The Letters of Adam Marsh: Volume I
Clarendon Press, 2006 - 290 pàgines
The first Franciscan friar to occupy a chair of theology at Oxford, Adam Marsh became famous both in England and on the continent as one of the foremost Biblical scholars of his time. He moved with equal assurance in the world of politics and the scholastic world of the university. Few men without official position can have had their advice so eagerly sought by so many in high places. He was counsellor to King Henry III and the queen, the spiritual director of Simon de Montfort and his wife, the devoted friend and counsellor of Robert Grosseteste, and consultant to the rulers of the Franciscan order. Scholars have long recognized the importance of his influence as mentor and spiritual activator of a circle of idealistic clergy and laymen, whose pressure for reform in secular government as well as in the Church culminated in the political upheavals of the years 1258-65. The collection of his letters, compiled by an unknown copyist within thirty years of his death, is perhaps the most illuminating and historically important series of private letters to be produced in England before the fifteenth century. The inclusion among his correspondents of such notable figures as Grosseteste, Simon de Montfort, Queen Eleanor, and Archbishop Boniface, make the collection a source of primary importance for the political history of England, the English Church, and the organization of Oxford University in the turbulent middle years of the thirteenth century. This critical edition, which supersedes the only previous edition published by J. S. Brewer in the Rolls Series nearly 150 years ago, is accompanied for the first time by an English translation. One batch of correspondence is included in this volume, along with an introduction that elucidates the role of Adam Marsh in the political and religious movements of the thirteenth century. A further set of letters and an index will follow in Volume II.
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Adam Marsh Adam’s animabus animarum apud archbishop archbishop of Canterbury archdeacon of Oxford autem beatissima Virgine beatitudinis bishop of Lincoln bishop of Worcester Blessed Virgin Boniface Boniface of Savoy BRUO Canterbury Christ Christo semper Church Crakehall Curia diuina diuinitus divine dominationis uestre Domino Lyncolniensi Frater ducatis earl ecclesie enim etiam fatherly favour Franciscan Gascony God’s gratia Gravesend heaven holiness honour humble igitur illud incolumitas in Christo inter ipsum John judgement king’s letter licet Lincoln Brother Adam Lincoln Domino Lyncolniensi littera lord king lord of Lincoln lordship Lyncolniensi Frater Ada magistro Master michi Montfort negotiis nisi omnibus papal papal Curia pastoral paternitatis uestre peace pietatis poterit propitia propter quam quatinus quia quibus quid quod regis Robert Grosseteste salutaris salutem salutis salvation sanctitatis uestre sapientia semper et beatissima sicut sine souls spirit sunt super tamen uestre uidelicet uiro uobis Valeat wisdom