Imatges de pÓgina


Memoir of the Author, i-original Letters, xix

Sect. 1. Of the laws and acts of the first

-the Author's Dedication, xxxiii-the Author's session of parliament, with remarks, 87–act Ist

Preface to vol. i. of the original edition, xxxvii parl. anent the president, and oath of parliament,

-the Author's Preface to vol. ii. of the original 1661, 92—act 7th concerning the league and

edition, xlv-preliminary dissertation, li. covenant, 1661,95—Abernethie (Jesuit), account

INTRODUCTION-Short view of the public reso- of the popish government in Scotland, 1661, 96

lutions, 1650, 1-General Monk takes measures -act 11th parl. for taking the oath of allegiance,

to restore the king, instructions to Mr. Sharp, &c. 1661, 99—act 16th, concerning religion and

February 1st, 1660, 5—desires of the city minis- church government, 1661, 102–act 17th, for a

ters, 8-the judgment of some sober-minded solemn anniversary thanksgiving, 1661, 103—act

men, 13-letter to the king from Messrs. Dou- abolishing patronages, March 9th, 1649, 104—

glas, Dickson. &c., May 8th, 1660, 22—instruc- act 36th parl. anent presentation of ministers,

tions for Mr. Sharp, May 8th, 1660, 23-letter 1661, 105.

to the king from Mr. Douglas, &c., May 10th, Sect. 2. Of the efforts made by ministers

1660, 26_letter, ministers of Edinburgh to some during the sitting of the parliament, for pre-

ministers at London, May 12th, 1660, 26-par- serving the church, 109-petition of the Pres-

ticulars to be propounded to the king by Mr. bytery of Edinburgh, 1661, 112—synod of Fife's

Sharp, 36–draught of a proclamation for an exhortation and admonition, April 2d, 1661, 119

assembly, 47-letter from Messrs. Calamy, &c.synod of Galloway's supplication, 1661, 123.

ministers at London, to Messrs. Robert Dou- Sect. 3. Of the sufferings and martyrdom of
glas, &c. ministers at Edinburgh, 54.

the marquis of Argyle, 130-marquis of Argyle's

petition, with reasons for a precognition, Febru-
BOOK I. FROM 1660 To 1666.

ary 12th, 1661, 132-marquis of Argyle's speech,

April 9th, 1661, 143_marquis of Argyle's speech
Chap. I. Of the state and sufferings of Pres- after reading of his process, April 16th, 1661,
byterians, 1660, 58.

146—the king's proclamation concerning church
Sect. I. Of Scots affairs, to the meeting of the affairs, 10th June, 1661, 151-marquis of Argyle's

committee of estates, August 23, 1660, 59. speech upon the scaffold, May 27th, 1661, 155.

Sect. 2. Of the proceedings of the committee Sect. 4. Of the sufferings and martyrdom of

of estates, 1660, 65 declaration at Dumfermline, Mr. James Guthrie, 159-summons to the min.

August 16th, 1650, 66—ministers' (designed) isters of Edinburgh, August 20th, 1655, with

supplication, August 23d, 1660, 68_act for se- their declinature, 170_Mr. James Hamilton's

curing Mr. James Guthrie and others, August declinature at the same time, 170_indictment

232, 1660, 71-letter, from Mr. John Stirling against Mr. James Guthrie, February 7th,

to his session, September 11th, 1660, 73-pro- 1661, 174—Mr. James Guthrie's defences, 176

clamation against Lex Rex, and the Causes of minutes of the process against Mr. James Guth-
God's Wrath, September 19th, 1660, 75-pro- rie, 190—Mr. James Guthrie's speech at his

clamation against remonstrators, &c. September | death, June 1st, 1661, 192—captain William

20th, 1660, 76.

Govan's speech on the scaffold, June 1st, 1661,


Cuap. II. Of the state and sufferings of Sect. 5. Of the sufferings of other ministers

Presbyterians, 1661, 87.

and gentlemen, 1661, 196.

year, 242.

Sect. 6. Of the erection and procedure of Chap. IV. Of the state and sufferings of

the privy council against Presbyterians, 1661, Presbyterians, 1663, 323.


