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8. Although the primary use of the article be to speak definitively, as the in English, yet the use of it does not exactly correspond to that of the English article: for,
First, When a person's state or office is expressed; or when this, that, yon, occur in English, although the be not used, yet an is used in Irish; as, is mait an fear corran tu, you are a good reaper; tainic an fearsa go Heirinn, this man came to Ireland.
The same may be observed after go de; as, go de a nuair? what o'clock is it?
Secondly, When the precedes a noun which governs another in the genitive, the article, in Irish, is'used with the genitive only; as, ridire an locranı, the knight of the lamp; mac an duine, the son of man. (107)
But proper names admit no article; as, riġ Eirinn, the king of Ireland.
9. The Irish language has nó article corresponding to the English a or an; but when the office, or state of being is expressed, a possessive pronoun is used, having ann expressed or understood before it; as, bi me (ann) mo saigideoir, I was a soldier; i. e. I was in my soldier state. (108)
10. Present participles, which are also nouns expressing a state of being,, are used in the same manner; as, ta se (ann) na seasam, he is standing; i. e. he is in his standing state. · * The preposition is almost entirely lost, except with a, his, hers, its, their; or, ar, our, with which n only is used; as, ta se na duine mait, he is a good man; beid sinne nar daoine glice, we shall be wise men; ta tu do seasam, you are standing.
The use of the article exemplified promiscuously. Si an tsuil solus an cuirp. The eye is the light of
the body. Tabair
Thug Thug na hoganaig cuir- The youths invited the
ead do na haindrib damsels. Thug na haindre cuiread The damsels invited the
do na hoganaib. youths. Ceol na naingeal.
The music of the angels. Ceileabar na nèan. The warbling of the birds Gair na naindear.
The cry of the damsels. Duil na ndeağ-ban. The hope of the ladies. Luas na gcon.
The speed of the grey
hounds. Briatair na bfaid. The word of the prophets. Fuaim na dtonn.
The sound of the waves. Grad ban og na tìre. The love of the young
women of the country. Mac fir an tsleibe. The son of the man of
the mountain. Uimir eunla an aeir. The number of the fowls
of the air. An macsa an 'fir sin. This son of that man. An mian sin na mban That desircof those young
Si an inġeanse an fir ud. 'Tis this daughter of that
man. An cablaċsa an rìġ ud na This fleet of yon king of noilean.
the isles. Ta sisi na cailin mait. She is a good girl. Ta seisean na buacaill He is a good boy.
mait. Tamoidne 'nar ndaoinib We are poor men.
bocta. Ta sibse bur ndaoinib Ye are rich men./
saidbre. Ta siadsan na ndaoinib They are great men.
Thainic me on tig.
Ta se sa ngairdin. · Tosac a nfoğmair.
I came from the house.
Deiread an geiurid. The end of the winter.
of their voices? Ta me mo codlad.
I am asleep.
You were standing.
ag ite agus ag ol. ing and drinking. Chuaid se asteac go tiġ He went into the house De.
of God. Do tuit se on treas lota.
He fell from the third
story. Lomfuid a nfeasog. It shal! consume the
beard. Do druid a nuair linn, The hour is at hand and agus ata mac an duine
the son of man is deliaga tabairt a lamaib vered into the hands na bpeacać.
of sinners. Sliğe a nfir air a dtalam. The way of a man on the
earth. - Maille le cuidead na Irith the assistance of ngris,
grace. Eiseirige na gcorp.
The resurrection of the
NOUNS SUBSTANTIVE AND ADJECTIVE.
1. Substantires signifying the same thing agree in case; as, epistil Phoil easbail
, the epistle of Paul the apostle.
* The latter substantive may be put in the nominative case, though the former is in an oblique one; but the article is then inserted; and some word, such as eadon, or is e sin, is understood; as; mac Joseip an saor, the son of Joseph the carpenter. (109)
2. An adjective agrees with the substantive before it, in gender, number, and case; as, an fir gil, of the fair man; na mna gile, of the fair woman; dona fearaib geala, to the fair men.
3. For the aspiration of adjectives joined with nouns, see pages 36, 37.
4. When two or more substantives are joined to an adjective, the adjective is commonly referred to them separately; as, is geanamuil an fear agus an bean, the man and woman are lovely.
5. Adjectives of one syllable may be prefixed to their substantives, without undergoing any inflexion; forming, in this manner, compound terms; as, dearg lasair, red flame; for 'lasair dearg
* In this case, if the noun begins with a mutable consonant, that consonant is aspirated; as, oig'fear, a young man.
6. When the adjective is asserted of, or concerning the noun, it is placed before the noun, and undergoes no inflexion; as, is glic an duine sin, that man is wise. (110)
7. Substantives signifying the same person or thing, require their adjectives between them; as, an curaid croda Conlaoć, the valiant hero Conloch.
8. Many synonymous adjectives are elegantly joined to the same substantive; as, a ndaignib dorča dùnta, in dark, close, fustnesses.
9. When the adjective is connected, in meaning and force, with the verb, it assumes an adverbial form, and undergoes no inflexion; as, rinne se an talam tirim, he made the earth dry. (111)
10. When two substantives come together, signifying different things, the latter is put in the genitive; as, mac na mna, the woman's son (119)
11. The latter substantive is sometimes joined with the former, as an adjective, making one compound expression, but still inflected in the genitive; as, fear corrain, a reaper.
12. The active infinitive and participles govern the genitive, as nouns; as, bi me dul a iarraid mna, I was going to seek a wife; iar leagad an tsoisgeil, after reading the gospel.
* The object of the infinitive may come before it, in the accusative; as, is maît an obair Dia do molad, it is gooil to praise God; for, is mait an obair molad De.
13. When one substantive governs another in the genitive plural, without the article being joined with the genitive, the latter substantive may be aspirated; as, fuil gabair, the blood of goats. (113)
ADJECTIVE. 14. Adjectives signifying profit, proximity, fitness, and their opposites, require the dative; as, is mait duit, it is good for you.
15. Adjectives signifying dimension, require air before the measure; as, tri trợiğe air doimneacd, three feet deep.
16. Adjectives and nouns, signifying a part of any thing, require de an, or re na, of the, (commonly written don, and dona,) with the ablative; as, gać rann don leabar, each part of the book; fear do na daoinib, one of the men; an fear is sinne do pa braitrib, the elder of the brothers; an fear is airde don triur, the highest of the three.