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authority of their teachers, the ings, as well as with those of Dr.
For any controversy with you I
have neither time nor inclination,
occupied as I am in my profession. J. BERINGTON. al labours of educating youth, and Dec. 12, 1811,
being naturally disposed to peace
-bui subscribe myself your well. REPLY.
wisher, and, as a friend to Catho. To the Rev. J. Berington.
lic emancipatwn, a well-wisher to Rev. Sir,
your whole body.
John Evans. I acknowledge the receipt of
Islington, Dec 19, 1811. both your letters, and the livile pampblet, entitled Roman Catho. P. S. To shew you, however, lic l'rinciples in Reference to God that I am under no fear, as to the and the Country-written in the issue of your animadversions on iny reiga of Charles the Second. SKETCH, on the REFORMATION Many observations occurred to me and on PROTESTANTISM al large, upon the asperity with which I mean to send your two leuers address me; but I wish not to and the above reply, for ipsertion, recriminate. However I must say, to the Monthly [Theological] Re: that the correspondence which pository, sold hy Sherwood and Co. you had, many years ago, with Paternoster Row. This is a liberal Dr. Priestley, respecting your publication, where the meriin of preaching a charity sermon at his the case may be discussed and place of worship, in Birmingham, thus, indeed, the purchusers, buth had impressed me with an idea of Catholics and Protestants, of the your good sense and liberality; last edition of the Sketch, may you may judge, iberefore, how benefit by your corrections—my I am disappointed on the present account of your sect being (accordoccasion. Notwithstanding your ing to your representation) so er. remarks, I am still of opinion that roneous and defective ! My sule I have in substance, given a cor. object in draning up the Sketch reci account of your sect, in my Sketch of the Denominations of the
• My Twintieth Anniversary Sermon, Christian World; and your glosses preached at Worship Street, Novemdo not affect it. With your writ. ber 3, 1811.
was to extend the empire of 'Truth from the wild fancies, or ariful in. and diffuse the benign influence of ventions, of Romish priests, the Christian charity, Tros Tyriusque notorious corrupters of primitive Mui nullo discrimine agetur.
The Rev. Nir. Core, in his Rus. REMARKS.
sian Travels, iclls us that the As the writer of the Letters Greek religion probibits the use of has given me 6 full permission to carred images; but the pillars of publish them in any form I please,” their church, the walls and ceilings, they are placed in this Appendix are painted with representations to a Sermon, in which a single of our Saviour,' the Virgin Mary, extract is made the subject of and different samis.” And Mr. animadversion The Editor of the Bruce, speaking of the Abyssinian Monthly Rupository is welcome to churches, says " Their walls transter ibeni, with my reply, into were almost covered with pictures his woik—wbere no doubt, an of saints or other representations; ample vindication will be made of but no figures, embussed or in re. Protestantism and of the Refor. lievo, were exhibited, for they mation in general. The introduc- considered the use of these as a tory remarks are merely by way species of idolatry!" of self-defence--and I shall aild a In a controversial pamphlet, - few words respecting the Greek written soine years ago, Mr.
church, which I am also accused Berington thus reluctantly acknow. of having grossly misrepresented. ledges--ihat Protestanism allows The following respectable autho. a greater range of intellectual rities will shew that my account, freedom than Popery--a striking in the Sketch of that Church, is proof of liberality struggling with preity correct:
The prejudice of education.“ Many Dr. Charles Coote, in his His. things, I confess, in the Catholic tory of the Eighteenth Century- belief, weigh rather heavy on my subj»ined to the last edition of mind, and I should be glad to Mosheim-speaking of the Greek bave a freer field to range in! Can church, says-". Transubstanti. you wish for a reader with bet. ation is not a decided docuine in ter dispositions than these? I read this church. It is apparently with a rapid but close attention, maintained in one of the public every moment expecting that some cunfe-sions of failli, but the words happy discovery will set me at li. used in the service ilsilf seem berry. Ala;! sir, it bas never yet merely to imply, that the supposed happened. I meet wiib assertions, change is an act of the mind, but thrown out sometiines with an air a physical conversion of the sacia. of plausibility-rests of scripture mental elements into the body alleged but proving nothing-fa. amit blood of Christ. The grusi ther's dragged forwards to contra. ab-urdity of supposing it to be an dic: their own words and rea:on actual change of substance dues decoyed from iis proper pursuits, nul app ar io bave formed a fitri to discuss matters which belong of the early creed of the Gricks, not to it. With indignation I brit was in all probability burrow d ihrow the book aside, for instead I have been reading only to con. is not read therein, nor may be vince myself still more that I am proved thereby, is not to be re. obliged to believe what my church quired of any inan that it should proposes to me!!” The giant Pre. be believed as an article of faith judice rules the human mind with or be thought requisite or necessary a more than iron sway.
