Imatges de pÓgina
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Natural Religion and the Incarnation. Two interests traceable in

all religion ; (1) metaphysical ; (2) moral or spiritual: oc-
casionally pursued disproportionately, e.g. in Hellenism and
Judaism. Both present in early religion as we know it, illus-
trated by myth, prayer, ritual, sacrifice. The import of these
two interests. I. The metaphysical assumes that the world is
an ordered whole, from which chance is excluded—the moral-
that God is to be found and known in nature. The meta-
physical demand gives rise to the three metaphysical proofs of
God, i.e. forms an ideal of thought, which is partly realized in
the world. It rests upon a claim to treat nature anthropo-
morphically, which is carried on–II. In the moral factor in
religion. The world is governed not only by a law of uni-
formity, but also by a law of good. The proofs interpret the
consensus gentium. The claim of Christ as set forth in the
New Testament, answers and satisfies the aspirations of man as
seen in natural Theology. (1) It lays down the principle that
God can be known in nature. Anthropomorphism true and
false. (2) It declares that God redeems, and makes morality
possible. (3) In it religion attains its social ends. (4) It
meets the conservative instincts of religion Pages 12-51

The Catholic interpretation of the Incarnation. The idea of

Incarnation not easy nor self-evident. Hence the necessity of
definite doctrine. Differences of interpretation of it require
decisive solution. The method of the Apostles—to refer (1) to
tradition ; (2) to the practical implications of the conflicting
theories. Our Lord's two natures. The intellectual influences
abroad at the time; Judaism, Hellenism, Orientalism. Docetic
denial of the Humanity ; condemned by reference (as in the
Apostolic age) (a) to tradition, which now includes (1) the

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The Incarnation and the doctrine of God. Trinitarianism is closely

allied to Monotheism-as held in Judæa. The connexion of

the doctrine of the Word and Wisdom of God with it. A priori

objection that we cannot have such knowledge of God as this

doctrine implies, met by representing it as the expanded state-

ment of the Incarnation. Evidence of the New Testament;

Tritheism and Sabellianism. Explanation of the Catholic

doctrine. I. The Unity of God. Unity has two senses-generic

and organic ; neither quite adequate to God. II. Personality.

In man always known mediately, and requiring completion

from without. The Divine Trinity, the archetype of the

human. (The Twofold Procession.) III. Meaning of the

word Person pplied to the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

History of the word. The special functions of the Divine

Persons. Trinitarianism alone satisfies the conception of God

as moral and as personal. Its philosophical bearing. In

what sense revealed



Creation and the Fall. Two central notions involved in Creation.

1. God is the agent. Objections considered from the point of
view (a) of God's changelessness ; (B) His infinity; the
material implications of the idea of love. II. Creation oc-
curred in time. Was matter pre-existent? Time and God.
What is the result of saying (1) that Creation was eternal ;
(2) that it comes into being in time. Difficulties of time-
Creation and Evolution. Man in the scheme of Creation. The
angels. Evil. I. In the universe, arose in rebellious wills, is
not a flaw in the handiwork of God. Manichæism. Optimism

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