, does not offend against the canons and the
jr., of Montreal. It would he difficult to rubric, he ought to be let alone. In any
foretell the result in these two elections; but case, the diocesan is the calmest and most
we should not be surprised if the South capable judge. The Bishops of Toronto and
Riding, at any rate, were wrested from the Ontario are, we believe, High Churchmen,
Government. No stronger evidence could be and their brethren of Montreal and London,
afforded of the degrading influence of party Evangelicals ; yet, in spite of differences in
politics than is given here. It seems hardly theoretical opinion, they would probably
possible to conceive of a lower depth yet to differ little in practice. It is all important
be sounded than that already reached. In to secure peace, so long as this may be done
the old Roman times, the noblest tribute that without sacrificing principle, and this may
could be paid to a citizen was the Senate's be said without at all sanctioning the servile
resolution, that he had deserved well of his principle of episcopal infallibility. We en-
country; nowadays, in Canada at least, the tirely sympathize with the Church Associa-
surest passport to success a public man can tion in the good work it is doing, and in
hope to give is the paltry declaration that some of the embarrassing contests in which
he has deserved well of his party. Without it has been involved; at the same time,
desiring to speak disparagingly, we may charity and moderation are virtues not so
safely assert that both Messrs. Edgar and common in the Christian world that a word
Gibbs have been chosen, not so much be- in their favour is ever out of place.
cause of their abilities, public services, or If the sessions of the General Assembly
political principles, as because each has suf- of the Presbyterian Church in Canada were
fered for his party. It is on this account that ordinarily to be as long as that held in June,
the chiefs of both factions are mingling with the Union would seem to have entailed a
the fray and “furbishing up all the rusty serious burden upon the Church. There
weapons ” in their old curiosity shops. The were, however, exceptional circumstances
same well-worn themes are again dilated which protracted the sitting, which it is to
upon ; the trite platitudes re-appear, as if be hoped will not occur again. The ordi-
they were novelties, and the old scandals are nary business was transacted without unne-
served up, without even a change in the gravy. cessary delay, and the prosperity and zeal of
It is saddening enough, but there seems no the United Church must have been exceed-
remedy for it, so long as politicians will fight ingly gratifying to those who promoted the
without knowing what they are contending Union. In point of numbers the first Pro-
for, unless it be place and power.

testant Church in the Dominion, its progress

must be a matter of interest to all the sister The annual religious gatherings last month churches ; and the Bishop of Toronto perwere, in the main, quiet and successful. The formed a graceful act when he congratulated Methodist Conferences and other ruling the Assembly upon the Union. There was bodies met and dispersed with their wonted only one speck upon the azure, and that, as order and good feeling. Even Ritualism was it appears to us, should never have been allowed to sleep for the time, if we except a there. The Macdonnell case might have slight brush at Toronto, and a more effective been settled in Presbytery or Synod, and movement at Montreal. A canon was intro- yet, after many days spent upon it in the duced in the latter Synod to enforce obedi- Assembly, it is hardly settled now. The ence to a late decision of Lord Penzance-a democratic form of Church government has very moderate proposal certainly. In Can- certainly many advantages, but, in cases of ada, there appears to be little danger of any this sort, it is neither expeditious nor satisoutbreak of the Mackonochie fever to any factory. A large Assembly, unaccustomed to alarming extent. The clergy are not extra- | regularly and well-ordered debate, is sure to

wander off, “in endless mazes lost." Where made than Mr. Macdonnell's censors fastened every unit--we were going to say molecule upon the last clause of the sentence, and -is a centre of force, acting under no natural urged that it indicated an intention of aplaws, such as prevail in the material universe, pealing from the Confession to the Bible. the inevitable result is confusion and delay. The rev. gentleman went so far as to repuIn the Assembly, motion was piled upon diate any design of that sort. On the other motion till theclerk's table musthave groaned hand, the clause seemed to be an intimation under them. Vain repetitions of suggestion that, since the language in both rule and and counter-suggestion followed upon each standard was substantially the same, the other's heels furious and fast. Theological doubts which were founded on the statehair-splittings, such as would have done ments in the one equally arose even out of credit to the soldiers of Loyola, served to the dogmatical definitions of the other. This show what the order of the Jesuits would be is true ; but then Mr. Macdonnell might but for the mailed hand of the Superior. have taken the same ground, without insertWhat must have been the state of Mr. Mac-ing that clause at all. In fact, he virtually donnell's brain and pulse, while he was being did so, when he protested his adherence to drawn under the harrow day after day, it is the Confession and, at the same time, adis hard to conjecture. Perhaps the process mitted that his “difficulties and perplexiof being “badgered,” as Professor Mowat ties” remained as strong as in September called it, had at last a benumbing effect, last. With regard to the sermon, Mr. Macsimilar to that produced on a soldier's back donnell expressed his regret for having deafter the first fifty.