of gaining liberty I discover that Not inserted here, for wantotroom, ED
Such to salvation." This line of dea cases are entitled to our pity and marcation, drawn berween the compassion".
two churches, is too palpable for I shall conclude with remind- misrepresentation to disguise, or ing the young reader of the differ- sophistry to annihilate.
Let no ence between the Romish church Protestant lose sight of the dis. and the Reformed church, on the tinction. And upon the rising subjects of scripture and of tradi- generation, in the religious world, tion. The council of Trent says, it ought to be deeply impressed, concerning tradition, that " The for it is' of high importance that truth and discipline of the Cutholic their tender minds should be ime church are compreben:ded both in bued with a love of the Holy the sacred books and in the tradi. Scriptures, which make wise uolo tions, which have been received salvation. By ihe exercise of ihe from the mouth of Jesus Christ understanding in the interpreta. himself, or of his apostles, and tion of the pure word of God-which have been preserved and the truth, as it is in Jesus, must transmitted to us by an uninterrupi. be attained and the truth as it is ed chain and succession !!" The in Jesus, will always lie the doc. doctrine of the Reformed church frine according to gudless. Free is — That the Holy Scripture inquiry is in strici alliance with containeth all things necessary genuine Christianity.
" Some, I. to salvation; so that whatsvever know, affect to believe (says the
venerable Bishop of Llandatl) that * It is but jus: ice however to de. as the restoration of letters was clare that the above EXTRACT, as also ruinous to the Romish religion, the extract in the Preface, are taken so the further cultivation of the in from Reflections addressed to the Rev. will be sutversive of Christianity I Hawkins, published in the year itsell of this there is no dan. 1785 aud that the Rev J. Berington has since made the amen le honor avle, gir.
be subversive of in a printed piper dated Feb. 13, 1801, the reliques of the church of now in the hands of the Ca bolic ciergy Rome, by which other churches som which it appears, to use its own
suill polluted, of persecutions, words, that he has " submitted all his religious opinions and writings to the of anathemas, of ecclesiastical judgment of the apostoli al See ot Rome; domination over God's heutage, revo king and condemning every sentence of all the silly ont works winch and passage in them contrary to, or de the pride, the superstition, the rogatory trom, che definitions and decisions of the general councils, Roman knavery of mankind have ericted pontiffs. and orthodox fathers; pro- around the citadel of our faith ; sessing himself sorry for the offence but the citaded itself is founded and scandal which ihese have caused,
on a rock--the gates of hill can. and promising to avoid the same in future!!!"--jee the Rev. Dr. Milner's not prevail aguinst it-its master. Letters to a Prebendary: Fourth edition, builder is GÒD—its beauly will printed at Cork,“ by the permission of be found ineffable, and its strength the Author," 1897, p. 448.
impregnable, when it sball be freed
from the frippery of human orna. one at Skalhult, the other at Hool. ments, and cleared from the rub. um in the northern province; and a bish of human bulwarks. It is no lanıled property was attached to sniali part of the province of a to these institutions, sufficient for teacher of Christianity to distin. the support of between twenty and guish between the word of God and thirty scholars at each place. To. the additions which men have made wards the close of the last century, to it."
