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thority: it is evidently treacherous, and will prove delusive if trusted to.
In other parts of the frontiers of France, principally along the Eastern boundary, resistance to the Allied Forces has been maintained with different degrees of vigour, and much blood has been shed. The peasants have appeared in arms against the Austrians, the Austrians have massacred the peasants, Towns have been bombarded,
The King is certainly in a very delicate situation restored to the throne by armies not his own, and couscious of the necessity for destroying by means of these strangers, that strength which should be his defence, and that of his nation. Conscious too, that these armies whether friends or foes, are devouring the country, and that the expences incurred in a single day, will embarrass the finances of France for years. Nor is this all: those who look forward are not so positive of unmixed good, approaching as those who merely indulge their wishes, and contemplate only the present.
taken by assault, by escalade,--or have resisted in mere despair, and some continue to resist. As they can have neither orders, supplies, reinforcements, or com-ready agreed to an armistice. bination, this becomes cruelty in the com manders and garrisons.
Contradictory reports affirm that Buonaparte was intent on new plots, if they would have met with support:-also, that the army invited him to resume his station among them, and to continue his Dynasty; but that He refused the offer. He professes to have shed blood enough; and to wish for repose. He certainly fled to save his life; and by abandoning his army at its utmost need, he has completely justified that character for selfishness and insensibility, which has constantly been ascribed to him in the PANORAMA.
faces, across the Seine: and the Bridge of Austerlitz is become the Bridge of the Royal. Botanic Garden. Will the other monuments of Victory be also removed, or destroyed? Certain it is, that Blucher terrified the Badauds de Paris by undermining one Pier of the bridge of Jena !!!
Berlin, July 15.---It will be remembered, that Marshal Davoust wrote a letter on the 30th of June to Prince Blucher and the Duke of Wellington, in which he desired a suspension of hostilities, on the ground that Generals Frimont and Bubna had al
With what sentiments the Prussians have once more entered Paris, may be judged on from the following reply of Marshal Blucher to Davoust's application for a suspension of arms, also, from the war-contribution laid on the city by that Commander, and from the necessity which has obliged, the King to change the name of certain public edifices: The Bridge of Jena, commemorating a victory over Prussia, is to be called the
Bridge of the Lievalids, whose Hospital it
To this letter Field Marshal Prince Blucher returned the following answer:
From my Head--Quarters, July 1. It is a mistake that all causes for war are removed between the Allied Powers and France, because Napoleon bas abdicated the throne; he has done this only conditionally in favour of his son, and the resolu tion of the Allied Powers excludes from the throne not only Napoleon, but all the members of his family. If General Frimont has thought himself authorized to conclude an armistice with the General opposed to him, that is no reason for us to do the same. We follow up our victory, and God has given the means and the will to do so, Do you, Marshal, take care what you do, and do not again plunge a city in ruin; for you know what the enraged soldiery would allow themselves if your capital were taken by storm. Do you wish to bring down upon yourself the curses of Paris, as you have those of Hamburgh. We are resolved to enter Paris, to protect the well-disposed against the pillage with which they are threatened by the mob. No secure armistice can be concluded except in Paris. You, Marshal, will surely not misconceive our situation with respect to your nation. For the rest, Marshal, I must observe, that if you wish to negociate with us, it is strange that you should detain, contrary to the law of nations, our officers who are sent with letters and packets.
He has been, in this last attempt, the tool of a party that party exists, and will give trouble, though we hope the Sovereigns on the spot will take effectual care that, if the Serpent rear its crest so far as to According to the usual forms of estab hiss, yet that its fangs shall not again dif-lished civility, I have the honor to call my, fuse their venom, and reduce the body to a self, M. Marshal,
We think it our duty to mark these facts explicitly; because we should not be at all surprized should occasion offer, to witness an absolute denial on the part. of French historians! must we call them ?that ever the Allied troops entered Paris, or that, that city capitulated; or, that any contribution was levied on it, &c. &c. Such is our conviction of Gallic veracity! We shall have occasion hereafter to con
gratulate our country. on the progress of
the principles of the British Constitution among Continental States. The King of Prussia has given notice of a representative Body for his dominions. Let old Frederic rise from his grave! The general scheme of settlement for the Germanic Constitu tion, as arranged at Vienna, has appeared; it is evidenly intended to be final, and permanently pacific.
Turning our eyes homewards, we have to report an adjournment of Parliament, during Summer; the general peace of our country, and its settlements, the prospects of a bountiful harvest, with small excep tions, and the certainty that hitherto, the price of corn has not risen, as some feared, and others hoped. May these prospects be realized, and all hearts be gladdened into thankfuluess!
