Imatges de pàgina
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inartistic to a surprising degree for a writer of of art treasures ever gathered together on this Mrs. Charlesworth's fame. But these defects continent. Another, and even more promising are far more than counterbalanced by the indication of this growing desire for art culliving lessons of faith, hope, and love in which ture, is the wonderful success attained by the its pages abound-lessons which the author superb American Art Journal, The Aldine, so must herself have learned in the hard school of named after Aldus, a Venetian art printer of life, before bringing them forth to help other the 16th century. It is now in the ninth year scholars in the same school ; and we are of its existence, and has already achieved a sure that no thoughtful and earnest reader can position and a degree of excellence of which rise from its pages without feeling refreshed any country might be proud. In its beautiful and strengthened for the conflict between good pages we find examples of all schools. Europe and evil in which all must bear their part. is represented by Doré, Corot, Gerome, Meis

sonier, Lejeune, and others ; America, by Van Elten, J. D. Woodward; Rosenthal, De Haas,

Moran, Hows, Smillie ; and among Canadians THE ALDINE : The Art Journal of America. we find Verner, to whom full justice is done in

New York: The Aldine Company ; To- a fine full-page engraving of a Canadian river ronto : Virtue & Sons.

scene, with Indians shooting a rapid-a subIt has frequently and justly been charged ject highly characteristic of this artist. The against the people of the United States—and engravings are all in the highest style of art, we fear the accusation would be equally true and are often so beautiful and so exquisitely of the people of this country—that their ener- finished as to induce the belief that absolute gies have been too exclusively directed to the perfection has been reached, and that it is impursuit of wealth. Th are not wanting in- possible to advance further in the art of repredications, however, that they are becoming sentation in mere black and white. Since the alive to the truth that "man cannot live by beginning of the year the journal has been pubbread alone ;” and not the worst of these signs | lished in fortnightly numbers of 50 cents each, of a better state of things is the evident growth -a remarkably small price, considering the of a love for art of the purest and best kind nature of the contents; and those who wish The fact that the departments of the Exhibition to possess a handsome series of volumes for at Philadelphia which draw the greatest their drawing-room tables, from which to draw crowds are the galleries of painting and other an inexhaustible fund of delight and instrucworks of high art, is proof of a determination tion, cannot do better than subscribe to The to make the most of by far the finest collection | Aldine.

CURRENT LITERATURE.

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temporary Review, on The Courses of still it evidently takes unwarrantable liberties Religious Thought,” is an ingenious puzzle, the with the canons of classification, Is not the solution of which he promises to give hereafter. Papacy “historical” as well as the Greek, Old Confining himself to Christendom, the writer Catholic, and Anglican communions ? Are not proceeds to classify religious opinion and no- all the first four classes “ Theists?Is it true opinion. But before doing so, he makes some that the Protestant Evangelicals deny that prefatory remarks, as he observes, partly apolo- there is a visible Church in the ordinary sense getic, partly admonitory: The apology is written of the term ? When speaking of Papalism chiefly by way of propitiating the manes of J. or Vaticanism, “this singular system,” as he S. Mill; the other is a rather fanciful exposition here terms it, Mr. Gladstone is on well-trodof the difference between principles and opin- den ground; yet he deals fairly enough with ions. Then follow “the five main schools or it. There is a touch of unwonted humour in systems"—the Ultramontane, the Historical, I this sentence: “To the common eye it seems the Protestant Evangelical, the Theistic, and as if many articles of Christian belief had at the Negative Schools, the last including no first been written in invisible ink, and as if less than eight subdivisions Scepticism, the Pope alone assumed the office of putting Atheism, Agnosticism, Secularism, Revived the paper to the fire, and exhibiting these novel Paganism, Materialism, Pantheism, and Posi- antiquities to the gaze of an admiring world, tivism. Now, although Mr. Gladstone would | The eight“ besetting causes of weakness” in probably take shelter under the word “rude,” | Papalism are, hostility to mental freedom, in90

THE CANADIAN MONTHLY.

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compatibility with modern civilization, pre- would now venture to adopt in preaching to tensions against the State, jealousy of the an educated congregation be allowed to imuse and circulation of Holy Scripture, the de press the minds of simple folk who read the facto alienation of the educated mind, detri- Bible for themselves ?"Finally, in speaking mental effects on the comparative strength and of the marginal dates, Prof. Campbell observes : morality of the States in which it has sway, “The first impression on the eye of the child and its tendency to sap veracity in the indivi- in reading Scripture is not easily shaken off, dual mind. As between the Historical and and the 4004 at the beginning of our Bibles Evangelical Schools, Mr. Gladstone evidently may have had an incalculable effect in fostering inclines, as he has always done, to the former ; the long quarrel between science and revelayet he does no injustice to the Evangelicals. tion. Do we really mean, in the present state He is even coldly tolerant of the Theists, al- of knowledge, to base chronology on the lives though he has " quitted the zone” in which he of the antediluvian patriarchs ?" We wonder can alone feel comfortable ; and when he comes if Prof. Campbell ever subscribed his name to to the Negatives, he feels like a negro trans- the Confession of Faith ? planted from Tanganyika to the Pole. Mr.