the two schools were united into At this particular crisis I should one, and transferred to Reikiavik i deem niyself wanting in duty, ax while in lieu of the school-lands, an advocate of Protestantism, not which were appropriated by the to congratulate the religious pub- crown, an annual sum from the lic up on he recent multiplication public money was allotted to the of Charity Schools and of Bible support of the establishment. A Screlies throughout the land. The few years ago, the school was truly Christian union of Church. again transferred to its present men and Dissenters, in this blessed situation at Bessestad ; the build. work, is a cheertul and invigorat. ing being vacant which was for. iny ray of light which shoots merly the abode of the governors athwari the portestvus darkness of Iceland. This edifice, though of the times. It shews that Chrisa by no means in good repair, is tianity, with its divisions and sub. from its size better adapted than divisions, haih still left energy any other in the country for the enough to lift up its professors purposes to which it above the wretched narrowness of plied ; and, but for the intervenparty-views; rindering them in. iion of the war between England tent on advancing the glory of and Denmark, would have been the SUPREME Being, by cordi. further improved by the compleally uniting to promote the present tion of some additional buildings, and everlasting interests of man which are yet in an unfinished kind
state. -Ho'd fast the golden chain
The establishment at Bessestad Let down from Heav'n-twill bear thee consists, at present, of three mas. 'Twas WISDOM's noblest work-and
ters, and twenty-three or twentyevery link is lure !
four scholars; the funds of the WATTS.
school not allowing the reception Islinglon, Feb, 8, 1812.
of a greater number. The head
master, or Lector Theologie, has Present State of Education in an annual salary of 600 ris.dol. Iceluid.
lars. It is his office to superintend From Sir G. S. Mackenzie's Travels the general concerns of the school, in Iceland. 4to. Pp. 206–290.] and to conduct more especially
At the present time, the school the theological department, and of Bessestad is actually the only the study of the Hebrew language. establishnient for cducation in Ice. At the time of our arrival in Iceland, About the middle of the land, the person who held this 16th century, when the relor ma- situation, was Mr. Steingrim Jono tion of religion took place in the son ; a man apparenily not more island, two schools were founded; than thirty-five years of age, but
upw rd :
possessed of talents and learn, to enter until he has been con. ing which well fitted him for the firmed ; and a certificate of his discharge of its important duties. talents and dispositions is required For several years, he was the from the minister of the parish in pupil and secretary of the late which he has resided. The period Bishop Finsson at Skalholt, after of annual study extends from the whose death he studied some time beginning of October to the end at Copenhagen ; where as a clas. of May; the summer being made sical scholar, he acquired very the season of vacation to accom. great credit. His knowledge of modate the rural occupations, in the Greek and Hebrew languages which all ranks among the Ice. is said to be accurate and exten. !anders are obliged to partake. It sive; and to theological studies is a part of ibe office of the Bishop he has given a very minute atten. to visit the school at the com. tion, being intimately acquainted mencement and close of each ses. with the writings of the most emi. sion; and at the latter time to nent of the German theologians. superintend the examinations of This gentleman, during our stay the scholars which then take place. in Iceland, was removed from These examinations continue dur. Bessestad to the church of Oddè, ing several days, with a prescribed in Rangaavalle Syssel, one of the form of proceeding, of which a most valuable livings in the island. sketch has already been given in He was succeeded by another the narrative. person, of the same name, who
After a certain degree of prois likewise reputed to be a man gress in the studies alloited to him, of learning and acquirements.
each scholar becomes what is The iwo inferior masters of the termed a demissus ; leaving the school have salaries of 300 rix, school and pursuing his future dollars each. The office of the studies at home. No particular second master comprehends the period is fixed for a demission. This instruction of the scholars in Latin, is determined solely by the pro. history, geography, and arithme. ficiency of the student, as ascer. tic; while the third is occupied tained by an examination ; for in teaching the Greek, Danish, which it is required that he should and Icelandic languages. It is a be able to read and write Latin singular circumstance in the re, with accuracy, that he should gulations of the school, that each have some knowledge of Greek scholar, whether intended for the and Hebrew, and of the rules for pastoral office or not, is obliged interpreting the Old and New to study the elements of Hebrew, Testaments, and that he should and to undergo some examination be acquainted with the Danish in this language. By far the language, with history, arithme. greater number, however, of those tic and geography. The knowwho attend the school, are pre. Jedge of Greek and Hebrew, paring themselves for this future though officially required, is, situation in life; and in the ad. however, in the practice of these mission of scholars, a preference examinations, by no means very is always given to the children of rigorously exacied. Where the priests. A youth is not allowed students are preparing for the