Imatges de pàgina
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come; and while annually professing to nomy Club was important on more accounts intend a speedy return to specie payments, than one. In the first place, it showed the has annually exacted fresh hindrances.” On vast change which is passing over the views the platform, as a whole, we shall have some of economists. It is evident that disremarks to offer hereafter; meanwhile there content amongst the disciples of the oris some significance in the fact that the thodox views is rapidly assuming form. “hard-money” platform was accepted by a Of the foreigners who have given exvote of 651 to 82. Gov. Tilden's nomina- pression to this dissatisfaction are M. tion was, after all that has been urged against Laveleye, of Belgium, M. Léon Say, Finance him, a singular proof of the persistence of Minister of France, and Herr Roscher, of moral principle. No party has been tainted Germany; in England, Mr. Norman, the so seriously with moral delinquencies as this. senior member of the club, Mr. Walter It bears on its brow the marks of political Bagehot, and Mr. Cliffe Leslie. Mr. Bagehot and municipal debauchery, and in the was not there, nor were Stanley Jevons, crowds belonging to “Boss" Kelly or Bonamy Price, and Henry Fawcett. It is eviController Green, who travelled as far as dent that economics are being rapidly revoSt. Louis to fight the reforming spectre, we lutionized. Mr. Gladstone delivered a hope to see the dying struggles of the cor- notable speech at this meeting, which, rupt time. How far their efforts availed to taken in connection with a recent magazine maintain the control of their party may be article, would seem to indicate a new debriefly told in the record of votes. On the parture. In the latter he spoke of “the second ballot under the two-thirds regula- possibly chilling shadow of national estabtion, Gov. Tilden received 535 votes, 43 lishments," and in the address he expressed more than were necessary for a choice. an opinion against endowments. The exHendricks, the dubious, was left with 60, pression quoted was employed when speakand Allen, of Ohio, the inflationist, with ing of the United States and the Colonies,

and may merely have been a rhetorical

flourish; but his remarks on endowments The European nations are in a waiting are capable of a very extensive application. attitude at present, with eyes turned East- Mr. Gladstone was thinking of Church enward, and their internal concerns, there-dowments perhaps, but not of these alone. fore, attract but little attention. Every- His scheme would embrace endowments where a stagnation in home affairs is cou- ecclesiastical, charitable, and educational, pled with a tense and painful interest in public or private. This would be disestabmatters abroad. The Imperial Government | lishment on a scale not contemplated by pursues its humdrum course in careless secu- the opponents of the State Church, and rity, and the Liberal party, under the con- certainly would not be accepted by them. servative leadership of Lord Hartington, is They would let the Established Church alone, still disunited and impotent. Mr. Trevel- rather than consent to its demolition on yan, Lord Macaulay's nephew and biogra- terms like these. The new departure, if such pher, introduced his resolutions in favour of it be, would in fact carry Mr. Gladstone assimilating the county to the borough fran- clean out of sight. chise-a reform which Mr. Disraeli will probably snatch from his grasp in a session The Eastern question, which is absorbor two-and was defeated by a majority of ing the anxious attention of Europe and one hundred. Of course the Opposition America, entered upon a new phase last was all sixes and sevens. Messrs. Glad-month. The Softas or so-called theological stone and Bright voted in favour of the re- students of the mosques, backed by the solutions ; Mr. Lowe spoke strongly and army and the chief pashas, dethroned the voted against them ; whilst the Marquis of Sultan or Khalif, Abdul Aziz, and placed Hartington, leader of the party, and Mr. upon the throne the heir, his nephew Murad Goschen absented themselves. Still the V. It is said that the latter is made of Liberals show some signs of life. Lord rather poor stuff, and that he was only inGranville made a stirring speech when lay- duced to come out of his cellar by the pering the corner-stone of the City Liberal suasive eloquence of a pistol. Many causes Club, and the meeting of the Political Eco- have been assigned for the deposition of the late Sultan. The chief cause was undoubt that caused the revolt; let him picture Buledly his obvious incapacity to rescue the garia with its tens of thousands slain by the country and the faith from the perils that Bashi-Bazouks ; let him survey Turkey, soenviron it. Sunk in sloth and debauch- cially, financially, morally, or politically, and ery, he had long ceased to be a power in he will admit that she is irreformable. The the State. His subserviency to the Rus- Powers appear to be waiting for something, sian Ambassador, Ignatieff, and his refusal although for what it is doubtful to sayto part with a portion of his treasure to pay watching each other and permitting matters the army are also alleged as the immediate to drift whither they will. In the face causes of the revolution. Then followed his of the prospect of an outbreak between rather suspicious suicide. That his death was Servia and Turkey, which to all appearance a foregone conclusion is certain. Deposed nothing can prevent, the alliance of the Sultans seldom live long, and according to three Emperors appears to have gone to Mohammedan law, it would be no crime pieces. Whether there be any truth in the to put him to death, if Murad, the Khalif, reported “ melancholia" of the Czar or not, thought a prolongation of his life dangerous much of the difficulty must be traced to his 10 the faith. It is quite possible that the vacillating temper. He is constitutionally wretched man may have been compelled to a man of peace, and yet, when the crisis open the veins of his arms, on pain of suffer- comes, he must obey the traditions of his ing death in a more terrible form ; but that a house and empire. Above all, Austria must nerveless, worn-out debauchee, such as he be checkmated in the subtle game she is was, should commit suicide is almost incre- playing; for if the Hapsburgs once succeed dible. The effect of this revolution on the in- in supplanting Russia in the affections of surrection remains to be seen. The War Min. the Slavs, the Muscovite dream of a ister is a stern Mussulman, and the policy of southern capital on the Bosphosus is over. the new Government must in appearance be The policy of Great Britain has at length a stern one, or the new Sultan will fail to sat- been partially exposed. The rejection of isfy those who placed him there. All, how- the Berlin note, the magnificent fleet in the ever, will be in vain ; the Turkish Empire is Mediterranean, the strengthening Malta and rotten at the core and no earthly arm can Gibraltar—all seemed to point to an Anglosave it from dissolution. The Mohammedan, Turkish policy. Earl Derby protests that wherever he sets his foot, sooner or later this notion is unfounded, and his words brings decay, dissolution, and death. If any seem to sound like the death-knell of Musone doubt it let him read the painfully inter- sulman power in Europe :