Miss Swanwick's paper on Evolution and Arthur Arnold's paper on Persia has been re- the Religion of the Future” is thoughtful an ferred to elsewhere. It is exceedingly inte moderate, its writer ranking herself outside resting as a picture of Mohammedan savagery all Mr. Gladstone's five schools, and as beand decrepitude. The description of the longing to the Free Christian churches. She Shah's palace, with its globe with literally eme- is no mere Theist, for she believes in Jesus and rald seas, its diamond England, India of in Scripture ; but like Mr. Clodd, whom she amethysts, and Africa of rubies, and all the quotes, there seems to her a common progreswealth in pearls and gold distributed other- sive movement in all religions. The great where, ends in the anti-climax, that to "prevent principle underlying the doctrine of Evolution, rain or snow entering this and other halls of she observes, " is that throughout the universe His Majesty's palace, cotton sheets are hung, there has been a continual unfolding ;” in covering the sides open to the weather. Out- short, each link in the vast chain of human side all is darkness, extortion, cruelty, oppres- development is connected with every antecesion, misery in every shape.

dent link, and would have no significance if Mr. Pollock's paper on

The Drama" is a we could suppose the continuity to be broken. long but most valuable paper on the subject. The mental and spiritual development of the It is in the main historical, giving a very lucid individual is only the progress of the race in account of the English, Spanish, and French petto. This is illustrated by a brief sketch of drama, the last especially interesting because the Greek, Buddhist, Parsee, Hindoo, and it contains a detailed account of the plays of Hebrew religions. The writer, finally, while Dumas, Alfred de Musset, Victor Hugo, Dan- rejecting most orthodox dogmas, especially the court, and Octave Feuillet. Sir John Lubbock, fiercest”—“the eternity of hell-fire"-finds in in a paper on “Elementary Education,” pleads the teaching of Jesus the fundamental truths the claims of physical science to a place in the of religion. The second part of Mr. Faircurriculum, and ridicules grammar and his bairn's monogram on Strauss commences tory, the latter in trenchant style. Prof. Lewis with an account of the desperate conflict preCampbell gives another instalment of his essay cipitated by the publication of the Leben Yesu. on New Testament revision, in which he de- Strauss had the combative instinct strong scends into minutiæ. He is generally a con- within him, and he was not very particular in his servative on the subject, loath to sanction alter- choice of the weapons he employed—the Daation where a decent apology can be offered for mascus blade or the Irish shillelagh came alike the laissez faire policy. Not that he is rigidly to him. But, in fact, a man can hardly be orthodox by any means, as he shows in more expected to be picked'in his words when he is places than one. As when (p. 95) he calls the compared with Judas; “like the devil, without theory of verbal inspiration “a superstitious conscience;"" without a heart, or had one like feeling ;” or where (p. 96) he objects to the Leviathan ; as firm as a stone and hard as

poor and shuffling policy” of levelling just a piece of the nether millstone," &c. His deup to the spirit of the age. On this he re- fence, however, was, in the main, a softening marks : “The Biblical critic ought, of all other of his original—in short, he was apologetic in men, to be most aware that what was once both senses of the word. He published a third great in his subject has become small, and edition of the Life, in which he retracted so that what is now whispered in the ear in closets much as to undermine the mythical theory and will ere long be proclaimed upon the house- set about attempting a reconciliation. In contops." These are bold, true words. Then sequence he was invited to a professorship of again, treating of the chapter-headings in theology at Zurich, but was compelled to resign The Song of Solomon, and also in Psalms summarily, through clerical hostility. Then xciii. and cix., he inquires,“ How long must a all his concessions were thrown to the winds, strain of interpretation which no clergyman and he launched upon the unknown sea, drift

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ing away towards “ The Old Faith and the culture, and religious habits of the Chinese New," his final work, Dr. Abbott's reply to Mr. are sketched with a free hand, the background Spedding is of the bitterest kind. Certainly being the gorgeous scenery of

the flowery on two points-Bacon's treatment of Essex, and land.” his giving judgments in Chancery at the dic- Mr. Leslie Stephen contributes “An Agnostation of Buckingham--the doctor appears to tic's Apology,” in which he attempts to give to have the best of it.