The following particulars are introduced, as being the latest which have come to our knowledge.
Soult, Alix, Excelmans, Bassano, Marbot, Felix Lepelletier, Boulay (de la Meurthe), Mehee, Fressinet, Thibaudeau, Carnot, Vandamme, Lamarque (General), Lo
The King of France has issued seve-bau, Harel, Pire, Barrere, Arnault, Pomral ordonnances from which we extract mereuil, Regnanid (de St. Jean d'Angely), the following passages. Arrighi (de Padoue), Dejean, younger; Garrau, Real, Bouvier Dumolard, Merliu Bory St. Vincent, Felix Desportes, Garnier (de Douay), Durbach, Dirat, Defermont, Forbin Janson, eldest son; Le Lorgne Didede Saintes, Mellinet, Hullin, Chuy, Courtiu,
Art. 1. The following individuals no longer constitute part of the House of Peers:
Counts Clement-de-Ris, Colchee, Cornudet, d'Aboville; Marshal Duke de Dantzick; Counts de Croix, Dedeley d'Agier, Dejean, Fabre de l'Aude Gasseudi, Lacepede, and de Latour Maubourg; Dukes de Praslin and de Plaisance; Marshals Dukes d'Elchingen, d'Albufera, Cornegliano and Treviso; Count de Barral, Archbishop of Tours; Count Boissy d'Anglas; Duke de Cadore; Count de Canclaux, Casabianca, de Montesquiou, de Ponteroulant, Rampon, de Segur, de Valence, and Belliard.
2. However, there shall be excepted from the order as announced above, those individuals who shall be able to prove that they have not sat, nor wished to sit, in the soi-disant Chamber of Peers, to which they had been called, provided they make this proof in a month from the present Or(Signed) By the King,
1/ SECOND ORDONNANCE.
Art. 1. The Generals and Officers who have betrayed the King previous to the 21st of March, and who have attacked France and the Government with arms in their hands; and those who, through violence, have seized upon the sovereign power, shall be arrested and brought before competent Councils of War in their respective divisions, Viz.:
3. The individuals who are condemned to quit the kingdom shall have the liberty of disposing of their property in the course of a year, and to dispose of and transport its produce out of France, and to receive during that time the revenue of it in a foreign country, by furnishing, in the mean time, proof of their obedience to the present Decree.
Another Decree suppresses the Offices of Inspectors-Generals of Artillery and Engineers, and places the inspection in the hands of the Central Committee of Artillery and Engineers, at which are to preside the oldest Inspectors-General of each species of force at Paris. Another abolishes the general inspectionof the Gen d'armerie.
July 4th the intendant of the King of Prussia in the department of the Seine and Oise made known to the Prefect, that the whole department (and not Versailles two millions as expences of the war, and alone) must within the shortest period pay that it should furnish besides clothing and equipment for 1,600 infantry, 600 cavalry, and 200 artillery; which raises the total of, the sum imposed to two millions three or
four hundred thousand francs: of this sum the city of Versailles alone has paid in advance 200,000 francs, and has gauranteed the whole.
War-Office, July 24, 1815.
The Prince Regent as a mark of his approbation of the distinguished bravery and good conduct of the 1st and 2d Life Guards at the battle of Waterloo, on the 18th ultimo, is pleased to declare himself Colonel in chief of both the Regiments of Life Guards.
War-Office, July 25, 1815.
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, to approve of all the British regiments of cavalry and infantry which were engaged in the battle of Waterloo, being permitted to bear on their colours and appointments, in addition to any other badges or devices that may have heretofore been granted to these regiments, the word "Waterloo," in commemoration of their distinguished services, on the 18th of June, 1815.
Extract of a letter from the illustrious Wellington to a distinguished personage worthy of being trancribed in letters of Gold ;"My heart is broken by the terrible loss Ihave sustained of my old friends and companions and my poor soldiers; and 1shall not be satisfied with this battle however glorious, if it does not of itself put an end to Buonaparte's despotic power."
In a letter to Lady Mornington his mother, the Duke of Wellington, says, "Buonaparte did his duty; he fought the battle with infinite skill, perseverance and bravery," "and this," adds the Noble Duke "I do not state from any personal motive of claiming merit to myself, for the victory is to be ascribed to the superior physical force and invincible constancy of British soldiers."
soon be recalled to the Throne; that Fouche was an ass, and totally unfit for the office assigned to him. He acknowledged that England alone had ruined all his grand plans, and that but for her he had now been Emperor of the East as well as of the West. He walked on the poop and quarter-deck, conversed with the seamen, and affected great gaiety and unconcern.