" No one supesting picture of Persia, by Mr. Arthur Ar. poses the maintenance of the Ottoman Emnold, in the Contemporary Review. Let him pire possible, if the Christians become perthink of the tyranny and barbaric cruelty manently disaffected.”

BOOK REVIEWS,

THE PRAIRIE PROVINCE: Sketches of Travel to the intending settler, it is by no means dry

from Lake Ontario to Lake Winnipeg. By and heavy, as such books are apt to be. Mr. J. C. Hamilton, M.A., LL.B. Toronto: Bel- Hamilton appreciates the advantage of comford Brothers. 1876.

bining the dulce with the utile—the attractive

with the substantial—and he has contrived to We can cordially recommend this work, be- combine them with skill and judgment. It is cause it contains, in a concise form, a graphic unnecessary, even if it were practicable, to give and interesting account of the scenery,resources, any detailed account of the various matters and present condition of Manitoba and the ad- treated of, since a large part of the work apjacent country, such as is to be found nowhere peared originally in the form of letters to one else. Moreover, although it contains a vast of our principal journals. Still we shall enamount of practical information of great value 'deavour to give some idea of its scope and char

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acter, the more especially because there is a which the Company was never entitled, is a large amount of supplementary information of cause of trouble in the heart of Winnipeg itself. a valuable kind not published in the newspaper. Let us quote a paragraph which is made clearer The author has a keen relish for the beauties of by the plan of the city given in the work:natural scenery, and an observant eye for all “'Between the barracks and the heart of the the features, animate or inanimate, of the coun- city is a large tract. It contains twelve try through which he is passing. Without any hundred lots, of which quite one thousand are affectation of scientific accuracy, he has con- vacant; yet the city is spreading out in other trived to give an interesting account of the directions, and even along the Portage road, fauna and Aora of the country from Duluth and beyond this tract. This seems anomalous. Let Moorhead to Winnipeg. The descriptions of us ask the cause. We are told, 'Oh, that is the scenery on the line of the Northern Pacific and Hudson Bay Company's property-they ask on that tedious voyage down the Red River are more than other proprietors; in fact, value their well done; and so is the ride from Winnipeg lots as highly as good residence property in by the Stone Fort to the great lake. There is Toronto, and annex terms as to improvements, scarcely a topic on which information is desir- so people buy and build elsewhere."" Thus, in able which is not touched carefully, and with the very centre of the seat of Government, this all possible fulness. Thegreatest pains have evi- hoary monopoly not only enjoys “the unearned dently been taken in gleaning information from increment” in the value of land, the result of all quarters, and it is brought down into the settlement and the public works, but virtually present year.