all men a reason for the no-faith which is in The Fortnightly Review'opens with a review him. Those who believe in God and immortal. of “The New Domesday Book,” by the Hon. ity, not to speak of revelation, he styles, by a E. L. Stanley He proves beyond question twist in phraseology, Gnostics. His creed is that half the soil of England is owned by not briefly this, that outside the phenomenal world more than 4,500 persons, allowing for double we can know nothing with certainty. He points entries. The division of land in Scotland is at some length to the extraordinary dilemmas also considered, the general conclusion being to which the “Gnostics” are reduced in atthat "the welfare of the country demands that tempting to show a sure foundation for their land should be freely bought and sold.” The so-called spiritual knowledge, and enlarges also writer advocates the assimilation in all respects upon the innumerable diversities of opinion of real to personal property ; the prohibition of existing amongst them. “The Gnostics," he settlements of land on all unborn persons; and says, are at least bound to show some ostenthe abolition of the game-laws, or at least their sible justification for their complacency. Have very great restriction. Mr. Horace White con- | they discovered a firm resting-place, from tributes a paper on “The Financial Crisis in which they are entitled to look down in comAmerica,” which is rather historical than sug- passion or contempt upon those who hold it gestive. These periodical disasters he regards to be a mere edifice of moonshine ? If they as resulting entirely from speculation, and as have diminished by a scruple the weight of peculiarly Anglo-Saxon disorders. Mr. Brid- one passing doubt, we should be grateful : ges' “Early Autumn on the Lower Yang-Tze” perhaps we should be converts. If not, why is a graphic and lively sketch of Chinese life in condemn Agnosticism?” The other papers and about Shanghai.' The domestic life, agri- ' in the number are of mere local interest.

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FINE ART.

EXHIBITION OF THE ONTARIO SOCIETY OF ARTISTS.

"HIS Society, now in the fourth year since could be exhibited alongside the best of those

taken possession of its new rooms on King Taking the Exhibition as a whole the most Street, is to be congratulated upon having at striking thing which forced itself upon the last acquired also a permanent local habitation. notice of even the casual observer, after a That it has a long and prosperous career be- general survey, was the woful lack of ideas. fore it, there is every reason to believe ; and With few exceptions—the number of which that its present quarters, commodious and suit- might almost be counted on the fingers of both able as they now are, will

, before many years hands--the whole two hundred and thirty were have elapsed, be found too contracted for the simply sketches from nature, undoubtedly expansive growth of their occupant, we also faithful and meritorious for the most part, but hope and believe. The Exhibition given dur- still mere bits of scenery-field, wood, rock, ing the past month was, it is stated, the most and water. Now, M. Taine is no doubt right successful yet held in every material respect, when he declares that the fundamental idea at in the number of subscribers to the Art Union, the bottom of all art is imitation. But it is in the number of visitors to the Exhibition, none the less true that imitation is not of and in the number and value of the sales. In itself sufficient, otherwise a wax figure by the Exhibition itself, the improvement was not Madame Tussaud would be a finer work of art so marked. The water colours undoubtedly than the Venus of Praxiteles. A man might were, on the whole, in advance of those of any have the hand of a Michelangelo for drawing, previous year; but the oils have been surpassed the eye of a Titian for colour, and that of a in one or two former exhibitions, a falling off Rembrandt for chiaro-oscuro, and yet be probably due to the Philadelphia Exhibition little better than a mere mechanical manufachaving attracted a number of the best pictures turer of pretty pictures. At the back of the of the year. Under these circumstances it eye which sees and the hand which executes, might be well to hold another Exhibition in the there should be a heart to feel and a brain fall, when the paintings now at Philadelphia I to conceive. These are the supreme necessi

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THE CANADIAN NONTHLY.

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"Fighting

ties, and their absence or presence makes the thrown around a commonplace incident of difference between mere copyist and a commerce, which compels the spectator_to Raphael-between a writer of smooth-flowing linger musingly in front of the canvas. The verses for a lady's album and a Tennyson. effect is heightened by the evening sun, which

In a community where art culture is yet in having also performed its appointed task, is its infancy, it would be absurd to look for sinking to rest, also “homeward bound,” to its elaborate works in figure subjects. The neces- couch beneath the sea, on whose waves its sary educational appliances do not exist here, horizontal rays cast a weird and ruddy nor does the market for their sale. But it is glow. The sentiment is similar to that connot necessary to go to the works of Turner for veyed in Turner's well-known proof that sea-pieces, landscapes, and delinea- Temeraire," though there the subject is more tions of animal life afford an ample range for poetical. Mr. Verner's picture is very well the exercise of the highest mental qualities of painted, though not better than some others of the painter-poetic insight, imagination, his—for instance, Nos. 25 and 50—but it is

, ideality, and humour. Any doubt on this the only one of the whole twelve or fifteen point would be at once dispelled on turning exhibited by him which has been illuminated over the pages of a volume of the Aldine, and by an idea, and for that reason is by far the seeing there the wealth of ideas lavished upon most interesting to the spectator. It would, of this class of pictures. An illustration taken course, be nonsensical to expect that every from the recent exhibition here will make our picture painted should be inspired by an idea. meaning plain. Prominent among the oil paint. The reproduction on canvas of a beautiful ings was a sea-piece by Mr. Verner (No. 31), or striking landscape may call up feelings showing a large vessel in full sail under a stiff | similar to those created by the scene itself. breeze, making her last tack for port. The cata: But surely it is not unreasonable to hope logue gives the title “Homeward Bound,” that a moderate proportion-one-third or onewhich tells the story at once.