A recent marriage among our Princes cousummated and consecrated in Germany, has occasioned much heart-burning among the Royal Family and much concern among the public: the character of the Lady is not one on which the breath of scandal has never blown she has had Two husbands; was divorced from one by legal process; from the other by the hand of death
She was a Princess of Salms. There had been a treaty in proposition between her and the Duke of Cambridge, formerly: Her Majesty the Queen then refused her consent, and that treaty was dropped: whether she is better pleased now, may be inferred from the following paragraph.
The Duchess of Cumberland is expected to arrive in this country soon, to be remarried. The Chapel Royal is fitting up for the occasion, and the Prince Regent has confident hopes that he shall be able to reconcile the Queen and the rest of the Royal Family to the union; in which case a grand matrimonial fête will be given at the Pavillion, Brighton.
The whole corps of Lawyers have given their opinion on the necessity of performing a second marriage in England.
We have received New York Papers to the 18th, and Boston to the 23rd last. The Secretary to the Treasury, mentions, that the amount of the Treasury notes at New York and Boston is so very great, that current money cannot be obtained to pay the holders; they are therefore offered the choice of funding the notes for 6 per cent. stock, at 25 dollars for 103 dollars in stock, or receiving drafts payable in Baltimore or Philadelphia; or new treasury bills funded at 6 per cent. Six per cent. stock at Boston may be purchased at the rate of 84 or 85 dollars in money for 100 dollars of the stock: the discount on the Government Paper is therefore stated at 12 per cent. The that all taxes and other payments to Secretary has also given public notice, Government will be taken only in private banker's notes who pay in specie, or receive treasury notes at par.
STATE OF TRADE.
Lloyd's Coffee House, July 20, 1815. THE intercourse of England with parts abroad had sustained a shock, not of the severest kind, because every body hoped it was temporary, only, yet by its suddenness, and by the uncertainty of its duration, sufficient to disturb, more or less, the
whole current of adventure. It was felt; -as it was, as it really existed: but, it was felt still more in the possibilities which the weakest foresight saw following in its
Who could tell where it might end? Events had so often baffled calculation, that prediction was little other than guessing in the dark. That distressing uncertainty is removed, and commerce resumes its preparations for activity.
We observe with pleasure, that the price of BULLION continues to fall; and gold, which was at £5 11s. per oz. is now £ 11s. New dollars are now 5s. 7d. so that another fall, which is probably not very distant, will reduce it to what it was early in the season; and this branch of commerce will resume its former state.
security; which will greatly accommodate the speculators in this, hitherto, profitable engagement. In the mean while, so great a quantity of money is locked up in it, and so strongly is it locked up, that even Directors themselves, horribile dictu! have apprehended the terrors of apprehension-worth their ten thousands, and ten times for want of the necessary!---Aye, though
vate banks are exhausted---of their pa-
This, however, all are of opinion, cannot last. The nation is but feeling the natural consequences of the sudden turu of affairs. merce is in a course of reviving; and, 'ere These are in a course of settling; comlong, internal trade will receive its proportion of payments, and the machine will rethat violent friction which now grates on sume its motion without opposition, from the ear with harsh dissonance.
The demand for COTTON has revived, aud is increasing; the trade continue to interest themselves in the course of the market, and watch with attention the oc casional fluctuations of the article. The ar rivals at Liverpool are extensive; but meet a ready sale, at prices not absolutely fixed, yet experiencing little variation, and therefore accepted with a good understanding, In London the supply of certain sorts is sensibly diminished. Exportation is partly the cause; but not yet to that extent as to affect the market much: the home demand has been very fair; and every thing leads to a dependance that it will continue so.
The COURSE OF EXCHANGE more than keeps pace with the price of Bullion, and is arrived at that resumed height in favour of this country, which it had attained. From having been about, or below 28 on Amsterdam, it is now above 34. What a vast difference this makes in extensive remittances!-payments, as well as receipts.The effect of this difference, does not stop at the merchant's cash book, or ledger; it raises his spirits, and acts favourably on his projected, or intended, proceedings.
It must be acknowledged, however, that Internal Trade, continues to feel the shock it had experienced; and having been in many places, thrown off its balance, has not regained its fair equilibrium, and will not regain its fair equilibrium till after harvest is over, and the winter trade resumes (as we hope) its accustomed energy. The City of London is gasping for mouey payments through every street; there is no exception: the immense weight of the loan is one cause, that operates at the moment with unusual pressure.