shuts out the settler altogether. In short, as The chapters especially useful for the settler Mr. Hamilton observes, they hold their lands are very satisfactory--on soil, climate, land re- in the exclusive spirit of persons whose interest gulations, forest culture, minerals, fish, domes- it is to drain the country's resources, and not tic animals, &c., with all necessary instructions of those having a desire to develop its agriculto the settler. Those on the civil government, on tural and other permanent interests.” It is education, on the Indians and half-breeds and gratifying to find that the Mounted Police are the white population, are equally good. There is working so efficiently; and in connection with no effort to be exhaustive, but all that most peo- the vast territory they protect, we ought not to ple will care to know is told without unnecessary omit mention of the generous notice-obituary, verbiage. The history of the old Companies is we are sorry to say-of the Rev. George Mcgiven in one chapter, and an account of our | Dougall, the faithful Wesleyan minister who treaties with the Indians in another. Mr. Ham- perished in the snow only a few months since ilton does not conceal his conviction that we -the friend of the Indian and the tried servant have been cheated in the settlement of the both of his Church and of the State. The maps boundary question, there as elsewhere, by the and engravings are good, especially the invaluUnited States. He has also his own opinions able map of the Province and all the circumabout the Pacific Railway and other subjects jacent country far to the north and west ; of general Dominion interest. The recent set- indeed the entire “ get up” of the work is tlements on a systematic scale of the Mennon- highly creditable to the publishers. ites, the Icelanders, and the Danes are referred to.

The first are on the Red River between Moorhead and Winnipeg, the second on the shores of Lake Winnipeg, and the third are WAYSIDE FLOWERS. By Harriet Annie to be placed by Lake Manitoba. There is a Wilkins. Toronto : Hunter, Rose & Co. chapter on the redoubtable grasshopper, with 1876.. illustrations, which will be of interest to many who are beyond reach of the plague. It appears This collection of poems is prefaced by the that he can be got rid of in a settled country Rev. W. Stephenson, of Hamilton, who tells like the “Prairie Province,” if the people will us of Miss Wilkins, that “there is a delicacy, a only combine to fight him out.

beauty, a tenderness, together with a rich hue There is only one subject to which we can of thought pervading almost all she has writrefer particularly, and that is, the position of ten.” We do not find this assertion borne out the Hudson Bay Company in the settled coun- as fully as might have been desired in the try. It is quite obvious that it lies an incubus volume itself, unless it be in the particular of upon Manitoba, and will prove more and more, tenderness, which it may claim as its chief as population flows in, a serious obstacle in the merit. The tone and intention of the poems way of progress. This is a Dominion question are admirable, but their execution is faulty, and which must be faced before long. So long as their actual merit not very remarkable. Many the monopoly lasted-that is, up to 1870—the of them suggest a possibility which none of Company systematically lied about the resources them fulfil. Like most ladies who commit their of the country, and now that the iron bands sentiments to verse, Miss Wilkins carries too have been loosened, the land grant inconsid- far the principle of poeta nascitur, non fit, and erately given in part payment for rights to deprives the talent she may possess of the very

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necessary adjuncts of correctness of metre and his chief attractions. It follows, almost as a accuracy of grammar. While there are in this matter of course, that he is prodigal of matchvolume frequent passages of not a little melody, making; the fragrance of orange blossoms is we have failed to find any poem which runs unceasingly offered, like subtle incense, to the smoothly throughout, while many of them set presiding deity of marriage. In all female at defiance all attempts at scanning. That ways, feelings, and modes of thought and entitled “ Beautiful Lilly” has but one very action, Mr. Trollope is a savant, and what is noticeable faux pas in the metre, and is per- more wonderful still, he is perfectly at home in haps as graceful and pleasing as any in the the recondite mysteries of female attire-the book. Abrupt transitions from one tense to toilet has nothing to reveal to him which he another, which are of continual occurrence, does not know already Considering that he are less mystifying only than the occasional can hardly have enjoyed exceptional advanabsence in a sentence of any verb whereupon tages, like Achilles at the court of Lycomedes, to ring these changes. After a slip like “ The his skill in these matters is a rare gift, possessed hand of they who