livered it, and his belief that it was no part Now, if there had been any important of the duty of a Minister of the Gospel to principle at stake, after the ample conces- hold out a hope, &c. He even consented sions made by Mr. Macdonnell, the case to bow down to the seventeenth century would have been different. Those who fetish, and extended his palinode so far as to protracted the discussion were, no doubt, confess that he had “said very foolish words conscientiously convinced that there was, about the Confession of the Faith ; very silly and their convictions are entitled to all re- words indeed.” Could Nebuchadnezzar spect. But to ninety-nine per cent of on-have demanded more when he set up that lookers, there appears a woful waste of con- golden image on the plain of Dura? Could science somewhere. Sir Arthur Helps has self-abnegation—we had almost said humiobserved that “our brother man is seldom so liation-go further? In his desire to conbitter against us as when we refuse to adopt ciliate his brethren and make every possible at once his notions of the infinite.” Now, concession to the majority, Mr. Macdonnell there certainly was no “bitterness ” mani- surrendered everything, save his doubts, and fested against Mr. Macdonnell in the Assem- they are troublesome companions for an bly; far otherwise. Principal Caven, Pro- earnest man-obtruding themselves unasked, fessor McLaren, and other prominent mem- and not so easily shaken off. “But, then, what bers were studiedly courteous and consider business has a man to doubt,” some one may ate. But then, on the other hand, there was ask; “doubt is always the mark of self-conno question of heresy involved in the dis- ceit or vanity. I have lived for fifty years cussion at all. Mr. Macdonnell

, as explicitly and never was troubled with a religious peras it is in the power of words to express plexity in all my life." Very likely; and if anything, protested that he held no doctrine the self-sufficient objector, who has never deat variance with the standards of his Church. voted ten minutes to the duty of searching He admitted that he was perplexed by the grounds of his belief, lives thirty years doubts; but doubt is not heresy, or there longer, he will die, carrying with him another would be few thoughtful men who are or pride of a baser sort. Doubt, however, is have not been heretics. He repudiated every not heresy, and, after the ample explanations known form of heresy on this dogma,-res- and concessions made by Mr. Macdonnell

, torationism, universalism, and annihilation, and a pledge not again to proclaim his and "adhered to the teaching of the Con- difficulties from the pulpit, the matter might fession of Faith in regard to it, expressed as have been allowed to rest. A very disagreeit is almost entirely in the language of Scrip-able apple of discord would have disappeared, ture" But this declaration was no sooner and the peace and harmony of the Church

might have been restored. It was proposed the 23rd ult., and both parties appear to that no further proceedings should be taken, have agreed, so far as Canada is concerned, but that Mr. Macdonnell, after a careful re- with singular unanimity. The Deputy Minisexamination of his doubts, should hold him- ter complained that the mercantile marine self in readiness to give additional explana- of Canada is “virtually placed at a disadvantions, if called upon by the Assembly to do tage as compared with foreign ships, by so next year. This, however, seemed to be being subject to detentions, inspections, and equivalent to dropping the matter altogether. penalties to which their foreign rivals are An amendment was therefore adopted by two not subject.” The injustice of this discrimito one that the rev. gentleman should report nation against the Dominion is ably and to the Assembly next year, without being forcibly stated by Mr. Smith, and his suggescalled on to do so. It is thus ensured that, tion is that, to redress the balance, Canaif the supreme body shall have become tired dian ships should be subject to no obligaof the subject or lukewarm, it will be forcibly tions other than those required of foreign reminded of its duty.

ships. The justice of this demand will be Mr. Macdonnell's doubts were not shared apparent, when it is considered that the Caby any of the speakers, but he received nadian ship-owner, who has already comthe sympathies of a number of them. The plied with the inspection requirements of the venerable Dr. Cook, whose opinion on Dominion, is thousands of miles away from creeds and confessions was very plainly his ship, when it is undergoing re-inspection given in a sermon at St. Andrew's Church, in a home port. This view of the case, howjustified these doubts in a sketch of the Cal- ever, has been unanimously rejected in the vinistic scheme with the doctrine of eternal | Lords, and therefore, we must bide our time punishment as an element in it. He then in patience. The only concession Lord Carsubmitted two pertinent queries :-“Did it narvon is willing to make, regards deck-loads. not appear a ground for doubt and difficulty in the original draft of the Bill the Canadian that under such a Divine constitution man provision on this subject appeared, but should be sent to a state of eternal torments was afterwards struck out and an absolute for the ages he had described, according to prohibition of deck-loads inserted. The ColoFoster? Was it wonderful that any indi- nial Secretary has promised that the clause vidual man who took these matters into shall be restored, and there, for the present, consideration, and connected these dogmas the matter ends. with one another, should have doubts and The constitutional question, which Lord difficulties?” One gentleman called Dr. Carnarvon proposes to leave in abeyance, Cook's speech “the language of a heathen;" is, of course, the question of Canadian aubut the sting of these crucial questions is tonomy in general; not the interpretation of drawn from the Confession, and the difficulty the Confederation Act. Now that we have can only be got rid of by throwing over seen the article from the Times on the subboard hyper-Calvinism and the Confession ject, we are more than ever convinced of together. The two Mills and many more the fallacy of its contention. The letter of have been made “heathen” by this creed, Historicus” (Sir William Harcourt) agrees and it has not yet done all its deadly work. exactly in its general line of argument, with

