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THE PHILOSOPHY OE EVIL.
(From Mr. G. Dyer's Poctics.)
Country and town alike were dreary ;
Nought within cheary.
“ To which no dregs of matter cling,
" From mind's pure spring.”
Stern was his front, and fierce his eye;
On crimson dye.
In griin wild state before him go;
As towards some foe.
Sigh not to me in Pity's strains;
“ To pipe with swains. “ Different my joys, -- I traverse earth,
“ I range thro' air, I pierce the “And every creature by its birth,
- Is bound to me.
“ Which towards its kin engenders strife;
“ Prey upon life. “ Have you not heard in distant wood,
" How greedy beasts pursue their way; “ By turns, each drinks some creature's blood,
" By turns the prey. “ Have you not mark'd the busy world,
“ Where reason forms its wisest plan? “ How man, by furious passions whirld,
" Preys upon man? 66 'Tis mine- I stir the active thought,
" I rouse the passions, urge the deed ; " And there I feast, where thousands fought,
66 And thousands bleed.
“ Most pleas'd where least I see of form;
“And guide the storm.
with greedy eye,
66 In ruins lie.
“ Unruffled on the sounding shore,
66 To rise no more:
“ I wait expectant of the sight;
“ Wild with delight.
“The pious deed I loud proclaim,
I light the flame.
6 And call myself the friend of man-
« Tis Nature's plan.
" See how creation pants for room!
66 To build his tomb.*
* The Persian Magi held two principles, one the author of good, the other of evil; the latter was called Arimanes. This personage is called in the Chaldaic oracles by different names, Hecate, Crastiua xanne vans, Dæmon; other barbarous names, as it is there expressed, are given it by God. The lodian mythology paints it under different forms, more particularly as Seeva. By the northern nations it was called Surtur, who is described in the Edda, as making war upon Odin. In the funeral song of Hacon, it appears as the wolf Fenris, chained now, but who will break loose hereafter, and destroy the world. In the Greek and Roman poets, particularly Ovid and Claudian, it is conspicuous in the Battle of the Giants against Jupiter, and has thence passed into the poetry of Milton. Pindar, after describing the confinement of those giants in Æuna, represents them as belching out streams of firc. (Pyth.) i. anhata trupo; aynotata. Tayar. Mars is made by Homer a fierce malicious being, destructive to men and delighting in blood, Αρες, Αρες, βροτολοιγε, μιαιφονε.
Jl. lib. v. In the sacred writings of the Jews, also, this principle appears, and is called Nakas, a serpent, (Gen. iii. 1.) and on this, the Christian doctrine is founded. It scems to be, and thus it is explained by many critics, the principle of evil, as per. sonified in the philosophy of the cast. And it is semarkable, chac in Persia, both
CONSOLATIONS OF UNIVERSAL RESTORATION.
Opes the roses that blow on the verge of the tomb. she principles were personified under the symbol of two serpents contending for the MUNDANE ECG.
In the above poem no allusion is made to the origin of evil, it only admits its existence, and accords with that philosophy, which supposes it a necessary part of the present system, and that partial cvil may be universal good:
334 Intelligence.--Mr. Lancaster's Reception in Scotland.
660) joy!” she exclaims, and her tear-streaming eyes
My son! I shall clasp thee again to my heart,
" And pure be rekindled to set never more." Reading
T. N, T.
Account of Mr. Lancaster's Re. and those of the public, by speedily in
ception in Scotland. troducing the system completely into [From the Glasgow Herald, April 20, others, which, if properly executed,
the schools here; and he pointed out 1812.)
After five months travelling in Ire. would have the most benefcial effect, land, for the purpose of introducing his
in extending the economy and other system into that country, Mr. Lancas- benefits of the system into every place in ter quitted it on the first current, return. the west of Scotland, where it might be ing to London through Scotland, for required. The importance and obvious the sake of visiting Glasgow and Edin advantages of these propositions, inducburgh ; Lut, unwilling to lose a useful ed the Directors of the Institution, to hour, lectured at Ayr on the 4th, and call a general meeting of the Society for Kilmarnock on the 5th, at both towns the consideration of them. In the intebeing cordially welcomed by the magis- rim, Mr. Lancaster went to Paisley and trates and respectable inhabitants. On Greenock, where he was again wel. the ,th, he visited the schools which comed, by the clergy, magistrates, and bear the name of Lancasterian in Glas- respectable persons in each town, with a gow, and reported their state in a gene- true and lively feeling for the progress ral meeting of the Disectors of the In- of education, and for a friend of it. He stitutions here ; who, highly to their returned to Glasgow, and one of the honour, were convened to meet with schools in this city having formerly been and shew every kind attention which far from prosperous, the system not: the friends of humanity and knowledge having been properly acted upon by the in this city could evince to a benevolent teacher who had the charge of it, he stranger.