sweep round,” we by few of his sex. His novels have always were not altogether unprepared for

been, and will doubtless continue to be, prime

favourites with the fair. In the novel-reading That hand had signed the mystic cross body politic, woman suffrage not only preWhose voice was speaking now.”

vails but dominates, and, therefore, Mr. TrolMost of Miss Wilkins's similes are decidedly majority of the electorate.

lope will never fail so long as he charms the conventional, and her metaphors we greet as The present work is graphic and interesting, old acquaintances, except a few such as that

as all the author's writings are. His characof “ Eternity's lake,” which is not happy in its ters are incisively drawn, each asserting its insuggestion of limitation. As representative of dividuality, instead of running into one ano, several similar instances, we may cite this de- ther like colours badly mixed and badly laid lightful bit of confusion :

on. He possesses, unfortunately, too great a

facility of composition, and that is the cause of to cool our parching lips with fruit

most, if not all, of his faults. Almost at the That grows around the tree of life's best root."

outset we begin with a marriage, and at the A great deal of the poetry is of a sacred char- fitness of things.

end we have two-all which is agreeable to the

Virtue is rewarded, espeacter, and there are several martial pieces, which are not the most successful in the volume. cially the virtue which, of course, ranks highest

---constancy in love. Vice receives a rather Canadian subjects receive due attention, and local ones are by no means neglected.' The violent punishment of the Carker type, and typography is so good throughout that we hesi- everything turns out“ as nice as can be.” Mr. tate to throw on the usual scape-goat, the coon

Trollope is not the only writer of fiction who positor, the responsibility of the 'Rev. w. threads his books one after the other on a Stephenson's awkward remark that he “

string, like pearls or acorns, as the case may speak equally definite as to such MSS." as he be. Now, although not a bad thing perhaps for

author or publisher, to a reader these constant has examined.

references to previous "chronicles” are annoy

ing, because she (or he) is sure to feel that THE PRIME MINISTER. By Anthony Trol- something has been missed which ought to be lope. Toronto : Belford Brothers. 1876. known. Not that this novel is incomplete in

itself. It is by no means necessary to know Mr. Trollope boasts the distinction, if it be the antecedents of the Duke and Duchess of a ground for boasting, of being the most proli- Omnium, Lizzie Eustache, Phineas Finn, Mrs. fic living writer of fiction, Miss Braddon only Finn, or any of the moving figures ; still we excepted. Over his lady rival, he possesses believe the practice may be carried too far, and the advantage of being what is technically sometimes we are inclined to think that it called “moral.” Not that he is averse from would be better to kill off all these people in a painting a villain, or introducing a sensational Jacobin sort of way, and begin again in a new catastrophe now and again ; but he does not world. live and move in an atmosphere redolent of We are not going to tell the plot of the story, conjugal infidelity and secret poisoning. There because it would be cruel to spoil any one's is nothing in his novels to which Mr. Podsnap sport. An odious character, one Ferdinand could object, as likely to be offensive or harm-Lopez, a greasy Jew of Portuguese extraction, ful to “ the young person.” Moreover, he is is the heavy villain. Melonotte, in a previous jacile princeps as å delineator of love and love- work, was a sort of Baron Grant, but Lopez,who, making; and the wonderful power of invention without capital, dabbles in guano, Guatemalan displayed in turning the kaleidoscope of the shares, and bogus companies, has nothing attender passion, and presenting it in a hundred tractive or interesting about him except his patterns cunningly differentiated, forms one of handsome exterior, and that we must take for