SUGAR has a fair supply to meet the demand, and a fair demand to meet the supply. The importer accepts the current price without complaint, and the buyer offers it without haggling in consequence, there has been a fair quantity of business done; and, probably, to mutual advantage. The market has experienced, lately, more. animation than formerly; partly by way of securing what is required for home consumption, before the effect of any antici
It is hoped, that after payment of ano-pated demand for exportation can be felt. ther instalment, this ponderous weight Should that arrive, at no great interval of may diminish: as the Bank will then con- time, the prices will rise, and the article sider the concern as sufficiently advanced be cleared off, if it does not, in effect, be to become a pledge, and will accept it as come rather scarce,
Considerable purchases of crushed su- | orders sent to this country are thought to gars have been made, for time. Foreign be extensive. At the same time they are sugars, rather heavy now, though since our understood to be limited to price, which, of last some of them have gone off with suffi- course, cramps the exertious of the agents, cient briskness. › as the markets cannot be coutrouled. This
however, proves what is the expectation of Continental merchants. Cargoes are bargained for, long before they arrive.
PREMIUMS OF INSURANCE are now re. duced to the Peace calculation of sea risk, simply. On this we may justly congratulate our country, as this will give a facility to commerce that cannot but be felt, advantageously, in a short period of time.
COFFEE Continues in general and rather extensive demand: the immediate supply for the sales at market, has been limited; and the price has, therefore, fluctuated. It was 2s. or Ss. higher it is abated from that rise.
Coco has lately been seen in small quantities of the good. The disturbances to which Spanish America has been, and is, a prey, allow but little to be brought from thence. Common red Grenada, and British Plantation is offered, but has found few buyers. The quantity here is 400 casks, and 3,000 bags, inferior.
SPICES are improving; especially the prime samples.
PROVISIONS Continue steady; especially prime beef: pork is heavy; and bacon is in good supply, which moderates the price, that otherwise would rise considerably.
RUM has been heavy for some time; and prices have been accepted in order to get it off of hand, which have at length attracted the notice of speculators: exportation is resorted to as a venture; and the demand for shipping continues with spirit:
it even increases.
BRANDY has experienced much the same fate; it has been lower; but the expectation that, from the confusion in France, Jittle attention will be paid in renewing the stock, the price rises; it has risen in
There is a considerable demand for CORN, in the market; and, all things considered, this market is likely fully to support its present prices; probably, an advance is approaching; we apprehend, certainly, not a fall.
Two arrivals of Carolina RICE are, probably, the precursors of more; the article has of late been extremely scarce; inferior has supplied its place..
The rumoured want of success among the Greenland ships, this season, has induced the holders to advance the price £4 per ton. They rather look forward to more money. Oils of most kinds are advancing
Naval stores, as Turpentine, &c. have given way; and, apparently, must confinue without improvement for some time.
TOBACCO meets a ready sale; because the supplies received from America, have hitherto been inconsiderable, while the VOL. II. Lit. Pan. New Series, August 1,
Larch trees: Apple trees,&c. A very singular fact has been stated to us from a part of the kingdom---Herefordshire, and its neighbourhood---which has been in the habit of depending much on its crops of apples and pears, and on furnishing the most valuable beverage from the vintage of those fruits. It appears, that at this time there is the prospect of an abundance of every thing except of apples and pears. Not only are the fruits all blighted, but the trees themselves are dying, and some go so far as to say, that they cannot recover.
The poplars, the willows, and the planetrees are much in the same condition: they are dead, or dying. The cause of this, as it attention. It is traced to the great number may well be supposed, has excited great of Larch trees, lately planted to crown the summits of the hills and rising grounds.
On examination of these Larch trees, a very considerable quantity of white powder is detected on every twig; and on rubbing this between the fingers, an insect is sure to make its appearance. It is observed, also, that all the fresh shoots of the apple trees are pestered with an insect, thought to be of the same kind; which has formed a knot in the shoot; on cutting these knots the insect is found.
We have heard also from another part of the Larch tree have been the cause of of the kingdom---Essex---that these insects disorder in families, around whose residence they were growing. These families became tall; and after the trees were cut had been in good health, before the trees down, they again enjoyed good health; it was therefore considered as demonstrated that these trees, with their inmates, were the cause of the evil; and this was the fixed opinion of the faculty. This may deserve consideration by those who live near large plantations of this species of vegetable.