Sect. l. Of the ejection of near 400 ministers,

Sect. 7. Of the regal erection of bishops, 223 323_list of non-conformist Presbyterian mini-

- act of council, September 6th, 1661, 231. sters ejected, 1662, 1663, and the following years,

Sect. 8. Some other remarkable events this 324_list of ejected ministers in Ireland, 324.

Sect. 2. Of the more general acts of council

this year, 336–act of council, August 13th, 1663,

Chap. III. Of the state and sufferings of 340.

Presbyterians, 1662, 247.

Sect. 3. Of the acts of the third session of
Sect. 1. Proceedings against Presbyteriaus parliament, 346—act 1st parl. against separation

before the meeting of the parliament, with the and disobedience to ecclesiastical authority, 350–

consecration of the bishops, 248—act of council, act 4th, for establishment and constitution of a

January 9th, 1662, 249—draught of the Pres-national synod, 353.

bytery of Kirkcudbright's address to the par-

Sect. 4. Of the sufferings and martyrdom of
liament, 253.

the lord Warriston, 355-lord Warriston's speech,
Sect. 2. Of the acts of the second session of July 22d, 1663, with some account of his car-

parliament, 256-act Ist parl. for restitution of

riage, 358.

archbishops and bishops, 1662, 257—act 114th,

Sect. 5. Of the sufferings of particular per-

parl. 12th, James VI., 1592, ratifying the liberty

sons this year, 362.

of the true kirk, 1662, 260—act 2d parl. for

Sect. 6. Some other occurrences this year, 375.

preservation of his majesty's person, authority,

and government, 263—act 3d parl. concerning Chap. V. Of the state and sufferings of Pres-

patronages, 1662, 265—act 4th parl. concerning byterians, 1664, 383.

inasters of universities, ministers, &c. 1662, 266 Sect. 1. of the erection and powers of the

--act 5th parl. concerning the declaration, &c. high commission, 383.

1662, 266—list of fines imposed by Middleton in

Sect. 2. of its actings and persecution, 390.

parliament, 1662, 271.

Sect. 3. Of the procedure of council this year,

Sect. 3. Of the procedure of council after the


parliament rose, with the act at Glasgow, 280—

Sect. 4. Of the sufferings of particular per-

act of council, September 10th, 1662, anent dio-

cesan meetings, 280-act of council, December Sect. 5. Of other incidental matters this year,

230, 1662, 285.

414-Rothes's patent to be commissioner to the

Sect. 4. Of particular sufferings preceding the national synod, October 14th, 1664, 419.

parliament, 287.

Sect. 5. Or Presbyterians' sufferings after the Chap. VI. Of the state and sufferings of

parliament was up, 297—Mr. Livingstone's Presbyterians, 1665, 120-proclamation for a fast,
letter to his flock, April 3d, 1663, 313.

May 3d, 1665, 420_act of council against min-
Sect. 6. Other remarkable events this year, isters, December 7th, 1665, 428-proclamation


against conventicles, December 7th, 1665, 430.