The idea con- fourth-of the works exhibited annually by the veyed is that of labour accomplished, of diffi- Society, should give evidence that mind and culties and dangers overcome, of the welcome soul, as well as eye and hand, have been at haven reached at last, and of rest and recom- work in their creation. pense fairly earned. A poetic glamour is

LITERARY NOTES.

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Among recent Canadian publications, the Europe;" and a reprint of Mr. Gladstone's most noteworthy are: a copyright edition of Mrs. latest venture, “ Homeric Synchronism : The Charlesworth's last novel,“ Oliver at the Mill,” | Time and Place of Homer," being an attempt published by Dawson Bros. Montreal ; " The to fix the date of the Trojan War, and to link Prairie Province,” by J. C. Hamilton, M. A., that event with contemporaneous history. and a reprint of Anthony Trollope's last novel, We are in receipt from Appleton & Co., of “ The Prime Minister,” both published by Bel- New York, of a reprint of another of the adford Bros. All these works are noticed at length mirable series of “Science Primers,” the prein our Book Review Department. Dawson sent instalment being on “ Botany," by J. D. Bros’. reprint of “Daniel Deronda,” has reached Hooker ; and a pamphlet on Paper Money Part V.," Mordecai.” In this portion indica-Inflation in France : how it came, what it tions are given that the hero will turn out to be brought, and how it ended,” by Andrew D. of Jewish blood, and we understand that this White. will actually be the case.

In England, as usual at this season, there is Messrs. Harper Bros., have sent us a number a dearth of new issues. The most important of their recent issues, including reprints of are: Lord Amberley's posthumous work Merivaile's “ History of Rome," and Cox's Analysis of Religious Belief," from the press of “History of Greece" in their “Students Se- Messrs. Trubner ; the fourth volume of the ries;" a finely illustrated manual of " Compara-“Encyclopædia Britannica,” (from Bok toCan, tive Zoology,” by James Orton, author of “The containing an article on Canada,” by Prof. Andes and the Amazon;" a popular account of Daniel Wilson ; and the sixth volume of the “Early Man in Europe," by Charles Rau, being “Speaker's Commentary," dealing with Ezekiel, a reprint of six articles which recently ap- Daniel, and the Minor Prophets, and finishing peared in Harper's Magazine ; a revised edi- the portion of the work which relates to the tion, in two volumes, of Prof. Draper's masterly Old Testament. work, on “ The Intellectual Development of

An

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TERRATUM—The quotation on p. 39, line 10, in the right hand column, should read :

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Author of " Anne Judge, Spinster,Grandmother's Money,Poor Humanity,Little Kate Kirby," &c.

BOOK II.

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THE END OF THE VISIT.

TH

A FALLEN FORTUNE.
CHAPTER III.

“I was never happier in my life," said Angelo, pressing his hand on his waistcoat pocket, wherein was Mabel's purse, which

was as close to his heart as he could get it 'HE Reverend Gregory Salmon and at present.

his son Angelo left the shadow of "I am talking about Miss Westbrook," the trees and the society of the cows, for a said the father sharply. quiet walk along the banks of the river. “So am I." There was much for the father to explain, Mr. Salmon was unprepared for these and at the outset there was more difficulty ready answers, and marvelled what had bethan the senior Mr. Salmon had expected. come of that slow, hesitating manner for He was not so sure of his son as he had which Angelo had been invariably distinbeen half an hour since-or rather, for the guished. He did not affect to be surprised, first time in his life he distrusted his influ- however, but after a glance askance at his ence over a weak and impressionable young son, went

in the same pompous man. He began as if he doubted him and way. the strength of his own influence together. “I have been having a serious discussion

Angelo,” he said, “we have been la- with your mother concerning the fact of bouring under a terrible delusion, and I Miss Westbrook's loss of fortune—if she hope you see that as clearly as I do.” ever had any fortune,” he added, “and we

is I do not see anything very terrible at both arrived at the conclusion that it will present," said the son.

be infinitely better for that young lady to “I am dreadfully shocked.”

leave St. Lazarus as soon as possible.”

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Registered in accordance with the Copyright Act of 1875.

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