that urged in these pages last month. The The Deputy Minister of Marine appears Saturday Review is of the same opinion, to have conducted our case, in the matter and it accuses the Times of having a lately of the Merchant Shipping Bill, with vigour, discovered a mare's nest of unusual pretenif not with success. His memorandum to sions." This, however, is a mistake : the Sir Charles Adderley would perhaps have “mare's nest was built at Ottawa by some been improved by condensation ; but it great constitutional authority or another. would be ungenerous to be hypercritical, The jurisdiction of the Dominion Parliawhen a public officer shows evident desire ment over “ Navigation and Shipping" is to do his duty thoroughly, faithfully, and exclusive, not as against the Imperial Parwell. By a cable telegram from the Lon-liament, but as against the Local Legisladon correspondent of the Globe, we learn tures. In Sir Charles Adderley's words : the net results of his mission. The bill “ It is a total mistake to suppose that the was discussed in the House of Lords on Act of 1867 in any way altered the relations

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of Canadian subjects to the Imperial Par- Conkling, the President's protégé, made very liament.” We possess, in fact, just the same poor running, and can scarcely have reamount of self-government under Confede- ceived very earnest backing from his chief. ration as we did before—no less and no During six ballots, eight candidates received more. We agree with the Globe that this votes ; but after that a decisive change took point is not of much importance per se; but place. Morton withdrew; Bristow was withit is always dangerous to build one's house drawn by Senator Harlan; and the opponupon a sandy foundation; and, if injury has ents of Blaine concentrated their forces upon not been done by the fallacy-and it is by no Gov. Hayes, of Ohio, who received the nommeans clear that the decision of the Imperial ination. The final vote stood :-Hayes Government has been wholly uninfluenced 384 ; Blaine 351 ; Bristow 21. Mr. W. A. by the false pretence—it is none the less Wheeler, of New York, was nominated Vicedesirable that it should be exposed and President by resolution, and the "ticket," abandoned.

thus completed, was received with exuberant

demonstrations of enthusiasm, as if it had Affairs at Philadelphia have not made been expected, and hoped, and toiled for much stir in the world during the past all along. month. The Exhibition is yet far from The Republican nomination somewhat complete, although it is sufficiently so appa- disturbed the plans of the other band of rently for any ordinary sight-seer's appetite. party intriguers at St. Louis ; but at the Great Britain, with characteristic prompti- last moment we learn that Gov. Tilden has tude, was ready with her department and been nominated by the Democrats on the catalogue to the day, but other nations have second ballot. There is greater significance been sad laggards. Russia and Portugal in this vote than in that which elected are still unpacking, although their courts are Hayes on the Republican side. The latter opened, but Turkey and Tunis have not was elected by a bare majority vote ; but the so much as taken down their shutters. Democratic rule requiring two-thirds of the The jurors have now been five weeks en- Convention, troublesome asitoften is in pracgaged upon their arduous duties, and the tice, ensures on the whole,unanimous action foreign judges appear to be gratified at the through all sections of the party. facilities afforded them, and the attentions nomination of Mr. Tilden is an aufklärung they have received. The list of jurors in- in American politics. It means a sweeping cludes many famous European names in out of all the cobwebs and dirt of the past science and art, but the same care has not eight years, the end of military rule and the been taken in selecting distinguished Ame- return to just principles of government. ricans. It would appear as though party The Democratic party, being out of power, politics were at work even here to mar and evidently mean to elevate the standard of disturb everything. Of course the attend- purity ; their course in power would, we ance of visitors has not yet attained its full presume, be like that of others who have proportions, the largest number recorded made war on the same path. The platform being 31,673 on the 8th of June. The suc- deals in some fearfully strong generalities, as, cess of the Centennial, however, is beyond for example, when it says" we denounce peradventure, and will gather strength as the financial imbecility and immorality of the summer months roll on.

the party which, during eleven years of The National Convention of the Repub- power, has taken from the people in federal lican party assembled at Cincinnati on the taxes thirteen times the whole amount of 15th ult. The ballottings were not so nu- legal tender notes, and squandered four merous as on some previous occasions, but, times this sum in useless expense, without as often happens, all the prominent candi- accumulating any reserve for their redempdates of the party have been passed over for tion.” And then, speaking on the crucial a comparatively unknown man. Blaine, point, the Democrats say, with needless Bristow, Morton, and Conkling were all re- iteration, by way of preamble, that the domigarded as having the strongest claims on

nant party

“has made no advance towards the party, and in the order named they resumption," but, on the contrary, "has obstood after the first ballot, the ex-Speaker structed resumption by wasting our rebeing far in advance of his companions. sources and exhausting all our surplus in

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