MR. JAMES WODROW, the father of the His- | Stuarts, opposed additional obstacles to torian, was born at Eaglesham in the neigh- his entrance on the public ministry, he was bourhood of Glasgow, on the 2d of January most usefully employed in the prosecution 1637. He passed through the regular of his private studies, while residing for course of study at the university of Glasgow, some considerable time at Car-donald near and took his degree of A. M. in 1659, with Paisley, as tutor to the young lord Blantyre. the high approbation of principal Gillespie, It was not till the 29th February, 1673, and the other members of the senatus. He that he received license from a class of perforthwith entered on the study of divinity secuted presbyterian ministers in the west under professors Baillie and Young, and of Scotland; whose high testimony to his was soon distinguished by his high attain- eminent attainments and character is rements in theological literature. Although corded in the memoirs of his life, and stands ready for license in the course of a few years, as a very interesting memorial of the good his ideas of the sacred office were so solemn, men of those troublous times. He preached and the difficulties attending its right dis- with great acceptance and usefulness among charge appeared to him so numerous and so the persecuted presbyterians of the west ; great, especially in those days of persecution, associated freely with ministers of both the that it required the earnest expostulations well known classes of indulged and not inof some of the most eminent ministers of dulged; and met with much opposition the day to induce him to become a candidate from the common enemy, making many for the holy ministry. Among those who very narrow escapes from his iron grasp. urged him to take license in the presbyterian In 1687, he settled in Glasgow, at the church, then passing into the vale of tears, request of the "ynod of the bounds, and was the justly venerated Mr. Robert Blair, took charge of a small class of students in one of the ministers of St. Andrews, who divinity who were preparing for the ministry after hearing one day from Mr. Wodrow among the presbyterians of Scotland. In the reason of that self-diffidence which kept May 1688, he was called to be one of the him back from the public service of the ministers of the city, and this office he held church, thus addressed him in reply; “ Be with distinguished reputation for four years. not discouraged: your timidity will gradually In 1692, he was elected to be professor of lessen, and although it should not entirely divinity in the college ; and in consequence wear off, yet it will not marr you,” adding in of this, resigned his pastoral charge. The an easy facetious manner,“ l’se tell you for same diligence and pious zeal which distinyour encouragement, I have been now nearly guished his ministrations, continued to charforty years in the ministry, and the third acterize him as a theological professor. In bell scarce ever begins to toll when I am to the various departments of public lecturing preach, but my heart plays dunt, dunt, dunt.” examination of students, hearing and criA solemnly affecting interview which he had ticising discourses, discussing cases of casuwith Mr. James Guthrie of Stirling, in the istry, daily conference with students on the tolbooth of Edinburgh, on the night before subject of personal religion, and corresponhis execution, appears to have had a very dence with them when absent, on the prosalutary effect on the mind of Mr. Wodrow; gress of their studies ;-he found enough, and although the persecuted state of the and more than enough, to engage all his church, consequent on the restoration of the powers and all his time. From 1692 to the


period of his death in 1707, nearly 700 | however sentinels both within and without students passed through his hands, exclu- till the critical event should be over. In sive of nearly 200 from England and Ire- half an hour after, Mr. Wodrow, at his wife's land. In order to lessen the burden of suggestion, assumed the bonnet and greatthe laborious office of the professorship, the coat of the servant of the physician then in college were pleased to elect his son attendance; and carrying the lantern before Alexander, a most promising young man, to him, made an easy escape through the be his colleague. While the process for his midst of the guard. They soon renewed induction or installation was going on, death their search with marks of irritation, thrustdeprived the church of the services of one ing their swords into the very bed where the who promised to prove the worthy successor lady lay; who pleasantly desired them to of an eminent father. The professor con- desist," for the bird,” said she, “is now tinued to discharge the duties of the chair flown.” with growing reputation, till the 25th Sep- Our author went through the usual course tember, 1707, when he died full of hope, and of academical education at Glasgow, having leaving a noble testimony to the faith which entered the university in 1691; and studied he adorned by his life, and whose principles the languages and different branches of he had so ably inculcated by his preaching philosophy, according to the method then and by his professional labours.

generally adopted in the colleges of ScotROBERT WoDrow, the second son of the land. One master or regent was in the professor, was born at Glasgow in the year habit of carrying his pupils through the 1679. His mother's name was Margaret whole of the university curriculum; a Hair, daughter of William Hair, proprietor custom long ago changed for the more raof a small estate in the parish of Kilbarchan, tional and useful plan of assigning to each who married a daughter of James Stewart, professor his own appropriate field. In this commonly called tutor of Blackhall. Mrs. way, each science obtains its own suitable Wodrow was a

of considerable kind and measure of talent and learning; strength of mind, great discretion, and emin- while the student in the course of his studies ent piety. The year of Mr. Wodrow's birth enjoys the benefit of profiting by the diversiis perhaps the most eventful in the ann als fied labours of different minds. Condensaof the history of the Covenanters, and the tion of energies on the part of the teacher, violence of persecution raged during this thus secures, or may be reasonably expected period with more than ordinary fierceness. to secure, a higher measure of literary qualiAt the time of the birth of her son, Mrs. fication ; while the pupils may be expected W. was in the 51st year of her age; and her to profit by the concentration of talent thus death, though it did not happen for several wisely diversified. years after, was then fully expected. Her While a student of theology under his excellent husband, obnoxious to a tyrannical father, Mr. Wodrow was chosen librarian to government, narrowly escaped imprisonment the college, an office which he held for four or something worse, in attempting to obtain years. He had very soon displayed a pecua last interview with her. As he passed the liar talent for historical and bibliographical town guard-house he was watched, and soon inquiry; and this recommended him as a followed by the soldiers into his own house, person admirably qualified for the situation. and even into his wife's bedchamber where He accepted of it not from considerations he was concealed. The officer on command connected with its pecuniary emoluments, checked this violence; sent the men out of then exceedingly slender ; but because it the room, and left the house himself; placing gave him a favourable opportunity of access