held a meeting of near a thousand perHe recommended measures, calcu- sons, in the Calcon school room, and lated to gratify their warmest wishes, delivered a lecture, calculated to give a
good impression of the plan, to the Bull Inn in this city. It was most nuparents of the children. He was as well merously attended. Robert Owen, received, and as well attended to, as Esq of New Lanark, was in the chair. could be wished; and some of the The whole room exhibited an assem. statements he gave made the good old blage, which was a fair specimen of King shine in the eyes of his subjects, the feelings of the respectable citizens as the patron of education and friend of of Glasgow, to this benevolent traveller, the poor. The instant che lecture was and of iher zeal in the cause to which over,
he set off by the mail :o Edinburgh, he is devoted Previous to the dinner, in order to make his arrangements in a general meeting was h ld, to hear person, for a lecture there, and found several resolut ons read, and to pass a general meeting of the committee of some additional ones. the Lancas'erian school in that place, The gentlemen belonging to the had appointed a public dinner at man's school in the Gorbals, had submitted hotel," 10 welcome his arrival. Here a proposition, for uniting the schools he was received with an urbanity and under one committee, and making hem atcent on, which we hope will always one concern
This harmonious propocontinue to do honour to the magis. sition was brought forward and adopted trates, clergy and gentry of that city, as with delight. ì'he Lancasterian schools well as to the enlightened head and in this city are now un.ted : and as we members of its liberal university. They are not a divided people, our fellowpaid the highest honours to his Royal citizens will not fail to be pleased with Highness the Duke of Kent, for the this concentration of energies, and unity example he had set to the army, in in- of interests. troducing the Lancasterian system into A proposition for the extension of the Scots Royals, near three years ago, the views of the society beyond Glaswith unrivalled success and economy; gow, was also agreed to, and now it an example, as well known to all the becomes“ The Glasgow and West of Royal Family, as it is to this nation ; Sculland Lancasterian School Society." where such benevolence in a prince will Its purposes are, by a distinct fund, to never fail to meet the most cheering re- promote the spread of the system over ception from an affectionate and loyal the districts, wherever there may be a people. Having completed his arrange. disposition to receive it: to carry its ments for lecturing in Edinburgh, he energies and benefits, by the operation again returned hither, to lecture in the of a general fund, home to the doors of theatre, where he again met a cheerful those who otherwise might desire its auditory, who gave him a most hearty benefits, and feel the need of them, in welcome.
vain; not to innovate upon our truly The master of the Calton school ap- respectable establishments, but to add to peared on the stage, with a detachment their energies; considering their consti. of fine little fellows, who illustrated tution as sacred, but willing to render part of the plan by their evolutions. service to all populous places where The lad who attended them mu gave there are not adequate means of educathe commands, is one of Mr. Lancaster's t:on adapted to the number of people; apprentices from London, an orphan, and to render every service to existing who has been five years with Mr. Lan institutions, which they may be precaster, and, thugh only fourteen pared, and their conductors may be disyears of age, has organized several posed to receive : and this from a fund schools on his system, and contributed which will certainly afford the means of most materially to their success and accomplishing a great good at the whose services in the Calton school will smallest expense. not soon be forgotten. The lecture was The good the Committee will be enreceived with marked attention and abled to do will be practical, and by approbation, and though the recent means of persons well experienced in fatig'ies of Mr. Lancaster, at one time the plan. We are happy, that the Cal. seemed to overpos er him, yet he re- ton School is already in so flourishing a sumed, and went on, with unbroken state, a* to prom se high perfection in a spirit, to the end of a long and very in- short time, and afford a good model of teresting lecture.
the system, Nor must we forget the Wednesday, a public dinner was n erits of a schoolmaster in another given in the great room of the Black school of the Society's, where muck