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granted on Mr. Trollope's word. The political from without, instead of being freely expanded intrigues which are the main feature of the from within. This want of early expansion of book are skilfully interwoven with vivid pic- heart and mind caused her the loss of many tures of social life in the upper crust of society. touches of feeling and thought that would have Mary Wharton, in another sphere, secures the moulded her strong nature with more beauty reader's sympathy in spite of her perversity, and delicacy. Yet, true in Christian principle first in insisting upon marrying the wrong man, and feeling, she lived to win the respect and and then in shilly-shallying about marrying the regard of those who knew her ; though her inright one. The Duchess, Lady Glen, as she Auence over others was not what under freer is familiarly called, finds her way to the uni- and fuller training it might have been.” “ It versal heart, in spite of her giddy, thoughtless might be questioned whether Mistress Crisp nature, so thoroughly warm-hearted, prettily was ever conscious of an error or mistake in herimpetuous, and vivacious she always is. The self; her upright, blameless life, her kindness male characters are of the usual type, from the and consistency, were faultless. It might alvacillating Duke, the Prime Minister, down to most have been wished that she could commit that chivalrous exemplar of the chief virtue we a fault and feel that she had ; her strong nahave mentioned, Arthur Fletcher. The scenes ture would have been opened and softened by at Gatherum Castle, the Silverbridge election, that sense of failure.” and at Wharton, are all good, and the novel The two Olivers, however, are by no means altogether is refreshing summer reading. so faultless, though we are shown how the

discipline of life for each was at once the result and the corrective of their differing defects.

The history of the younger Oliver's childhood OLIVER OF THE MILL. By Maria Louisa is the most pleasant and life-like portion of the

Charlesworth. Canadian Copyright Edition. book, for the author's specialty seems to lie in Dawson Brothers, Montreal. 1876.

drawing child-life, and the pictures of little

Oliver, Baby Meg, and Aleppo the dog, are The number of Canadian editions of choice fresh and charming. The few outside characEnglish works is a significant indication, not ters—the Caxtons, Dame Truman, the village only of the enterprise of our publishers, but also schoolmistress, Mistress Tibby, and the others

, of the growth of our reading public. The who fill in the picture of rural life—arenaturally Canadian publishers of Mrs. Charlesworth's sketched; while around all is the English last work, “Oliver of the Mill," have done a i rural landscape, the castle, the mill, the yellow good service to the country in giving a wide harvest fields, the rich green woodland, the diffusion to a book so pure, so high-toned, so river murmuring over its stony bed, “hill-sides earnest, and teaching, in a fresh and vital way, clothed in the massive foliage of summer, lessons that all need to learn.

throwing out from their dark background the “Oliver of the Mill” is hardly to be read glory of harvest; or softer hill-sides, where the merely as a story, but rather as studies from white flocks were feeding, and verdant pastures life, showing the relation to human needs, crav- with cattle ; blue hills in the distance, of which ings, and aspirations, of those great central no details were seen, yet giving the beauty of truths which Christianity has most fully brought form and hue.” to light. There is no speculation, or reference One of the most interesting characters in the to speculation, in it. Its phases of life are out book is the old Jew pedlar, Benoni, and noof the region of “intellectual difficulties.” The thing is more touching in the whole story than earnest and single-minded writer draws her the episode which shows his deeply-rooted and teaching from those heart experiences which rigid Judaism giving way to the softer, warmer are common to all, and in which true religion light of Christianity, under the influence of the finds its perfect work. The story is one of simple, forgiving faith and love of a little child. what is called “humble life," the fundamental Benoni's internal history is closely entwined needs, joys, and sorrows of which are, after all, with that of Oliver, as indeed it had been preso little different from those of a so-called higher viously entwined with that of Oliver's mother, sphere. The two Olivers, father and son, are the noble and pure-hearted Naomi, whose the central figures, unless we add the Quaker early death seems to cast a hallowing shadow grandmother, Mrs. Crisp, who is perhaps the over the first part of the book. most salient and best-drawn character in the “Oliver of the Mill” will hardly be as book. Her outside severity, or rather rigidity, popular as “ Ministering Children,” the author's combined with real heart-kindness, is well first work; but is both more natural and marked, and the cause of the seeming incon- more readable than the one that followed it, sistency is explained in words which have been the “ Ministry of Life." It is by no means free true of many an otherwise admirable Christian from faults; its construction is rather involved, character :

at least in the first part; there is a little too “ Her opinions and feelings were many of much formal, and sometimes trite, moralizing ; them narrowed and stiffened by early pressure and the treatment is occasionaly awkward and

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