to books and other facilities for his favourite

studies. It was immediately on his nomina• The above particulars of the life of professor Wodrow, are selected from a MS. life of him tion to this office, he entered with ardour by the Historian ; a valuable document, which on those researches which in the course of ought, beyond all question, to be given to the his life he prosecuted to such an extent, world


into every thing connected with the eccles- divided among his friends, or found their iastical and literary history of his country. way into the cabinets of private collectors Here also he imbibed that taste for the or of public institutions. study of medals, ancient coins, inscriptions, The physical and historical pursuits of and whatever tended to throw light on Mr. W. were all subordinate to his great Roman, Celtic, and British antiquities. Ilis business, the study of theology and the collections of this kind were very extensive practical application of its principles in the and valuable; and it is matter of deep regret, discharge of the duties of the pastoral office. that in his case as in that of others, the To these he showed an early and a decided results of uncommon research and anti- partiality, and he desired to consecrate all quarian skill, should not have been preserved his talents, and all his varied pursuits, to entire for the benefit of posterity. the glory of God and the good of his church.

The study of natural history, then scarcely From a pretty extensive examination of his known in Scotland, seems to have attracted correspondence, it appears that his pursuits him with no ordinary interest; and before in natural science engaged his leisure hours, he had arrived at the years of majority, he only during the earlier part of his life, and that had opened a correspondence with a number after he had framed the design of writing of celebrated men in this and the kindred the history of the church of Scotland, every departments. Among his correspondents thing seems to have been relinquished for we find the names of bishop Nicolson, the the sake of an undivided attention to that distinguished author of the “ Historical great subject. Libraries;” Mr. Edward Lhuyd, keeper of Mr. Wodrow when he left the library of the Ashmolean closet at Oxford; Sir Robert Glasgow, and on finishing his theological Sibbald, so well known as a naturalist and career, resided for some time in the house of antiquarian of the first order; lord Pitmedan; a distant relation of the family, Sir John Messrs. James Sutherland, professor of Bo- Maxwell, of Nether Pollock, then one of the tany at Edinburgh; Lauchlan Campbell senators of the college of justice, a man of minister of Campbeltown, and many others. great vigour of mind, and exalted piety. With these gentlemen he was in habits of While resident in his house, he offered hiinintimacy, and they exchanged with cach self for trials to the presbytery of Paisley, and other their curiosities in natural history and was by them licensed to preach the gospel geology. In a letter to Mr. Lhuyd, dated in March 1703. In the summer following, August 1709, Mr. Wodrow tells him that the parish of Eastwood, where lord Pollock his manse was but at a little distance from lived, became vacant by the death of Mr. a place where they had been lithoscoping Matthew Crawfurd, the pious and laborious together during a visit of Mr. Lhuyd to author of a history of the church of Scotland, Scotland. My parochial charge” he con- yet in MS. Mr. Wodrow was elected by tinues “ does not allow me the same time I the heritors and elders, with consent of the had then for those subterranean studies, congregation, to supply the charge; and he but my inclination is equally strong, perhaps was ordained minister of that parish on the stronger, I take it to be one of the best 28th October, 1703. While he did not diversions from serious study, and in itself feel himself called on to relinquish his a great duty to admire my Maker's works. favourite studies in history, and antiquities, I have gotten some fossils here from our he nevertheless devoted the strength of his marle, limestone, &c. and heartily wish I mind, and of his time, to the more immehad the knowing Mr. Lhuyd here to pick diate duties of the pastoral office. The out what he wants, and help me to class a parish of Eastwood was at that time one of great many species which I know not what the smallest in the west of Scotland ; and it to make of.” He informs him in the end was, on this account more agreeable to Mr. of the letter, that he had 5 or 600 species Wodrow, inasınuch as it afforded him more of one thing or another relative to natural time to prosecute his favourite studies, in history. His collections were at his death perfect consistency with a due regard to 1°


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